A speedster, also known as a speed man, is a character whose powers primarily relate to super-speed. Primary abilities shared by all speedsters include running at speeds far in excess of human capability (to varying degrees) and resistance to the side effects (air resistance, inability to breathe, dynamic shock resulting from contact with objects at high speed, etc.) that result from such velocity. In almost all cases, speedsters are able to physically attack opponents by striking them while at high speed to impart huge amounts of kinetic energy without suffering harm, although this has on rare occasion been lampshaded by characters discovering that they cannot do this and suffering severe injury from the attempt. A variety of other powers have been attributed to speedsters depending on the story, the origin of the power, and the established continuity and rules of a given universe.
Plausibility and artistic license
The use of speedsters in fiction requires artistic license due to the laws of physics that would prohibit such abilities. Moving at the speed of sound, for example, would create sonic booms that are usually not heard in such stories. An enormous amount of energy would be required to achieve such speeds, and as some speedsters can actually move close to or at the speed of light, this would cause them to gain near-infinite mass, according to the laws of relativity.
For example, the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe states that the character Nova maintains speeds which can be considered "modest," especially when carrying a passenger. The Handbook also concedes that a solid object moving in the Earth’s atmosphere at one times the speed of several times faster than the speed of sound which would wreak havoc on the planet and that moving at such speeds would prohibit Northstar from breathing, while the generated wind/friction would ravage his body. On the other hand, the Handbook states that the character Quicksilver was born with adaptations that make higher speeds possible, such as enhanced cardiovascular, respiratory, musculature, and digestive systems, a more efficient metabolism (which has been a weakness for some incarnations of the Flash, calling themselves "snack holes"), better lubricated joints, tendons with the tensile strength of spring steel, unidentified bone composition that can withstand the dynamic shock of his touching the ground at speeds over 100 miles an hour, and a brain that can process information fast enough for him to react to his surroundings at high speed.
In comics published by DC Comics, the Flash family of speedsters derive their abilities from an extradimensional energy source known as the Speed Force, which grants them super speed and various other abilities required to use it, such as durability. However, the Speed Force is not the source from which other DC characters with super speed such as Superman or Captain Marvel/Shazam derive their powers.
Writer John Byrne maintained modest abilities for the speedster character Danny Hilltop in his series John Byrne’s Next Men. Although Danny can keep pace with a race car, the friction generated by his speed melts any footwear he wears, burning his feet. Thus he runs barefoot, having toughened the soles of his feet through a regimen of pounding increasingly harder materials (sand, gravel and then broken rock). The costume he wears has a built-in guidance system.
Other writers choose not to offer any scientific explanations for the questions raised by the actual use of such abilities.
|“||Speedsters make me nervous, because if you play them accurately, they're impossible to beat...The moment someone sees him coming, it's too late. You shout, "It's the Flash!" and you haven't even got "It's" out before you're done...I could deal with Impulse because he was easily distracted.||”|
Some speedsters may also end up destroying their surroundings or entire astronomical structures around them by their sheer speed alone if they are not careful enough. For example, Saitama from One-Punch Man accidentally destroyed at least 40% of the Moon when he jumped back to Earth from it within ten seconds during his battle with Boros, after calculating how much force would be required to safely land back, and combined with the fact that Boros confirmed that Saitama was holding back, the latter is indeed capable of travelling faster than light without any harm.
Some speedsters can emit so much power that they can literally resist time manipulation and attain immeasurable speed (here one always remains above and beyond all multiversal time and space, literally surpassing the concept of infinite speed while being capable of moving beyond linear time, since this involves moving indefinitely where time is frozen or time and space do not exist or moving infinite distances instantly via sheer willpower and without teleportation, while having immeasurable speed means moving beyond the concepts of time and space themselves by using the same principles of attaining infinite speed, albeit on a far more powerful level, and that one can also travel to any period of time instantaneously by moving alone with sheer speed alone). One such example is in Dragon Ball Super, where Goku uses the Super Saiyan Blue Kaio-Ken x10 in order to resist Hit's Time Stop ability in the Universe 6 Saga. Another example is in the sixth part of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, Stone Ocean, in which the main villain Enrico Pucci used his Stand ability, Made in Heaven, which allows him infinite speed and time acceleration, to counter Jotaro Cujoh's time stop ability. A similar technique is used by Heaven Ascencion DIO and The World Over Heaven, in JoJo's Bizarre Adventure: Eyes of Heaven, where he uses a technique Reality Overwrite, granting him infinite speed, the ability to wipe out an uncountably infinite number of universes and the power to defeat his son Giorno Giovanna, who himself is able to move and even talk in erased time with his own version of The World, and claimed that those who stood before it would be unable to take action.
In other media
Speedsters in other media include Daphne Millbrook (played by Brea Grant), a character in the NBC television superhero drama Heroes. Daphne first appeared in that series' third season in 2008, initially as a villain.
In addition, many characters exist in other media such as film, video games, anime and manga who possess the abilities to perform feats at incredible speeds that exceed the abilities of those around them. Examples include the video game character Sonic the Hedgehog, and the animated cartoon characters Speedy Gonzales, the Road Runner, Morton of Horton Hears A Who!, several Ben 10 Aliens including XLR8, Jetray,and Fasttrack, Rainbow Dash (and in one case, Pinkie Pie taking on an alter ego called 'Filisecond' in a comic book universe) from My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic, Saitama, Speed o' Sound Sonic, Flashy Flash and several other characters of One-Punch Man, several Stand users and almost all other characters from JoJo's Bizarre Adventure (the semi-common "punch rush", among other abilities, allows attacks to surpass the speed of light several hundred times over, having reaction times of less than a hundredths of a nanosecond, the "World" abilities can freeze the entire universe for a maximum of ten seconds for "infinite" speed as far as the outside universe is concerned, [although Dio and his Stand themselves do not have infinite speed, since he cannot move within stopped time without any resistance to it, and he can only see and think when someone else stops time], and rare few can literally move in places where time and space do not exist), Goku, Vegeta, Frieza, Beerus (Beerus has repeatedly been stated to possess three-quarters the speed of Whis), Whis (In Dragon Ball Super Episode 3, he crossed the entire universe within 10 seconds after a brief stop to have a conversation with Beerus), Jiren and practically every single character in the entire Dragon Ball franchise and Dash Parr of The Incredibles. Bree Davenport, the superhero from Lab Rats is the one the characters depend on to take them to mission sights.
- The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe, by Mark Gruenwald and Peter Sanderson; Volume Five; Pages 55 & 128.
- John Byrne’s Next Men #7; September 1992
- Question and answer with Peter David
- Further discussion with Peter David
- The character is referred to as a "speedster" on Page 3 of the August 25, 2008 TV Guide, and refers to herself as such in "The Second Coming".