|Parent company||Concord Bicycle Music|
|Genre||Rock, rhythm and blues, gospel|
|Country of origin||U.S.|
|Location||Los Angeles, California|
Specialty Records was an American record label founded in Los Angeles in 1945 by Art Rupe. It was known for rhythm and blues, gospel, and early rock and roll, and recorded artists such as Little Richard, Guitar Slim, Percy Mayfield, and Lloyd Price. Rupe established the company under the name Juke Box Records but changed it to Specialty in 1946 when he parted company with a couple of his original partners. Rupe's daughter, Beverly, restarted the label in the 1980s.
The major producers for the label were Rupe, Robert "Bumps" Blackwell, Johnny Vincent and J. W. Alexander. Rupe was known for hating the practice of payola, but by 1953, "the only way for Specialty to remain competitive was to pay like everybody else."
- The Blind Boys of Alabama
- Alex Bradford
- Wynona Carr
- Clifton Chenier
- Eugene Church
- Dorothy Love Coates
- Sam Cooke
- John Lee Hooker
- Camille Howard
- Little Richard
- Guitar Slim
- Roddy Jackson
- Jimmy Liggins
- Joe Liggins
- Roy Milton
- Percy Mayfield
- Lloyd Price
- Frankie Lee Sims
- Soul Stirrers
- Larry Williams
- Lester Williams
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