Sphingomonas paucimobilis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sphingomonas paucimobilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Alphaproteobacteria
Order: Sphingomonadales
Family: Sphingomonadaceae
Genus: Sphingomonas
Binomial name
Sphingomonas paucimobilis
(Holmes et al. 1977)
Yabuuchi et al. 1990
Synonyms

Pseudomonas paucimobilis Holmes et al. 1977

Sphingomonas paucimobilis is an aerobic Gram-negative soil bacillus that has a single polar flagellum with slow motility. The cell size is around 0.7 x 1.4 μm.[1] As with the other members of the genus, its biochemistry is remarkable in possession of ubiquinone 10 as its major respiratory quinone, and of glycosphingolipids instead of lipopolysaccharides in its cell envelope.[2] It has been implicated in various types of clinical infection.,[3][4]

S. paucimobilis is able to degrade lignin-related biphenyl chemical compounds.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ George M. Garrity, ed. (July 26, 2005) [1984(Williams & Wilkins)]. The Proteobacteria. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2C (2nd ed.). New York: Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-24145-6. British Library no. GBA561951. 
  2. ^ Sphingomonas, Microbewiki
  3. ^ Sphingomonas paucimobilis: a persistent Gram-negative nosocomial infectious organism., Ryan MP, Adley CC., J Hosp Infect. 2010 Jul;75(3):153-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2010.03.007.
  4. ^ Sphingomonas paucimobilis Bloodstream Infections Associated with Contaminated Intravenous Fentanyl, Lisa L. Maragakis, Romanee Chaiwarith, Arjun Srinivasan, Francesca J. Torriani, Edina Avdic, Andrew Lee, Tracy R. Ross, Karen C. Carroll, and Trish M. Perl, Emerging Infectious Diseases Vol. 15, No. 1, January 2009
  5. ^ Cloning of a Sphingomonas paucimobilis SYK-6 Gene Encoding a Novel Oxygenase That Cleaves Lignin-Related Biphenyl and Characterization of the Enzyme. Xue Peng, Takashi Egashira, Kaoru Hanashiro, Eiji Masai, Seiji Nishikawa, Yoshihiro Katayama, Kazuhide Kimbara and Masao Fukuda, Appl Environ Microbiol, July 1998, p. 2520-2527, Vol. 64, No. 7