Speedwell Cavern

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Speedwell Cavern
Speedwell Cavern 2015 03.jpg
LocationCastleton, Derbyshire
Coordinates53°20′29″N 1°47′32″W / 53.3414°N 1.7921°W / 53.3414; -1.7921Coordinates: 53°20′29″N 1°47′32″W / 53.3414°N 1.7921°W / 53.3414; -1.7921
GeologyLimestone
WebsiteSpeedwell Cavern official website
Location of Speedwell Cavern, Derbyshire, and the other nearby caves.

Speedwell Cavern is one of the four show caves in Castleton, Derbyshire, England.[1]

The cave system consists of a horizontal lead miners' adit (a level passageway driven horizontally into the hillside) 200m below ground leading to the cavern itself, a limestone cave. The narrow adit is permanently flooded, so after descending a long staircase, access to the cave is made by boat. At the end of the adit, the cavern opens up with fluorspar veins, stalactites and stalagmites, and the so-called "Bottomless Pit". This chamber has an underground lake with a 20 metres (66 ft) high waterfall and an extremely deep vertical shaft, now choked to within 20 metres (66 ft) of the surface by rock spoil dumped by miners. The original depth of the shaft has been estimated, from the amount of spoil placed in the shaft over the years, at around 150 metres (490 ft).[2]

The mine was developed in the 1770s but the limited lead ore deposits meant that it was not profitable and it was closed down by 1790.[3]

At the foot of Winnats Pass, it is a popular tourist attraction with an underground boat trip to the cavern. Originally the guide propelled the boat by pushing against the walls with his hands, later the boat was legged through, and now it is powered by an electric motor.

A connection was discovered in 2006 between the Speedwell Cavern system and Titan, the largest natural shaft in the UK, which is 141.5 metres (464 ft) high.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Peak District, Derbyshire | Regional Studies | Limestone landscapes | Geology of Britain | British Geological Survey (BGS)". www.bgs.ac.uk. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Speedwell Cavern". showcaves.com. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  3. ^ Ford, Trevor (1961). The Story of the Speedwell Cavern. R J & D Harrison.
  4. ^ "Titan – king of the caverns". BBC Inside Out. 6 November 2006. Retrieved 22 March 2020.