Special Actions Detachment

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Special Actions Detachment
Destacamento de Ações Especiais
Portuguese Naval Special Forces, Portugal, NATO Trident Juncture 15 (22713327316).jpg
Portuguese Special Actions Detachment during NATO exercise Trident Juncture 15
Active1985 – present
Country Portugal
Allegiance Portuguese Navy
TypeSpecial Forces
RoleCounter terrorism, direct action, unconventional warfare, combat search and rescue, special reconnaissance, covert operations
Size60
Part ofPortuguese Marine Corps
Garrison/HQLisbon Naval Base
Nickname(s)DAE
Motto(s)Braço Às Armas Feito ("An arm to Arms addrest", from The Lusiads, Canto X, 155, v. 1)
EngagementsOperation Cruzeiro do Sul, Angola 1992
Operation Forrez, Zaire 1997
Operation Crocodilo, Guinea-Bissau 1998
Operation Forrec, D.R Congo 1998
Operation Tarrafo, Guinea-Bissau 1999
INTERFET, Timor-Leste 1999–2000
EUFOR, D.R. Congo 2006,
Somalia 2008
Operation Atalanta 2008-Present
Afghanistan 2013
Mali
NATO Assurance Measures Lithuania 2019-Present
Operation Irini 2021-Present
Takuba Task Force 2021-2022

The Special Actions Detachment (Portuguese: Destacamento de Ações Especiais) or DAE is the special operations maritime unit of the Portuguese Navy. It is part of the Portuguese Marine Corps. Raised in 1985, the DAE is one of the smallest special forces units within the Portuguese Armed Forces. It is responsible for conducting special operations, amphibious reconnaissance, combat diving, long-range reconnaissance patrols, combat search and rescue (CSAR), maritime counter-terrorism, demolition operations, covert operations, hostage rescue, boarding operations, counter-piracy, eliminating high-valued targets, guerilla warfare and other missions in support of Portuguese and NATO armed forces. DAE's mission and training are similar to American special forces and it often trains with them.

Organization[edit]

The unit is led by a commander, and is subdivided into a command cell and four combat teams. The command cell contains the unit commander, his deputy (a lieutenant commander) and a small staff of eight. The combat teams are composed of ten men: petty officers and seamen and a commanding petty officer.

Selection and training[edit]

DAE operatives are drawn from the ranks of marines, all having high operational experience. Due to the nature of its actions, candidate acceptance is extremely restrictive and selective. Only 5–10% of the applicants manage to join the unit.

Upon completion of the basic selection phase prospective recruits then begin the first phase of their training. Phase 1 of their training is conducted at the Navy's combat diver school. Students receive instruction in: basic combat diving techniques, EOD and underwater demolitions. Candidates who successfully complete the first phase are assigned to the DAE on a probationary status, and begin their second phase of training. Phase 2 instruction includes courses on: escape and evasion techniques, advanced driving, mountaineering, offensive operations, parachuting training and basic English. Once a trainee is permanently assigned to the DAE he will continue to receive various courses of instruction throughout his career.

After this tough selection, COEMAR starts, which lasts 18 weeks and is divided into three phases:

  • Technical (7 weeks)
  • Combat (3 weeks)
  • Tactics (8 weeks)

During and after COEMAR, DAE's military personnel receive training in areas as varied as:

  • Special operations
  • Combat diving (closed circuit)
  • Inactivation of conventional explosive devices - land branch
  • Advanced first aid
  • Demolitions, mines and traps
  • Military parachuting with automatic & manual opening (taken at the Parachute Regiment - Tancos)
  • Combat shooting
  • Driving tactical vehicles
  • Long-range reconnaissance patrols
  • IED disarmament
  • Sapper
  • Communications
  • NBC - nuclear, biological and chemical
  • Surveillance and counter-surveillance of the battlefield
  • Sniper (taught in Lamego at the Special Operations Troops Centre)
  • Abandonment of aircraft in immersion
  • Shooting
  • Hand-to-hand combat
  • Mountaineering/rescues
  • Fast rope/helicat/rappel
  • Jungle warfare

Operations[edit]

DAE conducts regular training exercises with its NATO counterparts, including the United States Navy SEALs, Special Naval Warfare Force (FGNE), French Commandos Marine, JW GROM, Lithuanian Special Operations Force as well as the respective naval counter-terrorist units.

They were deployed to:

Equipment[edit]

Infantry weapons[edit]

Pistols[edit]

Submachine guns[edit]

Assault rifles[edit]

Sniper rifles[edit]

Grenade launchers[edit]

Vehicles[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "DAE, a secreta tropa de elite portuguesa". JN (in European Portuguese). 20 July 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  2. ^ "DAE, a secreta tropa de elite portuguesa". JN (in Portuguese). 20 July 2017. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  3. ^ "Minister of Defence visits Portuguese Military in Lithuania". Portuguese Delegation to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  4. ^ "Fuzileiros participam no maior exercício de Operações Especiais do Leste da Europa". Marinha (in European Portuguese). Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  5. ^ "«A segurança dos nossos aliados é a nossa segurança»". www.portugal.gov.pt. Retrieved 13 August 2022.

External links[edit]