Special Tasks Patrol Police (Ukraine)
|Special Tasks Patrol Police|
Патрульної служба поліції особливого призначення
|Governing body||Ministry of Internal Affairs (Ukraine)|
The Special Tasks Patrol Police of Ukraine is the volunteer corps law enforcement units, part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. It was originally created for prevention of criminal encroachment and defence of civil order on 15 April 2014, following Russian invasion to Ukraine.
During the ongoing war in the Donbass region of Ukraine, the forces of the newly created Special Tasks Patrol Police have fought against pro-Russian separatists.
In April 2014, acting Minister of Internal Affairs Arsen Avakov issued an order to create special police battalions. It was formed 56 units of Special Tasks Patrol Militsiya. Those were companies and battalions of special tasks militsiya patrol service (Ukrainian: Батальйон Патрульної Служби Міліції Особливого Призначення [Abbr: Ukrainian: БПСМОП]). After 2015 «About National Police» laws Special Tasks Patrol Militsiya became Special Tasks Patrol Police.
As of 2016, there are regiments of Special Tasks Patrol Police, such as Dnipro-1.
List of Special Tasks Patrol Police units
- "Artemivsk" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Артемівськ") – formed in Dnepropetrovsk oblast
- "Bogdan" police company (рота ПСМОП "Богдан") – was formed on 12 July 2014 in Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine. The company is largely composed of volunteers.
- "Chernihiv" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Чернігів") – formed in Chernihiv oblast
- Dnipro Battalion – Also known as Dnepr-1 it was one of the first units to form and originated in Dnipropetrovsk. As Crimea was annexed and the pro-Russian insurgency began in eastern Ukraine it was believed that Dnipropetrovsk, a large Russian speaking city, would be quick to fall. Moreover, paratroopers of the 25th Airborne Brigade surrendered their equipment and retreated to Dnipropetrovsk on buses when tasked with engaging pro-Russian insurgents in Donetsk. This prompted governor Ihor Kolomoyskyi and Dnipropetrovsk mayor Ivan Kulichenko to quickly organize a defence for the city, also volunteer units began to form funded by various charities and oligarchs forming the Dnipro Battalion. The Dnipro Battalion has been fighting Russian insurgents in Luhansk and Donetsk oblast since its creation. Due to being one of the first units to form and the unit's proximity to the Donbass volunteers often received minimal training before deploying to engage insurgents. The battalion is subordinate to the Interior Ministry of Ukraine. On 9 October 2014 the unit carried out an operation in Telmanove resulting in the death of three Russian military operatives including Russian general Sergey Andreychenko, the highest ranking Russian soldier lost so far during the War in Donbass.
- "Ivano-Frankivsk" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Івано-Франківськ")
- "Kharkiv" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Харків") – formed in Kharkiv
- "Kremenchuk" police company (рота ПСМОП "Кременчук") – Formed from volunteers in the Poltava Oblast. It was named after the city of Kremenchuk and was created as a detachment of the Poltava Battalion, but eventually operated as a separate entity.
- "Kyiv-1" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Київ-1") – formed in Kiev
- "Kyiv-2" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Київ-2") – formed in Kiev
- "Kyivshchyna" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Київщина") – formed in Kiev oblast
- "Lugansk-1" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Луганськ-1")
- Lviv police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Львiв") – Formed in the western city of Lviv the unit is largely composed of Ukrainian speakers, although all volunteers are free to join. All members are lawful police officers of Ukraine. The battalion is composed of 150 volunteers and was officially deployed in July 2014. Volunteers must possess prior military experience and have received 3 months training before being deployed.
- "Myrotvorets" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Миротворець") – formed in Kiev oblast
- "Poltava" police battalion. Formed from volunteers in the Poltava Oblast in central Ukraine. On 5 September 2014 "Myrnyi" police company was merged into "Poltava" police battalion
- "Saint Mary" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Свята Марія") – Originally a company of the "Shakhtarsk" police battalion (also known as "Jesus Christ Hundred"). The battalion is linked to Dmytro Korchynsky's Bratstvo. Later "Jesus Christ Hundred" was merged into "Mariypol" Territorial defence battalion (which was created on 3 September 2014 by Mariupol's City Council) and reformed into "Saint Mary" police battalion
- "Shtorm" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Шторм") – formed in Odessa oblast
- Sich Battalion – Also known as the Sich Special Volunteer Battalion, named after the Sich of the Zaporozhian Cossacks is an all volunteer unit from Kyiv. The unit was formed by the Svoboda party in June 2014. It was deployed in August 2014 making it the newest defence battalion, it is also the smallest unit composed of 50 volunteers. All volunteers are required to have a military background and the unit was designed for anti-terror operations since its inception. The unit has been deployed to Sloviansk and has been responsible for clearing Russian terrorist cells in the city. On 30 September 2014 the unit supported a crowd of protesters in blocking city hall in a protest after the city's mayor appointed deputies who were associated with Party of Regions and president Viktor Yanukovich.
- "Sicheslav" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Січеслав") – formed in Dnepropetrovsk oblast
- "Skif" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Скіф") – Formed from volunteers in Zaporizhia it is an all volunteer special police detachment designed to combat terrorism and is subordinate to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. Although it is a law enforcement unit all volunteers are capable of joining and police training is not required.
- "Svityaz" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Світязь")
- "Svyatyi Mykolai" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Святий Миколай") – Formed in May 2014 from volunteers out of the Mykolaiv area of Ukraine
- "Zoloti Vorota" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Золоті Ворота") – formed in Kiev oblast
In addition, MIA issued an order to form two police battalions in Donetsk oblast ("Donetsk-1" police battalion and "Donetsk-2" police battalion) but they were never formed.
Former special police units
- "Shakhtarsk" police battalion (батальйон ПСМОП "Шахтарськ") – A former all volunteer territorial defence battalion of mostly former convicts from Donbass established in Shakhtarsk in June 2014 (because the battalion is reporting to the Interior Ministry its members became formally police officers). In October 2014 the unit was disbanded after 50 members of the battalion were accused of looting and hooliganism. The battalion was then resurrected as the "Tornado" police battalion.
- "Tornado" police battalion – After the "Shakhtarsk" police battalion was disbanded in October 2014 after 50 members of the battalion were accused of looting and hooliganism. it was resurrected as the "Tornado" police battalion. The battalion was about 100 people strong and most members were former convicts from Donbass (because the battalion is reporting to the Interior Ministry its members were formally police officers). On 18 June 2015 the unit was disbanded after members were accused of crimes. Initially the battalion refused to stop operations and disarm. Former battalion members were accused and arrested for smuggling cast iron from territory under separatist control. Later accusation included robbery, torturing and rape.
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- Бронеавтомобиль подарили бойцам роты спецназначения "Кременчуг" // "112.UA" (2 October 2014)
- "More than 200 men voluntarily joined the battalion "Lviv"". ukrstream.tv.
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- Convicts-turned-cops on forefront of Ukraine's battle against Russia, Kyiv Post (18 February 2015)
- (in Ukrainian) In Mariupol created their own territorial defense battalion, Ukrayinska Pravda (3 September 2014)
- "Партія Свобода створює власний батальйон". Retrieved 29 December 2014.
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- THE POINT OF THE BATTALION "TORNADO" ROBS UKRAINIANS ILLUSIONS OF "DAYBREAKERS", 112 Ukraine (8 August 2016)
- Commander of volunteer unit detained amid smuggling scandal, Kyiv Post (18 June 2015)