Clay County, Iowa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Spencer, IA µSA)
Jump to: navigation, search
Clay County, Iowa
Clay County IA Courthouse.jpg
Map of Iowa highlighting Clay County
Location in the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1851
Named for Henry Clay Jr.
Seat Spencer
Largest city Spencer
Area
 • Total 573 sq mi (1,484 km2)
 • Land 567 sq mi (1,469 km2)
 • Water 5.4 sq mi (14 km2), 0.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 16,507
 • Density 29/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.clay.ia.us

Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,667.[1] Its county seat is Spencer.[2] Its name is in honor of Henry Clay, Jr.,[3] a colonel who died in action in the Mexican-American War, and son of Henry Clay, famous American statesman.

Clay County comprises the Spencer, IA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Clay County holds the annual Clay County Fair. The very first newspaper in Clay County was the Peterson Patriot which started circulation in 1880.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 573 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 567 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 5.4 square miles (14 km2) (0.9%) is water.[4] Clay County is home to the large Barringer Slough wetland.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 52
1870 1,523 2,828.8%
1880 4,248 178.9%
1890 9,309 119.1%
1900 13,401 44.0%
1910 12,766 −4.7%
1920 15,660 22.7%
1930 16,107 2.9%
1940 17,762 10.3%
1950 18,103 1.9%
1960 18,504 2.2%
1970 18,464 −0.2%
1980 19,576 6.0%
1990 17,585 −10.2%
2000 17,372 −1.2%
2010 16,667 −4.1%
Est. 2016 16,333 [5] −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 16,667 in the county, with a population density of 29.292/sq mi (11.310/km2). There were 8,062 housing units, of which 7,282 were occupied.[10]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Clay County

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 17,372 people, 7,259 households, and 4,776 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 7,828 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.08% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. 1.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,259 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.20% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,799, and the median income for a family was $42,769. Males had a median income of $30,163 versus $21,068 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,451. About 6.30% of families and 8.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.10% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

At one point Great Lakes Airlines was headquartered in Summit Township, Clay County.[12][13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Clay County is divided into these townships:

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Clay County.[14]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Spencer City 11,233
2 Everly City 603
3 Royal City 446
4 Peterson City 334
5 Fostoria City 231
6 Dickens City 185
7 Webb City 141
8 Greenville City 75
9 Rossie City 70
10 Gillett Grove City 49

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 68.2% 5,877 26.1% 2,249 5.7% 491
2012 58.2% 4,951 39.8% 3,385 2.0% 166
2008 51.8% 4,355 46.7% 3,925 1.5% 122
2004 57.0% 4,898 41.3% 3,547 1.7% 143
2000 52.7% 3,992 43.5% 3,294 3.9% 292
1996 40.9% 3,129 47.8% 3,659 11.3% 867
1992 35.9% 3,011 39.9% 3,346 24.1% 2,023
1988 46.3% 3,641 53.0% 4,173 0.7% 56
1984 53.5% 4,450 45.4% 3,774 1.1% 92
1980 51.1% 4,479 36.3% 3,179 12.6% 1,106
1976 53.5% 4,548 44.4% 3,776 2.1% 176
1972 59.3% 4,564 37.5% 2,887 3.2% 245
1968 56.7% 4,325 37.2% 2,840 6.1% 463
1964 38.7% 2,999 59.8% 4,631 1.5% 119
1960 60.0% 5,165 40.0% 3,437 0.0% 2
1956 62.4% 5,107 36.3% 2,970 1.4% 113
1952 72.6% 6,271 26.1% 2,258 1.3% 112
1948 43.6% 3,036 52.4% 3,649 4.0% 276
1944 45.4% 3,055 54.1% 3,639 0.5% 30
1940 45.8% 3,673 53.9% 4,328 0.3% 24
1936 36.6% 2,774 61.8% 4,691 1.6% 121
1932 38.4% 2,599 58.3% 3,944 3.3% 226
1928 65.5% 3,986 33.9% 2,064 0.6% 35
1924 61.0% 3,549 6.5% 378 32.6% 1,896
1920 80.1% 4,471 17.9% 1,001 2.0% 113
1916 55.4% 1,649 41.5% 1,234 3.1% 93
1912 24.0% 679 25.0% 707 50.9% 1,438
1908 69.7% 1,921 28.2% 778 2.1% 58
1904 78.7% 2,154 17.8% 487 3.5% 96
1900 72.8% 2,292 24.8% 781 2.4% 77
1896 66.0% 1,880 32.8% 933 1.3% 36

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 83. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - State -- County". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved March 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ "Welcome to Great Lakes Aviation, Ltd." Great Lakes Airlines. December 5, 1998. Retrieved on May 25, 2009.
  13. ^ "Spencer city, Iowa." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 25, 2009.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-21. Retrieved 2013-02-10. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°04′51″N 95°08′58″W / 43.08083°N 95.14944°W / 43.08083; -95.14944