|Mission type||X-ray astronomy|
|Operator||Russian Space Research Institute
European Space Agency, Max Planck Institute, University of Leicester
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||Mar-Apr 2018|
|Launch site||Baikonur 45/1|
|eROSITA, Lobster, ART-XC|
Spektr-RG (Russian for Spectrum + Röntgen + Gamma; also called Spectrum-X-Gamma, SRG, SXG) is an international high-energy astrophysics observatory, which is being built under the leadership of the Russian Space Research Institute (IKI). Spektr-RG instrumentation includes 5 telescopes spanning the energy range from the far ultraviolet to the hard X-ray, plus an all-sky monitor. As of April 2016[update] it is planned to launch from March 1 to April 14, 2018.
The Spektr-RG programme was revived in 2005 and the spacecraft was in final stages of assembly during 2016. As of mid-2016 and after repeated slippage in the schedule, instrument launch is scheduled for early-2018. The observatory is intended to study the interplanetary magnetic field, galaxies and black holes.
(Extended Roentgen Survey with an Imaging Telescope Array)
|Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics||Wolter telescopes|
Development of an early version of Spektr-RG was started in mid-1990s and was cancelled in 2002. Initial launch date was set to 1995, but later postponed as far as 2008, until it was finally cancelled in 2002. However, some of the instruments have been completed, e.g., an X-ray telescope by Leicester University (JET-X) and an ultraviolet telescope by Tel-Aviv University (TAUVEX).
|JET-X||Two co-aligned 4.4 m-long X-ray telescopes|
|MART||X-ray telescope with coded-aperture instruments|
|LEPC/HEPC||gaseous position-sensitive proportional counters|
|SIXA||two solid-state Si(Li) detectors|
|SXRP||stellar X-ray polarimeter|
|MOXE||X-ray all-sky monitor|
|DIOGENE||Spectrometer for measuring gamma-ray bursts|
|SPIN||Spectrometer for measuring gamma-ray bursts|
|Gaseous scintillation proportional counter|
|SODART||High-throughput multi-mirror X-ray twin telescope of 8m focal length with changeable detectors on slides for energies between 0.1 and 20 keV|
- Zak, Anatoly (16 April 2016). "Spektr-RG to expand horizons of X-ray astronomy". Russian Space Web. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
- Gunter Dirk Krebs. "Spektr-RG (SXG)". Retrieved 2011-02-04.
- Harland, David M.; Harvey, Brian (2007), Space Exploration 2008, シュプリンガー・ジャパン株式会社, p. 96, ISBN 978-0-387-71667-1, retrieved 2011-02-04
- "Russia to Restart Science in Space". Russian Federal Space Agency. 2010-08-12. Retrieved 2011-02-04.
- "Spectrum-RG/eRosita/Lobster mission definition document". Russian Space Research Institute. 2005-10-30. Retrieved 2011-02-04.
- "Spectrum-X-Gamma". DTU Space. 2000-08-04. Retrieved 2011-02-04.
- "Leicester's role in Russian satellite programme revealed as UK's largest telescope goes to Science Museum". DTU Space. 2009-06-17. Retrieved 2011-02-04.
- Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER, another X-ray obs. of the 2010s)
- ROSAT (all-sky X-ray obs. from the 1990s)
- Chandra X-ray Observatory (X-ray telescope from 1990s (narrow but higher resolution FOV)
- Granat (old Soviet X-ray obs., 1980s)