Special cities of North Korea
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|North Korean Special Cities
북한 특별 도시(Korean)
bughan teugbyeol dosi(Romanized)
|Location||Democratic People's Republic of Korea|
|Number||4 Special Cities|
|Populations||205,000 (Rason) – 3,255,388 (Pyongyang)|
|Areas||710 square miles (1,800 km2) (Rason) – 400 square miles (1,000 km2) (Pyongyang)|
Position in hierarchy and types
Special cities are the higher-ranked administrative divisions in North Korea. There are three kinds of special cities in North Korea.
|Type||Chosongul||Hanja||McCune–Reischauer||Level||City names||No. of cities|
|Special city||특별시||特別市||T'ŭkpyŏlsi||First||Rason, Nampo||2|
These first level cities have equal status to the provinces.
List of special cities
|Pyongyang||평양직할시||平壤直轄市||Directly-administered city||KP-01||3,255,388||3,194||1,019||Chung-guyok||Kwanso||South Pyongan||1946|
|Rason||라선특별시||羅先特別市||Special city||KP-13||205,000||746||275||Rajin-guyok||Kwanbuk||North Hamgyong||2010|
|Nampo||남포특별시||南浦特別市||Special city||KP-??||366,815||829||442||Waudo-guyok||Kwanso||South Pyongan||2011|
|Kaesong||개성특급시||開城特級市||Special-level city||none||308,440||1,309||235||Haeso||North Hwanghae||2003|
- Pyongyang is classified as a capital city (chikhalsi), not a special city as Seoul in South Korea. In fact, the North Korean national newspaper and broadcasting say "Pyongyang Chikhalsi". Some sources, most of them come from South Korea, refer the city as a special city; however these are the old sources. Moreover, South Korea has corrected the city as a directly governed city, according to a South Korean newspaper in 1994. Also note that the official name of Pyongyang would be "Pyongyang-si" in the Republic of Korea, which officially claims to represent the entire peninsula.
- Special-level city is the second level administrative division. Kaesong is still a part of North Hwanghae Province.
List of defunct special cities
|Division name||Chosongul||Hancha||Province absorb into||Administered Years|
|Chongjin||청진시||淸津市||North Hamgyong||1960–1967, 1977–1985|
- Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5