Spectacled monarch

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Spectacled monarch
Monarcha trivirgatus - Thornton Beach.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Monarchidae
Genus: Symposiachrus
Species: S. trivirgatus
Binomial name
Symposiachrus trivirgatus
(Temminck, 1826)
Subspecies

See text

Synonyms
  • Drymophila trivirgata
  • Monarcha trivirgata
  • Monarcha trivirgatus
  • Symposiarchus trivirgatus
Juvenile Dayboro, SE Queensland

The spectacled monarch (Symposiachrus trivirgatus) is a species of bird in the family Monarchidae. It is found in Australia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

This species was originally placed in the genus Drymophila and subsequently in Monarcha until moved to Symposiachrus in 2009.[2]

Subspecies[edit]

The black-chinned monarch was formerly considered as a subspecies and also, some authorities continue to consider the Moluccan monarch as a subspecies of the spectacled monarch. There are currently seven subspecies recognized:[3]

  • S. t. trivirgatus - (Temminck, 1826): Found in central and eastern Lesser Sunda Islands
  • S. t. nigrimentum - (Gray, GR, 1861): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Monarcha. Found in southern Lesser Sunda Islands
  • S. t. bernsteinii - (Salvadori, 1878): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Monarcha. Found on Salawati (off western New Guinea)
  • S. t. melanopterus - (Gray, GR, 1858): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Monarcha. Found in Louisiade Archipelago
  • S. t. albiventris - (Gould, 1866): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Monarcha. Found in southern New Guinea, islands in the Torres Strait and Cape York Peninsula (north-eastern Australia)
  • S. t. melanorrhous - (Schodde & Mason, IJ, 1999): Found in north-eastern Queensland (north-eastern Australia)
  • S. t. gouldii - (Gray, GR, 1861): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Monarcha. Found in eastern Australia

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Symposiachrus trivirgatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  2. ^ "IOC Bird List v2.0". 2009. Retrieved October 28, 2016. 
  3. ^ "IOC World Bird List 6.4". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/ioc.ml.6.4.