Speed limits in the Netherlands
The default speed limits in the Netherlands are 50 km/h (31 mph) inside built-up areas, 80 km/h (50 mph) outside built-up areas, 100 km/h (62 mph) on expressways (autowegen), and 130 km/h (81 mph) on motorways (autosnelwegen). On September 1, 2012, the motorway default speed limit was raised from 120 km/h (75 mph) to 130 km/h (81 mph) , but it applies to only 48% of all motorways with the intent of 60% of motorways.
Additionally, lower speed limits may apply in speed zones. Motorways passing through urban areas are usually limited to 100 km/h and narrow regional roads may have 60 km/h (37 mph) speed limits. Starting in May 2002, 80 km/h zones have been introduced on some motorways that had daily traffic congestion and air pollution issues; however, most of these zones have been or will be abolished, with the exception of short stretches of the A20 ring road near Rotterdam and the A10 ring road near Amsterdam.
In urban residential areas, 30 km/h (19 mph) zones are found, as well as home zones (woonerven), in which vehicles must adhere to a walking pace (15 km/h (9 mph) is tolerated). Contrarily, some four-lane urban arterial roads have a posted 70 km/h (44 mph) speed limit.
Unlike neighbouring countries such as Belgium, there is no minimum speed on Dutch motorways. However, only motorized vehicles capable of driving at least 50 km/h and 60 km/h are allowed to enter Dutch national roads and motorways, respectively.
The Netherlands does not have specific night speed limits. Nevertheless many motorways have a posted speed limit of 120 km/h (75 mph) between 7am and 7pm, which automatically allows a higher speed on night times with a lower traffic density.
Truck and trailer speed limits
In the Netherlands, heavy trucks and vehicles and trailer combinations with a total weight over 3.5 metric tons (7,700 lb) and busses have an overall speed limit of 80 km/h (50 mph) on expressways and motorways. On roads or lanes with a (general or posted) speed limit under 80 km/h, these vehicles must abide by this lower limit. Trucks and vehicles above 3.5 tons are required to have a speed limiting device to prevent them from speeding above 90 km/h (56 mph).
Cars and trucks pulling a trailer with a total (car+trailer) weight under 3.5 tons have an overall speed limit of 90 km/h (56 mph), and coaches equipped with seat belts, categorized as T100, have an overall speed limit of 100 km/h (62 mph). This following the same regulation as standing above. Light commercial vehicles under 3.5 tons don't have special speed limits.
Speed limit enforcement
Speed limit enforcement is extensive on Dutch roads, including traffic enforcement cameras in urban areas and radar guns on national roads and motorways. Furthermore, fixed average speed checks (trajectcontrole), which were first introduced in the Netherlands, are now in operation on many motorways in the densely populated Randstad region. In case of speeding, there is a legal speed correction of 3 km/h (3% if over 100 km/h) plus a fixed 3 km/h tolerance margin for posted speed limits up to 120 km/h (i.e. you will be fined from 4 km/h over). For example, when caught at 108 km/h on a national road, one will be fined for exceeding the speed limit by 3.24 km/h. When driving at 107 km/h, no speeding ticket will be issued.
- "Wat is de maximumsnelheid voor het wegverkeer? (What are the maximum speeds for road traffic?)" (in Dutch). Rijksoverheid.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- "Speed limit increase". Houseofrepresentatives.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- "Verhogen maximumsnelheid (Maximum speed increase)" (in Dutch). Rijksoverheid.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- "Woonerf krijgt 15 kilometer per uurbord (Home zone will display 15 km/h speed sign)" (in Dutch). Rijksoverheid.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- "Wat is de minimumsnelheid voor het wegverkeer? (What is the minimum speed for road traffic?)" (in Dutch). Rijksoverheid.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- "Trajectcontrole (Fixed average speed check)" (in Dutch). OM.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- "Wordt de gemeten snelheid gecorrigeerd bij trajectcontrolesystemen?" (in Dutch). OM.nl. Retrieved 2016-03-14.