Speed limits by country

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Highest-posted speed limits around the world. Kilometres per hour are on the left and miles per hour on the right. (One or other is rounded in each case.)

A road speed limit is the limit of speed allowed by law for road vehicles, usually the maximum speed allowed. Occasionally, there is a minimum speed limit.[1] Advisory speed limits also exist, which are recommended but not mandatory speeds. Speed limits are commonly set by the legislative bodies of national or local governments.

Overview[edit]

The following tables show various jurisdictions' default speed limits (where applicable) that apply to different types of vehicles travelling on three different types of road. Actual speed limits may range beyond these values. Speeds are listed in kilometres per hour unless otherwise stated. The enforcement tolerance is specified in km/h or percentage above the stated limit. For the United Kingdom and the United States, the speed limit is listed in miles per hour.[fn 1]

Germany is the only country where some motorways do not have a maximum speed limit. The 130 km/h is sign-posted as a general advisory speed limit for motorways in the entry of the country. Due to those Autobahns, Germany is considered a country without a general speed limit on its highways.[2] The Isle of Man is the only jurisdiction without a general speed limit on rural two-lane roads.

Definitions[edit]

Numerous countries have a different general speed limit for urban roads than on remaining roads. Such differences exist since the beginning of the 20th century, in countries such as United Kingdom and France. This concept is formally defined as road within built-up area in various regulations, including Vienna convention, even if UK has re-branded them as street lighted or restricted area. More informally they are known as urban road. In 2017, most of all IRTAD countries have a default speed limit in urban roads of 50 km/h, with various lower speeds, for instance, in the Netherlands, 70% of the urban roads are limited to 30 km/h.[3]

Some countries, for instance the US, India or China, do not have a specific urban road maximum speed.

Different speed limits exist for heavy good vehicles (HGV) but the limit for HGV is country dependent: While most Eurasian and Latino-American states might use the Vienna convention 3.5 tonnes limit, other countries in North America, China, India, Australia or Ireland might use different weight limits.

Countries[edit]

Country Within towns Automobiles & motorcycles Expressways/motorways Lorries or automobiles with trailer Outside built-up areas/highways Enforcement tolerance
 Albania[4][5] 40 80–90 110 60–70 80
 Argentina 40–60 80–110 100–130 80 80
 Australia[6] 50–60 100–110[fn 2] 100–130[fn 2] 100[fn 3] 100[fn 3] 3 in Victoria, 10% over speed limit in other states
 Austria[7] 50 100 130 80–100 80–100
 Azerbaijan[8] 40–60 90 110
 Belarus 60 90 110 (motorcycles 90) 70 90
 Belgium[9] 20–50 70–90 120 70–90 90
 Bosnia and Herzegovina[10] 50[11] 80 130 (motorways)
100 (expressways)
80 80
 Brazil 40–70 80–110 80–120 80 (90 for buses) 80-100
 Brunei 50 80 100 80 80
 Bulgaria[12] 50 90 (motorcycles 80) 140 (motorcycles 100) 80 100
 Canada[13] 30–50 60–80 80–110[fn 4] 60–100 70–110
 China 30–60 60–80 100–120 N/A N/A
 Macau 20–60 50–80 60–80 N/A N/A
 Hong Kong[14] 50 50–80 100–110[15] 50–70 70
 Costa Rica 45 60 80–100 60 80
 Croatia 50 90 130 (motorways)
110 (expressways)
80 80
 Cyprus[16] 30–50 80 100 80 100
 Czech Republic[17] 50 90 80 (urban expressways & motorways)

110 (expressways)
130 (motorways)

80 80 0
 Denmark[18] 50 80 130 70 (80 for buses) 80
 Faroe Islands 50 80
 Greenland 50 80
 Estonia 50 90–120 90 90
 Finland[19] 50 80 80–120[fn 5] 80 80
 Åland 50 70–90
 France[20] 50 80–90 110 (100 in rain) (expressways)
130 (110 in rain) (motorways)
60[fn 6]–90 80–90
 Georgia[21] 60 (20 in residential areas) 90 110 70 80
 Germany[22] 50 100 None, recommended speed 130 km/h.[fn 7] 60 (trucks)
80
80–100[fn 8] 3 km/h up to 100 km/h; 3% over
 Greece[23] 50 90 110 (expressways)

130 (motorways)

70 80
 Hungary[24] 50 90–110 130 70 80
 Iceland 50 90 N/A 80 N/A
 India 50 80 120 65 40
 Indonesia 30-60 60–80 80–100 60–80 80–100
 Iran 50 70–110 70–120 70–110 70–110
 Ireland[25] 30–50 80–100 120 80 90
 Israel 50 80–90 100–110 80 90 10
 Italy 50 90 130 (110 in adverse weather) (motorways)

110 (expressways)

70 80
 Japan 40-60 50–80 100
70–80 (single-lane expressways)
50–60 80
 Kazakhstan[26] 60 110 140
 South Korea 30–60[27] 80–90 80–120 40–60 80
 Latvia[28] 50 80–90 90–110 80 80–90
 Lebanon 50 100
 Liechtenstein[29] 50 80 N/A 80 N/A
 Lithuania[30] 50 70–90 110–130 70–90 90
 Luxembourg[31] 50 90 130 (110 in rain) 75 90
 Macedonia 50 80–100 120
 Malaysia 30–60 70–90[fn 9] 110 70–80 80–90
 Malta[32] 30–50 80 60
 Mexico[33] 20–50 70–90 100–110 80–95 80–95[34]
 Netherlands [35] 50 (30 in residential areas) 80 80–130[fn 10][fn 11] (motorways)
100 (expressways)
80 80 7 km/h
 New Zealand 50 100 100 90 90 10 (school zones, 4)
 Norway[36] 50 80 100–110 80 80
 Peru 50 60–100 100 70–80 100 (90 buses)
 Philippines 80 80–120 80–120
 Poland 50 90 (single-lane)
100 (dual-lane)
100 (single-lane expressways)
120 (dual-lane expressways)
140 (motorways)
70 80
 Portugal 50 90–100 120 70–80 100
 Romania[37] 50 90–100 130 80–90 110 10
 Russia 60 90 110 70–90 90
 Serbia 50 80 100 (expressways)

130[38] (motorways)

80 80
 Singapore 50 80–90 90 60 60 10
 Slovakia [39] 50 90 130 (90 in built-up areas) 90 90
 Slovenia[40] 50 90 130 80 80–100
 South Africa 60 80–100 120 80–100 80-100
 Spain[41] 50 90 120[fn 12] 80 80–90
 Sweden[42] 30–50 70–100 110–120 70–80 80–90
  Switzerland[43] 50 80 100 (expressways)

120 (motorways)

80 80 0
 Taiwan 40–60 50–80 100–110 60–80 80–90
 Thailand 60-80 90 120 80 100
 Turkey 50 90 (motorcycles 80 if L3) 110 (expressways )(motorcycles 90 if L3)

120 (motorcycles 100 if L3) (motorways)[44]

80 85 (expressways)

90 (motorways)[44]

10% over the limit
 Ukraine[45] 50 90 (motorcycles 80) 110 (dual carriageway)
130 (motorway)
(motorcycles 80)
70-90 80 20
 United Kingdom[fn 1][46] 30 mph (48 km/h) 60 mph (96 km/h) 70 mph (112 km/h) (both motorways and trunk dual-carriageways)[fn 13] 40-60  mph (64-96 km/h) dependent on class.[fn 14] 60–70 mph (96-112 km/h))[fn 14] dependent on class (motorways)
50–70 mph (80-112 km/h), ditto (trunk dual-carriageways)
3–14 km/h(2–9 mph) dependent on limit and jurisdiction.[fn 15] Patrol officers use own discretion.
 Gibraltar[47] 30–50 N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Isle of Man[fn 1] 48 (30 mph) No limit [48] N/A N/A
 United States[fn 16] 24–89 (15–55 mph) 64–121 (40–75 mph)[fn 17] 89–129 (55–80 mph)[fn 18][fn 19] Restrictions only in some states, typically 5–15 mph lower.
 Venezuela 40–60 80 120[fn 20] 40–60 60–120
 Vietnam 50 (motorcycles 40) 80 (motorcycles 60) 80 (motorcycles 60) 70 70
 Zimbabwe 60 80-120 80-120
Zeichen 334: Ende einer Autobahn Usual interurban (non urban) speed limit in the European Union outside of motorways and outside of expressway
Legend:
   = 70 km/h;    = 80 km/h,    = 90 km/h;    = 97 km/h (60 mph);    = 100 km/h
Source Europa.eu[49]
France road sign M4g.svg National speed limits for heavy good vehicle (HGV) (>3.5 tonnes according to Vienna convention) in the European Union, on all roads including motorways
Legend:
   = 60 km/h;    = 70 km/h,    = 80 km/h,    = 90 km/h;    = 100 km/h;    = 110 km/h;    = mph
source Europa.eu[49]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Speed limits are posted in miles per hour.
  2. ^ a b Default speed limits in Australia vary between states and territories. See Speed limits in Australia for more details.
  3. ^ a b No special limit applies for automobiles with trailers. A 100 km/h speed limit applies for heavy vehicles with a gross vehicle mass of 12 tonnes or more. A 100 km/h limit applies for buses with a gross vehicle mass of 5 tonnes or more. In some Australian states, Road Trains are limited to 90 km/h. In some cases, over steep descents or other potentially dangerous stretches of road, heavy vehicles may have other special speed limits as indicated by signage.
  4. ^ Speed limit is 110 km/h in several provinces, 100 km/h in others. It's 70 km/h in Montreal's Metropolitan Expressway. It's 80 km/h-90 km/h in Toronto's Municipal Expressway System.
  5. ^ During winter motorways have a speed limit of 100 km/h or less. Also most roads with 100 km/h speed limit in summer have 80 km/h limit during winter.
  6. ^ Speed limit is 60 km/h for trailers on 2-lane non-priority roads.
  7. ^ Some sections are covered by speed limits, usually ranging from 80 to 130 km/h. It is usual for drivers involved in crashes who were exceeding the 'recommended' speed limit to be held to be at least partly at fault, regardless of the circumstances of the crash, and insurance companies have the right to withhold payment. Vehicles also must be able to go faster than 60 km/h.
  8. ^ Additional trailer checkup (TÜV) and special speed plaque required on vehicle.
  9. ^ The speed limit on Malaysian federal and state roads has been reduced to 80 km/h during festive seasons, starting from the 2006 Hari Raya Aidilfitri.
  10. ^ 130 km/h is the default, but on substantial sections the limit is 100 km/h in densely populated regions or 80 km/h on major city ring roads. Nationally, a 100 km/h speed limit applies between 6:00 and 19:00 as of 1 March 2020.
  11. ^ Cars or vans pulling a trailer with a total weight of less than 3.5 metric tons with the trailer weighing less than 750 kg are allowed to drive 90 km/h, except where a lower speed limit is posted.
  12. ^ 100 km/h for vans, 90 km/h for vehicles with a trailer weighing 750 kg or less, 80 km/h for vehicles with a trailer weighing more than 750 kg.
  13. ^ In general, non-urban, all-purpose (i.e. not limited to motor traffic, except in the case of "A(M)" roads) dual carriageways are subject to the same 70 mph limit for light vehicles as motorways, but lower limits (50 and 60 mph) are in place for heavy trucks, buses/minibuses and towing vehicles. These roads take the place of motorways where a high-traffic trunk route is required but building a motorway would be impractical for reasons of cost and/or geography. For instance, steeper or more winding alignments and less forgiving junctions than would be found on motorways necessitate lower limits for some stretches – as low as 30 mph in some cases, e.g. around Penmaenbach on the A55 in Wales, or a less severe 60 mph restriction on some parts of the A38 and A45.
  14. ^ a b Generally in the UK, lorries over a laden weight of 7500 kg are mechanically or electronically speed-limited to 56 mph (90 km/h) because of overriding European law, even on motorways where they are legally permitted (under UK law) to travel at 60 mph. Some heavier machines are further limited to 53 mph (85 km/h) for the same reasons, and carry warning plates to this effect. Some lorries or trucks with a laden weight between 3500 kg and 7500 kg are also speed-limited to 56 mph (90 km/h) on all roads. On non-motorway roads, heavier trucks are legally limited to 50 (single-carriageway) or 60 (dual carriageway) mph (80 and 97 km/h) except in scotland where they are limited to 40 (single-carriageway) or 50 (dual carriageway (as of 6 April 2015), Medium trucks and buses/commercial van-based minibuses to 50 and 60 mph (80 and 97 km/h), though the latter are further subdivided: some are allowed a motorway speed of 97 km/h (60 mph) and others 70 mph (113 km/h). Light commercial vans are subject to the same 60/70/70 mph limits as private cars and motorcycles, and towing cycles/cars/vans subject to medium truck 50/60/60 limits.
  15. ^ No blanket national guidelines exist, but most regional police forces are mooted to allow a 2 mph, 10%, or 10% + 2 mph tolerance (upper limits, IE these are the minimum speeds that will attract penalty), with no clear information on which level is in place in each jurisdiction. A driver on a 60 mph road may be able to sustain 61.9 or 67.9 mph without penalty either side of a border. 20 mph zones typically have a 5 mph tolerance to allow for poorer speedometer accuracy, increased difficulty of keeping to a constant low speed (and that these roads were typically under 30 mph limits until recently), and an understanding that the nature of a road attracting a 20 mph limit means drivers will need to be more vigilant and not "clock watching". Patrolling police officers not using static speed traps are free to make their own judgments depending on traffic, road conditions and driver behaviour - speeds in excess of 80 mph are often left unchallenged on free flowing trunk routes, but dangerously swift yet technically legal driving can still be prosecuted under separate statutes (dangerous driving, undue care and attention, etc), e.g. 60 mph on that same road in traffic and freezing fog. (Unofficial data)
  16. ^ Signs are posted in mph. Until recently, speed limit signs on a stretch of Interstate 19 in southern Arizona were the only ones based on the metric system. As part of the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the federal government funded a project where the state of Arizona replaced the km/h signs on that stretch with miles-based speed limit signs.
  17. ^ The lower speed limit in large inner-cities may be as low as 45 mph (72 km/h) for example on I-90/94 which goes through Chicago. In many urban areas, controlled-access highways typically take 5 – 15 mph off the speed limit. For example, in Cleveland and Cuyahoga county, the speed limit is 60 mph (97 km/h). Once out of the county, the speed limit returns to 65 mph (105 km/h).
  18. ^ The state of Hawaii posts a 55 mph (89 km/h) speed limit on many Interstate highways.
  19. ^ One toll road near Austin, TX has a speed limit of 85 miles per hour. 85 MPH Highway Opens[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ The exact limit is depended on road conditions therefore speed limits are set by transit authorities through signals. Ley de Transito Terrestre, 3 November 2007 Archived 1 January 2013 at archive.today.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Speeds on Rural Interstate Highways Relative to Posting the 40 mph Minimum Speed Limit | Bureau of Transportation Statistics". www.rita.dot.gov. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  2. ^ "Fun, fun, fun on the autobahn". 16 September 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2010.
  3. ^ "Speed and Crash Risk" (PDF). www.itf-oecd.org. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  4. ^ "Kodiak Rigorous i Republics st Shqipërisë" (in Albanian). Sq.wikibooks.org. 15 November 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2010.
  5. ^ DEATHTRAP
  6. ^ Government, Northern Territory (10 December 2020). "Speed limits". nt.gov.au. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  7. ^ "Austria – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  8. ^ "Speed Limits, Road Classifications and Breakdown Recovery - Azerbaijan". Angloinfo. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  9. ^ "Belgium – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  10. ^ http://www.narkomanija.ba/fileadmin/zakonodavstvo/Zakon_o_osnovama_bezbjednosti_saobracaja_na_putevima_u_BiH.pdf
  11. ^ "U naseljenim mjestima ograničenje brzine 50 km/h". Sarajevo-x.com. Retrieved 25 November 2010.
  12. ^ "Bulgaria – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  13. ^ "Speed Limits – Canada". www.ezbordercrossing.com. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  14. ^ "Transport Department - Roads with Faster Traffic". www.td.gov.hk. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  15. ^ "Legislative Council Panel on Transport" (PDF).
  16. ^ "Cyprus – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  17. ^ "Czech Republic – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  18. ^ "Denmark – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  19. ^ "Finland – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  20. ^ "France – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  21. ^ "Law of Georgia on Traffic". 24 December 2013. p. 28.
  22. ^ "Germany – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  23. ^ "Greece Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  24. ^ "Hungary – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  25. ^ "Ireland – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  26. ^ "Road-safety-2019-Kazakhstan" (PDF). World Health Organization.
  27. ^ "Drivers must slow down as speed limit on all urban roads in Korea capped at 50 km/h". 16 April 2021.
  28. ^ "Latvia – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  29. ^ "Liechtenstein – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  30. ^ "Lithuania – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  31. ^ "Luxembourg – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  32. ^ "Malta – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  33. ^ "Driving in Mexico - Mexico". Angloinfo. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  34. ^ "What is the speed limit on Mexico's highways and how much is the fine for exceeding it?". Today in 24 English. 16 August 2021. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  35. ^ Postbus 51: Verkeer, voertuigen en wegen (in Dutch)
  36. ^ "Norway – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  37. ^ "Romania – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  38. ^ "Speed limit on Serbian highways raised to 130 km/h - The government adopted draft changes to the law on road traffic safety". www.ekapija.com. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  39. ^ "Slovakia – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  40. ^ "Slovenia – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  41. ^ "Spain – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  42. ^ "Sweden – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  43. ^ "Switzerland – Speed Limits". Going abroad. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  44. ^ a b "Turkey plans to increase speed limits on highways - Turkey News". Hürriyet Daily News. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  45. ^ "Driving tips in Ukraine for foreigners". Car rental in Kyiv and Ukraine: without a driver, from economy to premium class | 7Cars.com.ua. 14 October 2019. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  46. ^ "Speed limits". gov.uk. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  47. ^ "Visit Gibraltar - Driving and Parking". Visit Gibraltar. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  48. ^ Government of the Isle of Mann. "The Manx Highway Code" (PDF). gov.im. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  49. ^ a b "European Commission - Road Safety".