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Spec Ops: The Line

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Spec Ops: The Line
Spec Ops The Line cover.png
Developer(s) Yager Development
Publisher(s) 2K Games
Distributor(s) Take-Two Interactive
Director(s) Cory Davis
François Coulon
Producer(s) Tarl Raney
Designer(s) Cory Davis
Programmer(s) Hendrik Hoenicke
André Dittrich
Artist(s) Mathias Wiese
Jason Flanagan
Writer(s) Walt Williams
Richard Pearsey
Composer(s) Elia Cmíral
Series Spec Ops
Engine Unreal Engine 3
Platform(s) Microsoft Windows
PlayStation 3
Xbox 360
OS X
Linux
Release
Genre(s) Third-person shooter
Mode(s) Single-player, multiplayer

Spec Ops: The Line is a 2012 third-person shooter video game developed by the German studio Yager Development and published by 2K Games. It was released internationally in June 2012 for Microsoft Windows, Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3. It was later released for OS X in 2013 and Linux in 2015. It is the tenth title, as well as a reboot, of the Spec Ops series, and the first entry since Spec Ops: Airborne Commando in 2002. The game is powered by Unreal Engine 3.

In the game, the player controls Captain Martin Walker, who is sent into a post-catastrophe Dubai with an elite Delta Force team on a recon mission. As the game progresses, Walker's mental health deteriorates, as he begins to experience hallucinations and slowly realizes the horror of war. Players can hide behind cover, vault over obstacles, and shoot enemies while utilizing a variety of gadgets. Sand is a key gameplay mechanic that can be manipulated to defeat enemies. Included with the game is an online multiplayer mode, developed separately by Darkside Game Studios, allowing players to engage in both cooperative and competitive gameplay.

Yager started the game's development in 2007, taking inspiration for the setting and story framework from various media, including Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now. The game was designed to be "physically opposing", causing players to question their thoughts about treating war in a video game as entertainment, and tasks players to make a variety of morally ambiguous decisions. The game suffered from multiple delays, and the development team used this time to refine the story and increase the gameplay's pace. The game's soundtrack is a mix of licensed music and original music composed by Elia Cmíral.

Video game critics gave Spec Ops: The Line generally positive reviews. Praise focused on the narrative and its themes, while criticism was targeted at the online multiplayer mode and generic third person gameplay. Spec Ops: The Line was a commercial failure and did not garner the attention that distributor Take-Two Interactive had hoped for, but it was awarded and nominated for several end-of-the-year accolades particularly for its story. Yager announced that there would not be a sequel to the game. The game was banned in the United Arab Emirates for its depiction of Dubai in a state of destruction.

Gameplay[edit]

At specific points in the game, sand can be used to kill enemies.

The player can select from four difficulty levels: Walk on the Beach, Combat Op, Suicide Mission, and FUBAR. A player only gain access to the FUBAR difficulty after completing the game on Suicide Mission.[1] Various new weapons and equipment become available as the game progresses, some dropped by downed enemies.[2] These include several different rifles, handguns, and machine guns.[3] Some offer alternate firing modes, like attaching a suppressor or using a telescopic sight.[4] Players can also acquire and make use of grenade launchers, hand grenades, and turrets.[5] However, the player can only carry two weapons at a time.[6] Supply caches can be found in different parts of the game, allowing the player to refill their ammo and grenades.[7] Whenever the player successfully shoots an enemy in the head, the game enters a slow-motion mode for a short period of time. The player can also defeat enemies at close range via melee combat. Dying enemies can be executed, which grants the player additional ammo.[8] Hiding behind cover can provide protection and prevents the player from being shot, as well as providing opportunities to blindfire or lean out to shoot enemies.[9]

As a third-person shooter with an emphasis on squad-based tactics, players can issue commands to Sergeant Lugo and Lieutenant Adams, who accompany the player for most of the game. Available commands include focusing fire on one particular target and ordering medical attention for an injured squad member. Adams can defeat enemies by using heavy gadgets or throwing grenades, while Lugo provides sniping assistance.[5] Environmental hazards like sandstorms occasionally occur, drastically reducing the player's vision and visibility.[10] Sand becomes a key gameplay mechanic and players can manipulate it at scripted moments in the game, such as triggering a sand avalanche to bury enemies alive.[11][12] When a grenade explodes on sand, dust clouds that can blind enemies are formed.[5] Sand sometimes opens up new paths to allow players to progress.[13]

The player needs to make moral decisions at certain points during the game,[14] including making choices that can determine the fate of both soldiers and civilians. These decisions affect the relationship between Walker and his squadmates, and will cause them to react differently.[15] The game has several subtle effects as the team starts being broken mentally and physically, including the degradation of their combat uniforms. Walker has visual and auditory hallucinations later into the game, and his executions of enemies become more violent. The orders and shouts to his team become increasingly angry and ragged in contrast to his original stern command voice. His kill confirmations of enemies corrupts from professional in the beginning to psychotic.[16] Similarly, loading screens initially display helpful gameplay hints for the player, but as the game progresses, the text becomes increasingly hostile towards Walker's actions, and sometimes breaks the fourth wall by addressing the player directly.[17] The game features collectibles known as Intel, which are audio logs that provide additional backstory for players.[18]

Multiplayer[edit]

Set before the events of the campaign, the competitive multiplayer divides players into two different teams: The Exiles and The Damned.[19] Both teams have their respective perks. Six classes are available for players to choose: Gunner, Medic, Scavenger, Breacher, Sniper and Officer. Each have their own upgrades and advantages.[20] Environmental hazards, including sandstorms, may also occur during a multiplayer match.[21] The game modes featured in the multiplayer include:[1]

  • Chaos: A free-for-all mode, in which players eliminate other players.
  • Mutiny: A team deathmatch mode, in which a team of players eliminates the opposing team.
  • Rally Point: A "King of the Hill"-styled match, in which players secure a rally point and accumulate score for their team.
  • Uplink: Both teams are tasked to capture a central rally point, and disable the opposing team's COM Station to prevent them from receiving points.
  • Attrition: Players engage in three team elimination rounds with only one life per round and no respawning until the round is over.
  • Buried: A team of players is tasked to destroy the opposing team's Vital Points, which reveal their High Value Target upon destruction. Players are tasked to eliminate the opposing team's target in order to win the match.

A cooperative mode was added to the game after its launch. It supports two players and features four missions. Players are tasked to defeat multiple waves of enemies and complete a series of objectives, similar to a horde mode.[22]

Synopsis[edit]

Setting[edit]

Nolan North voices Captain Martin Walker
Bruce Boxleitner voices Colonel John Konrad

Six months prior to the game's events, the worst series of sandstorms in recorded history began across Dubai. The city's politicians and wealthy elite downplayed the situation before evacuating secretly, leaving countless Emiratis and foreign migrant workers behind. Colonel John Konrad (Bruce Boxleitner), the decorated but PTSD-troubled commander of the "Damned 33rd" Infantry Battalion of the United States Army, was returning home with his unit from Afghanistan when the storms struck. Konrad volunteered the 33rd to help relief efforts, defying orders by the Army to abandon the city and its refugees and deserting with the entire battalion. The storms intensified and a massive storm wall engulfed Dubai, disrupting surveillance, air travel, and all but the strongest of radio broadcasts. Struggling to maintain order amid 80 mph (128 kmh) winds, riots, and dwindling resources, the 33rd declared martial law and began committing atrocities on the civilian population. Aggrieved by this, some members of the 33rd staged a coup d’etat against Konrad but failed and were exiled. The CIA then sent in a black ops unit to investigate, and as part of their plan organized the locals into insurgents to attack the 33rd, eventually resulting in a ceasefire. The last communication from Dubai stated that the 33rd was attempting to lead a caravan out of the city. The caravan never arrived, and soon afterward, the United Arab Emirates declared Dubai a no-man's-land. All travel to the city was barred, the 33rd was publicly disavowed for treason, and no further news left the city.

Two weeks before the start of the story, a looped radio signal finally penetrated the storm wall. Its message was brief: "This is Colonel John Konrad, United States Army. Attempted evacuation of Dubai ended in complete failure. Death toll... too many." The United States military decides to covertly send in an elite three-man Delta Force team to carry out reconnaissance, captained by Martin Walker (Nolan North), who served alongside Konrad in Afghanistan and views him as a hero. Walker, First Lieutenant Alphanso Adams (Christopher Reid), and Staff Sergeant John Lugo (Omid Abtahi), are ordered to confirm the presence of any survivors, then immediately radio for extraction.

Plot[edit]

The game begins in medias res with Walker, Adams, and Lugo flying in a helicopter past the skyscrapers of Dubai, shooting down several pursuing helicopters until a sudden sandstorm forms, causing one of the pursuers to spin out of control and crash into the trio. The story then jumps back to the start, with Delta traversing the storm wall to the outskirts of a mostly buried Dubai, being taunted on broadcasts by the Radioman (Jake Busey), a DJ and former journalist speaking for the 33rd. After coming across refugees being rounded up by the 33rd and engaging in a firefight, Walker elects to disobey orders and find Konrad.[23]

Receiving a broadcast of CIA agent Daniels being interrogated by the 33rd, the team chooses to interfere. Tracing the signal's origin, they find Daniels already dead and the broadcast was a trap set for fellow CIA agent, Gould.[24] Gould helps Delta escape, but is later captured and killed while assaulting a location called the Gate. The team heads there and continues the attack. Finding it heavily guarded by the 33rd, the team employs white phosphorus to obliterate their opposition and advance further into the city.[25] While walking through the aftermath, they realize they accidentally killed 47 civilians moved to the Gate for shelter by the 33rd. Walker blames the 33rd and vows revenge.[26]

Finding Konrad's executed command team, Walker uses a small radio to communicate with who he believes to be Konrad himself, who challenges the morality of his actions throughout the story. Konrad then manipulates Walker into executing an Emirati survivor or a 33rd soldier, who both committed serious crimes.[27] Delta subsequently meet CIA agent Jeff Riggs, who is leading a raid on the city's last water supply. Delta aids Riggs with the aim of crippling the 33rd's operations, but Riggs destroys the supply instead, admitting he wanted to wipe out the remaining population of Dubai to cover up the atrocities of the 33rd.[a][28]

With the city's residents now facing death from dehydration, Delta heads to the radio tower to silence the Radioman. After Lugo kills the Radioman, Walker informs the city of Delta's planned evacuation effort.[29] Adams commandeers a Black Hawk helicopter to escape the building, and Walker destroys the radio tower as they flee the scene, leading to the helicopter sequence from the opening of the game (which Walker seems to remember).[30] After the aforementioned crash, Walker awakens in the middle of the desert and reunites with Adams, but is too late to stop Lugo from being lynched by a mob of civilians.[b] Walker and Adams make their way to the Burj Khalifa tower to confront Konrad, but are soon pinned down by the last of his men. Walker, who surrenders, is pushed to safety by Adams, who fights to the death.[31] Walker stumbles inside the tower, where the remnants of the 33rd surrender to him.

Walker finally meets Konrad at his penthouse. Konrad appears to be the charismatic, villainous force behind the atrocities that Walker was hoping for, until Walker finds his decaying corpse on the penthouse deck.[32] Walker finds that Konrad committed suicide after his failed evacuation effort, and he has been communicating with a traumatic hallucinatory Konrad created in his mind as a dissociative disorder upon the aftermath of the white phosphorus strike. Rationalizing the actions he had witnessed and carried out, Walker distorted many subsequent events of the game to make Konrad look responsible.[33] With this revelation, 'Konrad' forces Walker, at gunpoint, to decide once and for all if he is to blame for his actions in Dubai.[34]

Endings[edit]

There are four possible endings. If Walker allows 'Konrad' to shoot him or he shoots himself, the game ends with Walker's corpse being shown next to Konrad's on the penthouse deck and Konrad's original broadcast playing as the camera pans over to a burning Dubai. If Walker instead shoots 'Konrad', he disappears, consoling Walker that he can still return home despite what he has done. After the 33rd surrendering is shown to be a figment of Walker's imagination, Walker uses Konrad's radio to request extraction from Dubai.

A post-credits epilogue shows a convoy of Army rescue Humvees locating a shellshocked Walker sitting near the Burj Khalifa wearing Konrad’s uniform and brandishing an AA-12. Walker can either concede to the patrol or open fire on them. If Walker relinquishes his weapon, he evacuates with the patrol, and has a hallucinatory conversation with one of the soldiers where he questions his status.[35] If Walker is killed by the patrol, he dies in a pool of blood, recalling a conversation between himself and Konrad during the War in Afghanistan where Walker casually remarked about returning home, but Konrad criticized him, claiming soldiers "do what's necessary" and then die. If Walker kills the entire patrol, he uses their radio to greet Army command with "Gentlemen, welcome to Dubai", one of the first statements Walker said to his team as well as one of the first statements 'Konrad' said to Walker. Walker then returns to the Burj Khalifa as the camera pans to a ruined Dubai.

Development[edit]

Background[edit]

Following the release of several Spec Ops games in the late 1990s and early 2000s, the series met with low sales and poor reviews, causing a halt to the production of successive games. In 2003, Take-Two mentioned in their financial results that Rockstar Games was working on the franchise,[36] but in 2004 the project was cancelled.[37] It was later revealed that Rockstar Vancouver would have developed the canned project,[38] with Queens of the Stone Age frontman Josh Homme working on the soundtrack for the game.[39]

From 2005 to 2009, the series remained largely unmentioned, with the rights still fully belonging to Take-Two. In 2006, German-based Yager Development pitched a cover-based shooter to publisher 2K Games, who rejected the original concept of futuristic soldiers without Dubai as a setting.[40] However, 2K offered them a chance to develop a reboot for the Spec Ops series, promising that they would have a lot of creative freedom. Development began in early 2007, with most other fundamentals of the initial game intact.[41] While the game is an installment in the Spec Ops series, the team chose to use new ideas and intentionally avoided using existing elements of the franchise.[42]

Narrative design[edit]

The developers drew inspiration from multiple media. The set-up and the game's foundation was inspired by Heart of Darkness, whose story reveals the changes a person undergoes in chaotic times.[43] The relationship between Walker and his squad mates was inspired by HBO's Generation Kill, and the post-war traumatic experience suffered by Walker was inspired by Jacob's Ladder.[44] The story of the Tower of Babel was also an inspiration for the game.[45] The story was originally set to be written by several German writers, but they were later replaced by American writers Richard Pearsey, who had worked on TimeGate Studios' Section 8,[40] and Walt Williams, who had previously worked on other 2K projects including BioShock 2 and Mafia II.[41] One of the game's core features is violence, but the team hoped that it would not be "cheesy" or excessive. This led the team to focus on creating the game's storyline to motivate players to take the actions they choose.[41] Writing the story became uncomfortable and rough for Williams as time progressed, due to the game's dark themes.[35]

The game was designed to be a third-person shooter so that players can see the three characters change and evolve as it progresses, and that the perspective differentiates the game from others shooters in the market.[46] The game was meant to feature narrative gameplay, in which the game was to be played without any cutscenes so that the entire story would be told through gameplay sequences only. However, the idea was downplayed as the development team realized that having cutscenes helps players to be more emotionally connected and allowed the team to create dramatic scripted sequences.[44]

Although the lead player character, Martin Walker, was designed to be as simple as possible in order to help players to engage in the game, and relate to the character,[40][44] the team gave him some personality which was expressed through his body language and his reactions during the game's battles. It was felt that by reflecting his emotions to players, they would share them.[44] The squad was designed so that room was left for character development.[35] The transformation of the squad's mentality serves as an important plot device during the game and has a significant narrative context. The changes in the cleanliness of their clothing, and their reactions toward each other, help to illustrate the story.[46][47] According to Williams, the hope was that players would start the game with relatively low expectations, or they would consider the game another typical heroic war shooter,[40] then by seeing the transformation of the characters, would be shocked by the game's narrative and be "engulfed by the darkness".[47] To make the transformation process clear, the team found it necessary to show the characters' personality at the beginning of the game in order to create a strong contrast.[48] Gameplay is also a plot device and is tied to the game's narrative, as players can choose whether or not to execute enemies, which reflects the brutality and horror of war.[46][48]

We invite the player to encounter some of the more horrific experiences that we hear from soldiers and the stories they tell as they come home from modern conflicts. These are not happy or heroic scenarios, but we feel they are important because they cause us to question ourselves, our way of life, and our way of thinking. We feel that it's extremely important to treat these themes with care, and we use them as an emotional tool in our narrative, rather than for shock value.

—Cory Davis, the game's lead designer, on the narrative's themes[43]

Williams believed that most games on the market failed to create a correct representation of the war experience, or express the psychological changes that some combatants experience after participating in a war. He added that a war is not as straightforward and immature as it is often portrayed in various shooters. As a result, a central theme of the game revolves around the moral aspect of war. By using this theme, the team hoped to tell a story and provide an experience that feels realistic, covering the combatants' mental changes during and after a military conflict, similar to how movies in the 1970s and 1980s, such as Platoon, Full Metal Jacket and Apocalypse Now convey these messages.[44] The team had the intention to give players the opportunity to show that a shooter can also have a decent story capable of invoking emotions.[49] To achieve this, the team simplified their original story setting of having Konrad as a "megalomaniac with messianic delusions" to a setting that is more similar to Heart of Darkness.[49]

Spec Ops: The Line includes several choices for players to make. According to Williams, it was a key concept to be featured right from the start of the game's development. The game does not feature a morality system, but instead has situations that give players some freedom of choice. The consequences of some of these choices were deliberately made unclear in an attempt to make them more realistic, encouraging players to explore the other potential options not directly presented by the game. These choices were inspired by Fallout 3,[40] and are often between: "what the character knows and what the player would maybe try and do".[44] To make choices more realistic, and to increase the impact of the story, the team put in a lot of morally ambiguous choices and "bad or worse" decisions.[50] Williams added that absolute good choices are not practical and sometimes may not exist in real-world situations, so to reflect that combat sequences sometimes force players to make split-second decisions and accept whatever the consequences are. According to Williams, this is something that people frequently do in real-world scenarios, and they must "live with it" after their decision. Williams added that they hoped that the game's players would have different feelings after making these choices, as this would show that they had created an opportunity for players to examine their own inner emotions,[44] and that they had successfully provided different experiences for players without having a branching storyline.[49] Replay value was also considered when the development team was designing these choices.[42]

The game's moral choices do not have any connection to gameplay, as the team feared that players would view them as gameplay mechanics and disconnect them from the story.[40] The consequences of each choice were designed to be unpredictable to create tension for the player. Both approaches are applied to let players make decisions based on their own will instead of "gaming the system".[50] Williams also added that they attempted to make violence in the game "meaningful". While the game's basic premise is to have the Delta Squad rescue civilians in Dubai, the game by its nature tasks players to kill with their firearms. Therefore, the team added a lot of dialogue to justify and rationalize the characters' violent actions, creating complex plot points, drama and climaxes.[51] The team also added conversations between enemy soldiers in an attempt to humanize them.[35]

A major theme of the game is heroism, where being a hero may bring more harm than help.[40] During development, there was a point at the beginning of the game where players could choose to leave Dubai. This was cut from the game, as the team found it not effective enough, and it broke a player's immersion in the game.[35] According to Williams, the choice system was originally designed to be similar to Fable II, where after a player makes a decision, they cannot reload the game and choose differently unless they start a new game. This was later removed due to the game's structure as a shooter, as the team feared that it might make the game unwinnable and cause players to feel frustrated.[35] Williams later added that adding achievements to the game was a mistake, as it disrupts the game's narrative.[35]

One of the main goals of the narrative was to depict war in a manner unlike it is portrayed in media such as TV and books.[47] Another goal was to use the scenarios presented to cause players to raise questions about their thoughts of killing people in a video game as a form of entertainment.[43] To achieve this, the team made the hints at the game's loading screen increasingly aggressive, while the game's overall narrative was designed with the aim of being "physically opposing", so that players could project themselves into the protagonist's position, especially when making choices that involve the killing of innocents. They hoped that players would be able to feel angry at the developers who "forced" players into killing civilians in the game. The team had a lot of debates regarding the imagery used in depicting violence towards civilians, as many considered it excessive and unnecessary.[52] However, 2K approved their vision even when the team thought they had pushed the narrative to extremes.[40]

Williams has stated that the game's events are open to interpretation.[c] Many different theories have been discussed by the development staff.[52] Davis described the game's pacing as "deliberate", but he added that there are moments where the pacing slows down significantly and allows the player to learn more about the game's story through inspecting environmental objects.[45] The city of Dubai is filled with graffiti, which is used to give players information regarding the factions and the backstory. According to Yager, the graffiti was designed to give players a perspective that is different from the main game, and to help make the location more realistic.[48] The team also hoped to make players feel lost when playing the game. As a result, the team added hallucination to the game. The team hoped that by using hallucination as a plot device, they could create a snowball effect and engage players more fully in the story as they complete the game.[35] These hallucinations sometimes occur through the subtext, in which players may not realize their presence. Williams added that having subtext is important, and that the "best stories are the ones that have stuff hidden in them".[d] The game fades to black when the game transitions from one scene to another, and it fades to white when Walker is hallucinating or otherwise deceiving himself.[35]

General design[edit]

A concept art for the game. The Dubai featured in the game is ravaged by sandstorms, creating a post-apocalyptic environment.

The game is set in Dubai, which has been ravaged by sandstorms, a story set-up inspired by Davis' and Williams' personal experience with heat waves, hurricanes, and sandstorms in Louisiana and Lubbock, as well as a story about a Persian army that vanished in an Egyptian desert in a sandstorm. The two found that the chaotic forces behind sandstorms would help them to convey the message of how fragile humans are, as well as the harshness of war.[40] The team believed that the location provided them with a "fantastic" real-world environment allowing them to produce great visuals. Using Dubai as a setting allowed the game's levels to have verticality and variety.[48] The development team sent their art directors to Dubai to inspect the local environment.[48] To prevent the game from featuring the typical "dirty, grungy brown environment", the team added more colors to the game, as well as objects such as glass, marble, gold, and crystals to make the location look vivid and vibrant.

Using Dubai as a setting allowed them to incorporate sand as part of the game's key mechanics. Davis described the Dubai in the game as "a mix of fantasy and real-world environment".[53] To prevent the sand mechanics from turning gimmicky, the team introduced multiple ways for players to use sand as a weapon, such as the player's ability to trigger dust clouds by throwing grenades on sand and cause a sand avalanche by shooting weak structures and supports.[54] In addition, the team added several scripted sequences regarding sand to keep the game dynamic.[55] The occurrence of these moments were decided based on the game's production value.[45] The team also consulted Wil Makeneole for military advice.[56]

The game featured advanced artificial intelligence due to the inclusion of the game's squad command system. Adams and Lugo will assist Walker in battles and react to the battle situation accordingly even if they are not given any orders. They will also analyse the situation when instructed and decide the best approach to defeat enemies. The battle command system was designed to be accessible and easy to use, so that players would not have to spend a lot of time managing the squad.[55] Lugo and Adams may get severely injured and if both of them die, the game ends. This mechanic prompts the player to rescue them as quickly as possible, and the system is designed to create tense situations.[48] The AI for enemies is affected by various factors, including visibility and hearing.[42]

Audio[edit]

The team did research on weapon sounds by consulting several military experts. The team spent a lot of time dealing with the audio mixing, so that the resulting sounds would not interfere with the narrative. To make the game's script unique, the team added more variety to character lines during gameplay moments, and had these lines correspond to scenarios the characters were facing in the game.[55] Elia Cmíral was hired to compose the music for the game, and the soundtrack was described as "unearthly" and "rock-orientated".[55][57] To establish the character of the Radioman, the team added licensed music, including "Nowhere to Run" by Martha and the Vandellas and Mogwai's "Glasgow Mega-Snake".[58]

Multiplayer[edit]

Although Spec Ops: The Line has a strong single-player focus, it also features multiplayer components. Yager was only responsible for the single-player campaign; the multiplayer was outsourced to Darkside Game Studios. The multiplayer team at 2K Games, which previously developed the multiplayer of BioShock 2, also assisted in creating the multiplayer.[21]

The multiplayer game's tone is entirely different, the game mechanics were raped to make it happen, and it was a waste of money. No one is playing it, and I don't even feel like it's part of the overall package – it's another game rammed onto the disk like a cancerous growth, threatening to destroy the best things about the experience that the team at Yager put their heart and souls into creating.

—Cory Davis on the game's multiplayer[40]

According to Davis, while 2K Games was supportive of Yager and "took a hell of a lot of risk with the project",[40] they insisted that the game have multiplayer components to boost the sales. This was a decision that Yager thought would hurt the game. Davis described the project as a "waste of money" and a "low-quality Call of Duty clone".[59] The president of Darkside Game Studios, Hugh Falk, responded by calling Davis' opinion "outlying". He added that Darkside participated in the project towards the end of the game's development cycle and that they had to revamp the entire multiplayer system within tight deadlines.[60] Davis later claimed that his comments were not directed at Darkside Game Studios, and that he is satisfied with their final product after a long and troubled development cycle.[61]

The game originally did not have a cooperative multiplayer mode, as the development team thought that it would distract from the tonally darker levels of the single-player campaign, not matching the game's narrative.[43] However, a cooperative mode was still added to the game in August 2012 as free downloadable content; it does not follow the storyline of the campaign.[62]

Release and marketing[edit]

On December 12, 2009, a ninth game in the series was announced at the Spike Video Game Awards; a trailer depicted several minutes of gameplay and showed off the setting. A subsequent press release detailed the premise, other game features, and a possible 2011 release date. An official site was soon launched, and a new trailer was released in November 2011.[63] The game was later delayed to the first or second quarter of 2012, before the final fixed release date was announced. Spec Ops: The Line was released on June 26, 2012 for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360.[64] It was released on March 13, 2014 for OS X.[65] This version of the game was developed by Digital Tribe Games.[66]

No news about the game was made available for 18 months after it was initially announced.[35] Davis thought the game was announced too early, causing excitement for it to die down too far from the release date. The developers carried out focus tests during this period, and the gameplay was found to be too slow-paced compared to competitors such as Call of Duty. As a result, the team spent time to speed up the game's action so that it would more closely match the narrative.[40]

In addition to the game's standard edition, players could purchase a Premium Edition at a higher price. Players who pre-ordered the game at selected retailers were able to have their games upgraded to the Premium Edition at no additional cost. The Premium Edition grants players additional advantages in the multiplayer segment of the game, including an experience points boost and early access to the Officer class.[64] A multiplayer beta for selected applicants on the Xbox 360 platform was held in 2010.[67] A playable demo of the game, which featured two chapters from the beginning of the campaign, was released for PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 on May 8, 2012.[68]

According to Williams, the game was difficult to market, as the team wanted to prevent spoiling the narrative yet encourage people to buy the game. He added that the demo they released was unrepresentative of the final game. Williams expected the game to be sold through word of mouth promotion and that it would eventually become a cult classic.[35]

Reception[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

Reception
Aggregate score
Aggregator Score
Metacritic (PS3) 77/100[69]
(X360) 76/100[70]
(PC) 76/100[71]
Review scores
Publication Score
Destructoid 8/10[9]
EGM 9/10[72]
Eurogamer 8/10[73]
Game Informer 7.75/10[76]
GameSpot 6.5/10[75]
GamesRadar 4/5 stars[74]
IGN 8/10[77]
Joystiq 3/5 stars[78]
Polygon 8/10[79]
VideoGamer.com 7/10[80]

Reviews of Spec Ops: The Line were mostly positive, with many critics praising the narrative, themes, and the provocative take on violence in video games, but noted that it failed to innovate or present a strong multiplayer component. Many critics consider the game to be underrated,[81][82] or overlooked.[83] Previews of the game,[84] as well as the game itself,[85] were banned in the United Arab Emirates for the depiction of Dubai in a state of destruction.

The overall gameplay received mixed reviews. Some critics believed that the gameplay was enjoyable, serviceable and acceptable by modern standards,[9] but most others agreed that some of the gameplay mechanics, such as the cover system, lacked polish and were flawed.[72][76][77] Some critics considered the gameplay generic due to its inclusion of typical shooter elements such as on-rail and turret segments,[75] and stated that such mechanics are unable to help the game differentiate itself from other shooters such as Gears of War, and give the game an identity crisis.[78][80] Some critics lamented that gameplay occasionally disconnects players from the story, creating tonal dissonance.[73][75][78][80] Many criticized the game for not having a roll mechanic.[9][80] The artificial intelligence system was criticized for not being strong enough to make the game more gratifying,[9][80] though some critics thought that the AI system for Adams and Lugo was well-crafted and did not suffer from severe or frequent technical problems,[73][77] although they may not be able to carry out player's commands.[9][73][76] Some critics criticized the game's low replay value,[76][86] unbalanced difficulty level, and sudden difficulty spike.[77][87]

The graphics and art design of the game was praised. Brandon Justice from Electronic Gaming Monthly stated that he expected the game to look "bland" due to its setting, but he was surprised at how much variety and color there was.[72] The game's level design and vibrant colors were also praised.[77][79] Critics agreed that the game's setting, Dubai, was excellent and well-realized;[9][78] some critics praised Yager for adding different details to the game's world.[75][77] The terrain and landscape was praised for being interesting, unique,[76] and creating "fantastic set piece battles".[74][80] Some commented that the sand mechanic sometimes became gimmicky.[74][76] Many criticized the game's poor textures and the poor rendering of cutscenes.[9][77]

The game's overall narrative was highly praised by critics; many considered it compelling,[9] engaging, riveting,[74][76] and mature,[72] and viewed it as the standout feature of the game.[72][79] Some believed that the story had an excellent presentation with decent voice-acting, memorable characters, and atmospheric soundtracks.[72][77] North's performance was particularly praised.[88] Many critics thought it was a bold attempt by Yager and that the story about mistakes and consequences allowed the game's narrative to exceed its competitors in terms of quality.[79] Some critics believed that Yager deserves respect for successfully creating a message through the story and delivering it to the player,[76][78] and trying to do something different.[72][74] Mitch Dyer of IGN thought that the game's narrative made violence "meaningful", and that the story was unexpectedly good and personal.[77] Some believed the story is impactful and at times shocking,[75] and that the plot would make "Modern Warfare 2's nefarious No Russian look pretty tame".[80] The game's choices were praised for being "powerful" despite not offering a branching storyline.[72] Some critics believed that these choices are provocative,[72] organic,[78] impactful,[76] upsetting,[74][76] and thematically correct, though unsatisfying and sometimes hollow and binary.[73][76] The endings of the game were praised.[72] Some critics noted that emotionally Spec Ops: The Line is not a pleasant game.[79][89]

Critics have noticed that the mechanics of the game — the actions available to the player, and the responses resulting from said actions — contrast pointedly with many mechanics of popular FPS games, and that the game deliberately used shooter genre clichés in order to illustrate how ludicrous they are in comparison to real warfare.[90] In particular, unlike other games of its kind, some critics believe that Spec Ops: The Line does not intend the combat to be a fun experience for the player, but rather aims to engage the player by critiquing the shooter genre for being removed from reality and providing players with an unrealistic, morally dichotomous, escapist fantasy.[91] The scene depicting the use of white phosphorus has been the subject of much scrutiny due to imagery that includes the corpse of a mother clutching her child, and was described as "troubling".[92] In response to complaints that the massacre was unnecessary or exploitative, Williams justified the scene by saying that the plot device was intended to evoke players' anger, and that a valid way to end the game is simply for the player to put the controller down and stop playing.[93]

Sales[edit]

The game debuted at No. 3 in the UK retail sales chart during the game's first week of release, behind Lego Batman 2: DC Super Heroes and The Amazing Spider-Man.[94] Spec Ops: The Line was a commercial failure, selling less than anticipated by Take-Two.[95] The sales of Spec Ops: The Line, combined with Max Payne 3, was lower than the combined sales of L.A. Noire and Duke Nukem Forever.[e] The low sales of the title contributed to Take-Two's disappointing financial results in fiscal year 2013.[96]

Accolades[edit]

Spec Ops: The Line was nominated for Best Shooter, and the White Phosphorus scene was nominated for Best Gaming Moments at the Golden Joystick Awards.[97] At the 2012 Inside Gaming Awards, the game won for Best Narrative and was nominated for Best Game Cinematography.[98][99] At IGN's Best of 2012 Awards, the game won for Best PC Story and Best PS3 Story,[100][101] and also received nominations for Best Overall Story, Best PS3 Action Game, Best Xbox 360 Shooter Game, and Best Xbox 360 Story.[102][103][104][105] It was nominated for Outstanding Achievement in Story at the 16th D.I.C.E. Awards.[106]

Future[edit]

According to Yager Development, 2K never discussed the chance of developing a sequel during the game's development.[40] Timo Ullman, managing director of Yager stated that the game failed to compete with other shooters, and that market for games like Spec Ops: The Line is too small. As a result, the team would not return to the franchise.[107] Team members expressed a desire to move on and develop a game that has a much lighter tone.[96]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ He can be mercy killed by Walker or left to burn to death.
  2. ^ Walker and Adams can either scare the crowd away or kill them in retribution.
  3. ^ According to Williams, his interpretation is that Walker died in the helicopter crash, as Walker experiences déjà vu during the second sequence.
  4. ^ According to Williams, one of Walker's hallucinations occurs at the beginning of the game, with a billboard showing Konrad's face.
  5. ^ Max Payne 3 was released in May 2012. L.A. Noire and Duke Nukem Forever were released in 2011.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Spec Ops: The Line" (PDF). 2K Games. Retrieved January 12, 2016. 
  2. ^ Elvira Mortensen, Torill (June 5, 2015). The Dark Side of Game Play: Controversial Issues in Playful Environments. p. 181. ISBN 9781317574460. 
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  23. ^ Yager Development (June 26, 2012). Spec Ops: The Line. 2K Games. Walker: It's clear the 33rd is no longer acting as part of the U.S. Army. [...] If we're gonna sort this out, we need to find John Konrad. Lugo: How's that help? You just said the 33rd were rogue. Walker: Konrad wouldn't abandon his duty. The 33rd may be hostile, but I guarantee the Colonel isn't part of it. Adams: How can you be sure? 
  24. ^ Yager Development (June 26, 2012). Spec Ops: The Line. 2K Games. Radioman: Well now, Captain... This lil' trap was meant for a fox named Gould. But you ain't Gould. In fact, I don't know who you are. No one does. And that's dangerous. Walker: Dangerous to who? Radioman: Everyone. I mean, come on. You didn't actually think we'd just let you walk in here, did you? 
  25. ^ Yager Development (June 26, 2012). Spec Ops: The Line. 2K Games. Lugo: You're fucking kidding right? That's white phosphorus. Walker: Yeah, I know what it is. Lugo: You've seen what this shit does. You know we can't use it. Adams: We might not have a choice, Lugo. Lugo: There's always a choice. Walker: No, there's really not. 
  26. ^ Yager Development (June 26, 2012). Spec Ops: The Line. 2K Games. Adams: No, those can't be the civies that got kidnapped. It's not possible. Lugo: Yeah it is. It's why Gould stormed this place... He didn't want the Gate. He was tryin' to rescue his people... This is your fault, goddammit! [...] Walker: There's nothing good about what happened out there, Lugo. But our hand was forced... And I know by who. 
  27. ^ Yager Development (June 26, 2012). Spec Ops: The Line. 2K Games. Konrad: This is Dubai, Captain. This is what I face every day. My duty is to maintain order; without it, we would have died long ago. Walker: This is a test. Konrad: Yes, it is. The civilian on the right stole water—a capital offense. The soldier on the left was sent to apprehend him. Which he did... Killing the man's family in the process. 
  28. ^ Yager Development (June 26, 2012). Spec Ops: The Line. 2K Games. Riggs: The water's gone... That's all that matters. [...] Look, if people find out what [Konrad] did, the whole region'll declare war on us. And we'll lose. Now the world'll never know. Walker: You're insane... Riggs: That's funny. Gould said the same thing... 
  29. ^ Yager Development (June 26, 2012). Spec Ops: The Line. 2K Games. Lugo: Like I see you boosted the transmitter, but how far's this thing really go? Radioman: To infinity and beyond! Or the storm wall... same difference. [...] You are live and on the air, my good man. Give it a shot. Lugo: Wow. That was easier than I expected. Thanks. (pulls out a handgun and shoots him) 
  30. ^ Yager Development (June 26, 2012). Spec Ops: The Line. 2K Games. Walker: Wait... wait, this isn't right! Lugo: Well, it's too late now! Walker: No... no, I mean we did this already! Adams: What do you mean? Walker: Ah, fuck it! It's nothin'. Just shake these fuckin' guys! 
  31. ^ Yager Development (June 26, 2012). Spec Ops: The Line. 2K Games. 33rd Soldier: It's over! We have you surrounded. Lay down your weapons. Adams: Fuck you. Just shoot me! [...] Konrad: This is your last chance, Walker. Surrender... or my men will cut you down. Adams: Don't you dare- (Walker drops his weapon) Well, fuck you then! I didn't come this far to surrender. Walker: It's the only way inside that tower. Adams: For fuck's sake, give it up! The mission's over. We failed! Walker: Not while I'm still breathing. Adams: Fine... then keep breathin'. (shoves Walker over the side) Run, motherfucker! 
  32. ^ Yager Development (June 26, 2012). Spec Ops: The Line. 2K Games. Konrad: It seems that reports of my... survival... have been greatly exaggerated. Walker: This isn't possible. Konrad: Oh I assure you, it is. Walker: How?! Konrad: Not how. Why? You were never meant to come here. 
  33. ^ Yager Development (June 26, 2012). Spec Ops: The Line. 2K Games. Walker: What happened here was out of my control. Konrad: Was it? None of this would've happened if you'd just stopped. [...] The truth, Walker, is that you're here because you wanted to feel like something you're not: A hero. I'm here because you can't accept what you've done; it broke you. You needed someone to blame... so you cast it on me: A dead man. 
  34. ^ Yager Development (June 26, 2012). Spec Ops: The Line. 2K Games. Konrad: I know the truth is hard to hear, Walker, but it's time. You're all that's left. And we can't live this lie forever... (points a gun at Walker) I'm going to count to five, then I'm pulling the trigger. Walker: You're not real... this is all in my head. Konrad: Are you sure? Maybe it's in mine... One! Walker: No. Everything... all this... it was your fault! Konrad: If that's what you believe, then shoot me! Two. Walker: I... I didn't mean to hurt anybody... Konrad: No one ever does, Walker. Three... 
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External links[edit]