Specific developmental disorder
|Specific developmental disorder|
Specific developmental disorders (SDD) was a classification of disorders characterized by delayed development in one specific area or areas. Specific developmental disorders were contrasted to pervasive developmental disorders which were characterized by delays in the development of multiple basic functions including socialization and communication.
The tenth revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) has four categories of developmental disorders: specific developmental disorders of speech and language, specific developmental disorders of scholastic skills, specific developmental disorder of motor function, and mixed specific developmental disorder.
In the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III), SDD was opposed to the pervasive developmental disorders (PDD). There were two factors that were considered:
- The specificity of the impairment: in SDD there is one single domain that is affected, whereas in PDD multiple areas of functioning are affected.
- The nature of the impairment: development in SDD is delayed but not otherwise abnormal, whereas in PDD there are behavioral deviations that are not typical for any developmental stage.
Comparison and conditions
Specific developmental disorders of speech and language (F80):
Developmental Speech & Language Disorders (6A01):
Specific developmental disorders of scholastic skills (F81):
Developmental learning disorder (6A03):
- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association. 2013.
- The Icd-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guidelines. Geneva: World Health Organization. 1992.
- Ahuja Vyas: Textbook of Postgraduate Psychiatry (2 Vols.), 2nd ed. 1999
- "ICD-10 Version:2010". apps.who.int. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
- Dennis Cantwell & Lorian Baker: Developmental Speech and Language Disorders, 1987, page 4
- Sir Michael Rutter, Eric A. Taylor: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 4th ed. 2005
- Robert Jean Campbell, III: Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 2003, page 184
- http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2010/en#/F80 Reference for all ICD-10 disorders mentioned in the table.
- http://behavenet.com/apa-diagnostic-classification-dsm-iv-tr#301 Reference for all DSM-IV-TR disorders mentioned in the table.
- https://icd.who.int/browse11/l-m/en#/http%3a%2f%2fid.who.int%2ficd%2fentity%2f334423054 Reference for all ICD-11 disorders mentioned in the table