Special routes of U.S. Route 1

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U.S. Route 1 marker

U.S. Route 1
Highway system

Several special routes of U.S. Route 1 exist, from Florida to Maine. In order from south to north, separated by type, these special routes are as follows.

Alternate routes[edit]

Jacksonville alternate route[edit]


U.S. Highway 1 Alternate
LocationJacksonville, Florida
Length7.563 mi[1] (12.171 km)

U.S. Highway 1 Alternate is a alternate U.S. Route in Jacksonville, Florida, United States. It bypasses downtown to the east via the Hart Bridge, running mostly on freeways.

Like all AASHTO designated highways in Florida, US 1 Alternate always carries a FDOT designated state road number, be it signed or unsigned:

Exit list

The entire route is in Jacksonville, Duval County.

mi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
0.0000.000 US 1 (Philips Highway / SR 5) / SR 126 west (Emerson Street) – Downtown Jacksonville, St. Augustine
0.320.51 I-95 (SR 9) – Downtown Jacksonville, St. AugustineI-95 exit 347
1.2892.074north end of SR 126 overlap; south end of SR 228A overlap and of freeway
1.492.40 US 90 (Beach Boulevard / SR 212)
2.2193.571 To US 90 east (Beach Boulevard via SR 228 east) / SR 109 (University Boulevard)southbound exit and northbound entrance; north end of SR 228A overlap; south end of SR 228 overlap
2.534.07 SR 10 (Atlantic Boulevard) / Art Museum Drive
2.781–
3.517
4.476–
5.660
Hart Bridge over St. Johns River
3.6265.835Downtown Jacksonville (SR 228 west)northbound exit and southbound entrance; north end of SR 228 overlap; south end of SR 115A overlap
4.06.4Sports Complex (Duval Street)
4.597.39 SR 115 south (Mathews Bridge) – Arlington, Jax Beaches, Sports Complexsouthbound exit and northbound entrance; north end of SR 115A overlap; south end of SR 115 overlap
see MLK Parkway (mile 0.34-3.08)
7.56312.171 US 1 / US 17 (Main Street / SR 5 / SR 115 north)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Washington alternate route[edit]


U.S. Route 1 Alternate
LocationWashington, DCHyattsville, MD
Length6.8 mi[2] (10.9 km)

U.S. Route 1 Alternate is a alternate route forming a loop off U.S. Route 1 between Washington, D.C., and Hyattsville, Maryland.

View north along US 1 Alt. at MD 208 in Colmar Manor


Route description

In the District of Columbia, U.S. 1 Alternate splits from U.S. 1 at New York Avenue, following U.S. Route 50 east. U.S. 1 Alternate then turns on to Bladensburg Road, which it travels into Prince George's County, Maryland. After passing through Colmar Manor and Cottage City, the road enters Bladensburg and turns onto Baltimore Avenue toward Hyattsville, where it rejoins U.S. 1 at Rhode Island Avenue.

View south along US 1 Alt. and west along US 50 in Washington, D.C.


History

In the 1940s, this route was known as Bypass US 1, and was cosigned with U.S. Route 50 Alternate and Maryland Route 411.


Major intersections
StateLocationmi[2]kmDestinationsNotes
District of ColumbiaFederal Triangle0.00.0 US 1 / US 50 (Constitution Avenue / 6th Street)
0.10.16Pennsylvania Avenue
Capitol Hill1.21.9Massachusetts AvenueEastern MarketStanton Park
Near NortheastKingman Park2.23.5Florida Avenue west / H Street west / Benning Road eastStarburst Intersection; no southbound left turn onto Benning Road
Gateway3.55.6 US 50 (New York Avenue) to US 1 southNo left turns onto New York Avenue
MarylandBladensburg5.89.3 MD 450 east (Annapolis Road)Western terminus of Route 450
Hyattsville6.810.9 US 1 (Baltimore Avenue)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Baltimore alternate route[edit]


U.S. Route 1 Alternate
LocationArbutusBaltimore, Maryland
Length3.92 mi[3][4] (6.31 km)

U.S. Route 1 Alternate is a 3.92-mile-long (6.31 km) long alternate route forming a loop off US 1 between Arbutus and Baltimore, Maryland. US 1 Alternate serves the southwestern Baltimore County community of Halethorpe and connects US 1 with full-access interchanges with Interstate 95 and I-695.

Business loops[edit]

St. Augustine business loop[edit]


U.S. Highway 1 Business
LocationSt. Augustine, Florida
Length3.243 mi[1] (5.219 km)
Existed~1959–present
Southbound San Marco Avenue

U.S. Route 1 Business in St. Augustine is a business route of U.S. Route 1. From its southern terminus at US 1 to the intersection with SR 16 it carries the hidden FDOT designation of State Road 5A. The segment from SR 16 to the northern terminus at US 1 is maintained by the City of St. Augustine, and is the only AASHTO defined road in Florida that is not under state maintenance.

US 1 Business begins at the intersection of U.S. Route 1 and King Street (County Road 214). US 1 Business travels east on King Street, with a short water crossing two blocks east of US 1. The route continues, passing the southern end of Flagler College, and then becoming a one way pair for four blocks, with King Street taking eastbound traffic and Cathedral Place, one block north, taking westbound traffic. At the intersection with State Road A1A just west of the Bridge of Lions towards Anastasia Island, US 1 Business heads north as a two way road, starting a concurrency with SR A1A, now known as North Ocean Boulevard, going through the heart of St. Augustine. At West Castillo Drive, the name changes to San Marco Avenue. At May Street, SR A1A heads east, splitting off from US 1 Business. A bit further north, it intersects with the eastern terminus of State Road 16 at Picolata Road. Six blocks to the north, US 1 Business terminates at US 1.[citation needed]

The entire route is in St. Augustine, St. Johns County.

mi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
0.0000.000 US 1 (Ponce de Leon Boulevard / SR 5) / King Street (CR 214 west)south end of SR 5A and concurrency
0.8731.405 SR A1A south – Beachessouth end of SR A1A overlap
2.1593.475 To US 1 / San Carlos Avenue
2.1913.526 SR A1A north (May Street) – Vilano Beach, Jax Beachesnorth end of SR A1A overlap
2.7374.405 SR 16 west (Picolata Road) – Green Cove Springsnorth end of SR 5A and concurrency; north end of state maintenance
3.243[5]5.219 US 1 (North Ponce de Leon Boulevard / SR 5)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Waycross business loop[edit]

US 1 Business.svgUS 23 Business.svgGeorgia 4 Business.svg

U.S. Highway 1 Business
LocationWaycross, Georgia
Length9.622 mi[6] (15.485 km)
Existed1996[7][8]–present

U.S. Route 1 Business (US 1 Bus.) is a 9.622-mile-long (15.485 km) business route of US 1 partially in the city limits of Waycross. It is concurrent with US 23 Bus. and State Route 4 Business (SR 4 Bus.) for its entire length.

US 1 Bus./US 23 Bus./SR 4 Bus. begins at an intersection with US 1/US 23/SR 4 (known as Memorial Drive south of this intersection and South Georgia Parkway west of it) and US 82/SR 520 (also known as South Georgia Parkway). The business routes travel northwest on Memorial Drive. The green traffic island on the north-northeast of the intersection is named the Millie DeShazo Triangle. They extend into the heart of Waycross, while the mainline route of US 1/US 23/SR 4 heads west across the southern portion of the city. They immediately curve to the west-northwest and begin paralleling some railroad tracks of CSX. Just past Harrison Street, they pass Memorial Stadium. On a curve to a nearly due west direction, they leave the CSX tracks and cross over the city drainage canal. They curve to the northwest and travel under a railroad bridge for the CSX tracks. Immediately after this bridge is an intersection with US 84/SR 38 (Plant Avenue) and the eastern terminus of Carswell Avenue. The business routes turn to the right and travel northeast on a concurrency with US 84/SR 38 for approximately 1,000 feet (300 m). The five highways immediately begin paralleling a different CSX line and pass an office of the Georgia Department of Labor. US 1 Bus./US 23 Bus./SR 4 Bus. then turns left onto State Street, also signed as Ossie Davis Parkway, and travel to the northwest. They curve to the north-northwest and pass Wacona Elementary School. An intersection with Tebeau Street leads to a Mayo Clinic hospital. The three highways curve to the north-northwest. Between Charlton Street and Clough Street, the southbound lanes meet the northern terminus of Johnson Avenue, a one-way street, at a partial interchange. Just north of Abner Street, they begin paralleling a CSX rail line. They pass Wacona Elementary School They cross over Kettle Creek, where they leave the city limits of Waycross. They curve to the west-northwest and leave the rail line. An intersection with the northern terminus of Airport road leads to the Erin Johnson Softball Complex, Ware State Prison, St. Illa Substance Abuse Center, the Ware County Sheriff's Office, and the Southland Waste Transfer Station. This intersection is just north of the Waycross–Ware County Airport. They continue in a northwesterly direction and then reach their northern terminus, a second intersection with the US 1/US 23/SR 4 mainline.

US 1 Bus./SR 4 Bus. was established in 1996, replacing the old mainline US 1/SR 4 through Waycross, via Memorial Drive, Plant Avenue, State Street, and Alma Highway.[7][8]

The entire route is in Ware County.

Locationmi[6]kmDestinationsNotes
Waycross0.0000.000 US 1 / US 23 / SR 4 (Memorial Drive / South Georgia Parkway) / US 82 / SR 520 (South Georgia Parkway) / US 23 Bus. begins / SR 4 Bus. begins – Folkston, Jacksonville, BrunswickSouthern terminus of US 1 Bus./US 23 Bus./SR 4 Bus.; southern end of US 23 Bus./SR 4 Bus. concurrency
1.2121.951 US 84 west / SR 38 west (Plant Avenue) / Carswell Avenue weest – Homerville, Pearson, Visitor information centerSouthern end of US 84/SR 38 concurrency; eastern terminus of Carswell Avenue
1.3992.251 US 84 east / SR 38 east (Plant Avenue) – JesupNorthern end of US 84/SR 38 concurrency
Johnson Avenue southNo access from northbound US 1 Bus./US 23 Bus./SR 4 Bus. to Johnson Avenue, a one-way street, or vice versa; northern terminus of Johnson Avenue; interchange
9.62215.485 US 1 / US 23 / SR 4 (Waycross Bypass / Dixie Highway) / US 23 Bus. ends / SR 4 Bus. endsNorthern terminus of US 1 Bus./US 23 Bus./SR 4 Bus.; northern end of US 1 Bus./US 23 Bus. concurrency
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Swainsboro business loop[edit]

US 1 Business.svgGeorgia 4 Business.svg

U.S. Highway 1 Business
LocationSwainsboro, Georgia
Length7.876 mi[6] (12.675 km)
Existed2004[9][10]–present

U.S. Route 1 Business (US 1 Bus.) is a 7.876-mile-long (12.675 km) business route of US 1 that is partially within the city limits of Swainsboro. It is concurrent with State Route 4 Business (SR 4 Bus.) for its entire length.

US 1 Bus. and SR 4 Bus. begin at an intersection with US 1/SR 4/SR 57 south of Swainsboro. They travel to the north-northeast on South Main Street and immediately curve to the north-northwest. Just before an intersection with both the eastern terminus of Mixon Road and the western terminus of Quick Road, they curve back to the north-northeast. Just before an intersection with the eastern terminus of Gary Road, they curve to a nearly due north direction. Just north of this intersection, they enter the city. Just south of an intersection with the western terminus of Tiger Trail, they pass Swainsboro High School. Just south of an intersection with Glenwood Road, they begin a curve to the northwest. An intersection with Meadowlake Parkway leads to East Georgia State College. Between this intersection and one with the eastern terminus of Harmon Drive, they skirt along the northeastern edge of Harmon Park. The business routes then curve to the northwest. In downtown is an intersection with US 80/SR 26/SR 56 (signed as West and East Main Street, while US 1 Bus./SR 4 Bus. are signed as South and North Main Street). US 1 Bus. and SR 4 Bus. continue to the northwest and leave the city limits of Swainsboro. They pass an office of the Georgia State Patrol. Just past an intersection with the eastern terminus of Stallion Road, they curve to the west-northwest just before reaching the northern terminus of both highways, another intersection with the US 1/SR 4 mainline.

In 2003, a western bypass of Swainsboro was proposed.[11][9] The next year, US 1/SR 4 were shifted onto this bypass. Their former path through the city was redesignated as US 1 Bus./SR 4 Bus.[9][10]

The entire route is in Emanuel County.

Locationmi[6]kmDestinationsNotes
0.0000.000 US 1 / SR 4 / SR 57 (South Main Street)Southern terminus of US 1 Bus./SR 4 Bus.; southern end of SR 4 Bus. concurrency
Swainsboro4.2046.766 US 80 / SR 56 (Main Street / SR 26) – Dublin, Statesboro, Swainsboro Technical College
7.87612.675 US 1 / SR 4 – Lyons, WadleyNorthern terminus of US 1 Bus./SR 4 Bus.; northern end of SR 4 Bus. concurrency
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Wadley business loop[edit]

US 1 Business.svgGeorgia 4 Business.svg

U.S. Highway 1 Business
LocationWadley, Georgia
Length3.645 mi[6] (5.866 km)
Existed1966 (SR 4 Bus.);[12][13] 1967 (US 1 Bus.)[13][14]–present

U.S. Route 1 Business (US 1 Bus.) is a 3.645-mile-long (5.866 km) business route of US 1 that is mostly within the city limits of Wadley. It is concurrent with U.S. Route 1 Business (US 1 Bus.) for its entire length. It travels north through the heart of downtown, while the main route of US 1/SR 4 heads through the eastern part of the city.

US 1 Bus. and SR 4 Bus. begin at an intersection with the US 1/SR 4 mainline just south of the city limits of Wadley. Here, the roadway continues as Kennedy Road. They travel to the west-northwest and immediately curve to the north-northwest. Just south of an intersection with the eastern terminus of Coleman Chapel Road, they curve to a nearly due north direction. Almost immediately, they cross over Williamson Swamp Creek and enter Wadley. Between an intersection with the southern segment of Railroad Street and an intersection with the eastern terminus of the northern segment of Railroad Street and the southern terminus of Wall Street, the business routes cross over two separate railroad tracks of Norfolk Southern Railway. At an intersection with College Avenue, they pass the Wadley Public Library. From just south of Spann Street to just north of Smith Street, they travel to the east of Battle Pond. Between an intersection with the western terminus of Stevens Street and the Smith Street intersection, they cross over some railroad tracks of the former Louisville and Wadley Railroad. Just north of Smith Street, they leave the city limits of Wadley. Right after this point, they meet a former path of US 1. Just north of Wynder Smith Road, the northbound lanes curve to the northeast. Immediately, they reach their northern terminus, a second intersection with the US 1/SR 4 mainline.

In 1966, SR 4 Bus. was established from US 1/SR 4 south-southeast of Wadley to US 1/SR 4 north of it.[12][13] The next year, US 1 Bus. was established on the route of SR 4 Bus.[13][14]

The entire route is in Jefferson County.

Locationmi[6]kmDestinationsNotes
0.0000.000 US 1 / SR 4 – Swainsboro, LouisvilleSouthern terminus of US 1 Bus./SR 4 Bus.; southern end of US 1 Bus. concurrency
Wadley1.8663.003 US 319 / SR 78 (Calhoun Street) – Bartow, Midville
Old US 1 northSouthern terminus of Old US 1; former US 1 north
3.6455.866 US 1 (SR 4)Northern terminus of US 1 Bus./SR 4 Bus.; northern end of US 1 Bus. concurrency
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Louisville business loop[edit]

US 1 Business.svgGeorgia 4 Business.svg

U.S. Highway 1 Business
LocationLouisville, Georgia
Length2.900 mi[6] (4.667 km)
Existed1966 (SR 4 Bus.);[12][13] 1967 (US 1 Bus.)[13][14]–present

U.S. Route 1 Business (US 1 Bus.) is a 2.900-mile-long (4.667 km) business route of US 1 completely within the city limits of Louisville. It is concurrent with State Route 4 Business (SR 4 Bus.) for its entire length.

US 1 Bus. and SR 4 Bus. begin at an intersection with the US 1/SR 4 mainline in the southeastern part of the city. This intersection is also the western terminus of Bob Culvern Road, which has no access to the business routes. This intersection is just west of the Louisville Municipal Airport. The two highways travel to the northwest on East Broad Street and cross over Savannah Branch. Almost immediately, they intersect the northern terminus of a former segment of US 1. Between an intersection with the southwestern terminus of Pecan Street and one with Screven Street, they pass the Louisville Public Library, the Jefferson County Water Department, and the Jefferson County Chamber of Commerce. Just past Screven Street, they pass the Jefferson County Courthouse. At an intersection with Green Street, the roadway's northbound and southbound lanes diverge, with a grassy median. Here, they enter downtown. Just before an intersection with US 221/SR 24 (Peachtree Street), the northbound and southbound lanes come back together.

The business routes turn right onto US 221/SR 24. The four highways travel concurrently to the northeast. At West 9th Street, they pass an office of the Jefferson Electric Cooperative. Here, SR 24 splits off, and then the other three highways pass Helen Clark Memorial Park and an office of Georgia Power. At an intersection with the southern terminus of 10th Street, the highways curve to the north-northeast. On this curve, they pass the Jefferson County Board of Education and the Louisville City Hall. Between an intersection with the eastern terminus of Academy Street and an intersection with the northwestern terminus of Forest Street, they pass Jefferson Hospital. A short distance north of Forest Street, the northbound lanes curve back to the northeast before intersecting US 1/SR 4/SR 17 in the northern part of the city. Here, US 1 Bus. and SR 4 Bus. end, while US 221 joins the mainline concurrency to the north.

In 1966, SR 4 through the city was shifted off of US 1. Its former path became SR 4 Bus.[12][13] The next year, US 1 was shifted off of SR 4 Bus. and onto SR 4. Its former path was redesignated as US 1 Bus.[13][14]

The entire route is in Louisville, Jefferson County.

mi[6]kmDestinationsNotes
0.0000.000 US 1 / SR 4 / Bob Culvern Road eastSouthern terminus of US 1 Bus./SR 4 Bus.; western terminus of Bob Culvern Road; southern end of US 1 Bus. concurrency; no access to Bob Culvern Road from US 1 Bus./SR 4 Bus. or vice versa
Old Highway 1 southNorthern terminus of Old Highway 1; former US 1 south
1.6072.586 US 221 south / SR 24 west – Bartow, SandersvilleSouthern end of US 221 and SR 24 concurrencies
1.9903.203 SR 24 east (West 9th Street) – WaynesboroNorthern end of SR 24 concurrency
2.9004.667 US 1 / US 221 north / SR 17 (SR 4)Northern terminus of US 1 Bus./SR 4 Bus.; northern end of US 221 concurrency
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Vass–Cameron business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 1 Business
LocationVassCameron, North Carolina
Length9.4 mi[15] (15.1 km)
ExistedJune 2005–present

U.S. Route 1 Business was established in June 2005, replacing the old mainline US 1 through downtown Vass and Cameron.[16]

Sanford business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 1 Business
LocationSanford, North Carolina
Length4.8 mi[17] (7.7 km)
Existed1960–present

U.S. Route 1 Business was established in 1960, as a renumbering of US 1A through downtown Sanford, via Carthage Street and Hawkins Avenue. Between 1976-1978, US 1 Business it was rerouted onto NC 42 back to mainline US 1.[16]

Henderson business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 1 Business
LocationHenderson, North Carolina
Length10.6 mi[18] (17.1 km)
Existed1960–present

U.S. Route 1 Business was established in 1960, as a renumbering of US 1A through Gill and downtown Henderson, via Raleigh Road and Garnett Street.[16]

Fredericksburg business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 1 Business
LocationFredericksburg, Virginia
View south along US 1 Bus. in Fredericksburg

U.S. Route 1 Business in the vicinity of Fredericksburg begins at U.S. Route 1 and the east end of Virginia State Route 208 in Spotsylvania along Lafayette Boulevard, and swerves northeast towards Downtown Fredericksburg, but not before crossing an at-grade interchange with the Blue and Gray Parkway. Curving more to the east as it passes by the Fredericksburg National Cemetery, the road runs in front of Fredericksburg (VRE station) where it joins the northbound and southbound streets carrying US BUS 17, where they overlap until US BUS 1 and Princess Anne Street end at US 1 south of the bridge over the Rappahannock River. US BUS 17 continues northward to overlap US 1 before heading toward I-95/US 17.

Bel Air business loop[edit]

U.S. Route 1 Business
LocationBel Air, Maryland
Length6.90 mi[19] (11.10 km)

U.S. Route 1 Business is a 6.90-mile (11.10 km)[19] long business route of U.S. Route 1 going through the town of Bel Air, Maryland. Before this route was put into service, U.S. Route 1 went through Bel Air. It used to end at the north end of the Bel Air Bypass. In 2000, it was extended to the north end of the Hickory Bypass when it was built. The regular U.S. Route 1 was moved to the new bypass.

Penndel business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 1 Business
LocationPenndel, Pennsylvania
Existed1989–present
US 1 Bus. southbound approaching split with northbound PA 413 in Penndel

U.S. Route 1 Business is an 8-mile (13 km)[20] long business route of U.S. Route 1 in south eastern Pennsylvania, United States. The southern terminus of the route is at US 1 in the Bensalem Township community of Oakford, west of Penndel. The northern terminus is at US 1 north of the Falls Township community of Fallsington. US 1 Business runs along the Lincoln Highway for its entire length.

When a bypass of Penndel was completed to the north of the borough in 1989, US 1 was moved from the Lincoln Highway to the expressway, allowing US 1 Business to occupy the Lincoln Highway in its place.

Major intersections
The entire route is in Bucks County.

LocationmikmDestinationsNotes
Middletown Township US 1 south / Old Lincoln HighwayInterchange; access to southbound US 1 and Old Lincoln Highway and access from northbound US 1; southern terminus
Penndel PA 513 (Bellevue Avenue)
PA 413 north (Durham Road)South end of PA 413 overlap
Middletown Township I-295 to I-95 south – Philadelphia, TrentonI-295 exit 3; formerly I-95 exit 44
PA 413 south (Veterans Highway)North end of PA 413 overlap
PA 213 south (Maple Avenue) – LanghorneNorthern terminus of PA 213
Falls Township US 1 north to US 13 south – Morrisville, TrentonInterchange; access to northbound US 1 and access from southbound US 1; northern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Trenton business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 1 Business
LocationTrenton, New Jersey
Length2.73 mi[21] (4.39 km)

U.S. Route 1 Business is a 2.73-mile (4.39 km) business route of US 1 northeast of Trenton, New Jersey, running from an interchange with that route in Trenton to another interchange in Lawrence Township. On the border of Trenton and Lawrence Township, US 1 Business intersects northbound US 206 at the Brunswick Circle.[21] The route is also signed through Trenton on what was once designated US 1 Alternate, which continued over the Lower Trenton Bridge to Morrisville, Pennsylvania. The northern portion of what was US 1 Alternate in Pennsylvania is now State Route 2060, while the southernmost section is part of Pennsylvania Route 32.[22][23]

Damariscotta–Newcastle business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 1 Business
LocationDamariscottaNewcastle, Maine
Length3.3 mi[24] (5.3 km)
Existed1970–present

U.S. Route 1 Business was established in 1970, which goes through downtown Newcastle and Damariscotta, via Main Street.[citation needed] US-1 Business begins as an offshoot of US-1 southwest of Newcastle, and proceeds into the town, where it meets the southern terminus of State Route 215. The route then turns to the east, crossing the Damariscotta River into Damariscotta. US-1 Business intersects the northern end of State Route 129 and State Route 130, which end overlapped. The route continues east through Damariscotta, before turning northeast and merging with its parent.

Bypasses[edit]

Portsmouth-Kittery bypass[edit]


U.S. Route 1 Bypass
LocationPortsmouth, New Hampshire and Kittery, Maine
Existedby 1956[25][26][27]–present

U.S. Route 1 Bypass is a 4.3-mile (6.9 km)[28] long bypass of U.S. Route 1 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire and Kittery, Maine. Most of its north section, northeast of the Portsmouth Circle where it meets the Blue Star Turnpike and Spaulding Turnpike, is built to rudimentary freeway standards, with no cross traffic but driveway access. The southern portion is similarly constructed, although there are two four-way intersections with traffic lights just south of the circle and a third at its south end, just before intersecting with US 1.

The southern terminus is at US 1 in Portsmouth. The northern terminus is at US 1 in Kittery. Between its termini, US 1 Bypass intersects Interstate 95, U.S. Route 4, New Hampshire Route 16, and the Spaulding Turnpike in Portsmouth, as well as State Route 103 in Kittery.

The bypass crosses the Piscataqua River on the 1940 Sarah Mildred Long Bridge, a lift bridge maintained by the Maine-New Hampshire Interstate Bridge Authority.

2.748 miles (4.422 km) of the route are in New Hampshire;[29] 1.6 miles (2.6 km) are in Maine.

Truck routes[edit]

Aiken truck route[edit]


U.S. Route 1 Truck
LocationAiken, South Carolina
Length5.6 mi[30] (9.0 km)
Existed2000–present

U.S. Route 1 Truck was established in 2000, requiring tractor-trailers to avoid downtown Aiken, via Robert M. Bell Parkway. It is cosigned with SC 118 and other various truck routes.[citation needed]

Cheraw truck route[edit]


U.S. Route 1 Truck
LocationCheraw, South Carolina
Length3.2 mi[31] (5.1 km)
Existed2002–present

U.S. Route 1 Truck was established in 2002, requiring tractor-trailers to avoid downtown Cheraw, via Cash Road, 2nd Street, and Front Street. It is cosigned with US 52 Truck.[citation needed]

West Grove alternate truck route[edit]



U.S. Route 1 Alternate Truck
LocationWest Grove, Pennsylvania

U.S. Route 1 Alternate Truck (US 1 Alt. Truck) is a southbound truck route around a weight-restricted bridge that carries the southbound lanes of the US 1 freeway over Guernsey Road in West Grove, Pennsylvania, on which trucks over 36 tons and combination loads over 40 tons are prohibited. The route follows PA 841, Evergreen Street, Baltimore Pike, and PA 796.[32][33]

Philadelphia alternate truck route[edit]



U.S. Route 1 Alternate Truck
LocationPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania
US 1 Alternate Truck in Philadelphia

U.S. Route 1 Alternate Truck (US 1 Alt. Truck) is a truck route around a weight-restricted bridge on US 1 over SEPTA's Cynwyd Line in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on which trucks over 36 tons and combination loads over 40 tons are prohibited. The route follows US 30 on Lancaster Avenue and Girard Avenue, Belmont Avenue, and a one-way pair along Belmont Avenue northbound and Conshohocken Avenue southbound.[32][34]

Jersey City truck route[edit]


U.S. Route 1-9 Truck
LocationJersey City, New Jersey
Length4.11 mi[35] (6.61 km)
Existed1953–present

U.S. Route 1/9 Truck is a 4.11-mile (6.61 km) truck route of US 1/9 in northern New Jersey between Newark and Jersey City that bypasses the Pulaski Skyway, from which trucks are banned.[35][36] The route heads east across the Passaic River into Kearny before crossing the Hackensack River into Jersey City, where the truck route turns north at the Route 440 intersection. It intersects Route 7 before turning east and ending at the Tonnele Circle with US 1/9 and Route 139.[35] Prior to 1953, US 1/9 Truck was designated as Route 25T, designating a truck bypass of Route 25, which formerly followed US 1/9 on the Pulaski Skyway.[37][38]

Former alternate routes[edit]

Former Jacksonville alternate route[edit]


U.S. Highway 1 Alternate
LocationJacksonville, Florida
Length1.3 mi (2.1 km)
Existed1958–1960

Not to be confused with the current U.S. Highway 1 Alternate, another U.S. Highway 1 Alternate existed as a special U.S. Route in Jacksonville, Florida between 1958 and 1960. It bypassed US 1/90 to the west via the Acosta Bridge, over the St. Johns River, and shared a brief concurrency with a former segment of former US 17 between Roosevelt Avenue and Bay Street, then ran straight north along Broad Street toward US 1/23. Today this segment is simply part of State Road 13.

Southern Pines alternate route[edit]

U.S. Route 1A
LocationSouthern Pines, North Carolina
Existed1957–1962

U.S. Route 1 Alternate (US 1A) was established around 1957, replacing the old mainline US 1 through Southern Pines, via May Street. It was decommissioned by 1962.[39]

Sanford alternate route[edit]

U.S. Route 1A
LocationSanford, North Carolina
Length6.5 mi[40] (10.5 km)
Existed1957–1960

U.S. Route 1 Alternate (US 1A) was established around 1957, replacing the old mainline US 1 through downtown Sanford, via Carthage Street and Hawkins Avenue. It was renumbered in 1960 as US 1 Business.[39]

Cary–Raleigh alternate route[edit]

U.S. Route 1A
LocationCaryRaleigh, North Carolina
Existed1933–1935

U.S. Route 1 Alternate (US 1A) may have appeared in 1933 as a second route between Cary and Raleigh; it was cosigned with US 70 on Western Boulevard. Maps cease showing the route by 1936.[39]

Raleigh alternate route 1[edit]

U.S. Route 1A
LocationRaleigh, North Carolina
Existed1946–1948

The first U.S. Route 1 Alternate (US 1A) in Raleigh, was established in 1946 as new routing along Louisburg Road (cosigned with NC 59), then along new road (today's Capital Boulevard) back to Wake Forest Road. In 1948, US 1 and US 1A switched routes.[39]

Raleigh alternate route 2[edit]

U.S. Route 1A
LocationRaleigh, North Carolina
Existed1948–1957

The second U.S. Route 1 Alternate (US 1A) in Raleigh, was established in 1948 as a route switch with mainline US 1 onto Wake Forest Boulevard. It was decommissioned by 1957.[39]

Henderson alternate route[edit]

U.S. Route 1A
LocationHenderson, North Carolina
Length10.6 mi[18] (17.1 km)
Existed1957–1960

U.S. Route 1 Alternate (US 1A) was established around 1957, replacing the old mainline US 1 through Gill and downtown Henderson, via Raleigh Road and Garnett Street. It was renumbered in 1960 as US 1 Business.[39]

Former business loops and spurs[edit]

Florida City–Homestead business loop[edit]


U.S. Highway 1 Business
LocationFlorida CityHomestead, Florida
Existedmid-1960s–1968

U.S. Route 1 Business was a business route of US 1 in South Dade County that was a part of US 1's original route through Florida City, Florida and Homestead, Florida. It was formed in the mid-1960s, when US 1's routing was shifted east, bypassing the central parts of the towns. It ran concurrently with State Road 997 southernmost segment. It was deleted in 1968, and much of the route is under SR 997.

Raleigh business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 1 Business
LocationRaleigh, North Carolina
Length7.0 mi[41] (11 km)
Existed1963–1975

U.S. Route 1 Business was established in 1963, replacing the old US 1 through downtown Raleigh, via Hillsborough Street, McDowell/Dawson Streets, Downtown Boulevard and North Boulevard (today's Capital Boulevard). It was decommissioned in 1975.[16]

Jersey City business spur[edit]


U.S. Route 1-9 Business
LocationJersey City, New Jersey
Length2.77 mi[42][43] (4.46 km)
Existed1953–by 1990s

U.S. Route 1/9 Business was a 2.77-mile (4.46 km)[42][43] long former business route of US 1/9 in Jersey City that ran between US 1/9 at the Tonnele Circle and the Holland Tunnel across the Hudson River to New York City. The route was created in 1953, replacing what had been a part of Route 25.[37][38] The business route was renumbered to Route 139 by the 1990s.[44][45]

Former bypasses[edit]

Philadelphia bypass[edit]


U.S. Route 1 Bypass
LocationSwarthmore-Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

U.S. Route 1 Bypass (US 1 Byp.) was a bypass of a segment of US 1 from Swarthmore to Philadelphia in Pennsylvania. US 1 Byp. began at US 1 (Baltimore Pike) north of Swarthmore, heading north concurrent with PA 320. The route split from PA 320 by turning northeast onto State Road. US 1 Byp. continued northeast along Township Line Road, becoming concurrent with US 13 Byp. and intersecting PA 3 in Llanerch. The two routes continued northeast and became City Avenue, forming the border between Montgomery County to the northwest and Philadelphia to the southeast. Along City Avenue, the bypass route intersected US 30 Byp. (Haverford Road/Avenue), US 30, and PA 23 (Conshohocken State Road/Conshohocken Avenue). Upon crossing the Schuylkill River, the bypass routes intersected US 309 (Lincoln Drive) and US 422 Alt. (Ridge Avenue) and continued east along East River Drive. US 1 Byp./US 13 Byp. continued northeast along Hunting Park Avenue, intersecting US 309 Truck (Germantown Avenue) before ending at US 1/US 13/US 611 (Broad Street). US 1/US 13 continued northeast at this point on Roosevelt Boulevard.[46] US 1 Byp. was first designated by 1940 to run from Swarthmore to Northeast Philadelphia, continuing past Broad Street along Roosevelt Boulevard.[47] By 1950, the Roosevelt Boulevard became mainline US 1.[46] US 1 Byp. was decommissioned by 1960, having been replaced with mainline US 1 along State Road, Township Line Road, City Avenue, and Hunting Park Avenue.[48]

Major intersections
CountyLocationmikmDestinationsNotes
DelawareSpringfield Township US 1 (Baltimore Pike)
PA 320 south (Cedar Lane)
Southern terminus, south end of PA 320 overlap
PA 420 south (Woodland Avenue)Northern terminus of PA 420
PA 320 north (Sproul Road)North end of PA 320 overlap
Upper Darby
US 13 Byp. south (Lansdowne Avenue) – Lansdowne
South end of US 13 Byp. overlap
PA 3 (West Chester Pike)
MontgomeryPhiladelphia
county line
Lower Merion TownshipPhiladelphia line
US 30 Byp. (Haverford Road/Haverford Avenue)
US 30 (Lancaster Avenue)
PA 23 (Conshohocken State Road/Conshohocken Avenue)
PhiladelphiaPhiladelphia US 309 north (Lincoln Drive)

US 422 Alt. west (Ridge Avenue)
Southern terminus of US 309, eastern terminus of US 422 Alt.

US 309 Truck north (Germantown Avenue)
Southern terminus of US 309 Truck
US 1 south / US 13 south / US 611 (Broad Street)
US 1 north / US 13 north (Roosevelt Boulevard)
Northern terminus, north end of US 13 Byp. overlap
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d FDOT straight line diagrams Archived March 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, accessed March 2014
  2. ^ a b Google (March 9, 2019). "U.S. Route 1 Alternate in Washington, D.C. and Maryland" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  3. ^ Highway Information Services Division (December 31, 2015). Highway Location Reference. Maryland State Highway Administration. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
  4. ^ Highway Information Services Division (December 31, 2005). Highway Location Reference. Maryland State Highway Administration. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
  5. ^ FDOT GIS data, accessed January 2014
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "County GIS Base map shapefiles/geodatabases (varies by county)". Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  7. ^ a b Georgia Department of Transportation (1996). Official Highway and Transportation Map (PDF) (Map) (1996–1997 ed.). Scale not given. Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  8. ^ a b Georgia Department of Transportation (1997). Official Highway and Transportation Map (PDF) (Map) (1997–1998 ed.). Scale not given. Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  9. ^ a b c Georgia Department of Transportation (2004). Official Highway and Transportation Map (PDF) (Map) (2004–2005 ed.). Scale not given. Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  10. ^ a b Georgia Department of Transportation (2005). Official Highway and Transportation Map (PDF) (Map) (2005–2006 ed.). Scale not given. Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  11. ^ Georgia Department of Transportation (2003). Official Highway and Transportation Map (PDF) (Map) (2003–2004 ed.). Scale not given. Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  12. ^ a b c d State Highway Department of Georgia (January 1966). Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Atlanta: State Highway Department of Georgia. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h State Highway Department of Georgia (January 1967). Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Atlanta: State Highway Department of Georgia. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  14. ^ a b c d State Highway Department of Georgia (January 1968). Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Atlanta: State Highway Department of Georgia. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  15. ^ Google (March 4, 2011). "US 1 Bus - Vass-Cameron" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  16. ^ a b c d "NCRoads.com: U.S. 1 Business". Archived from the original on November 25, 2010. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  17. ^ Google (March 4, 2011). "US 1 Bus - Sanford" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  18. ^ a b Google (March 4, 2011). "US 1 Bus - Henderson" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  19. ^ a b Highway Information Services Division (December 31, 2014). Highway Location Reference. Maryland State Highway Administration. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
  20. ^ Pennsylvania Highways - Auxiliary Routes of US 1
  21. ^ a b "U.S. Route 1 Business straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 18, 2010.
  22. ^ Google (January 18, 2010). "overview map of U.S. Route 1 Business through Trenton" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2010.
  23. ^ Map of New Jersey (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha. Chevron Oil Company. 1969.
  24. ^ Google (March 4, 2011). "US 1 Bus - Damariscotta" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  25. ^ 1956 Dover USGS quadrangle
  26. ^ 1956 York USGS quadrangle
  27. ^ Note: 1941 Dover USGS quadrangle shows US 1 on the bypass
  28. ^ Mapquest Driving Directions
  29. ^ GRANIT Archived August 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine GIS data - NH Public Roads
  30. ^ Google (March 4, 2011). "US 1 Truck - Aiken" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  31. ^ Google (March 4, 2011). "US 1 Truck - Cheraw" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  32. ^ a b "Risk-Based Bridge Postings - State and Local Bridges" (PDF). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. October 8, 2013. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  33. ^ Google (February 10, 2016). "overview of U.S. Route 1 Alternate Truck West Grove" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  34. ^ Google (December 18, 2014). "overview of U.S. Route 1 Alternate Truck Philadelphia" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  35. ^ a b c "U.S. Route 1-9 Truck straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 12, 2007.
  36. ^ "Traffic Regulations: Route 1 and 9, The Pulaski Skyway". New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
  37. ^ a b 1953 renumbering
  38. ^ a b "New Road Signs Ready in New Jersey". The New York Times. December 16, 1952. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2009.
  39. ^ a b c d e f "NCRoads.com: U.S. 1-A". Archived from the original on November 25, 2010. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  40. ^ Google (March 4, 2011). "Former US 1A - Sanford" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  41. ^ Google (March 4, 2011). "Former US 1 Bus - Raleigh" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  42. ^ a b "Route 139 lower roadway straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 1, 2009.
  43. ^ a b "Interstate 78 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 1, 2009.
  44. ^ State Farm Road Atlas (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally. State Farm Insurance. 1983.
  45. ^ United States-Canada-Mexico Road Atlas (Map). Rand McNally. 1996.
  46. ^ a b Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (back) (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1950. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  47. ^ Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (back) (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1940. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  48. ^ Official Map of Pennsylvania (back) (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1960. Retrieved January 16, 2014.

External links[edit]