Sphincterochilidae

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Sphincterochilidae
Temporal range: Eocene–recent
Sphincterochila candidissima viva 01.jpg
A live individual of Sphincterochila candidissima
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra
Superfamily: Helicoidea
Family: Sphincterochilidae
Zilch, 1960 (1910)[1]

Sphincterochilidae is a taxonomic family of medium-sized air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Helicoidea (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).[2]

In the fossil record, Sphincterochilidae are known from the upper Eocene to the Holocene.[3]

Distribution[edit]

The distribution of Sphincterochilidae includes the western-Palearctic zone.[4]

Taxonomy[edit]

The following two subfamilies have been recognized in the taxonomy of Bouchet & Rocroi (2005):[2]

  • subfamily Sphincterochilinae Zilch, 1960 (1910) - synonyms: Calcarinidae Pallary, 1909[5] (inv.); Albeidae Pallary, 1910.[6] Sphincterochilidae is a conserved name to take the priority of Leucochroidae Westerlund, 1886.[7][2][8]
  • subfamily † Pseudoleptaxinae H. Nordsieck, 1986[9]

Genera[edit]

Genera within the family Sphincterochilidae include:

Sphincterochilinae

† Pseudoleptaxinae

Ecology[edit]

Sphincterochilidae land snails are xerothermophilous, i.e. they are well adapted to hot dry places.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zilch A. M. (1960). Handbuch der Paläozoologie 6(4): 601-835. page 663.
  2. ^ a b c d e Bouchet P.; Rocroi J.-P.; Frýda J.; Hausdorf B.; Ponder W.; Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  3. ^ a b "Family summary for Sphincterochilidae". AnimalBase, last modified 27 August 2005, accessed 10 April 2009.
  4. ^ Hausdorf B. (2000). "Biogeography of the Limacoidea sensu lato (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): Vicariance Events and Long-Distance Dispersal". Journal of Biogeography 27(2): 379-390. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00403.x, JSTOR.
  5. ^ Pallary P. M. (1909). "Catalogue de la faune malacologique de l'Egypte". Mémoires présentés à l'Institut Égyptien 6(1): 1-92, plates 1-5. page 12.
  6. ^ Pallary P. M. (1910). "Catalogue de la faune malacologique de l'Egypte. Additions et corrections". Mémoires présentés à l'Institut Égyptien 6(2): 177-182. page 178.
  7. ^ Bouchet P. & Rocroi J. P. (2004). "Thebini Wenz, 1923, Monachainae Wenz, 1930 (1904), and Sphincterochilidae Zilch, 1960 (1910): proposed conservation (Mollusca, Gastropoda)". Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 61(3): 154-161.
  8. ^ ICZN (2006). "OPINION 2135 (Case 3261) THEBINI Wenz, 1923, MONACHAINAE/MONACHAINI Wenz, 1930 (1904), and SPHINCTEROCHILIDAE Zilch, 1960 (1910) (Mollusca, Gastropoda): conserved". Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 63(1): 56-58. abstract.
  9. ^ Nordsieck H. (1986). "Das System der tertiären Helicoidea Mittel- und Westeuropas (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora)". Heldia 1(4): 109-120, plates 15-17. page 116.
  10. ^ Tryon G. W. & Pilsbry H. A. (1894). Manual of Conchology (2)9: 294.

External links[edit]