Speak Like a Child (album)
|Speak Like a Child|
|Studio album by Herbie Hancock|
|Recorded||March 6 and 9, 1968
Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs
|Genre||Hard bop, jazz|
|Length||37:05 original LP|
|Herbie Hancock chronology|
|The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide|||
Speak Like a Child is the sixth album by American jazz pianist Herbie Hancock, recorded and released by Blue Note Records in 1968. Featuring Hancock's arrangements for an unusual front line of alto flute, bass trombone and flugelhorn, the album was described by critic Nat Hentoff as an "impressive further stage in the evolution of Herbie Hancock as writer and player", characterised by a "singular quality of incisive, searching lyricism."
The evocative cover photograph was taken by David Bythewood, an acquaintance of Hancock. The photo depicts Hancock in silhouette kissing his then-girlfriend, Gigi Meixner.
The approach to the album
The pianist wanted to represent here a childlike, but not childish, philosophy. He felt this music didn't reflect the social turmoil of the late 1960s in America, that is riots and problematic economy. Hancock rather wanted to picture a more upbeat, brighter future, or, as he says, "a forward look into what could be a bright future." More so, Hancock wanted to go back and rediscover certain childhood qualities "we lose and wish we could have back - purity, spontaneity. When they do return to us, we're at our best." Therefore, "Speak Like a Child" translates as "think and feel in terms of hope, and the possibilities of making our future less impure".
In the liner notes, Hancock further points out his approach to the album, recalling his previous efforts: "What I was into then, and have been thinking about more and more, was the concept that there is a type of music in between jazz and rock." In fact, in 1966 Hancock tried to record a funk album with a nine-piece ensemble, attempt that failed and never made it to release: "I was trying to make a funk record without knowing a thing about funk." Hancock also referred to himself as a "jazz snob" and stated the date didn't turn out as he expected.
A different take of "Riot" was recorded originally by Miles Davis on his Nefertiti. Hancock, though, points out that the arranged version on Speak Like a Child is less riotous than Davis'. Moreover, even though it contains "an element of turmoil", it is there "more as an undercurrent than on the surface." Hancock first wrote the melody, then added the harmonies he wanted underneath.
The title for "Speak Like a Child", the haunting title track that represents the summa of this concept album, came from Francis Wolff who designed much art for Blue Note, and it was suggested by the cover photograph taken by Bythewood. Hancock was so enthralled by it that he brought the photo to Wolff for use as the cover album. Wolff in turn was impressed by the naivety and innocence in it, so he promptly chose it as the cover. Miles Davis Quintet attempted to record the piece in January 1968, without producing a proper, finished take.
"First Trip" was composed by bassist Ron Carter for his son, Ron Jr., who at the time was going to a nursery school where the good kids, the ones who behaved well, would come home on the first trip, and the bad ones on the second. Carter clearly wrote the tune one of the days that Ron Jr. behaved well. When Hancock first played the melody, he "didn't play it straight", but rather made changes to some phrases and tempos, so that it would result freer, getting away "from finite structural and chordal limitations." In Hancock's words, the piece has "the kind of progression that goes in and out of the traditional dividing lines." A different version of this number appeared on Joe Henderson' album Tetragon (1967) on which Carter performed.
The tune "Toys", which displays contrasting dynamics, came out since Hancock was trying to write a piece "with the colors of a blues, but not the form," whilst "Goodbye to Childhood" should reflect a melancholic feeling, "that particular quality of sadness you feel at childhood being gone."
The last track on the album is "The Sorcerer", written for Davis. It is also featured on the homonymous Sorcerer. Hancock titled it that way because, in a way, he thought of Miles as "a sorcerer. His whole attitude, the way he is, is kind of mysterious. [...] His music sounds like witchcraft. There are times I don't know where his music comes from. It doesn't sound like he's doing it; it sounds like it's coming from somewhere else."
All compositions by Herbie Hancock, except as indicated.
- "Riot" – 4:40
- "Speak Like a Child" – 7:50
- "First Trip" (Ron Carter) – 6:01
- "Toys" – 5:52
- "Goodbye to Childhood" – 7:06
- "The Sorcerer" – 5:36
Bonus tracks on CD reissue:
- "Riot" (First Alternate Take) – 4:55
- "Riot" (Second Alternate Take) – 4:40
- "Goodbye to Childhood" (Alternate Take) – 5:49
Tracks 1, 2, 3, 7 and 8 recorded on March 6, 1968; tracks 4, 5, 6 and 9 on March 9.
- Herbie Hancock — piano
- Ron Carter — bass
- Mickey Roker — drums
- Jerry Dodgion — alto flute (not on #3)
- Thad Jones — flugelhorn (not on #3)
- Peter Phillips — bass trombone (not on #3)
- Cover Photo by David Bythewood
- Billboard Oct 26, 1968
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Speak Like a Child - Herbie Hancock | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
- Swenson, J. (Editor) (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 93. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
- Original liner notes by Nat Hentoff
- Bob Blumenthal's 2004 liner notes