Speicher, Switzerland

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Speicher
2008-05-17 Speicher Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden 5466.jpg
Coat of arms of Speicher
Coat of arms
Speicher is located in Switzerland
Speicher
Speicher
Speicher is located in Canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden
Speicher
Speicher
Coordinates: 47°24′N 9°26′E / 47.400°N 9.433°E / 47.400; 9.433Coordinates: 47°24′N 9°26′E / 47.400°N 9.433°E / 47.400; 9.433
Country Switzerland
Canton Appenzell Ausserrhoden
District n.a.
Area[1]
 • Total 8.17 km2 (3.15 sq mi)
Elevation 924 m (3,031 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 4,215
 • Density 520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Postal code 9042
SFOS number 3023
Surrounded by Bühler, Eggersriet (SG), Rehetobel, St. Gallen (SG), Teufen, Trogen
Website www.speicher.ch
SFSO statistics

Speicher is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden, in Switzerland.

History[edit]

View from the Vögelinsegg

Speicher is first mentioned in 1309 as Spicher.[3] The name originated in the Middle Ages, during the heyday of the Abbey of Saint Gall. At that time the village church served as a granary of the monastery. The first battle of the Appenzell Wars was fought at the village of Vögelinsegg, near Speicher in 1403. A monument to the battle, a pointing Appenzell farmer with a morning star, was built in 1903 on the ridge of Vögelinsegg.

A right of way had to be blasted through the rock at Vögelinsegg to lay the track for the Trogenerbahn in 1900.

Geography[edit]

Speicher

Speicher has an area, as of 2006, of 8.2 km2 (3.2 sq mi). Of this area, 54.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 28.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 16.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.5%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the former District of Mittelland. Until the 1950s the municipality was lightly settled with scattered farm houses and two small settlements, Speicher and Speicherschwendi. Both have expanded into larger villages since then.

Demographics[edit]

Speicher has a population (as of 2008) of 4,012, of which about 8.5% are foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 1.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (93.5%), with Spanish being second most common ( 1.3%) and Albanian being third ( 0.9%).[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Speicher is; 298 people or 7.7% of the population are between 0–6 years old. 477 people or 12.4% are 6-15, and 190 people or 4.9% are 16-19. Of the adult population, 164 people or 4.3% of the population are between 20–24 years old. 1,104 people or 28.7% are 25-44, and 1,077 people or 28.0% are 45-64. The senior population distribution is 405 people or 10.5% of the population are between 65–79 years old, and 138 people or 3.6% are over 80.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the FDP received 72.2% of the vote.[4]

In Speicher about 78% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Speicher has an unemployment rate of 1.2%. As of 2005, there were 86 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 34 businesses involved in this sector. 256 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 47 businesses in this sector. 617 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 156 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1667 908 —    
1734 1,634 +80.0%
1910 3,315 +102.9%
1941 2,137 −35.5%
1990 3,789 +77.3%
2000 3,953 +4.3%
2005 3,921 −0.8%
2007 3,953 +0.8%

Sights[edit]

The Holzpalast house in the municipality is listed as a heritage site of national significance.[7]

Sports[edit]

  • Tennis Hall
  • Indoor swimming pool with gym
  • Sports facilities with artificial turf skate park and outdoor handball field
  • Beach volleyball
  • Various sports clubs: FC-Speicher, TV-Speicher, Uni hockey, tennis club
  • foothills of open and wooded terrain. Attractive for hiking, mountain biking and Nordic walking.
  • Cross-country ski in the winter
  • Vita-Parcours
  • Arguably the most successful club in the village is the FC Speicher. Founded in 1962, the club can demonstrate some success in the Swiss amateur football. It is known, in the region, for its excellent junior work.

Transport[edit]

Speicher is linked to the city of St. Gallen by the St. Gallen–Trogen railway line, a narrow-gauge road-side railway line. The line operates two trains per hour throughout the day, with four trains per hour during peak periods. The journey from St. Gallen to Speicher takes 20 minutes.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b Speicher in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 17-Sep-2009
  5. ^ Brief Statistics for the half-canton (German) accessed 15 September 2009
  6. ^ a b c Appenzell Outer Rhodes website (German) accessed 15 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 17-Sep-2009
  8. ^ "St. Gallen–Speicher–Trogen" (PDF). Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2014-06-27.