Speaker of the Croatian Parliament

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Speaker of the Croatian Parliament
Predsjednik Hrvatskog sabora
Hrvatski sabor logo.jpg
Logo of the Croatian Parliament
Gordan Jandroković Senate of Poland.jpg
Incumbent
Gordan Jandroković

since 5 May 2017
Style Mister/Madam Speaker
Appointer Croatian Parliament
Term length Four years
Inaugural holder Žarko Domljan
Formation 30 May 1990
Coat of arms
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Croatia
Constitution

The Speaker of the Croatian Parliament (Croatian: Predsjednik Hrvatskog sabora, literally the President of the Croatian Parliament) is the presiding officer in the Croatian Parliament (Sabor), Croatia's legislative body.

Under Article 97 of the Constitution of Croatia, the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament is the only constitutional deputy to the President of Croatia and serves as Acting President if the elected President vacates the office before the expiration of the 5-year presidential term due to either death, resignation or removal from office (as determined by the Constitutional Court). In this case an early presidential election must be held within 60 days of the vacancy in the presidency having occurred and the Speaker shall serve as Acting President until the newly elected President is sworn in for a full 5-year term of office.

Under the same article of the constitution, the President of Croatia may unilaterally choose to temporarily delegate authority to the Speaker of the Parliament for shorter periods of time, e.g. whenever the President is not present in the country, is ill or is on vacation. In this case it is up to the President to determine when he or she wishes to fully resume authority once again. However, in case of longer periods of the President's illness or incapacitation, and especially in those cases when the President himself is not able to delegate authority to Speaker, the responsibility of determining when a Speaker should assume or renounce temporary authority rests upon the Constitutional Court, which acts upon the recommendation of the Government of Croatia.

The incumbent Speaker of the Croatian Parliament is Gordan Jandroković of the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), having taken office on 5 May 2017 following the resignation of the previous Speaker.

Duties and competences[edit]

According to the Croatian Constitution and the Parliamentary Rules of Procedure (Standing Orders of the Croatian Parliament), President of the Parliament:

  • shall substitute for the President of the Republic if the latter is prevented from performing his/her duties
  • represents Parliament
  • convenes and presides over sessions of Parliament
  • submits motions from authorised sponsors for stipulated procedures
  • proposes the agenda for sessions of Parliament
  • handles the procedures for the enactment of laws and other regulations
  • co-ordinates the activities of working bodies
  • signs laws and other regulations enacted by Parliament
  • directs enacted laws to the President of the Republic for proclamation
  • manages relations between Parliament and the Government
  • co-signs decisions on the appointment of the Prime Minister and the appointment of members of the Government
  • accepts sponsorships ex officio
  • approves, taking into account available funds, the travel of parliamentary deputies when they have been invited, as parliamentary deputies, to *visit another state or foreign organisation
  • co-ordinates the work of standing delegations of Parliament in international parliamentary and other institutions
  • determines, at the proposal of deputy clubs, the composition of temporary delegations of Parliament in visits to foreign representative bodies and *organisations, such that they generally correspond to the party structure of Parliament and reflect the appropriate representation of both sexes
  • determines the composition of temporary delegations in cases when he/she is invited abroad as the Speaker of Parliament
  • designates representatives of Parliament at ceremonial and other occasions, adhering to the representation of both sexes
  • submits a request, at the proposal of the Secretary of Parliament, for the securing of funds for the work of Parliament and the Parliamentary Staff Service
  • ensures the protection of the rights and exercise of the duties of parliamentary deputies
  • presides over the oaths of elected and appointed officials, when specified by law and Standing Orders of the Parliament
  • performs other activities determined by the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia, law and Standing Orders of the Parliament

List[edit]

This is the list of Speakers of the Croatian Parliament.

  Independent (1)
  League of Communists of Croatia[1](9)
  Croatian Democratic Union (8)
  Croatian Peasant Party (1)
  Social Democratic Party (2)
  Bridge of Independent Lists (1)

No. Speaker Lifespan Term of office

Electoral
mandates
Party Notes Assembly
1 Vladimir Nazor Vladimir Nazor 1876–1949 13 June
1943
26 February
1946
Independent[2] 1943–45 President of the ZAVNOH (entailing the function of head of state); 1945–46 Speaker of Parliament. After 1946 became head of state as the President of the Presidium of the Parliament (until his death in office).
2 Zlatan Sremec Zlatan Sremec 1898–1971 26 February
1946
December
1953
League of Communists of Croatia Since 6 February 1953, with the abolition of the Presidium, Sremec served as formal head of state of Croatia (as Speaker of Parliament).
3 Vladimir Bakarić Vladimir Bakarić 1912–1983 December
1953
December
1963
League of Communists of Croatia Formal head of state of Croatia (as Speaker of Parliament). Longest term to date as Croatian speaker, also served as Prime Minister of Croatia. People's Hero of Yugoslavia
4 Ivan Krajačić Ivan Krajačić 1906–1986 December
1963
June
1967
League of Communists of Croatia Formal head of state of Croatia (as Speaker of Parliament).
5 Jakov Blažević Jakov Blažević 1912–1996 June
1967
April
1974
League of Communists of Croatia Formal head of state of Croatia (as Speaker of Parliament, from 1971 as President of the Presidency of Parliament).
6 Ivo Perišin Ivo Perišin 1923–2009 April
1974

1978
League of Communists of Croatia After the establishment of the Presidency of Croatia on 8 May 1974, the function of de jure Croatian head of state transferred to that body. Perišin also at one time held the positions of Prime Minister of Croatia, and Mayor of Split.
7 Jure Bilić Jure Bilić 1922–2006
1978

1982
League of Communists of Croatia
8 Jovo Grčić Jovo Ugrčić 1923–2005
1982

1984
League of Communists of Croatia
9 Ivo Latin Ivo Latin 1929–2002
1984

1986
League of Communists of Croatia
10 Anđelko Runjić Anđelko Runjić 1938–2015
1986
30 May
1990
League of Communists of Croatia
Following the 1990 parliamentary election and constitutional reforms
11 Žarko Domljan Žarko Domljan 1932– 30 May
1990
7 September
1992
Croatian Democratic Union Speaker of the First Assembly of Parliament (1990–92)
1990
12 Stjepan Mesić Stjepan Mesić 1934– 7 September
1992
24 May
1994
Croatian Democratic Union Speaker of the Second Assembly of Parliament (1992–95)
1992
13 Nedjeljko Mihanović Nedjeljko Mihanović 1930– 24 May
1994
28 November
1995
Croatian Democratic Union
 —
14 Vlatko Pavletić 1930–2007 28 November
1995
2 February
2000
Croatian Democratic Union Acting President for President Franjo Tuđman during the latter's incapacitation, beginning on 26 November 1999 and ending with Tuđman's death on 10 December 1999. Continued serving as Acting President (now as official head of state) from 10 December 1999 until 2 February 2000, when the 4th Assembly of Parliament was instituted. Speaker of the Third Assembly of Parliament (1995–99)
1995
15 Zlatko Tomčić Zlatko Tomčić 1945– 2 February
2000
22 December
2003
Croatian Peasant Party Acting President from the constituting of the 4th Assembly of Parliament on 2 February 2000 until Stjepan Mesić took office as elected President for a 5-year term on 18 February 2000. Speaker of the Fourth Assembly of Parliament (2000–03)
2000
16 Vladimir Šeks Vladimir Šeks 1943– 22 December
2003
11 January
2008
Croatian Democratic Union Speaker of the Fifth Assembly of Parliament (2003–07)
2003, 2007
17 Luka Bebić Luka Bebić 1937– 11 January
2008
22 December
2011
Croatian Democratic Union Speaker of the Sixth Assembly of Parliament (2008–11)
 —
18 Boris Šprem Boris Šprem 1956–2012 22 December
2011
30 September
2012
Social Democratic Party Died in office. Speaker of the Seventh Assembly of Parliament (2011–15)
2011

Josip Leko Josip Leko 1948– 30 September
2012
10 October
2012
Social Democratic Party Acting Speaker from death of Boris Šprem until election as permanent Speaker.
19 Josip Leko 10 October
2012
28 December
2015
Social Democratic Party
 —
20 Željko Reiner Željko Reiner 1953– 28 December
2015
14 October
2016
Croatian Democratic Union Speaker of the Eight Assembly of Parliament (2015–16)
2015
21 Božo Petrov Božo Petrov 1979– 14 October
2016
5 May
2017
Bridge of Independent Lists Resigned from office on 4 May 2017. Speaker of the Ninth Assembly of Parliament (2016–)
2016
22 Gordan Jandroković Gordan Jandroković 1967– 5 May
2017
Incumbent Croatian Democratic Union
 —

Statistics[edit]

# Speaker Date of birth Age at ascension
Time in office
Age at retirement
Date of death Longevity
1 Domljan, ŽarkoŽarko Domljan 19320914September 14, 1932(September 14, 1932) 57 25857 years, 258 days 02 0652 years, 65 days 59 32359 years, 323 days Living 31,34885 years, 302 days (Living)
2 Mesić, StjepanStjepan Mesić 19341224December 24, 1934(December 24, 1934) 70 15557 years, 258 days 01 2591 years, 259 days 59 15159 years, 151 days Living 30,51783 years, 201 days (Living)
3 Mihanović, NedjeljkoNedjeljko Mihanović 19300216February 16, 1930(February 16, 1930) 64 07864 years, 78 days 01 2071 year, 207 days 65 28565 years, 285 days Living 32,28988 years, 147 days (Living)
4 Pavletić, VlatkoVlatko Pavletić 19301202December 2, 1930(December 2, 1930) 64 33064 years, 330 days 04 0974 years, 97 days 69 06269 years, 62 days 20070919September 19, 2007 28,05076 years, 291 days
5 Tomčić, ZlatkoZlatko Tomčić 19451007October 7, 1945(October 7, 1945) 54 11854 years, 118 days 03 3233 years, 323 days 58 07558 years, 75 days Living 26,57772 years, 279 days (Living)
6 Šeks, VladimirVladimir Šeks 19430101January 1, 1943(January 1, 1943) 60 35560 years, 355 days 04 0204 years, 20 days 65 01065 years, 10 days Living 27,58775 years, 193 days (Living)
7 Bebić, LukaLuka Bebić 19370821August 21, 1937(August 21, 1937) 70 14270 years, 142 days 03 3303 years, 345 days 74 12274 years, 122 days Living 29,54680 years, 326 days (Living)
8 Šprem, BorisBoris Šprem 19560414April 14, 1956(April 14, 1956) 55 25155 years, 251 days 00 2830 years, 283 days 56 16956 years, 169 days 20070919September 30, 2012 20,62356 years, 169 days
9 Leko, JosipJosip Leko 19480919September 19, 1948(September 19, 1948) 61 02461 years, 24 days 03 783 years, 78 days 67 09967 years, 99 days Living 25,49969 years, 297 days (Living)
10 Reiner, ŽeljkoŽeljko Reiner 19530528May 28, 1953(May 28, 1953) 62 21362 years, 213 days 00 2900 years, 290 days 63 13863 years, 138 days Living 23,78765 years, 46 days (Living)
11 Petrov, BožoBožo Petrov 19791016October 16, 1979(October 16, 1979) 36 36436 years, 364 days 00 2030 years, 203 days 37 20137 years, 201 days Living 14,15038 years, 270 days (Living)
12 Jandroković, GordanGordan Jandroković 19670802August 2, 1967(August 2, 1967) 49 years, 276 days 1 year, 69 days (Ongoing) Incumbent Living 18,60850 years, 345 days (Living)

Living former Speakers of Parliament[edit]

There are nine living former Speakers:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Until 1952 the Communist Party of Croatia; part of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia (the Communist Party of Yugoslavia changed its name into the League of Communists of Yugoslavia in 1952, so did all its constituent republic parties)
  2. ^ Member of the Unitary National Liberation Front, i.e. the National Front

See also[edit]