In geometry, a spherical sector is a portion of a sphere defined by a conical boundary with apex at the center of the sphere. It can be described as the union of a spherical cap and the cone formed by the center of the sphere and the base of the cap.
If the radius of the sphere is denoted by r and the height of the cap by h, the volume of the spherical sector is
This may also be written as
where φ is half the cone angle, i.e., the angle between the rim of the cap and the direction to the middle of the cap as seen from the sphere center.
The curved surface area of the spherical sector (on the surface of the sphere, excluding the cone surface) is
It is also
The volume can be calculated by integrating the differential volume element
over the volume of the spherical sector,
where the integrals have been separated, because the integrand can be separated into a product of functions each with one dummy variable.
The area can be similarly calculated by integrating the differential spherical area element
over the spherical sector, giving
where φ is inclination (or elevation) and θ is azimuth (right). Notice r is a constant. Again, the integrals can be separated.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spherical sector.|
- Weisstein, Eric W. "Spherical sector". MathWorld.
- Weisstein, Eric W. "Spherical cone". MathWorld.
- Summary of spherical formulas
|This geometry-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|