Spelthorne Hundred

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Spelthorne
Spelthorne Hundred in Middlesex.svg
Area
 • 183123,386 acres (94.64 km2)[1][2]
Population
 • 183115,212[3]
 • 1881[4]33,460
History
 • Createdin late Anglo Saxon England
Statushundred
Subdivisions
 • TypeParishes containing manors, churchlands and commons.
Henry VIII created the two royal parks in the eastern two parishes - Bushy Park and Hampton Court Park - and set up hunting rights and similar privileges across much of the hundred. By the 19th century all the commons were enclosed and only manor with its lands largely undivided was Hampton Court.

Spelthorne was a hundred (dated subdivision) of the historic county of Middlesex, England. It contained these parishes and settlements[5] :

The present-day district of Spelthorne in Surrey amounts to about 59% of the hundred.[6][4] The eastern parts since 1965 form parts of the London boroughs of Hounslow and Richmond upon Thames.

The parishes in the Hundred. These closely correspond with postcode districts.

Demography[edit]

A decennial table for each parish is published in the Victoria County History series. By 1891 the Hundred was legally moribund, having already been de facto moribund. The population of the north-eastern six parishes has been greater than the south-west seven since an unknowable point in time between the 1831 and 1841 censuses. A summary is:[4]

Area name Acreage 1801 population 1821 population 1841 population 1861 population 1881 population 1901 population
Seven parishes becoming in 1965 part of Surrey 13,733 5604 6720 7915 9152 14520 20888
Six parishes becoming in 1965 part of London 9,653 4624 6697 8672 10288 18940 32280
Total (Spelthorne Hundred) 23,386 10288 13417 16587 19440 33460 53168

Relative to the county as a whole, the hundred (one of six) had 12.9% of its 181,320 acres. In 1801 it had 1.3% of the 818,129 people recorded as living in Middlesex; in 1901 it had 1.6% of the 3,585,323 people stated in the census to be living in the county (including in the County of London parts which once lay in Middlesex).[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Middlesex hundreds 1831 census population. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
  2. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/middx/vol2/pp112-120
  3. ^ http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit/10216114/cube/TOT_POP
  4. ^ a b c d 'Table of Acreage and populations, 1801-1901', in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 2, General ed. William Page (London, 1911), pp. 112-120. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/middx/vol2/pp112-120 [accessed 24 May 2018].
  5. ^ "Table Of Population 1801–1901". British History. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  6. ^ 13733 of 23386 acres in terms of the traditional areas (parishes); the bulk successor has negligibly diverged on its external boundaries since 1901.

Coordinates: 51°26′N 0°25′W / 51.43°N 0.41°W / 51.43; -0.41