Crossminton is a racket game which is often associated with the brand speedminton because of their historical relation. From 1 January 2016 the name of the racket sport has been changed from Speed Badminton to Crossminton. The sport combines elements from different sports like badminton, squash and tennis. Today, Crossminton is played all around the world. There is no net in between and no prescribed playground, so it can be executed on tennis courts, streets, beaches, fields or gyms. The court consists of two squares of 5.50 m (18 ft) length. They are fixed opposite to each other at a distance of 12.8 m (42 ft). Currently, there are tournaments all over the world which are organized in a growing number of clubs. In some countries, associations are already established, for example the German Crossminton Association (DCV) and the Swiss Speed Badminton (SSB). On August 25, 2011 the International Crossminton Organization (ICO) was founded under the name International Speed Badminton Organisation (ISBO) in Berlin.
Both of the players need a racket. The rackets are similar to the ones used in squash but are specially produced for Crossminton. They are 58–60 cm long, and the material and the strings are different. The ball is called speeder and is heavier than a conventional badminton shuttlecock, meaning it can be used up to wind force 4.
The special shuttlecock and the idea of the game were invented in 2001 in Berlin by Bill Brandes. The game was refined to the final game of crossminton by the Speedminton company. The inventor first named his new sport "shuttleball", but soon the game was renamed "speed badminton". Starting from January 2016 the name was changed again, to crossminton. Originally, the idea of the inventor was to create an outdoor variant of badminton, so he changed the ball to be smaller and heavier (today called speeder). The analogy of badminton now exists only in a technical way: there is no net and the game tempo is faster. In 2003, there were already 6,000 active players in Germany. The sport is growing steadily and there are numerous international tournaments across Europe.
|Fun Speeder||13–18 m||260 km/h|
|Match Speeder||17–25 m||290 km/h|
The field consists of two squares measuring 5.5 meters (18 ft) on each side. The distance between the squares is 12.8 meters (42 ft). Crossminton can be played on half of a tennis court which can easily be modified with elastic lines. Match Speeders are used for normal games. Children and adolescents (u14) play with fun speeders over a smaller distance (8.80 meters). The aim of the game is to reach the square of the opposite player with the speeder. If the speeder falls outside the opposite square, the other side gains a point. Both players are allowed to step out of, or any where inside their square during play. The game ends when one player has at least 16 points and has at least 2 points advantage over their adversary. Every time a set/round finishes, the players switch sides.
A set is played until 16 points. At a score of 15:15 there is overtime where two points head start are needed to win the set. A game usually lasts three winning sets. At tournaments, it is possible to play only two winning sets until the half finals.
The right to serve first is drawn by throwing a coin or a speeder. Every player has three serves. Every rally scores. At a score of 15:15 the serve switches after every point. The serve must be done out of the designated zone which is 3 m behind the front offensive line. This line must not be crossed and the serve is played bottom-up. The first serve of the next set is done by the loser of the previous set.
Every rally scores if there is no necessity to repeat it. Points can be gained if:
- the serve is not correct
- the speeder touches the floor or the roof
- the speeder lands in the opposite court and cannot be returned
- the speeder lands outside the court (the lines count as being within the court)
- the speeder is touched two times immediately after each other
- the speeder touches the body
If a player returns a speeder from outside the court, it is considered to still be in play.
Change of ends
After every set, there is a change of ends to guarantee equal opportunities concerning wind and lighting conditions. If a fifth game (tiebreak) becomes necessary, players change sides after every 6 points.
- Doubles : The doubles match is played on a single court.
At the double division, both players are standing in the same court. The coin or speeder decides the side who serves first. The serving player stands at the backline, and his partner stands in front. The serves rotate between the four players. The first serve in the following set goes to the loser of the previous one.
Crossminton can be played outside and inside, the court can be painted or pegged off. There is even the possibility to use a portable court. Crossminton played in the dark is called Blackminton. With black lights, fluorescent paints, rackets and special speeders (night speeders) with glow sticks (speedlights) it is possible to play even at night.
First World Championships
The first Crossminton (former Speed Badminton) World Championships took place on 26 and 27 August 2011. It was officially named ‘ISBO Azimut Hotels Speedminton® World Championships’. Over 380 participants from 29 countries played in Berlin, in 10 categories. Players from Canada, the US and Australia also attended. Per Hjalmarson from Sweden won the men’s title, Janet Köhler from Germany won the women’s title and Rene Lewicki & Daniel Gossen from Germany won the doubles title in the final games.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Speed badminton.|
- Crossminton - International Site about the new racket sport.
- Speedminton - Site of the producer Speedminton with videos, photos and all information about the new sport.
- ISBO / ICO– Site of the International Crossminton Organisation
- Speedminton Gekkos Berlin e.V. - Site of the first official Speed Badminton/Crossminton club in Berlin; with photos and advice. (German)
- SbK Lipany - Speed Badminton Club Lipany. (Slovak)
- Speed Badminton in Canada - Site of the first official Speed Badminton club in Canada.
- Speedminton Blackminton PORTUGAL - Portuguese site with photos, videos, events, online store and lots of information.
- German Speed Badminton Association / German Speed Badminton Association - The German Crossminton Association (German)