|Speed 2: Cruise Control|
|Directed by||Jan de Bont|
|Based on||Characters created|
by Graham Yost
|Cinematography||Jack N. Green|
|Edited by||Alan Cody|
|Music by||Mark Mancina|
Blue Tulip Productions
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Box office||$164.5 million|
Speed 2: Cruise Control is a 1997 American action thriller film produced and directed by Jan de Bont, and written by Randall McCormick and Jeff Nathanson. It is the sequel to Speed (1994) and stars Sandra Bullock (who reprises her role from the original), Jason Patric, and Willem Dafoe. Cruise Control tells the story of Annie (Bullock) and Alex (Patric), a couple who go on vacation to the Caribbean aboard a luxury cruise ship, which is hijacked by a villain named Geiger (Dafoe). As they are trapped aboard the ship, Annie and Alex work with the ship's first officer to try to stop it after they discover it is programmed to crash into an oil tanker.
De Bont had the idea for the film after he had a recurring nightmare about a cruise ship crashing into an island. Speed star Keanu Reeves was initially supposed to reprise his role as Jack Traven for the sequel, but decided not to commit and was replaced by Patric before filming. The writers had to rework the script to accommodate the addition of a new character. Production took place aboard Seabourn Legend, the ship on which the film is set. The final scene, in which the ship crashes into the island of Saint Martin, cost almost a quarter of the budget, and set records as the largest and most expensive stunt ever filmed. Many interior scenes aboard the ship were shot on soundstages in the Greater Los Angeles Area. The soundtrack featured mostly reggae music. Mark Mancina returned to compose the film score, released as an album 13 years after the film's release.
The film was released by 20th Century Fox on June 13, 1997, to largely negative reviews from critics, who criticized the acting, story, characters, absence of Reeves, and its setting on a slow-moving cruise ship, citing it as less thrilling than that of Speed on a fast-moving bus. Eminent critic Roger Ebert defended the film, calling it a "truly rousing ocean liner adventure story". The film was also a box-office bomb, earning $164 million worldwide against a production budget as high as $160 million. It was nominated for eight Golden Raspberry Awards, winning the Worst Remake or Sequel category.
Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) cop Alex Shaw is on a motorcycle chasing a vehicle with stolen goods. After he catches the driver of the vehicle, his girlfriend Annie Porter runs into him during her driving test. She finds out that Alex is on the SWAT team after he lied and told her that he was a beach officer. As an apology, Alex surprises her with a Caribbean cruise on Seabourn Legend.
Aboard the ship, deranged passenger John Geiger, a former employee of the cruise company, hacks into the ship's computer system, and the following evening, he sabotages the ship's communication systems and kills Captain Pollard. After remotely blowing up two of the ship's engines, Geiger calls the bridge to tell the first officer, Juliano, that Pollard is dead and he is in charge. Juliano is ordered by Geiger to evacuate the ship. Geiger steals jewelry from the ship's vault. As passengers evacuate, Drew, a young deaf girl, becomes trapped in an elevator, and a group of people also become trapped behind locked fire doors in a hallway filling with smoke. As Annie and Alex attempt to board the last lifeboat, Geiger programs the ship to continue sailing. When the winch lowering the lifeboat jams, Alex jumps into the boat to rescue the passengers, while Annie and Juliano use the ship's gangplank to get them back on deck.
Alex realizes that Geiger is controlling the ship. Armed with shotguns, he goes with Juliano to the cabin. Geiger remotely detonates explosives inside the room. Annie and Dante, the ship's photographer, notice the people trapped behind the fire doors, and use a chainsaw to cut the door open and let them out on the other side of the hallway. Meanwhile, Alex orders the navigator, Merced, to flood the ship and slow it down by opening the ballast doors. As the ship floods, Alex sees Drew on a monitor after she climbs out of the elevator, and runs to save her. Alex notices Geiger leaving the vault and holds him at gunpoint, but he escapes by closing the fire door in front of him. Using the ship's intercom, Geiger explains that he designed the ship's autopilot system, and is taking revenge against the cruise line after being fired when he contracted copper poisoning. Geiger again escapes from Alex by attaching a grenade to a door.
The crew notices that Geiger has set the ship to crash into an oil tanker off the coast of Saint Martin. Alex decides to stop the ship by diving underneath it and jamming the propeller with a steel cable. Geiger realizes that Alex is trying to stop the ship, so he jams the cable winch while Alex is underwater, causing it to break off the ship and free the cable. Geiger takes Annie hostage and escapes with her on a boat from the ship's stern.
To avoid collision with the oil tanker, Alex and Dante go into the ship's bilge and use the bow thrusters to turn it. The ship screeches down the side of the tanker, but manages to withstand the damage, and heads straight into a marina. It then crashes into a Saint Martin town and eventually stops. Alex jumps off, uses a speed boat, and pursues Geiger to a seaplane. Alex shoots at it from the boat with a speargun and reels himself in through the water. He climbs onto the plane, rescues Annie, and both escape from the plane on one of its floats, which falls onto the ocean. Geiger attempts to fly over the oil tanker, but the plane becomes impaled on the ship's foremast, causing both to explode. The tanker crew however are safe, having launched their lifeboat just in time, leaving Geiger to die in the ensuing explosion. Annie and Alex travel back to shore in the speed boat, and he gives her an engagement ring, asking her if she will "wear this for a while", and she accepts.
Seabourn Legend crew
Background and writing
Speed was released in June 1994, starring Keanu Reeves and Sandra Bullock. The film's plot features the story of a runaway bus armed with a bomb that will explode if its speed drops below 50 miles per hour (80 km/h). It was a commercial and critical success. Director Jan de Bont felt the film was a "one-time story" with no sequel potential, and its studio, 20th Century Fox, included no obligation for the actors to appear in a follow-up film in their contracts. Due to positive word of mouth prior to its release, Fox considered producing a Speed sequel, and officially announced plans after the film's initial box office success in the first week of its release. De Bont was contractually obligated to direct it, and was paid a reported $5–6 million salary. Even though their contracts did not obligate them to do so, Fox expected Reeves and Bullock to reprise their roles, and envisioned the follow-up film with Reeves and Bullock's characters as a married couple.
Hundreds of ideas for a sequel were submitted to De Bont, all of which he turned down in favor of his own idea, based on a recurring nightmare he experienced about a cruise ship crashing into an island. Speed screenwriter Graham Yost had an idea for a film involving a boat, with a Vietnam War-era vessel loaded with weapons that would explode if its ammunition came in contact with water. He also had an idea for a story about a plane that has to fly through the Andes mountains, but cannot ascend above 10,000 feet (3,000 m). Neither Yost nor Speed producer Mark Gordon were asked to participate in the sequel, although Yost received a "characters created by" credit and Gordon was credited as executive producer for Speed 2. Randall McCormick was hired to write the sequel in 1994 and received a story credit along with De Bont. McCormick and Jeff Nathanson collectively wrote the screenplay, working back from the idea based on De Bont's nightmare. Die Hard director John McTiernan claimed in 2001 that "the studio used most of the material we'd developed" for a potential Die Hard sequel and turned it into Speed 2, including "the ocean liner going on the beach." The storyline for that film had been abandoned because it was too similar to Under Siege. Prior to production, details about the film were kept secret, and De Bont refused to confirm rumors about the film taking place on a ship, although he did state that the sequel would be "funnier", while Speed 2 star Jason Patric said the sequel is a "very complex movie" and would have "bigger sequences."
Speed 2 was produced by De Bont's production company, Blue Tulip, and he was one of the film's three co-producers along with Steve Perry and Michael Peyser. The director began working on pre-production prior to the release of his previous film, Twister (1996). For the cruise ship on which the film would be set, De Bont visited ships from various cruise lines and chose Seabourn Legend for its luxurious amenities and sleek design. While Speed was produced for $30 million, the sequel was green-lit at "just under $100 million" due to the larger production and higher cast salaries. He started location scouting in the Caribbean in May 1996, and chose Saint Martin as the primary filming location because he felt it was least likely to be subjected to a hurricane. It was later reported that the film had gone over-budget and costs had ballooned to as much as $160 million. De Bont acknowledged that they had gone over budget but that the cost would be close to $100 million.
Bullock initially declined to star in the sequel, but later agreed to get financial backing for the drama film Hope Floats (1998); she was paid a reported $11–$13 million to reprise her role as Annie. Reeves was offered $12 million to reprise his role as Jack Traven, but turned it down because he did not like the script, was financially secure from the success of Speed, and felt he was not "ready to mentally and physically" star in another action film after having completed Chain Reaction (1996). He passed on Speed 2 in order to star in the film The Devil's Advocate (1997), which was filmed at the same time, then subsequently toured with his band, Dogstar. Reeves said that Fox was "furious" with his decision and released "propaganda" against him, falsely claiming that he turned down the role to tour with his band. De Bont said that the character in the sequel was not specific to Reeves and could be played by any young actor, as long as he had chemistry with Bullock.
Many actors were considered to replace Reeves including: Simon Baker Denny, Jon Bon Jovi, Patrick Muldoon, Johnathon Schaech, Christian Slater, and Billy Zane. Bullock initially suggested Matthew McConaughey, who passed on the role, prompting her to suggest Jason Patric, with whom she had wanted to work since seeing his performance in After Dark, My Sweet (1990). De Bont was skeptical of featuring a relatively unknown actor such as Patric, but was reminded by the studio that Bullock and Reeves were also relatively unknown prior to Speed, and chose Patric based on his role in Sleepers (1996). Patric was paid a reported $4.5–$8 million for his role in Speed 2 and used his salary to finance a 1998 drama, Your Friends & Neighbors. After accepting the role, Patric stated that he never saw Speed or had any intentions of seeing it; Reeves said he was looking forward to seeing Patric star in the sequel. After Reeves declined to appear in Speed 2, the screenplay was rewritten to remove his character from the story, which De Bont wanted to deal with early in the film. His absence is explained in the first scene, where Annie talks about how her relationship with Jack did not work out, and mentions her current relationship with Alex (Patric), before his character is introduced in the film.
Gary Oldman turned down the role of the villain, Geiger, to star as another villain in Air Force One (1997). Willem Dafoe was cast as Geiger after he wanted to star in a "big movie" and once again play a villain. De Bont cast New Zealand actor Temuera Morrison as Juliano based on his role in Once Were Warriors (1994). Although he did not like the script, Brian McCardie accepted the role as Merced as his agents assured him it would be good for his career.
Comedian Royale Watkins was hired by De Bont for the part of Dante after discovering Watkins performing at a comedy club. Glenn Plummer was cast as a character named Maurice whose boat is hijacked by Alex, reprising his role from Speed as a Jaguar owner whose car is hijacked by Jack. To add comic relief, De Bont cast comedian Tim Conway as Annie's driving instructor, and hoped it would be a comeback role for him. Singer Tamia was cast as Sheri, an entertainer on the ship, because De Bont wanted a singer who could also act. She did not plan on doing any film acting that early in her career, as she had yet to release her debut album, but said the part was "too perfect for [her] to resist." Joe Morton reprised his role from Speed as SWAT lieutenant Herb "Mac" McMahon in an uncredited cameo appearance in the beginning of the film.
Principal photography took place from September 23, 1996, to late February 1997. Film crews moved to West Palm Beach and Miami, Florida in July 1996 anticipating shooting in each location for several weeks later that year. However, due to scheduling issues with Patric, production did not take place in West Palm Beach and there were "just a few days" filming in Miami. The Miami production took place in a gymnasium and boat hangar at the Dinner Key marina complex, rented by Fox. After spending over $55,000 on repairs to the facilities, Fox refused to pay the $35,000 in rental fees to the City of Miami. The city sued for the rent since Fox did not seek approval for the repairs, and a compromise was reached when the city credited some repair costs, resulting in Fox paying around $26,000 rent.
Seabourn Legend was rented for six weeks at a reported cost of $38,000 per day; the ship served as the film's primary setting and provided accommodation for the cast and crew. The evacuation sequence was among the first scenes filmed on the ship, and was shot in Key West, Florida over a two-week period. Approximately 30 hoses and the ship's fire sprinkler system were used to simulate heavy rainfall in the scene. Severe weather conditions from Hurricane Lili delayed production activity on the ship for several days, and caused seasickness among the cast and crew for the remainder of the production at sea. To make the ship appear faster, all exterior shots were filmed from a moving vehicle. Scenes on the bridge were filmed in a mockup dubbed the "bridge ship", a large-scale reconstruction of the bow and bridge built atop the hull of a cargo ship. Additional ship interiors were filmed at Sony Pictures Studios and Warren Entertainment in Los Angeles County, California. Full-scale replicas of the ship's atrium, cabins, and engine rooms were constructed on sound stages where production took place for over a month. The scene where Alex rescues Drew while the ship is being flooded was filmed by camera operators wearing wet suits inside a sound stage tank, which was constructed with plywood and a hydraulic lift to give the effect that the water level was rising.
For the climactic scene when the ship crashes into an island, De Bont wanted to create and destroy an actual town. He opted against miniature scale models or computer-generated imagery (CGI) to provide a sense of realism for the actors and the audience. A $5 million, 35-building set was constructed in Marigot, Saint Martin based on the town's local architecture, which temporarily housed production offices. Despite De Bont's reason for choosing Saint Martin for filming, a hurricane struck the town and destroyed the set during construction. It had to be rebuilt with hurricane-proof buildings. Exteriors of the bow mockup on the bridge ship were used in the first part of the scene when the Seabourn Legend is crashing into sailboats in the harbor; the bridge ship was used in place of the actual Seabourn Legend, as the latter could not navigate the harbor's shallow waters. The captain of the bridge ship had great difficulty hitting the sailboats during filming, despite cameras placed on the boats for the captain to view. A second mockup was constructed for the latter part of the scene, which featured a 150-foot (46 m) long replica of the Seabourn Legend's bow. This mockup, referred to as the "rail ship", weighed 300 short tons (270 t), and sat atop a set of wheels along a 1,000-foot long (300 m) track built 60 feet (18 m) underwater.
Filming the final scene with the rail ship was initially delayed because it could not be hoisted onto the track because of large waves caused by the hurricane. The scene was filmed using 14 cameras, with the rail ship traveling 50 feet (15 m) at a time into the set, with debris from the destruction cleared between each take. The mockup was powered by four diesel engines and pulled by a large chain at a speed of 18 miles per hour (29 km/h). The scene's three planned collisions were aided by explosives and hydraulics to ensure the set's structures collapsed precisely. Concrete was also removed from the buildings and replaced with sand-coated balsa wood so the buildings would "crumble" more effectively after being hit by the rail ship. In the scene's final shot, it had to stop successfully within a 6-inch (15 cm) area on the first take. The five-minute scene cost $25 million to produce, roughly one quarter of the film's entire budget, and set records as both the largest and the most expensive stunt ever filmed.
The underwater scene where Alex swims underneath the ship was filmed in the Tongue of the Ocean off the coast of New Providence in the Bahamas. The location was chosen due to its water clarity, however, after viewing dailies of the scene, De Bont felt the water was too clear, so it was reshot with divers above the camera dusting the area in front of the lens with sediment to alter the clarity of the footage. The scene was filmed underneath a propeller-less barge that was designed to resemble the Seabourn Legend. To provide a sense of velocity in the scene, the barge was towed by tugboats at one and a half knots. The production crew did not have a winch system available for the underwater shoot as depicted in the scene, so a pulley system was created by feeding Patric a rope that was attached to the axle of a car that drove along the barge.
Instead of using stunt doubles, De Bont persuaded Bullock, Patric, and Dafoe to perform their own stunts, so the scenes would appear more realistic; the lead actors were required to engage in physical exercise sessions before and during filming. Stunt coordinator Dick Ziker was very impressed with Patric's stuntwork, and said that he "is so physical he probably could be one of the top stunt men in the world." His stunts included being dragged by a seaplane through the water, jumping onto collapsing buildings, and scuba diving while pulled by a moving ship. He was also required to tread water for multiple hours at a time. During a motorcycle stunt on a Ducati 916 on the second day of filming, Patric flew off the bike 30 feet (9 m) into the air and landed on a small bush; Bullock said the incident was so serious that Patric "should be dead." After surviving a traumatic surfing incident as a teenager, Bullock had to overcome her fear of water to perform necessary stuntwork in the film. During production at sea, Bullock was smacked into the ship on multiple occasions, and was saved by Patric from dangerous situation by the ship's rudder in one scene. Bullock and Patric also had a scene filmed in an underwater tank where they had to kiss underwater with Bullock's hands tied together. Navy SEALs with scuba gear were present inside the tank during shooting, as the actors had to hold their breath during the scene. According to Bullock, she performed all of her own stuntwork "except for a quarter of one stunt"; her stunt double worked for only three days during production. Of all the stunt-related incidents during production, De Bont said the most frightening was when a stunt woman was hit in the face by a boat cable and required reconstructive surgery. Following the production at sea, De Bont said that filming on water "was 100 percent more difficult than [he] imagined."
Composer Mark Mancina wrote the film score for Speed 2 having previously composed the scores for Speed and Twister. He started composing the music in March 1997 and it was recorded at the end of April. He began by creating themes and melodies, then worked them into the film where he felt they would fit. The score includes a reworking of the 20th Century Fox fanfare, in which the final chord is sustained and "slithers down" into the opening theme, while the studio logo fades into a traveling shot of the ocean on screen. Fox was initially hesitant to feature an altered version of their fanfare, but allowed the alteration after being convinced by De Bont and hearing it performed by an orchestra.
Specific action cues were scored on the piano down to each second of film. Noting how the film was set in the Caribbean and had a different, slower pace than Speed, Mancina gave the score a "Jamaican/Latin feel" by incorporating reggae music between action sequences. The reggae music was written to give the feel of being on vacation and serve as a love theme for the characters. Some themes from Speed were included in the score between sections of the newly written material. He wrote new themes for Annie and Alex because he felt the original themes written for Reeves' character would not work well with Patric. After viewing the scene where Geiger attaches leeches to his body to cleanse his blood, Mancina felt the scene was "so gross" that he wrote a "slimy theme" for the character, which is distinctively different from the rest of the music. He mixed the score at the same time the film was being edited, which meant the music had to be constantly re-edited into the film. During the scoring of Speed 2, Mancina said in an interview that keeping up with the editing of the film was the "hardest thing [he had] ever done."
Over 100 minutes of score are present in Speed 2, more than Mancina wrote for Speed and Twister combined. After the score was written, he created a demo of the entire score on a synthesizer to play for De Bont. While the score for Speed only used strings, French horns, and percussion, Speed 2 used a wider variety of instruments including trombones, large woodwinds, bass clarinets, and contrabassoons. The score was recorded by a 96-person orchestra, including Mancina, who performed on a classical guitar on several cues. The reggae music featured a band with steel drums, in addition to Cuban drums and Latin percussion. De Bont wanted 16 steel drum players, but due to a lack of available players, Mancina used eight drums which were double-tracked.
Mancina's score was not initially released on CD to avoid competition with sales of the soundtrack album. De Bont made a deal with Virgin Records that it could not be released until at least six months after the release of the soundtrack. The score was not officially released until June 2010, when it was sold by La-La Land Records as a 3000-unit limited edition album. The album features 70 minutes of music across 14 tracks and, according to La-La Land, it also features a "notable amount of music" that was not used in the film, due to the constant re-edits prior to its release date. Daniel Schweiger of Film Music Magazine said that Mancina's score was "arguably a better one than Speed", praising the album's "thrilling themes", "epic orchestrations", and "Jamaican-style grooves." Filmtracks.com gave the release four out of five stars, saying the album was "perhaps [La-La Land's] finest offering of a previously unreleased score", although it also stated that "some of the action and suspense material in the latter half of the score becomes a bit generic."
To complement the film's Caribbean setting, the soundtrack consists of mostly reggae music. De Bont wanted musicians to appear in the film as entertainers on the cruise ship. A cameo appearance for reggae band UB40 was written into the script after the filmmakers heard a demo of their song "Tell Me Is It True", and wanted them to perform it in the film. Brazilian reggae musician Carlinhos Brown was also chosen to be featured as a performer on the ship because De Bont wanted music that was "lively" and felt that Brown's music was "full of energy." Tamia worked with De Bont and producer Quincy Jones to choose a song for her character to perform in the film, and selected "Make Tonight Beautiful", which was written by Diane Warren.
In addition to UB40 and Brown, the soundtrack features reggae music from: Jimmy Cliff, Common Sense, Maxi Priest, Shaggy, Rayvon, and Betty Wright. Mark Mancina wrote a techno track for the soundtrack based on his film score, titled "Speed TK Re-mix", performed by Japanese musician Tetsuya "TK" Komuro. Other songs recorded specifically for the soundtrack include Priest's cover of "The Tide Is High" and Cliff's re-recording of his 1972 song "You Can Get It If You Really Want". The Speed 2: Cruise Control soundtrack album was released by Virgin Records on May 20, 1997, about one month before the film's release. The album features 12 songs, all of which are featured in the film; five of them were released as singles.
|The Independent||Top 10|
|Virgin Media||Top 10|
|Toronto Sun||Top 25|
Speed 2: Cruise Control did not receive the same positive feedback as its predecessor. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 4% based on reviews from 75 critics, with an average rating of 3.4/10. The website's consensus reads: "Speed 2 falls far short of its predecessor, thanks to laughable dialogue, thin characterization, unsurprisingly familiar plot devices, and action sequences that fail to generate any excitement." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 23 out of 100, based on 22 critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews". Audiences surveyed by CinemaScore gave the film a grade "B−" on scale of A to F.
Time magazine stated that Patric's character was "fundamentally uninteresting", but blamed De Bont and the screenwriters for "not providing their actors with stuff to act." Many critics stated that a major issue with the film was the lack of thrills due to the setting on the slow-moving ship. Entertainment Weekly heavily criticized the lack of story and said the film is "as slow-moving as a garbage scow." According to the Los Angeles Times, even children who saw the film felt it was strange that it took place on a ship "not capable of going more than a few knots per hour [sic]", and claimed that Speed was "much more logical." Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times stated, "Even the film's big-ticket closing stunts are more impressive for their size than for any excitement they generate."
It is also considered to be one of the worst film sequels of all time, and many publications have placed Speed 2 on their lists of the worst film sequels. Complex ranked the film first on a list of The 50 Worst Sequels of All Time, calling it "one of the worst 'event' movies ever conceived", while praising Reeves' choice not to return for the sequel, and referring to Patric as "wooden and woefully miscast." In 2010, New York film critic David Edelstein featured an article on Speed 2 that described it as the "Worst Sequel of All", mainly due to the film's explanation for the absence of Reeves' character. In addition to being ranked among the worst sequels, Empire ranked the film at number 24 on its list of The 50 Worst Movies Ever.
Bullock later regretted starring in the film, and stated that the script was to blame for the film's negative reception. She admitted to having been skeptical about its success during production and "knew it was going to be a big flop" once she saw the final product. Patric also admitted "it wasn't a good movie" and said that its lack of success was due to de Bont's direction, while praising Bullock and the rest of the film's crew. Mark Gordon and Graham Yost stated they felt "bitter and happy" after initially not being asked to be involved in Speed 2, then seeing that the film was unsuccessful.
The film did receive some positive feedback. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun Times and Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune both gave Speed 2 three out of four stars, two of the film's three positive reviews included on Rotten Tomatoes. On their film review TV series Siskel & Ebert, they collectively gave Speed 2 a positive rating of "Two Thumbs Up", calling it a "truly rousing ocean liner adventure story", although Ebert criticized Bullock's more limited role in the sequel while Patric "stole all the action sequences." Since his original review, Ebert claimed that he enjoyed Speed 2 more than Bullock, and wrote an article in 2013 that his favorable review of the film "inspired more disbelief" than any other he had written and was frequently cited as an example of him being a poor film critic. At the Conference on World Affairs in 1999, Ebert spoke about the difficulty of making films such as Speed 2 and defended his review by offering a "Speed 3" contest for anyone to create a five-minute short film that takes place on something that cannot stop moving.
Speed 2 was listed on About.com's Top 9 Cruise Ship or Ocean Liner Movies, and said it had "good shots of the ship and a spectacular ending", but also described the plot as "lame." The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Los Angeles Daily News, and The Sacramento Bee each gave favorable reviews, while stating that the film was not as good as Speed. Empire Magazine's Andrew Collins gave the film 3 out of 5 stars, while commenting "...top-billed Sandra Bullock, formerly an accidental heroine, is insultingly sidelined here to boyfriend's little helper and hostage-in-waiting. Patric is the film's actual seaborne legend, and a watchable one, but the pair's gooey relationship sorely lacks Speed's thrown-together dynamic."
Speed 2: Cruise Control premiered at the Cineplex Odeon in Century City, Los Angeles on June 9, 1997, and was released into theaters on June 13. The release date was rescheduled twice—originally set for July 2 and pushed up to June 6 to avoid competition with Men in Black and Titanic (which was then scheduled for July), then moved back one week to avoid competition with Con Air.
During its opening weekend, Speed 2 was shown on 2,615 screens and grossed $16.2 million. It ranked at number one in the box office, grossing just $500,000 more than Con Air in second place. Box office sales for Speed 2 dropped 54% the following weekend, grossing only $7.8 million and ranking at number five behind Batman & Robin, My Best Friend's Wedding, Con Air and The Lost World: Jurassic Park.
The film grossed $48 million in the United States, and had a total gross of $164.5 million worldwide. Moviefone and Time have both ranked the film among the biggest box office bombs of all time, with estimated losses for the studio ranging from $40–70 million.
The film received eight Razzie Award nominations out of 12 possible categories at the 18th Golden Raspberry Awards, and had the second-highest number that year following Batman & Robin (1997), which had 11 nominations. Speed 2 won the award for "Worst Remake or Sequel", but lost the award for "Worst Picture" to The Postman (1997). At the Stinkers Bad Movie Awards, the film was nominated for three awards. It won Worst Sequel but lost both Worst Director and Worst Screenplay for a Film Grossing Over $100M to Batman & Robin.
|Razzies||Worst Picture||Jan de Bont, Steve Perry, Michael Peyser||Nominated|
|Worst Actress||Sandra Bullock||Nominated|
|Worst Supporting Actor||Willem Dafoe||Nominated|
|Worst Screen Couple||Sandra Bullock, Jason Patric||Nominated|
|Worst Remake or Sequel||Speed 2: Cruise Control||Won|
|Worst Director||Jan de Bont||Nominated|
|Worst Screenplay||Randall McCormick, Jeff Nathanson, Jan de Bont||Nominated|
|Worst Song||"My Dream" (written by Orville Burrell, Robert Livingston, Dennis Haliburton)||Nominated|
|Stinkers||Worst Director||Jan de Bont||Nominated|
|Worst Screenplay for a Film Grossing Over $100M Worldwide Using Hollywood Math||20th Century Fox||Nominated|
Speed 2: Cruise Control was released on VHS on December 2, 1997. A LaserDisc version would be released that same month. The film would be released for the first time on DVD on November 3, 1998. It was once again released on DVD on July 30, 2002 along with its predecessor. This THX certified DVD release features animated menus that resemble Geiger's computer. Bonus features include a half-hour HBO special called "The Making of Speed 2: Cruise Control" and three trailers. These are a single trailer for Speed and two others for its sequel. On May 6, 2014, Speed 2: Cruise Control was released on Blu-ray as part of the Speed Collector Pack.
Speed 2: Cruise Control has been referenced and parodied in pop culture. A 1998 episode of the Irish sitcom Father Ted titled "Speed 3" involves a bomb planted on a milk float that will explode if the float travels under 4 mph (6.4 km/h). While the plot is a parody of Speed, writers Graham Linehan and Arthur Mathews got the idea for the episode after asking themselves if it was possible to come up with a "worse idea for a sequel than Speed 2." The Simpsons episode "Bye Bye Nerdie" (2001) features a scene on a racing school bus where character Milhouse Van Houten says "It's like Speed 2, only with a bus instead of a boat!" The Family Guy episode "Blind Ambition" (2005) includes a parody of the film's finale where a cruise ship crashes into a pier and through a city before stopping in the middle of an airport.
In September 2013, Keanu Reeves stated that he believed that an opportunity for his return in a sequel had passed. By September of the following year however, the actor stated that he would be open to reprising his lead role in a sequel. In May 2019, Reeves once again expressed his interest in a potential third movie. By November 2020, Jan de Bont stated that a third film may be developed, while acknowledging that he would want the original cast to return. In December 2021, Reeves expressed his desire to work again with Bullock in the future, and said "never say never" while acknowledging that the realization of a third installment may become a reality. By March 2022, Bullock expressed interest in reprising her role while joking about how much older they both are at this point in time. Later that month she stated that though she was taking a hiatus from acting, she would like to make a third Speed film alongside Reeves. During the interview, she and Daniel Radcliffe brainstormed comedic ideas for the potential project.
In March 2023, Reeves stated that he would reprise his role under the condition that the story justifies the movie with a great script. By April, Graham Yost expressed interest in returning to serve as screenwriter.
- "Speed 2: Cruise Control". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Archived from the original on October 20, 2016. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
- Dutka, Elaine (February 16, 1997). "Water Whirl". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 21, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
De Bont acknowledges that the movie came in over budget but shoots down reports that the original $100 million has soared into the $135-million to $160-million range. The movie is on schedule, he says. It's not out of control. When the movie wraps at the end of this month, it should come in "close to $110 million"--providing nothing untoward erupts.
- "Speed 2: Cruise Control (1997)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 24, 2011.
- Brennan, Judy; Nashawaty, Chris (April 25, 1997). "Speed Ships Out". Entertainment Weekly. No. 376. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012. Retrieved October 18, 2021.
- "Fox Is Betting Big That 'Speed 2' Is a Runaway Success". Los Angeles Times. January 28, 1997. Retrieved July 3, 2013.
- "Speed (1994)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Archived from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
- Grove, Martin A. (April 18, 1997). "De Bont can't cruise as Fox accelerates 'Speed'". The Hollywood Reporter: 8.
- Zwecker, Bill (June 17, 1994). "Hawn sets her sights on 'Mame'". Chicago Sun-Times. p. 4.
- Gerosa, Melina (May 13, 1994). "Entertainment news for May 13, 1994: Lightning Speed". Entertainment Weekly. No. 222. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
- "See You Reel Soon?". Entertainment Weekly. No. 249. November 18, 1994. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012. Retrieved October 17, 2021.
- Fleming, Michael (December 13, 1994). "Murray as in 'Veeck'". Daily Variety.
- Strauss, Bob (June 11, 1997). "'Speed' Demons". Los Angeles Daily News. Archived from the original on December 13, 2017. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- Jameson, J. (April 27, 1997). "Is Jason up to Speed?". Sunday Mail. p. 69.
- "That Sinkin' Feeling". Empire (252): 107. June 2010.
- Yost, Graham; Gordon, Mark (2002). Speed (DVD audio commentary). 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment.
- Ryan, James (May 4, 1997). "Next, the Cruise Ship Rams the Village". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 12, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2011.
- Movieline Staff (August 1, 2001). "The Extreme Sport of Being John McTiernan". MovieLine. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
- "Under Siege (1992)". AFI Catalog. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
- Vincent, Mal (May 9, 1996). "Behind the scenes: Blown away". The Virginian-Pilot. p. E1.
- Gilbert, Matthew (July 20, 1996). "Shooting the breeze". The Irish Times. p. 12 (supplement).
- "Speed 2 plot big secret". The Ottawa Citizen. Postmedia News. Southam News. August 16, 1996. p. C11.
- "Jan De Bont's Blue Tulip Productions expands deal with Fox producer Michael Peyser Partners" (Press release). Business Wire. October 8, 1996.
- Immen, Wallace (June 14, 1997). "Seabourn speeds into film". The Globe and Mail. p. F4.
- Weintraub, Bernard (June 14, 1994). "Hurtling to the Top: A Director Is Born". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 26, 2015. Retrieved July 3, 2013.
- "'Twister' could funnel up $100 million in 11 days". The Hollywood Reporter. May 15, 1996.
- Seiler, Andy (June 12, 1997). "Full 'Speed 2' ahead Jan De Bont weathers hurricanes and high seas". USA Today. p. 1D.
- "Sandra catches up with Speed". Evening Standard. January 12, 1996. p. 7.
- Nadel, Nick (June 10, 2008). "How Sandra Bullock Used Speed 2 to Fuel Her Passion Project Hope Floats". AMC. Archived from the original on August 9, 2020. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
- Portman, Jamie (September 13, 1996). "Keanu not sequel to the task". The Gazette. Montreal. p. C3.
- Howell, Peter (November 7, 1997). "Keanu fires up Career speeds ahead, but at his own pace". Toronto Star. p. D1.
- "Full 'Speed 2' Ahead for Bullock". Empire. 10 (6): 26–27. February 1997.
- Idato, Michael (July 7, 1996). "Simon's career speeds up". The Sunday Telegraph.
- Johnson, Sheila (July 24, 1996). "White tornado cleaning up". The Times.
- Steffan, Janine Dallas (June 21, 1996). "Seen, heard, said". The Seattle Times. p. F1.
- Smith, Liz (June 10, 1996). "In Reeves' footsteps". The Buffalo News. p. B10.
- Poland, David (July 19, 1996). "Speed 2 finds a new lead actor". Entertainment Weekly. No. 336. Archived from the original on April 27, 2009. Retrieved October 17, 2021.
- Pinsker, Beth (July 21, 1996). "Everyone's eyes are upon this Texan". The Dallas Morning News. p. 1C.
- Koltnow, Barry (June 13, 1997). "Cruising at full speed". The Orange County Register. p. F6.
- "Big time box-office" (Press release). United Press International. July 8, 1996.
- "Back in Action! Up to Speed". Daily Record. Glasgow. October 24, 1996.
- Brodie, John (June 3, 1996). "Reeves exits 'Speed II'". Variety: 1.
- "Oldman puts the brakes on Speed 2". Sunday Mirror. August 11, 1996. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- Applegate, Jodi (anchor) (June 15, 1997). "Willem Dafoe on his new film, 'Speed 2: Cruise Control'". Sunday Today. NBC.
- Cleave, Louisa (September 21, 1997). "Kiwi actor gets star billing in Speed 2". Sunday News. Auckland. p. 29.
- Hendry, Steve (September 10, 2006). "Shoosh? I'm a thespian... ya auld craw". Sunday Mail. Glasgow. p. 41.
- Pennington, Gail (July 23, 1997). "Improv comic's humor shapes 'Built to Last'". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. p. 8E.
- Hicks, Chris (June 15, 1997). "'Speed 2' defies all logic". Deseret News. p. E11.
- Hadley, Nick (February 28, 2008). "OCD: Speed's Tuneman". IGN. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
- Poland, David (December 13, 1996). "The Fast Track". Entertainment Weekly. No. 357. p. 15. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012. Retrieved October 17, 2021.
- Harrison, Eric E. (December 22, 1996). "Director applauds Clooney's grace". Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. p. 4E.
- Thomas Grane (director) (June 1997). "The Making of Speed 2: Cruise Control". HBO First Look. Season 4. Episode 2. 20th Century Fox and HBO. HBO.
- Beck, Marilyn; Jenel Smith, Stacy (January 21, 1997). "Blues Brothers to take the field at half time". Los Angeles Daily News. p. L2.
- Schubert, Mary (February 27, 1997). "On wing, prayer for box office success: Valencia hosts blockbuster shoot studio wraps up plane chase for 'Speed' sequel at area set". Daily News of Los Angeles. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
- Kolody, Tracy (July 19, 1996). "Big-money Flick Speeds Into Studio". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Archived from the original on August 29, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
- Levine, Felicia (July 1, 1996). "Bad Boys change plans, but Speed 2 is coming". South Florida Business Journal. Archived from the original on February 21, 2021. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Levine, Felicia (August 19, 1996). "Miami rapper's video moves from bimbos to himbos". South Florida Business Journal. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
- Levine, Felicia (May 19, 1997). "Star power doesn't faze Miami locals". Variety. Retrieved November 11, 2022.
- "Movie company won't pay city rent". The Miami Herald. January 30, 1997. p. 2B.
- "Miami gets $26,000 from film company". The Miami Herald. February 6, 1997. p. 2B.
- Snead, Elizabeth (April 2, 1997). "Scrapes with death just part of job for 'Speed' cast". USA Today: 6D.
- "Speed 2: Cruise Control Production Notes" (Press release). 20th Century Fox. 1997.
- Strauss, Bob (June 8, 1997). "Need for 'Speed': Director insists sequel has compelling story". Chicago Sun-Times. p. 7.
- Barker-Benfield, Simon (October 18, 1996). "Hollywood takes a bow to workboat". The Florida Times-Union. p. C-8.
- Ryan, James (May 4, 1997). "Look, Ma, No Pixels: Plastic Triumphs On the Set". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 28, 2019. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
- Smith, Thom (June 11, 1997). "How they did the big stunt in Speed 2". Palm Beach Post. p. 1D.
- Portman, Jamie (June 12, 1997). "Speed 2 a costly exercise for director Jan De Bont". Waterloo Region Record. p. D1.
- Kopp, Craig (June 12, 1997). "Real ship, fake town help 'Speed 2' look believeable [sic]". The Cincinnati Post. p. 8.
- "Underwater Conditions". Stuart Cove's Underwater Productions. Archived from the original on October 3, 2012. Retrieved November 11, 2022.
- Wolff, Ellen. "Speed 2: Cruising Speed". Cinefex (71): 141+.
- "Filming Speed 2 was a nightmare". Calgary Herald. May 3, 1997. p. I3.
- Lewine, Edward (June 22, 1997). "It's Love at First Roar". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Pickle, Betsy (June 13, 1997). "On Board: 'Speed 2: Cruise Control'". The Knoxville News-Sentinel. p. T11.
- Schweiger, Daniel (July 1997). "Mark Mancina: Going Fast Again". Film Score Monthly. 2 (5): 23–26.
- Schweiger, Daniel (2010). "The Need for More Speed". Speed 2: Cruise Control – Original Motion Picture Score (Media notes). Mark Mancina. La-La Land Records. LLLCD 1138.
- Applefeld Olsen, Catherine (June 7, 1997). "The Reel Thing". Billboard. Vol. 109, no. 23. p. 16. Archived from the original on August 19, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
- Bettencourt, Scott (June 11, 2010). "Film Score Friday 6/11/10". Film Score Monthly. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
- Schweiger, Daniel (June 21, 2010). "CD Review: June Soundtrack Picks". Film Music Magazine. Global Media Online. Archived from the original on December 31, 2010. Retrieved April 6, 2011.
- Clemmensen, Christian (July 6, 2010). "Speed 2: Cruise Control (Mark Mancina)". Filmtracks.com. Archived from the original on November 22, 2010. Retrieved April 6, 2011.
- Takiff, Jonathan (July 15, 1997). "On Track With Summer Flicks Will Smith Leads This Year's Invasion Of Movie Music". Philadelphia Daily News. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved June 15, 2011.
- Boothe, Patricia. "Tell Me Is It True? From the Film 'Speed 2: Cruise Control'". Everybody's. Herman Hall. 21 (5): 38. ISSN 1072-3099.
- Flick, Larry, ed. (May 24, 1997). "Reviews & Previews: Singles". Billboard. Vol. 109, no. 21. p. 54. Archived from the original on June 9, 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- "Komuro produces soundtrack for U.S. movie" (Press release). Japan Economic Newswire. April 3, 1997.
- Stoute, Lenny (July 31, 1997). "Confessions from Priest". Toronto Star. p. G6.
- Harrington, Richard (July 29, 1997). "Summer sounds: In case you've lost track...". The Hamilton Spectator. p. B8.
- Barone, Matt (August 19, 2011). "The 50 Worst Movie Sequels Of All Time". Complex. Archived from the original on January 2, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- "The 10 worst movie sequels of all time". Far Out. November 23, 2022. Archived from the original on November 23, 2022. Retrieved August 12, 2023.
- "30 Worst Sequels". Total Film. July 21, 2011. Archived from the original on January 6, 2013. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
- Nashawaty, Chris (December 22, 2007). "The 25 Worst Sequels Ever". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. Retrieved October 17, 2021.
- "Worst Movie Sequels of All Time". Moviefone. June 21, 2007. Archived from the original on January 9, 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- David, Laura (May 10, 2010). "10 of the worst sequels ever made". The Independent. Archived from the original on December 17, 2011. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- "Terrible Twos: The 10 Worst Movie Sequels". MSN. Archived from the original on February 19, 2009. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
- Zoller Sietz, Matt (May 20, 2011). "The worst sequels of all time". Salon. Archived from the original on September 16, 2012. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
- "Worst movie sequels ever". Virgin Media. Archived from the original on November 6, 2008. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- Daniell, Mark; Dowling, Marianne (May 25, 2012). "The worst movie sequels of all time". Toronto Sun. QMI Agency. Archived from the original on November 13, 2014. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- "Worst Sequels of All Time". Comcast. Archived from the original on April 30, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- Edelstein, David (March 9, 2010). "Speed 2 the Worst Sequel of All? Yes, Really". New York. Archived from the original on January 26, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- "Speed 2 - Cruise Control (1997)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Archived from the original on August 7, 2020. Retrieved June 3, 2023.
- "Speed 2: Cruise Control reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
- "Cinemascore". Archived from the original on 2018-12-20. Retrieved 2019-05-26.
- Schickel, Richard (June 23, 1997). "Cinema: Totally Out of Control". Time. Archived from the original on February 9, 2011. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
- Schwarzbaum, Lisa (June 20, 1997). "Movie Review: Speed 2 (1997)". Entertainment Weekly. No. 384. Archived from the original on September 26, 2020. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
- Smith, Mark Chalon (June 26, 1997). "Hasty Conclusions About 'Speed 2' Do Hold Water". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 7, 2012. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
- Turan, Kenneth (June 27, 1997). "A Quiet Getaway Turns Into Romance and Wreckage". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 9, 2017. Retrieved October 17, 2021.
- "The 50 Worst Movies Ever". Empire. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- Miller, Gerri (June 16, 2006). "Interview with Celebrity Sandra Bullock on Jesse James, The Lake House and More". iVillage. Archived from the original on September 4, 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- Portman, Jamie (May 30, 1998). "For Sandra Bullock, hope floats eternal". The Vancouver Sun. p. C4.
- Longsdorf, Amy (August 16, 1998). "Jason Patric bonds with sociable sociopath in 'Your Friends'". The Morning Call: F1.
- Ebert, Roger (June 27, 1997). "Speed 2: Cruise Control". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on July 23, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- Siskel, Gene (June 13, 1997). "'Speed 2' Full Of Fresh Thrills". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on January 12, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- Ebert, Roger; Siskel, Gene (June 14, 1997). Siskel & Ebert. Season 11. Episode 40. Buena Vista Television.
- Ebert, Roger (December 22, 2000). "Miss Congeniality". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on July 15, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013 – via RogerEbert.com.
- Ebert, Roger (March 24, 2005). "Miss Congeniality 2: Armed and Fabulous". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on July 8, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- Ebert, Roger (June 17, 2009). "The Proposal". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2011.
- Ebert, Roger (January 17, 2013). "'Speed 3'--Winner of My 1999 Contest". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on May 17, 2013. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- Garrison, Linda. "Top 9 Cruise Ship or Ocean Liner Movies". About.com. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
- Ringel, Eleanor (June 13, 1997). "Speed 2: Cruise Control". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution: P14.
- Dawes, Amy (June 13, 1997). "'Speed 2: Cruise Control' helps rev up idle summer". Los Angeles Daily Times. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
- Baltake, Joe (June 13, 1997). "Familiar ingredients make 'Speed 2' a tub of fun". The Sacramento Bee: TK20.
- https://www.empireonline.com/reviews/reviewcomplete.asp?DVDID=119913[dead link]
- Higgins, Bill (June 11, 1997). "A Caribbean Isle Paradise in Century City". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 11, 2015. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
- Gabriel, Trip (May 5, 1997). "Turning Rough Takes Into Summer's Big Hits". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
- Johns, Elizabeth (April 10, 1997). "Fox Postpones 'Speed 2'". E!. Archived from the original on April 25, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
- King, Susan (June 17, 1997). "'Speed 2' Edges 'Con Air' for No. 1". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
- "'Batman and Robin' tops box office; 'Speed 2' sinks". The Augusta Chronicle. Associated Press. April 24, 1997. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
- "Top 10 Disappointing Blockbusters". Time. August 28, 2009. Archived from the original on October 10, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
- "Biggest Box-Office Turkeys of All Time". Moviefone. November 15, 2007. Archived from the original on August 27, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "Putting knocks on the worst". Philadelphia Daily News. February 27, 1998. p. 14. Archived from the original on May 19, 2023. Retrieved May 19, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
- Wilson, John (August 8, 2000). "1997 Archive". Razzies.com. Golden Raspberry Award Foundation. Archived from the original on December 28, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2022.
- "The Stinkers 1997 Ballot". The Stinkers. Archived from the original on 18 August 2000. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
- "Speed 2: Cruise Control (1997) - DVD Movie Guide".
- "Doogan's Queue for May 6, 2014 - The Digital Bits".
- Linehan, Graham; Mathews, Arthur (2000). Father Ted: The Complete Scripts. London: Boxtree. p. 284. ISBN 0-7522-7235-7.
- MacMullan, Lauren (director) (March 11, 2001). "Bye Bye Nerdie". The Simpsons. Season 12. Episode 16. Fox Broadcasting Company. Transcript.
- MacFarlane, Seth; Goodman, David; Sheridan, Chris (2005). "Blind Ambition". Family Guy Volume 3 (DVD audio commentary). 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment.
- Deming, Mark (September 10, 2013). "Keanu Reeves on Reuniting With Sandra Bullock for 'Speed': 'That Bus Has Left'". Yahoo! Entertainment. Retrieved August 31, 2023.
- Wakeman, Gregory (September 23, 2014). "Here Are Keanu Reeves' Thoughts On Speed 3". Cinemablend. Retrieved August 31, 2023.
- Casey, Dan (September 23, 2014). "EXCLUSIVE: Is Speed 3 Happening with Keanu Reeves?". Nerdist. Retrieved August 31, 2023.
- Malkin, Marc (May 16, 2019). "Keanu Reeves Pitches Another 'Speed' With Sandra Bullock". Variety. Retrieved August 31, 2023.
- Taylor, Drew (November 5, 2020). "'The Haunting' Director Jan de Bont on Swapping Projects with Steven Spielberg and the State of Action". Collider. Retrieved August 31, 2023.
- Hoffman, Matthew (December 20, 2021). "Keanu Reeves REACTS to Speed 3 Rumors with Sandra Bullock". Extra. Retrieved August 31, 2023.
- Colbert, Stephen (March 15, 2022). ""We Should Be Really Old, In An RV" - Sandra Bullock Pitches Plots For A Hypothetical "Speed" Sequel". The Late Show with Stephen Colbert. Retrieved August 31, 2023.
- "Sandra Bullock and Daniel Radcliffe". Fox 5 New York. Fox News. March 24, 2022. Retrieved August 31, 2023.
- Evans, Scott (March 20, 2023). "Keanu Reeves Would Be Down For a 'Speed' Sequel w/ Sandra Bullock". Access Hollywood. Retrieved August 31, 2023.
- Cavanaugh, Patrick (April 17, 2023). "Speed Writer Reveals His Hilarious Pitch for Speed 3 (Exclusive)". ComicBook.com. Retrieved August 31, 2023.