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Sam Mendes
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Sam Mendes
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Binksternet JustAGal MusikAnimal Garyhancock1234 A wild Rattata 71.96.193.252 Nikkimaria 24.15.216.50 84.195.87.222 86.165.24.158
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It gives an important counter view to all the hagiography usually found in Wikipedia articles dealing with Hollywood directors. Do you have anything against Carney or his ideas?
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{{Use British English|date=November 2012}} {{Use dmy dates|date=November 2012}} {{Infobox person |name = Sam Mendes|image = Sam Mendes, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, 2013.jpg|caption = Mendes in London at the opening night of ''[[Charlie and the Chocolate Factory the Musical]]'' in 2013.|imagesize = |birth_name = Samuel Alexander Mendes|birth_date = {{Birth date and age|1965|8|1|df=yes}}|birth_place = [[Reading, Berkshire]], England|occupation = Director|education = MA, English|alma_mater = [[Peterhouse, Cambridge|Peterhouse]], [[University of Cambridge]] <br> [[Magdalen College School, Oxford|Magdalen College School]]|spouse = [[Kate Winslet]] (2003–2010; divorced)|children = Joe Winslet Mendes|years_active = 1993–present}} '''Samuel Alexander "Sam" Mendes''', [[Commander of the Order of the British Empire|CBE]] (born 1 August 1965)<ref name=filmref /> is an English stage and film director. He is best known for directing ''[[American Beauty (film)|American Beauty]]'' (1999), which earned him the [[Academy Award for Best Director|Academy]] and [[Golden Globe Award for Best Director]], the crime film ''[[Road to Perdition]]'' (2002), and the [[James Bond in film|James Bond]] movie ''[[Skyfall]]'' (2012). He also is known for dark re-inventions of the stage musicals ''[[Cabaret (musical)|Cabaret]]'' (1994), ''[[Oliver!]]'' (1994), ''[[Company (musical)|Company]]'' (1996), and ''[[Gypsy: A Musical Fable|Gypsy]]'' (2003). He directed an original stage musical for the first time with ''[[Charlie and the Chocolate Factory the Musical|Charlie and the Chocolate Factory]]'' (2013). In 2000, Mendes was appointed a [[Commander of the Order of the British Empire]] by Queen [[Elizabeth II]] for "services to drama" and, in 2005, received a lifetime achievement award from the [[Directors Guild of Great Britain]].<ref name="directlorsguild">[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/4270717.stm "Sam Mendes gets directing honour"]. BBC. Retrieved 18 June 2012</ref><ref name="cbeaward">{{cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/793844.stm|title=Caine heads birthday honours list|date=17 June 2000|publisher=[[BBC Online]]|accessdate=30 April 2011}}</ref> == Early years == Mendes was born in [[Reading, Berkshire]], the only child of Valerie Helene (''née'' Barnett), an author of children's books, and Jameson Peter Mendes, a university professor.<ref name=filmref>{{cite web | title=Sam Mendes Biography | url=http://www.filmreference.com/film/67/Sam-Mendes.html | publisher=FilmReference.com | year=2008 | accessdate=22 January 2009}}</ref><ref name="dm">{{cite news|title=Can Kate tame Sam?|url=http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-85117/Can-Kate-tame-Sam.html|publisher=[[Daily Mail|dailymail.co.uk]]|date=20 November 2001}}</ref> Sam's father, who is from [[Trinidad and Tobago|Trinidad]], is of [[Portuguese people|Portuguese]] and Italian descent,<ref name=bokref1>''The Autobiography of Alfred H. Mendes 1897-1991'', p. 112-114</ref> and Sam's mother is an English [[Jew]].<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2008/dec/14/sam-mendes-interview|title=How Sam became The Man |date=14 December 2008|work=[[The Observer]]|accessdate=16 March 2010 | location=London | first=Gaby | last=Wood | work=The Guardian}}</ref> His grandfather is the [[Trinidad and Tobago literature|Trinidadian writer]] [[Alfred Hubert Mendes]].<ref name="dm" /><ref name=bokref1/> Mendes' parents divorced when he was a child. He grew up in [[Oxfordshire]] and attended [[Magdalen College School, Oxford|Magdalen College School]] and [[Peterhouse, Cambridge]], where he graduated with a [[first class honours|first]] in English.<ref name="dm" /><ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/profiles/sam-mendes-dont-you-just-hate-the-guy-728213.html|title=Sam Mendes: don't you just hate the guy?|last=Sutcliffe|first=Thomas|date=20 January 2000|work=[[The Independent]]|accessdate=30 April 2011|location=UK}}</ref><ref>[http://www.pet.cam.ac.uk/welcome-peterhouse/eminent-petreans Eminent Petreans]</ref> While at Cambridge, he was a member of the [[Marlowe Society]] and directed several plays, including a production of ''[[Cyrano de Bergerac (play)|Cyrano de Bergerac]]'' with [[Tom Hollander]] among the cast members.<ref>[http://www.societies.cam.ac.uk/marlowe/about.html "About The Marlowe"]. Cambridge University Marlowe Society. Retrieved 18 June 2012</ref> He was also a "brilliant" schoolboy cricketer, according to [[Wisden Cricketers' Almanack|Wisden]] and played for [[Magdalen College School, Oxford|Magdalen College School]] in 1983 and 1984.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.espncricinfo.com/wisdenalmanack/content/story/154150.html|title=Never a famous cricketer|publisher=[[ESPNCricinfo]]|accessdate=14 May 2013|date=2001 year}}</ref> He also played cricket for Cambridge University.<ref name="bbc">{{cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/8569179.stm|title=Profile: Kate Winslet and Sam Mendes|publisher=[[BBC News]]|accessdate=14 May 2013|date=15 March 2010}}</ref> Aged 24, Mendes directed a production of [[Anton Chekhov|Chekhov]]'s ''[[The Cherry Orchard]]'' in the [[West End theatre|West End]] that starred [[Judi Dench]].<ref>[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-20033054 "Profile: Sam Mendes, director of Skyfall - the 23rd James Bond film"]. BBC. Retrieved 24 January 2013</ref> Soon he joined the [[Royal Shakespeare Company]], where his productions, many of them featuring [[Simon Russell Beale]], included ''[[Troilus and Cressida]]'', ''[[Richard III (play)|Richard III]]'' and ''[[The Tempest]]''. He has also worked at the [[Chichester Festival Theatre]] in 1988 as assistant director on a number of productions, including ''[[Major Barbara]]'', and directing in "The Tent", the second venue. He later directed at the [[Royal National Theatre]], helming [[Edward Bond]]'s ''The Sea'', [[Jim Cartwright]]'s ''[[The Rise and Fall of Little Voice]]'', [[Harold Pinter]]'s ''[[The Birthday Party (play)|The Birthday Party]]'', and ''[[Othello]]'' with [[Simon Russell Beale]] as [[Iago]]. == Career == === Stage === In 1990 Mendes was appointed artistic director of the [[Donmar Warehouse]], a studio space in London's [[Covent Garden]] which he helped transform into one of the city's more notable theatre venues.<ref name="Telegraph">[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/theatre/8376538/The-Donmars-successes.html "The Donmar's successes"]. ''The Telegraph''. Retrieved 18 June 2012</ref> He spent his first two years overseeing the redesign of the theatre, and his opening production was [[Stephen Sondheim]]'s ''[[Assassins (musical)|Assassins]]'' in 1992.<ref name="Telegraph"/> Several successful productions followed.<ref name="Telegraph"/> In 1993, Mendes staged an acclaimed revival of [[John Kander]] and [[Fred Ebb]]'s ''[[Cabaret (musical)|Cabaret]]'' starring [[Jane Horrocks]] as [[Sally Bowles]], [[Alan Cumming]] as Emcee, [[Adam Godley]] as Cliff Bradshaw and [[Sara Kestelman]] as Frau Schneider.<ref name="Telegraph"/> The production was approached with a fresh concept, differing greatly from both the original 1966 production directed by [[Harold Prince]] and the famed film version, directed by [[Bob Fosse]]. This production opened at the Donmar and received four [[Olivier Award]] nominations including Best Musical Revival, before transferring promptly to Broadway where it played for several years at the Kit Kat Club (i.e. the [[Stephen Sondheim Theater]]). The Broadway cast included Cumming once again as Emcee, with [[Natasha Richardson]] as Sally, [[Mary Louise Wilson]] as Frau Schneider and [[John Benjamin Hickey]] as Cliff. Cumming and Richardson won [[Tony Award]]s for their performances. 1994 saw Mendes stage a new production of [[Lionel Bart]]'s ''[[Oliver!]]'', produced by [[Cameron Mackintosh]]. Mendes, a longtime fan of the work, worked in close collaboration with Bart and other production team members, William David Brohn, Martin Koch and Anthony Ward, to create a fresh staging of the well-known classic. Bart added new musical material and Mendes updated the book slightly, while the orchestrations were radically rewritten to suit the show's cinematic feel. The cast included [[Jonathan Pryce]] (after much persuasion) as Fagin, [[Sally Dexter]] as Nancy, and [[Miles Anderson]] as Bill Sikes. Mendes, Pryce and Dexter received [[Olivier Award]] nominations for their work on ''Oliver!''.<ref>[http://www.olivierawards.com/about/previous-winners/view/item98529/olivier-winners-1995/ Olivier Award 1995]. The Society of London Theatre, 2011</ref> He has also directed productions of [[Tennessee Williams]]'s ''[[The Glass Menagerie]]'', [[Stephen Sondheim]]'s ''[[Company (musical)|Company]]'' (which had the first ever African American "Bobby"), [[Alan Bennett]]'s ''[[Habeas Corpus (play)|Habeas Corpus]]'' and his farewell duo of [[Anton Chekhov|Chekhov]]'s ''[[Uncle Vanya]]'' and ''[[Twelfth Night]]'', which transferred to the [[Brooklyn Academy of Music]].<ref name="Telegraph"/> In 2003, Mendes directed a revival of the musical ''[[Gypsy (musical)|Gypsy]]''. Originally, he planned to stage this production in London's [[West End theatre|West End]] with an eventual Broadway transfer, but when negotiations fell through, he brought it to New York. The cast included [[Bernadette Peters]] as Rose, [[Tammy Blanchard]] as Louise and [[John Dossett]] as Herbie. Mendes is scheduled to direct a new stage adaptation of [[Roald Dahl]]'s ''[[Charlie and the Chocolate Factory]]'',<ref name="musical">[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-18493739 "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory to open in West End"]. BBC. Retrieved 18 June 2012</ref> which opened at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in June 2013.<ref name="musical"/> === Film === In 1999, Mendes made his movie directorial debut with ''[[American Beauty (film)|American Beauty]]'', starring Kevin Spacey. The film grossed [[United States dollar|$]]356.3&nbsp;million worldwide.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=americanbeauty.htm | title=American Beauty (1999) | publisher=Box Office Mojo | accessdate=22-11-2009}}</ref> The film won the Golden Globe Award, the BAFTA Award and the Academy Award for Best Picture. Mendes won the [[Golden Globe Award for Best Director|Golden Globe Award]], [[Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film|Directors Guild of America Award]], and the [[Academy Award for Best Director]], <ref name="thetimesburgess">Kaya Burgess, 'Bond director drops 007 for something sweeter', ''[[The Times]]'', March 7, 2013, No. 70826, p. 3</ref> becoming the sixth director to earn the Academy Award for his feature film debut.<ref name="AMC">{{Cite document | title= Academy Awards Best Director - Facts & Trivia | author= Tim Dirks| work=[[AMC Networks|AMC Filmsite]] | year= | date= | url= http://www.filmsite.org/bestdirs1.html| accessdate=11 June 2013| postscript= <!--None--> }}</ref> Mendes's second film, in 2002, was ''[[Road to Perdition]]'', which grossed US$181&nbsp;million. The aggregate review score on Rotten Tomatoes was 82%; critics praised [[Paul Newman]] for his performance. The film was nominated for six Academy Awards, including Best Supporting Actor, and won one for Best Cinematography. In 2003, Mendes established [[Neal Street Productions]], a film, television and theatre production company he would use to finance much of his later work. In 2005, Mendes directed the war film ''[[Jarhead (film)|Jarhead]]'' in association with his production company [[Neal Street Productions]]. The film received mixed reviews, receiving a Rotten Tomatoes aggregate of 61%, and a gross revenue of US$96.9&nbsp;million worldwide. The film focused on the boredom and other psychological challenges of wartime. In 2008, Mendes directed ''[[Revolutionary Road (film)|Revolutionary Road]]'', starring his then-wife, [[Kate Winslet]], along with [[Leonardo DiCaprio]] and [[Kathy Bates]]. In a January 2009 interview, Mendes commented, about directing his wife for the first time, "I would open my eyes in the morning and there Kate would be, going, 'Great! You're awake! Now let's talk about the second scene.'"<ref name="Diane Solway 2009">{{Cite document | title= Scenes from a Marriage | author= Diane Solway | work=[[W (magazine)|W]] | year=2009 | date= January 2009| url= http://www.wmagazine.com/celebrities/2009/01/sam_mendes| accessdate=19 February 2009| postscript= <!--None--> }}</ref> Mendes' comedy-drama ''[[Away We Go]]'' opened the 2009 [[Edinburgh International Film Festival]]. The film follows a couple ([[John Krasinski]], [[Maya Rudolph]]) searching North America for the perfect community in which to settle down and start a family. The film was well received by critics but performed poorly at the box office. In 2010, he co-produced a critically acclaimed documentary film ''[[Out of the Ashes (2010 film)|Out of the Ashes]]'' that deals with cricket in Afghanistan.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://cricket.yahoo.com/photos/they-also-played-cricket-1368451286-slideshow/away-we-go-special-new-york-screening-photo--1644522943.html|title=They Also Played Cricket|publisher=[[Yahoo!]]|date=14 May 2013|accessdate=14 May 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/global/blog/2010/jul/20/the-spin-afghanistan-film-cricket|title=Out of the Ashes reveals the amazing story of Afghanistan cricket|publisher=[[The Guardian]]|date=20 July 2010 |accessdate=14 May 2013}}</ref> <!-- Mendes is starting pre-production on a film adaptation of the acclaimed 1971 Tony-winning Broadway musical ''[[Follies]]'' and has announced his intentions to film an adaptation of the novel ''[[Middlemarch]]'' in the near future. According to ComingSoon.net, [[Columbia Pictures]] has purchased the rights to the ''[[Preacher (comics)|Preacher]]'' graphic novel series and have hired Sam Mendes to direct it. He will also be an executive producer for the American film remake of the British miniseries ''[[Lost in Austen]]''. --> In 2012 [[Neal Street Productions]] produced the first series of the [[BBC One]] drama series, ''[[Call the Midwife]]'', following it with a second season which began transmission in early 2013.<ref>[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/9811294/Call-the-Midwife-series-two-episode-one-BBC-One-review.html "Call the Midwife: series two, episode one, BBC One, review"]. The Telegraph. Retrieved 24 January 2013</ref> ====James Bond==== [[File:JavierBardemSamMendesHWOFNov2012.jpg|thumb|right|Mendes (right) collaborated with [[Javier Bardem]] for ''Skyfall'', November 2012]] On 5 January 2010, news broke that Mendes was employed to direct the 23rd [[Eon Productions]] installment of the ''[[James Bond in film|James Bond]]'' franchise.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/jamesbond/6939216/British-director-Sam-Mendes-in-talks-over-next-James-Bond-film.html|title=British director Sam Mendes in talks over next James Bond film |date=6 January 2010|work=[[The Daily Telegraph]]|accessdate=10 January 2010 | location=London | first=Nick | last=Allen}}</ref> The film, ''[[Skyfall]]'', was subsequently released on 26 October 2012, to coincide with the 50th anniversary of the Bond films. Mendes had been employed as a consultant on the film when it was in pre-production, and had remained attached to the project during the financial troubles of MGM. The film was a major critical and commercial success, becoming the 14th film to gross over $1 billion worldwide.<ref>[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/jamesbond/9771918/Skyfall-most-successful-James-Bond-film-tops-1bn-at-global-box-office.html "Skyfall: 'most successful' James Bond film tops $1bn at global box office"], ''The Daily Telegraph'', Retrieved 24 January 2013 </ref><ref name="Milestone">[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/james-bonds-skyfall-1-billion-407126 "Box Office Milestone: Daniel Craig's 'Skyfall' Crosses $1 Billion Worldwide"]. The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 24 January 2013 </ref> Following the success of ''Skyfall'', Mendes was asked if he was returning to direct the next Bond film. He responded, "I felt I put everything I possibly could into this film and it was the Bond film I wanted to make. And if I felt I could do the same again, then absolutely I would consider doing another one. But it is a big ask and I wouldn't do it unless I knew I could."<ref>{{cite news|last=Hewitt|first=Chris|title=Sam Mendes Talks Gun Barrel Sequence|url=http://www.empireonline.com/news/story.asp?NID=35699|accessdate=15 June 2013|newspaper=Empire|date=6 November 2012}}</ref> It was reported that one reason Mendes was reluctant to commit was that one proposal involved making two films back-to-back, based on an idea by ''Skyfall'' writer [[John Logan (writer)|John Logan]], which would have resulted in Mendes and other creative personnel being tied up with filming for around four years. It was reported in February 2013 that this idea had since been shelved<ref name=DailyMail>{{cite news|url=http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-2278914/Sam-Mendes-James-Bond-sights-Skyfalls-phenomenal-box-office-success.html|work=Daily Mail|title=BAZ BAMIGBOYE: Director Sam Mendes has James Bond back in his sights after Skyfall's phenomenal box office success|date=14 February 2013|accessdate=15 June 2013}}</ref> and that the next two films would be stand-alone. The same report claimed that Mendes was "75% on board, but was waiting to see the finished script before committing."<ref name=DailyMail></ref> However, Mendes said in an interview with Empire Magazine in March 2013 that "It has been a very difficult decision not to accept Michael and Barbara's very generous offer to direct the next Bond movie." He cited, amongst other reasons, his commitments to the stage version of Charlie & the Chocolate Factory and King Lear.<ref>{{cite news|author=Phil de Semlyen|title=Sam Mendes Won't Direct Bond 24|url=http://www.empireonline.com/News/story.asp?nid=36712|accessdate=15 June 2013|newspaper=empire|date=6 March 2013}}</ref> However, on 29 May 2013, it was reported that Mendes was back in negotiations with producers Wilson and Broccoli to direct the next Bond film,<ref>{{cite news|title=BBC News - Sam Mendes back in talks with Bond producers|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-22700298|accessdate=29 May 2013|newspaper=BBC News|date=29 May 2013}}</ref> going back on comments that he had previously made on 5 March 2013 announcing that he would not be directing the 24th Bond film in order to focus efforts on his career in theatre.<ref name="thetimesburgess"/><ref>{{cite news|last=O'Neal|first=Sean|title=Sam Mendes turns down the next James Bond film for a life in the theater|url=http://www.avclub.com/articles/sam-mendes-turns-down-the-next-bond-film-for-a-lif,93334/|accessdate=6 March 2013|newspaper=Newswire|date=6 March 2013}}</ref> Wilson and Broccoli were willing to postpone production of the film to ensure Mendes' participation. On 11 July 2013 it was announced that Mendes will direct the 24th James Bond film, due for release in 2015.<ref name="MendesLogan to return">{{cite web|title=Sam Mendes Returns to Direct|url=http://www.007.com/bond-24-news-2/|publisher=[[Eon Productions]]|accessdate=11 July 2013|date=11 July 2013}}</ref> This makes him the first filmmaker since [[John Glen (director)|John Glen]] to direct two Bond films in a row. == Personal life == Mendes married British actress [[Kate Winslet]] in May 2003 on what they characterised as a whim while on holiday in [[Anguilla]].<ref name=guardianseparate /> They had met in 2001 when Mendes approached Winslet about appearing in a play at the [[Donmar Warehouse|Donmar Warehouse Theatre]], where he was then artistic director.<ref name="Diane Solway 2009"/> Their son Joe Alfie was born on 22 December 2003.<ref name=guardianseparate /> Mendes also had a stepdaughter, Mia, from Winslet's first marriage to filmmaker [[Jim Threapleton]].<ref name=guardianseparate /> The couple's representative announced on 15 March 2010 that "that they separated earlier this year."<ref name=guardianseparate>{{cite news|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2010/mar/15/kate-winslet-sam-mendes-separated|title=Kate Winslet and Sam Mendes separate after seven years of marriage |date=15 March 2010|work=[[The Guardian]]|accessdate=16 March 2010 | location=London | first=Xan | last=Brooks}}</ref> Winslet said in 2011 that "the first stage of my divorce with Sam came through" on the same day she was filming a divorce scene for her [[HBO]] [[miniseries]] ''[[Mildred Pierce (TV miniseries)|Mildred Pierce]]''.<ref name=Todd>Ben Todd. [http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-2044854/Kate-Winslet-opens-divorce-Sam-Mendes-new-photoshoot.html 'It's fine... we're grown-ups at the end of the day': Kate Winslet opens up on her divorce from Sam Mendes in new photoshoot.] ''[[Mail Online]]''. 4 October 2011</ref><ref name=Harper>''[[Harpers_Bazaar#Harper.E2.80.99s_Bazaar_UK|Harper's Bazaar (UK)]]'', November 2011</ref> In November 2011, a spokesman for Mendes confirmed that he and actress [[Rebecca Hall]] had been dating "for some time".<ref>{{cite news| url=http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2066713/Actress-Rebecca-Hall-finally-admits-I-AM-dating-Kate-Winslets-ex-husband-Sam-Mendes.html?ito=email-homenewsletter-20111127 | location=London | work=Daily Mail | first=Lara | last=Gould | title=Kate Winslet's ex-husband Sam Mendes admits: I am dating Rebecca Hall | date=28 November 2011}}</ref> == Work == === Stage productions === * 1990: Began directing for the [[Royal Shakespeare Company]]. * 1992: became artistic director of the [[Donmar Warehouse]] theatre * 1992: directed ''[[Assassins (musical)|Assassins]]'' at the Donmar * 1994: directed revival of ''[[Oliver!]]'' (with score specially revised and augmented by original composer and lyricist [[Lionel Bart]]) at the [[London Palladium]]; the show ran for four years, becoming on 8 July 1997 the longest-running show at the venue. * 1994: directed revival of ''[[Cabaret (musical)|Cabaret]]'' * 1995: directed revival of ''[[Company (musical)|Company]]'' * 1997: directed ''The Fix'' in the West End * 1997: directed ''The Front Page'' starring [[Griff Rhys Jones]] and [[Alun Armstrong (actor)|Alun Armstrong]]. * 1998: alongside [[Rob Marshall]], directed [[Broadway theatre|Broadway]] revival of ''Cabaret'', closely based on his previous production * 1998: directed [[David Hare (playwright)|David Hare]]'s ''[[The Blue Room (play)|The Blue Room]]'', starring [[Nicole Kidman]] (and [[Iain Glen]]). * 1999: directed ''Wise Guys'' in New York * 2002: directed ''[[Uncle Vanya]]'' and ''[[Twelfth Night]]''. * 2003: directed a Broadway revival of ''[[Gypsy: A Musical Fable|Gypsy]]'', starring [[Bernadette Peters]]. * 2003: started film and theatre production company, Neal Street Productions, with Pippa Harris and Caro Newling. * 2006: directed ''[[The Vertical Hour]]'' on Broadway, with [[Julianne Moore]] and [[Bill Nighy]] * 2009: directed ''[[The Winter's Tale]]'' and ''[[The Cherry Orchard]]'' for [[Brooklyn Academy of Music|BAM]] and the [[Old Vic]], with [[Simon Russell Beale]], [[Sinéad Cusack]], [[Rebecca Hall]] and [[Ethan Hawke]]. * 2010: directed ''[[As You Like It]]'' and ''[[The Tempest]]'' for [[Brooklyn Academy of Music|BAM]] and the [[Old Vic]], starring [[Stephen Dillane]], [[Juliet Rylance]], [[Christian Camargo]], and [[Michelle Beck]]. *2011: directed ''[[Richard III (play)|Richard III]]'', starring [[Kevin Spacey]] at the [[Old Vic]] (June – September 2011) *2012: directed ''[[Richard III (play)|Richard III]]'', starring [[Kevin Spacey]] at the [[Brooklyn Academy of Music]] (BAM) (January - March 2012) *2013: directed ''[[Charlie and the Chocolate Factory the Musical|Charlie and the Chocolate Factory]]'', at the [[Theatre Royal, Drury Lane]] === Feature films === {| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center;" |- ! rowspan="2" style="width:50px;"| Year ! rowspan="2" style="width:200px;"| Film ! colspan="3" | Credited as ! rowspan="2" style="width:100px;"| Oscar nominations ! rowspan="2" style="width:100px;"| Oscar wins ! rowspan="2" style="width:100px;"| BAFTA nominations ! rowspan="2" style="width:100px;"| BAFTA wins ! rowspan="2" style="width:100px;"| Golden Globe nominations ! rowspan="2" style="width:100px;"| Golden Globe wins |- ! style="width:100px;"| Director ! style="width:100px;"| Producer ! style="width:100px;"| Executive<br />Producer |- | 1999 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[American Beauty (film)|American Beauty]]'' | Yes | | | 8 | 5 | 14 | 6 | 6 | 3 |- | 2002 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Road to Perdition]]'' | Yes | Yes | | 6 | 1 | 3 | 2 | 1 | |- | 2005 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Jarhead (film)|Jarhead]]'' | Yes | | | | | | | | |- | 2006 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Starter for 10 (film)|Starter for 10]]'' | | | Yes | | | | | | |- | rowspan="3" | 2007 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Stuart: A Life Backwards]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Things We Lost in the Fire]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[The Kite Runner (film)|The Kite Runner]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- | 2008 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Revolutionary Road (film)|Revolutionary Road]]'' | Yes | Yes | | 3 | | 4 | | 4 | 1 |- | 2009 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Away We Go]]'' | Yes | | | | | | | | |- | rowspan="6" | 2012 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Call the Midwife]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Richard II (film)|Richard II]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- |style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Henry IV, Part I and Part II (TV films)|Henry IV, Part I]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- |style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Henry IV, Part I and Part II (TV films)|Henry IV, Part II]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- |style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Henry V (TV film)|Henry V]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Skyfall]]'' | Yes | | |5 |2 |8 |2 |1 |1 |- | Total | 15 | 6 | 10 | 1 | 22 | 8 | 29 | 10 | 12 | 5 |} == Awards and nominations == {| class="wikitable" |- ! Year ! Award ! Film or stage play ! Result |- | 1989 | [[Critics' Circle Theatre Award]] for Most Promising Newcomer | ''[[The Cherry Orchard]]'' | {{won}} |- | rowspan="2"|1995 | Critics' Circle Theatre Award for Best Director | rowspan="2"|''[[The Glass Menagerie]]'' | {{won}} |- | [[Laurence Olivier Award for Best Director]] | {{won}} |- | 1996 | Laurence Olivier Award for Director | ''[[Company (musical)|Company]]'' | {{won}} |- | 1998 | [[Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical]] | ''[[Cabaret (musical)#Productions|Cabaret]]'' | {{nom}} |- | rowspan="3"|1999 | [[Academy Award for Best Director]] | rowspan="3"|''[[American Beauty (film)|American Beauty]]'' | {{won}} |- | [[Golden Globe Award for Best Director]] | {{won}} |- | [[Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film|Directors Guild of America Award for Best Director]] | {{won}} |- | 2002 | Critics' Circle Theatre Award for Best Director | rowspan="2"| ''[[Uncle Vanya]]'' and ''[[Twelfth Night]]'' | {{won}} |- | rowspan="2"| 2003 | Laurence Olivier Award for Best Director | {{won}} |- | [[Society of London Theatre Special Award]] | N/A | {{won}} |- | 2008 | Golden Globe Award for Best Director&nbsp;– Motion Picture | ''[[Revolutionary Road (film)|Revolutionary Road]]'' | {{nom}} |} == References == {{reflist|2}} == External links == {{Sister project links|wikt=no |commons=Sam Mendes|b=no |n=no |q=no |s=no |v=no |species=no |display=Sam Mendes}} * {{IMDb name|5222}} * {{IBDB name|15640}} * [http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2008/dec/14/sam-mendes-interview The Observer Interview 14 December 2008] * [http://fnewsmagazine.com/2009/06/away-we-go/ Brandon Kosters interview 2 June 2009] * [http://www.charlierose.com/view/interview/10357 Charlie Rose interview 5 June 2009] {{S-start}} {{Succession box | title=Official James Bond Film Director | years=2012 - | before=[[Marc Forster]]<br>2008 | after= }} {{end}} {{Navboxes | title = Awards for Sam Mendes | list = {{AcademyAwardBestDirector 1981-2000}} {{DirectorsGuildofAmericaAwardFeatureFilm 1980-1999}} {{Empire Award for Best Director}} {{Golden Globe Award for Best Director 1991-2015}} {{HelpmannAward MusicalDirection 2001-2020}} {{OlivierAward Director 1976–2000}} {{OlivierAward Director 2001–2025}} {{OlivierAward SpecialAward 2001–2025}} }} {{James Bond movies crew}} {{Sam Mendes Films}} {{Authority control|VIAF=25484972}} {{Persondata | NAME =Mendes, Sam | ALTERNATIVE NAMES = | SHORT DESCRIPTION = | DATE OF BIRTH =1965-08-01 | PLACE OF BIRTH =[[Reading, Berkshire|Reading]], Berkshire, England | DATE OF DEATH = | PLACE OF DEATH = }} {{DEFAULTSORT:Mendes, Sam}} [[Category:1965 births]] [[Category:Living people]] [[Category:People from Reading, Berkshire]] [[Category:English expatriates in the United States]] [[Category:People educated at Magdalen College School, Oxford]] [[Category:Alumni of Peterhouse, Cambridge]] [[Category:English Jews]] [[Category:English people of Trinidad and Tobago descent]] [[Category:English people of Portuguese descent]] [[Category:English theatre directors]] [[Category:English film directors]] [[Category:Evening Standard Award for Best Director]] [[Category:Drama Desk Award winners]] [[Category:Helpmann Award winners]] [[Category:Laurence Olivier Award winners]] [[Category:Tony Award winners]] [[Category:Best Director Academy Award winners]] [[Category:Best Director Golden Globe winners]] [[Category:Commanders of the Order of the British Empire]] [[Category:Critics' Circle Theatre Award winners]]
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{{Use British English|date=November 2012}} {{Use dmy dates|date=November 2012}} {{Infobox person |name = Sam Mendes|image = Sam Mendes, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, 2013.jpg|caption = Mendes in London at the opening night of ''[[Charlie and the Chocolate Factory the Musical]]'' in 2013.|imagesize = |birth_name = Samuel Alexander Mendes|birth_date = {{Birth date and age|1965|8|1|df=yes}}|birth_place = [[Reading, Berkshire]], England|occupation = Director|education = MA, English|alma_mater = [[Peterhouse, Cambridge|Peterhouse]], [[University of Cambridge]] <br> [[Magdalen College School, Oxford|Magdalen College School]]|spouse = [[Kate Winslet]] (2003–2010; divorced)|children = Joe Winslet Mendes|years_active = 1993–present}} '''Samuel Alexander "Sam" Mendes''', [[Commander of the Order of the British Empire|CBE]] (born 1 August 1965)<ref name=filmref /> is an English stage and film director. He is best known for directing ''[[American Beauty (film)|American Beauty]]'' (1999), which earned him the [[Academy Award for Best Director|Academy]] and [[Golden Globe Award for Best Director]], the crime film ''[[Road to Perdition]]'' (2002), and the [[James Bond in film|James Bond]] movie ''[[Skyfall]]'' (2012). He also is known for dark re-inventions of the stage musicals ''[[Cabaret (musical)|Cabaret]]'' (1994), ''[[Oliver!]]'' (1994), ''[[Company (musical)|Company]]'' (1996), and ''[[Gypsy: A Musical Fable|Gypsy]]'' (2003). He directed an original stage musical for the first time with ''[[Charlie and the Chocolate Factory the Musical|Charlie and the Chocolate Factory]]'' (2013). In 2000, Mendes was appointed a [[Commander of the Order of the British Empire]] by Queen [[Elizabeth II]] for "services to drama" and, in 2005, received a lifetime achievement award from the [[Directors Guild of Great Britain]].<ref name="directlorsguild">[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/4270717.stm "Sam Mendes gets directing honour"]. BBC. Retrieved 18 June 2012</ref><ref name="cbeaward">{{cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/793844.stm|title=Caine heads birthday honours list|date=17 June 2000|publisher=[[BBC Online]]|accessdate=30 April 2011}}</ref> == Early years == Mendes was born in [[Reading, Berkshire]], the only child of Valerie Helene (''née'' Barnett), an author of children's books, and Jameson Peter Mendes, a university professor.<ref name=filmref>{{cite web | title=Sam Mendes Biography | url=http://www.filmreference.com/film/67/Sam-Mendes.html | publisher=FilmReference.com | year=2008 | accessdate=22 January 2009}}</ref><ref name="dm">{{cite news|title=Can Kate tame Sam?|url=http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-85117/Can-Kate-tame-Sam.html|publisher=[[Daily Mail|dailymail.co.uk]]|date=20 November 2001}}</ref> Sam's father, who is from [[Trinidad and Tobago|Trinidad]], is of [[Portuguese people|Portuguese]] and Italian descent,<ref name=bokref1>''The Autobiography of Alfred H. Mendes 1897-1991'', p. 112-114</ref> and Sam's mother is an English [[Jew]].<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2008/dec/14/sam-mendes-interview|title=How Sam became The Man |date=14 December 2008|work=[[The Observer]]|accessdate=16 March 2010 | location=London | first=Gaby | last=Wood | work=The Guardian}}</ref> His grandfather is the [[Trinidad and Tobago literature|Trinidadian writer]] [[Alfred Hubert Mendes]].<ref name="dm" /><ref name=bokref1/> Mendes' parents divorced when he was a child. He grew up in [[Oxfordshire]] and attended [[Magdalen College School, Oxford|Magdalen College School]] and [[Peterhouse, Cambridge]], where he graduated with a [[first class honours|first]] in English.<ref name="dm" /><ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/profiles/sam-mendes-dont-you-just-hate-the-guy-728213.html|title=Sam Mendes: don't you just hate the guy?|last=Sutcliffe|first=Thomas|date=20 January 2000|work=[[The Independent]]|accessdate=30 April 2011|location=UK}}</ref><ref>[http://www.pet.cam.ac.uk/welcome-peterhouse/eminent-petreans Eminent Petreans]</ref> While at Cambridge, he was a member of the [[Marlowe Society]] and directed several plays, including a production of ''[[Cyrano de Bergerac (play)|Cyrano de Bergerac]]'' with [[Tom Hollander]] among the cast members.<ref>[http://www.societies.cam.ac.uk/marlowe/about.html "About The Marlowe"]. Cambridge University Marlowe Society. Retrieved 18 June 2012</ref> He was also a "brilliant" schoolboy cricketer, according to [[Wisden Cricketers' Almanack|Wisden]] and played for [[Magdalen College School, Oxford|Magdalen College School]] in 1983 and 1984.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.espncricinfo.com/wisdenalmanack/content/story/154150.html|title=Never a famous cricketer|publisher=[[ESPNCricinfo]]|accessdate=14 May 2013|date=2001 year}}</ref> He also played cricket for Cambridge University.<ref name="bbc">{{cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/8569179.stm|title=Profile: Kate Winslet and Sam Mendes|publisher=[[BBC News]]|accessdate=14 May 2013|date=15 March 2010}}</ref> Aged 24, Mendes directed a production of [[Anton Chekhov|Chekhov]]'s ''[[The Cherry Orchard]]'' in the [[West End theatre|West End]] that starred [[Judi Dench]].<ref>[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-20033054 "Profile: Sam Mendes, director of Skyfall - the 23rd James Bond film"]. BBC. Retrieved 24 January 2013</ref> Soon he joined the [[Royal Shakespeare Company]], where his productions, many of them featuring [[Simon Russell Beale]], included ''[[Troilus and Cressida]]'', ''[[Richard III (play)|Richard III]]'' and ''[[The Tempest]]''. He has also worked at the [[Chichester Festival Theatre]] in 1988 as assistant director on a number of productions, including ''[[Major Barbara]]'', and directing in "The Tent", the second venue. He later directed at the [[Royal National Theatre]], helming [[Edward Bond]]'s ''The Sea'', [[Jim Cartwright]]'s ''[[The Rise and Fall of Little Voice]]'', [[Harold Pinter]]'s ''[[The Birthday Party (play)|The Birthday Party]]'', and ''[[Othello]]'' with [[Simon Russell Beale]] as [[Iago]]. == Career == === Stage === In 1990 Mendes was appointed artistic director of the [[Donmar Warehouse]], a studio space in London's [[Covent Garden]] which he helped transform into one of the city's more notable theatre venues.<ref name="Telegraph">[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/theatre/8376538/The-Donmars-successes.html "The Donmar's successes"]. ''The Telegraph''. Retrieved 18 June 2012</ref> He spent his first two years overseeing the redesign of the theatre, and his opening production was [[Stephen Sondheim]]'s ''[[Assassins (musical)|Assassins]]'' in 1992.<ref name="Telegraph"/> Several successful productions followed.<ref name="Telegraph"/> In 1993, Mendes staged an acclaimed revival of [[John Kander]] and [[Fred Ebb]]'s ''[[Cabaret (musical)|Cabaret]]'' starring [[Jane Horrocks]] as [[Sally Bowles]], [[Alan Cumming]] as Emcee, [[Adam Godley]] as Cliff Bradshaw and [[Sara Kestelman]] as Frau Schneider.<ref name="Telegraph"/> The production was approached with a fresh concept, differing greatly from both the original 1966 production directed by [[Harold Prince]] and the famed film version, directed by [[Bob Fosse]]. This production opened at the Donmar and received four [[Olivier Award]] nominations including Best Musical Revival, before transferring promptly to Broadway where it played for several years at the Kit Kat Club (i.e. the [[Stephen Sondheim Theater]]). The Broadway cast included Cumming once again as Emcee, with [[Natasha Richardson]] as Sally, [[Mary Louise Wilson]] as Frau Schneider and [[John Benjamin Hickey]] as Cliff. Cumming and Richardson won [[Tony Award]]s for their performances. 1994 saw Mendes stage a new production of [[Lionel Bart]]'s ''[[Oliver!]]'', produced by [[Cameron Mackintosh]]. Mendes, a longtime fan of the work, worked in close collaboration with Bart and other production team members, William David Brohn, Martin Koch and Anthony Ward, to create a fresh staging of the well-known classic. Bart added new musical material and Mendes updated the book slightly, while the orchestrations were radically rewritten to suit the show's cinematic feel. The cast included [[Jonathan Pryce]] (after much persuasion) as Fagin, [[Sally Dexter]] as Nancy, and [[Miles Anderson]] as Bill Sikes. Mendes, Pryce and Dexter received [[Olivier Award]] nominations for their work on ''Oliver!''.<ref>[http://www.olivierawards.com/about/previous-winners/view/item98529/olivier-winners-1995/ Olivier Award 1995]. The Society of London Theatre, 2011</ref> He has also directed productions of [[Tennessee Williams]]'s ''[[The Glass Menagerie]]'', [[Stephen Sondheim]]'s ''[[Company (musical)|Company]]'' (which had the first ever African American "Bobby"), [[Alan Bennett]]'s ''[[Habeas Corpus (play)|Habeas Corpus]]'' and his farewell duo of [[Anton Chekhov|Chekhov]]'s ''[[Uncle Vanya]]'' and ''[[Twelfth Night]]'', which transferred to the [[Brooklyn Academy of Music]].<ref name="Telegraph"/> In 2003, Mendes directed a revival of the musical ''[[Gypsy (musical)|Gypsy]]''. Originally, he planned to stage this production in London's [[West End theatre|West End]] with an eventual Broadway transfer, but when negotiations fell through, he brought it to New York. The cast included [[Bernadette Peters]] as Rose, [[Tammy Blanchard]] as Louise and [[John Dossett]] as Herbie. Mendes is scheduled to direct a new stage adaptation of [[Roald Dahl]]'s ''[[Charlie and the Chocolate Factory]]'',<ref name="musical">[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-18493739 "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory to open in West End"]. BBC. Retrieved 18 June 2012</ref> which opened at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in June 2013.<ref name="musical"/> === Film === In 1999, Mendes made his movie directorial debut with ''[[American Beauty (film)|American Beauty]]'', starring Kevin Spacey. The film grossed [[United States dollar|$]]356.3&nbsp;million worldwide.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=americanbeauty.htm | title=American Beauty (1999) | publisher=Box Office Mojo | accessdate=22-11-2009}}</ref> The film won the Golden Globe Award, the BAFTA Award and the Academy Award for Best Picture. Mendes won the [[Golden Globe Award for Best Director|Golden Globe Award]], [[Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film|Directors Guild of America Award]], and the [[Academy Award for Best Director]], <ref name="thetimesburgess">Kaya Burgess, 'Bond director drops 007 for something sweeter', ''[[The Times]]'', March 7, 2013, No. 70826, p. 3</ref> becoming the sixth director to earn the Academy Award for his feature film debut.<ref name="AMC">{{Cite document | title= Academy Awards Best Director - Facts & Trivia | author= Tim Dirks| work=[[AMC Networks|AMC Filmsite]] | year= | date= | url= http://www.filmsite.org/bestdirs1.html| accessdate=11 June 2013| postscript= <!--None--> }}</ref> Mendes's second film, in 2002, was ''[[Road to Perdition]]'', which grossed US$181&nbsp;million. The aggregate review score on Rotten Tomatoes was 82%; critics praised [[Paul Newman]] for his performance. The film was nominated for six Academy Awards, including Best Supporting Actor, and won one for Best Cinematography. In 2003, Mendes established [[Neal Street Productions]], a film, television and theatre production company he would use to finance much of his later work. In 2005, Mendes directed the war film ''[[Jarhead (film)|Jarhead]]'' in association with his production company [[Neal Street Productions]]. The film received mixed reviews, receiving a Rotten Tomatoes aggregate of 61%, and a gross revenue of US$96.9&nbsp;million worldwide. The film focused on the boredom and other psychological challenges of wartime. In 2008, Mendes directed ''[[Revolutionary Road (film)|Revolutionary Road]]'', starring his then-wife, [[Kate Winslet]], along with [[Leonardo DiCaprio]] and [[Kathy Bates]]. In a January 2009 interview, Mendes commented, about directing his wife for the first time, "I would open my eyes in the morning and there Kate would be, going, 'Great! You're awake! Now let's talk about the second scene.'"<ref name="Diane Solway 2009">{{Cite document | title= Scenes from a Marriage | author= Diane Solway | work=[[W (magazine)|W]] | year=2009 | date= January 2009| url= http://www.wmagazine.com/celebrities/2009/01/sam_mendes| accessdate=19 February 2009| postscript= <!--None--> }}</ref> Mendes' comedy-drama ''[[Away We Go]]'' opened the 2009 [[Edinburgh International Film Festival]]. The film follows a couple ([[John Krasinski]], [[Maya Rudolph]]) searching North America for the perfect community in which to settle down and start a family. The film was well received by critics but performed poorly at the box office. In 2010, he co-produced a critically acclaimed documentary film ''[[Out of the Ashes (2010 film)|Out of the Ashes]]'' that deals with cricket in Afghanistan.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://cricket.yahoo.com/photos/they-also-played-cricket-1368451286-slideshow/away-we-go-special-new-york-screening-photo--1644522943.html|title=They Also Played Cricket|publisher=[[Yahoo!]]|date=14 May 2013|accessdate=14 May 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/global/blog/2010/jul/20/the-spin-afghanistan-film-cricket|title=Out of the Ashes reveals the amazing story of Afghanistan cricket|publisher=[[The Guardian]]|date=20 July 2010 |accessdate=14 May 2013}}</ref> <!-- Mendes is starting pre-production on a film adaptation of the acclaimed 1971 Tony-winning Broadway musical ''[[Follies]]'' and has announced his intentions to film an adaptation of the novel ''[[Middlemarch]]'' in the near future. According to ComingSoon.net, [[Columbia Pictures]] has purchased the rights to the ''[[Preacher (comics)|Preacher]]'' graphic novel series and have hired Sam Mendes to direct it. He will also be an executive producer for the American film remake of the British miniseries ''[[Lost in Austen]]''. --> In 2012 [[Neal Street Productions]] produced the first series of the [[BBC One]] drama series, ''[[Call the Midwife]]'', following it with a second season which began transmission in early 2013.<ref>[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/9811294/Call-the-Midwife-series-two-episode-one-BBC-One-review.html "Call the Midwife: series two, episode one, BBC One, review"]. The Telegraph. Retrieved 24 January 2013</ref> ====James Bond==== [[File:JavierBardemSamMendesHWOFNov2012.jpg|thumb|right|Mendes (right) collaborated with [[Javier Bardem]] for ''Skyfall'', November 2012]] On 5 January 2010, news broke that Mendes was employed to direct the 23rd [[Eon Productions]] installment of the ''[[James Bond in film|James Bond]]'' franchise.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/jamesbond/6939216/British-director-Sam-Mendes-in-talks-over-next-James-Bond-film.html|title=British director Sam Mendes in talks over next James Bond film |date=6 January 2010|work=[[The Daily Telegraph]]|accessdate=10 January 2010 | location=London | first=Nick | last=Allen}}</ref> The film, ''[[Skyfall]]'', was subsequently released on 26 October 2012, to coincide with the 50th anniversary of the Bond films. Mendes had been employed as a consultant on the film when it was in pre-production, and had remained attached to the project during the financial troubles of MGM. The film was a major critical and commercial success, becoming the 14th film to gross over $1 billion worldwide.<ref>[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/jamesbond/9771918/Skyfall-most-successful-James-Bond-film-tops-1bn-at-global-box-office.html "Skyfall: 'most successful' James Bond film tops $1bn at global box office"], ''The Daily Telegraph'', Retrieved 24 January 2013 </ref><ref name="Milestone">[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/james-bonds-skyfall-1-billion-407126 "Box Office Milestone: Daniel Craig's 'Skyfall' Crosses $1 Billion Worldwide"]. The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 24 January 2013 </ref> Following the success of ''Skyfall'', Mendes was asked if he was returning to direct the next Bond film. He responded, "I felt I put everything I possibly could into this film and it was the Bond film I wanted to make. And if I felt I could do the same again, then absolutely I would consider doing another one. But it is a big ask and I wouldn't do it unless I knew I could."<ref>{{cite news|last=Hewitt|first=Chris|title=Sam Mendes Talks Gun Barrel Sequence|url=http://www.empireonline.com/news/story.asp?NID=35699|accessdate=15 June 2013|newspaper=Empire|date=6 November 2012}}</ref> It was reported that one reason Mendes was reluctant to commit was that one proposal involved making two films back-to-back, based on an idea by ''Skyfall'' writer [[John Logan (writer)|John Logan]], which would have resulted in Mendes and other creative personnel being tied up with filming for around four years. It was reported in February 2013 that this idea had since been shelved<ref name=DailyMail>{{cite news|url=http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-2278914/Sam-Mendes-James-Bond-sights-Skyfalls-phenomenal-box-office-success.html|work=Daily Mail|title=BAZ BAMIGBOYE: Director Sam Mendes has James Bond back in his sights after Skyfall's phenomenal box office success|date=14 February 2013|accessdate=15 June 2013}}</ref> and that the next two films would be stand-alone. The same report claimed that Mendes was "75% on board, but was waiting to see the finished script before committing."<ref name=DailyMail></ref> However, Mendes said in an interview with Empire Magazine in March 2013 that "It has been a very difficult decision not to accept Michael and Barbara's very generous offer to direct the next Bond movie." He cited, amongst other reasons, his commitments to the stage version of Charlie & the Chocolate Factory and King Lear.<ref>{{cite news|author=Phil de Semlyen|title=Sam Mendes Won't Direct Bond 24|url=http://www.empireonline.com/News/story.asp?nid=36712|accessdate=15 June 2013|newspaper=empire|date=6 March 2013}}</ref> However, on 29 May 2013, it was reported that Mendes was back in negotiations with producers Wilson and Broccoli to direct the next Bond film,<ref>{{cite news|title=BBC News - Sam Mendes back in talks with Bond producers|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-22700298|accessdate=29 May 2013|newspaper=BBC News|date=29 May 2013}}</ref> going back on comments that he had previously made on 5 March 2013 announcing that he would not be directing the 24th Bond film in order to focus efforts on his career in theatre.<ref name="thetimesburgess"/><ref>{{cite news|last=O'Neal|first=Sean|title=Sam Mendes turns down the next James Bond film for a life in the theater|url=http://www.avclub.com/articles/sam-mendes-turns-down-the-next-bond-film-for-a-lif,93334/|accessdate=6 March 2013|newspaper=Newswire|date=6 March 2013}}</ref> Wilson and Broccoli were willing to postpone production of the film to ensure Mendes' participation. On 11 July 2013 it was announced that Mendes will direct the 24th James Bond film, due for release in 2015.<ref name="MendesLogan to return">{{cite web|title=Sam Mendes Returns to Direct|url=http://www.007.com/bond-24-news-2/|publisher=[[Eon Productions]]|accessdate=11 July 2013|date=11 July 2013}}</ref> This makes him the first filmmaker since [[John Glen (director)|John Glen]] to direct two Bond films in a row. == Personal life == Mendes married British actress [[Kate Winslet]] in May 2003 on what they characterised as a whim while on holiday in [[Anguilla]].<ref name=guardianseparate /> They had met in 2001 when Mendes approached Winslet about appearing in a play at the [[Donmar Warehouse|Donmar Warehouse Theatre]], where he was then artistic director.<ref name="Diane Solway 2009"/> Their son Joe Alfie was born on 22 December 2003.<ref name=guardianseparate /> Mendes also had a stepdaughter, Mia, from Winslet's first marriage to filmmaker [[Jim Threapleton]].<ref name=guardianseparate /> The couple's representative announced on 15 March 2010 that "that they separated earlier this year."<ref name=guardianseparate>{{cite news|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2010/mar/15/kate-winslet-sam-mendes-separated|title=Kate Winslet and Sam Mendes separate after seven years of marriage |date=15 March 2010|work=[[The Guardian]]|accessdate=16 March 2010 | location=London | first=Xan | last=Brooks}}</ref> Winslet said in 2011 that "the first stage of my divorce with Sam came through" on the same day she was filming a divorce scene for her [[HBO]] [[miniseries]] ''[[Mildred Pierce (TV miniseries)|Mildred Pierce]]''.<ref name=Todd>Ben Todd. [http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-2044854/Kate-Winslet-opens-divorce-Sam-Mendes-new-photoshoot.html 'It's fine... we're grown-ups at the end of the day': Kate Winslet opens up on her divorce from Sam Mendes in new photoshoot.] ''[[Mail Online]]''. 4 October 2011</ref><ref name=Harper>''[[Harpers_Bazaar#Harper.E2.80.99s_Bazaar_UK|Harper's Bazaar (UK)]]'', November 2011</ref> In November 2011, a spokesman for Mendes confirmed that he and actress [[Rebecca Hall]] had been dating "for some time".<ref>{{cite news| url=http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2066713/Actress-Rebecca-Hall-finally-admits-I-AM-dating-Kate-Winslets-ex-husband-Sam-Mendes.html?ito=email-homenewsletter-20111127 | location=London | work=Daily Mail | first=Lara | last=Gould | title=Kate Winslet's ex-husband Sam Mendes admits: I am dating Rebecca Hall | date=28 November 2011}}</ref> == Work == === Stage productions === * 1990: Began directing for the [[Royal Shakespeare Company]]. * 1992: became artistic director of the [[Donmar Warehouse]] theatre * 1992: directed ''[[Assassins (musical)|Assassins]]'' at the Donmar * 1994: directed revival of ''[[Oliver!]]'' (with score specially revised and augmented by original composer and lyricist [[Lionel Bart]]) at the [[London Palladium]]; the show ran for four years, becoming on 8 July 1997 the longest-running show at the venue. * 1994: directed revival of ''[[Cabaret (musical)|Cabaret]]'' * 1995: directed revival of ''[[Company (musical)|Company]]'' * 1997: directed ''The Fix'' in the West End * 1997: directed ''The Front Page'' starring [[Griff Rhys Jones]] and [[Alun Armstrong (actor)|Alun Armstrong]]. * 1998: alongside [[Rob Marshall]], directed [[Broadway theatre|Broadway]] revival of ''Cabaret'', closely based on his previous production * 1998: directed [[David Hare (playwright)|David Hare]]'s ''[[The Blue Room (play)|The Blue Room]]'', starring [[Nicole Kidman]] (and [[Iain Glen]]). * 1999: directed ''Wise Guys'' in New York * 2002: directed ''[[Uncle Vanya]]'' and ''[[Twelfth Night]]''. * 2003: directed a Broadway revival of ''[[Gypsy: A Musical Fable|Gypsy]]'', starring [[Bernadette Peters]]. * 2003: started film and theatre production company, Neal Street Productions, with Pippa Harris and Caro Newling. * 2006: directed ''[[The Vertical Hour]]'' on Broadway, with [[Julianne Moore]] and [[Bill Nighy]] * 2009: directed ''[[The Winter's Tale]]'' and ''[[The Cherry Orchard]]'' for [[Brooklyn Academy of Music|BAM]] and the [[Old Vic]], with [[Simon Russell Beale]], [[Sinéad Cusack]], [[Rebecca Hall]] and [[Ethan Hawke]]. * 2010: directed ''[[As You Like It]]'' and ''[[The Tempest]]'' for [[Brooklyn Academy of Music|BAM]] and the [[Old Vic]], starring [[Stephen Dillane]], [[Juliet Rylance]], [[Christian Camargo]], and [[Michelle Beck]]. *2011: directed ''[[Richard III (play)|Richard III]]'', starring [[Kevin Spacey]] at the [[Old Vic]] (June – September 2011) *2012: directed ''[[Richard III (play)|Richard III]]'', starring [[Kevin Spacey]] at the [[Brooklyn Academy of Music]] (BAM) (January - March 2012) *2013: directed ''[[Charlie and the Chocolate Factory the Musical|Charlie and the Chocolate Factory]]'', at the [[Theatre Royal, Drury Lane]] === Feature films === {| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center;" |- ! rowspan="2" style="width:50px;"| Year ! rowspan="2" style="width:200px;"| Film ! colspan="3" | Credited as ! rowspan="2" style="width:100px;"| Oscar nominations ! rowspan="2" style="width:100px;"| Oscar wins ! rowspan="2" style="width:100px;"| BAFTA nominations ! rowspan="2" style="width:100px;"| BAFTA wins ! rowspan="2" style="width:100px;"| Golden Globe nominations ! rowspan="2" style="width:100px;"| Golden Globe wins |- ! style="width:100px;"| Director ! style="width:100px;"| Producer ! style="width:100px;"| Executive<br />Producer |- | 1999 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[American Beauty (film)|American Beauty]]'' | Yes | | | 8 | 5 | 14 | 6 | 6 | 3 |- | 2002 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Road to Perdition]]'' | Yes | Yes | | 6 | 1 | 3 | 2 | 1 | |- | 2005 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Jarhead (film)|Jarhead]]'' | Yes | | | | | | | | |- | 2006 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Starter for 10 (film)|Starter for 10]]'' | | | Yes | | | | | | |- | rowspan="3" | 2007 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Stuart: A Life Backwards]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Things We Lost in the Fire]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[The Kite Runner (film)|The Kite Runner]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- | 2008 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Revolutionary Road (film)|Revolutionary Road]]'' | Yes | Yes | | 3 | | 4 | | 4 | 1 |- | 2009 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Away We Go]]'' | Yes | | | | | | | | |- | rowspan="6" | 2012 | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Call the Midwife]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Richard II (film)|Richard II]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- |style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Henry IV, Part I and Part II (TV films)|Henry IV, Part I]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- |style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Henry IV, Part I and Part II (TV films)|Henry IV, Part II]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- |style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Henry V (TV film)|Henry V]]'' | | Yes | | | | | | | |- | style="text-align: left;" | ''[[Skyfall]]'' | Yes | | |5 |2 |8 |2 |1 |1 |- | Total | 15 | 6 | 10 | 1 | 22 | 8 | 29 | 10 | 12 | 5 |} == Awards and nominations == {| class="wikitable" |- ! Year ! Award ! Film or stage play ! Result |- | 1989 | [[Critics' Circle Theatre Award]] for Most Promising Newcomer | ''[[The Cherry Orchard]]'' | {{won}} |- | rowspan="2"|1995 | Critics' Circle Theatre Award for Best Director | rowspan="2"|''[[The Glass Menagerie]]'' | {{won}} |- | [[Laurence Olivier Award for Best Director]] | {{won}} |- | 1996 | Laurence Olivier Award for Director | ''[[Company (musical)|Company]]'' | {{won}} |- | 1998 | [[Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical]] | ''[[Cabaret (musical)#Productions|Cabaret]]'' | {{nom}} |- | rowspan="3"|1999 | [[Academy Award for Best Director]] | rowspan="3"|''[[American Beauty (film)|American Beauty]]'' | {{won}} |- | [[Golden Globe Award for Best Director]] | {{won}} |- | [[Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film|Directors Guild of America Award for Best Director]] | {{won}} |- | 2002 | Critics' Circle Theatre Award for Best Director | rowspan="2"| ''[[Uncle Vanya]]'' and ''[[Twelfth Night]]'' | {{won}} |- | rowspan="2"| 2003 | Laurence Olivier Award for Best Director | {{won}} |- | [[Society of London Theatre Special Award]] | N/A | {{won}} |- | 2008 | Golden Globe Award for Best Director&nbsp;– Motion Picture | ''[[Revolutionary Road (film)|Revolutionary Road]]'' | {{nom}} |} == References == {{reflist|2}} == External links == {{Sister project links|wikt=no |commons=Sam Mendes|b=no |n=no |q=no |s=no |v=no |species=no |display=Sam Mendes}} * [http://people.bu.edu/rcarney/indievision/darkvision.shtml A Negative Assessment of Mendes' Work By Prof. Ray Carney] * {{IMDb name|5222}} * {{IBDB name|15640}} * [http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2008/dec/14/sam-mendes-interview The Observer Interview 14 December 2008] * [http://fnewsmagazine.com/2009/06/away-we-go/ Brandon Kosters interview 2 June 2009] * [http://www.charlierose.com/view/interview/10357 Charlie Rose interview 5 June 2009] {{S-start}} {{Succession box | title=Official James Bond Film Director | years=2012 - | before=[[Marc Forster]]<br>2008 | after= }} {{end}} {{Navboxes | title = Awards for Sam Mendes | list = {{AcademyAwardBestDirector 1981-2000}} {{DirectorsGuildofAmericaAwardFeatureFilm 1980-1999}} {{Empire Award for Best Director}} {{Golden Globe Award for Best Director 1991-2015}} {{HelpmannAward MusicalDirection 2001-2020}} {{OlivierAward Director 1976–2000}} {{OlivierAward Director 2001–2025}} {{OlivierAward SpecialAward 2001–2025}} }} {{James Bond movies crew}} {{Sam Mendes Films}} {{Authority control|VIAF=25484972}} {{Persondata | NAME =Mendes, Sam | ALTERNATIVE NAMES = | SHORT DESCRIPTION = | DATE OF BIRTH =1965-08-01 | PLACE OF BIRTH =[[Reading, Berkshire|Reading]], Berkshire, England | DATE OF DEATH = | PLACE OF DEATH = }} {{DEFAULTSORT:Mendes, Sam}} [[Category:1965 births]] [[Category:Living people]] [[Category:People from Reading, Berkshire]] [[Category:English expatriates in the United States]] [[Category:People educated at Magdalen College School, Oxford]] [[Category:Alumni of Peterhouse, Cambridge]] [[Category:English Jews]] [[Category:English people of Trinidad and Tobago descent]] [[Category:English people of Portuguese descent]] [[Category:English theatre directors]] [[Category:English film directors]] [[Category:Evening Standard Award for Best Director]] [[Category:Drama Desk Award winners]] [[Category:Helpmann Award winners]] [[Category:Laurence Olivier Award winners]] [[Category:Tony Award winners]] [[Category:Best Director Academy Award winners]] [[Category:Best Director Golden Globe winners]] [[Category:Commanders of the Order of the British Empire]] [[Category:Critics' Circle Theatre Award winners]]
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@@ -363,6 +363,7 @@ == External links == {{Sister project links|wikt=no |commons=Sam Mendes|b=no |n=no |q=no |s=no |v=no |species=no |display=Sam Mendes}} +* [http://people.bu.edu/rcarney/indievision/darkvision.shtml A Negative Assessment of Mendes' Work By Prof. Ray Carney] * {{IMDb name|5222}} * {{IBDB name|15640}} * [http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2008/dec/14/sam-mendes-interview The Observer Interview 14 December 2008]
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* [http://people.bu.edu/rcarney/indievision/darkvision.shtml A Negative Assessment of Mendes' Work By Prof. Ray Carney]
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