Speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan

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Speaker of
the National Assembly of Pakistan
State emblem of Pakistan.svg
Incumbent
Murtaza Javed Abbasi (Acting)[1]

since 24 August 2015
Style Mr. Speaker
(Informal and within the National Assembly)
Speaker National Assembly
(Formal)
Appointer Elected by the National Assembly
Term length 5 years
Formation Constitution of Pakistan
(12 April 1973)
First holder Muhammad Ali Jinnah
(11 August 1947)
Succession Second
Website Speaker National Assembly

The Speaker of the National Assembly (Urdu: اسﭘيكر نيشنل اسمبلى); informally as Speaker National assembly, is the presiding official of the National Assembly of Pakistan– a lower house of the Parliament of Pakistan.[2]

The office has its roots in 1947 and was reestablished in 1973 in accordance to the Constitution; the speaker presides over the chamber composed of people's representatives elected on the basis of universal franchise.[3] The Speaker is Second in the line of succession to the President of Pakistan and occupies fourth position in the Warrant of Precedence, after the President, the Prime Minister and the Chairman of Senate.[4] In addition, the Speaker is the spokesman of the National Assembly to the outside world, and is non-partisan in his approach.[4]

To exercise the great authority that stems from the respect, affection and consideration which every Member of the House bestows upon the holder of this high office, the Speaker shows complete impartiality in the discharge of his functions.[4] When the National Assembly is dissolved he continues in his office, till a new Speaker is elected.[4]

Role and responsibilities[edit]

The office of speaker of national assembly is created by Article 53 of the Chapter 2 in Part III of the Constitution of Pakistan:[4]

After a general election, the National Assembly shall, at its first meeting and to the exclusion of any other business, elect from amongst its members a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker and, so often as the office of Speaker or Deputy Speaker becomes vacant, the Assembly shall elect another member as Speaker or, as the case may be, Deputy Speaker.

—Article 53(1)–53(2) of the Chapter 2: The Parliament: in Part III of the Constitution of Pakistan, source[4]

The Speaker of the National is a leadership position and the office-holder actively works to set the majority party's legislative agenda. The Speaker usually does not personally preside over debates, instead delegating the duty to members of the House from the majority party. The Speaker usually does not participate in debate and rarely votes.[4]

List of Speakers of the National Assembly[edit]

These are the names of Speakers and presidents of the National Assembly of Pakistan.

      Independent/CML/PML

      Muslim League/IJI /Pakistan Muslim League (N)

      Republican Party/Pakistan Muslim League (Q)

      Awami League/Pakistan Peoples Party

      Military

List of Speaker of the National Assembly
Order Speaker Time Duration Party Province
1 Muhammad Ali Jinnah 11 August 1947 – 11 September 1948 Muslim League Sindh
2 Tamizuddin Khan 14 December 1948 – 24 October 1954 Muslim League East-Bengal
3 Abdul Wahab Khan 12 August 1955 – 7 October 1958 Muslim League East-Bengal
4 Tamizuddin Khan 11 June 1962 – 19 August 1963 Muslim League East-Bengal
5 Fazlul Chaudhry 29 November 1963 – 12 June 1965 Independent East-Bengal
6 Abdul Jabbar Khan 12 June 1965 to 25 March 1969 Independent East-Bengal
7 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto 14 April 1972 – 12 April 1973 Pakistan Peoples Party Sindh
8 Fazal Ilahi 15 August 1972 – 9 August 1973 Pakistan Peoples Party Punjab
9 Farooq Ali 9 August 1973 – 27 March 1977 Pakistan Peoples Party Punjab
10 Malik Meraj 27 March 1977 – 5 July 1977 Pakistan Peoples Party Punjab
11 Fakhar Imam 22 March 1985 – 26 May 1986 Independent Punjab
12 Hamid Nasir 31 May 1986 – 3 December 1988 Independent Punjab
13 Malik Meraj 3 December 1988 – 4 November 1990 Pakistan Peoples Party Punjab
14 Gohar Ayub 4 November 1990 – 17 October 1993 Pakistan Muslim League (N) Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
15 Yousaf Raza Gillani 17 October 1993 – 16 February 1997 Pakistan Peoples Party Punjab
16 Elahi Bux Soomro 16 February 1997 – 20 August 2001 Pakistan Muslim League (N) Sindh
17 Amir Hussain 19 November 2002 – 19 March 2008 Pakistan Muslim League (Q) Punjab
18 Fahmida Mirza 19 March 2008 – 3 June 2013 Pakistan Peoples Party Sindh
19 Ayaz Sadiq 3 June 2013 – 22 August 2015 Pakistan Muslim League (N) Punjab
20 Murtaza Javed Abbasi (Acting) 24 August 2015 – to date Pakistan Muslim League (N) Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sardar Ayaz Sadiq for the post of speaker National Assembly". Dawn. Herald. 30 April 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  2. ^ et.al. (2012). Pakistan Country Study Guide Strategic Information and Developments. United States: Intl Business Pubns USA. ISBN 1438775253. 
  3. ^ Akbar, M.K. (1997). Pakistan from Jinnah to Sharif. New Delhi: Mittal Publications. ISBN 8170996740. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Article 53(1) of the Chapter 2: Parliament in Part III of the Constitution of Pakistan