|Directed by||Pierre Falardeau|
|Written by||Michèle Lalonde (poem)|
|Short: 6 min.|
The phrase Speak White was recorded as anecdotal evidence by André Laurendeau in his 1963 journal during the Laurendeau-Dunton Commission as a phrase that English Canadians would hurl at French Canadians outside Quebec, and speculated that it was borrowed from the Southern United States. Anecdotal evidence also suggests that the phrase was used against immigrants. A French language poem by French-speaking Quebecer Michèle Lalonde published in 1974 denounced the poor situation of francophone people in Quebec and takes the tone of a collective complaint against English-speaking Quebecers.[not in citation given][not in citation given]
The 1980 short film Speak White by filmmakers Pierre Falardeau and Julien Poulin features actress Marie Eykel reading Lalonde's poem. It was released by the National Film Board of Canada.
In 1989, the Italian-Quebecer journalist and playwright Marco Micone wrote a poem in response called Speak What?, depicting allophone immigrants as the same oppressed class as the Québécois in Quebec, and calling for a more inclusive society. The poem "Speak White" is an integral part of a one-man play by Robert Lepage "887" which premiered in Toronto in 2015, and was also performed in August 2015 at the Edinburgh International Arts Festival in Scotland.
In 2005 it was mentioned in a eulogy for a politician as having at one time been an insult against those who speak French in New Brunswick.
- Monière, Denis (1983). André Laurendeau et le destin d’un peuple. Saguenay, Canada: Bibliothèque Paul-Émile-Boulet de l'Université du Québec à Chicoutimi. p. 324.
- Larry Zolf, "Speak white"., CBC News. 7 March 2007. Summary, Full version still available on Vigile.net Archived 2013-06-22 at the Wayback Machine
- "Canadian literature: The 'Quiet Revolution'". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-08.
- Bilan du Siècle (fr)
- "Canadian Literature: The cosmopolitan culture of French Canada and Quebec". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-08.
- Debates - Issue 29 - February 1, 2005, SENATORS' STATEMENTS