Special Council of Lower Canada

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Special Council of Lower Canada
Type
Type
History
Founded 1838 (1838)
Disbanded 1841 (1841)
Preceded by Parliament of Lower Canada
Succeeded by Parliament of the Province of Canada

The Special Council of Lower Canada was an appointed body which administered Lower Canada until the Union Act of 1840 created the Province of Canada. Following the Lower Canada Rebellion, on March 27, 1838, the Constitutional Act of 1791 was suspended and both the Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council were dissolved.

The Act of Union united Upper and Lower Canada into a single province with a single parliament, consisting of an upper and lower house. Upon the first meeting of this parliament, the Special Council was dissolved.

In November 1839, the Special Council approved proposals made by Governor Sydenham for the union of the two Canadas.

There were three Special Councils:

  • the first, consisting of 24 members, was appointed by the acting Governor General, Sir John Colborne, and served from April 2, 1838 to June 1, 1838, when its members were dismissed by the newly-arrived Governor General, Lord Durham within a week of his arrival in Canada.
  • the second, appointed by Lord Durham, existed from June 28, 1838 to November 2, 1838. This council was much smaller than the first had been, with an initial membership of five (later expanded to seven). All the members of Durham's Council were British officials who had arrived in Canada as part of his entourage.
  • the third, appointed by Sir John Colborne, existed from November 2, 1838 to February 10, 1841. This consisted of the same members who had been appointed in April. Lord Sydenham, who assumed office as Governor General in 1839, added twelve new members in three rounds of appointments in 1839 and 1840. None of the members of Durham's second Council served on the third Council.

Lists of Members of the Special Council[edit]

First Special Council
James Cuthbert
Toussaint Pothier
Charles-Étienne Chaussegros de Léry
James Stuart
Peter McGill
Marc-Pascal de Sales Laterrière
Barthélemy Joliette
Pierre de Rastel de Rocheblave
John Neilson
Amable Dionne
Samuel Gerrard
Jules-Maurice Quesnel
William Plenderleath Christie
Charles-Eusèbe Casgrain
William Walker
Joseph-Édouard Faribault
John Molson, Jr.
Étienne Mayrand
Paul Holland Knowlton
Turton Penn
Joseph Dionne
Ichabod Smith
Thomas Brown Anderson
Thomas Austin [1]
Second Special Council
Charles Paget
James Macdonell
Charles Buller
George Couper
Charles Grey
John Clitherow [2]
Arthur William Buller [3]
Third Special Council
James Cuthbert
Toussaint Pothier
Charles-Étienne Chaussegros de Léry
James Stuart [4]
Peter McGill
Marc-Pascal de Sales Laterrière
Barthélemy Joliette
Pierre de Rastel de Rocheblave [5]
John Neilson
Amable Dionne
Samuel Gerrard
Jules-Maurice Quesnel
William Plenderleath Christie
Charles-Eusèbe Casgrain
William Walker
Joseph-Édouard Faribault
John Molson, Jr.
Étienne Mayrand
Paul Holland Knowlton
Turton Penn
Joseph Dionne
Ichabod Smith
Thomas Austin
Dominique Mondelet
George Moffatt
Robert Unwin Harwood [6]
Edward Hale (uncle) [6]
Edward Hale (nephew) [7]
John Wainwright [7]
Jean-Baptiste Taché [8]
Dominick Daly [9]
Charles Richard Ogden [9]
Frederick George Heriot [9]
Henry Black [10]
Charles Dewey Day [11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ named to Council April 27, 1838
  2. ^ named to council July 9, 1838
  3. ^ named to council August 22, 1838
  4. ^ named to council on November 11, 1839
  5. ^ died October 5, 1840
  6. ^ a b named to council August 1, 1839
  7. ^ a b named to council September 19, 1839
  8. ^ named to council September 30, 1839
  9. ^ a b c named to council April 16, 1840
  10. ^ named to council April 18, 1840
  11. ^ named to council May 23, 1840

See also[edit]

External links[edit]