Sphingomonas paucimobilis

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Sphingomonas paucimobilis
Scientific classification
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Binomial name
Sphingomonas paucimobilis
(Holmes et al. 1977)
Yabuuchi et al. 1990
Synonyms

Pseudomonas paucimobilis Holmes et al. 1977

Sphingomonas paucimobilis is a strictly aerobic Gram-negative bacillus that has a single polar flagellum with slow motility.[1][2] The cell size is around 0.7 x 1.4 μm.[3] It is usually found in soil. As with the other members of the genus, its biochemistry is remarkable in possession of ubiquinone 10 as its major respiratory quinone, and of glycosphingolipids instead of lipopolysaccharides in its cell envelope.[4] It has been implicated in various types of clinical infections.[2][5][6]

S. paucimobilis is able to degrade lignin-related biphenyl chemical compounds.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yabuuchi, Eiko; Yano, Ikuya; Oyaizu, Hiroshi; Hashimoto, Yasuhiro; Ezaki, Takayuki; Yamamoto, Hiroyuki (February 1990). "Proposals of Sphingomonas paucimobilis gen. nov. and comb. nov., Sphingomonas parapaucimobilis sp. nov., Sphingomonas yanoikuyae sp. nov., Sphingomonas adhaesiva sp. nov., Sphingomonas capsulata comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingomonas". Microbiology and Immunology. 34 (2): 99–119. doi:10.1111/j.1348-0421.1990.tb00996.x.
  2. ^ a b Toh, Han-Siong; Tay, Hung-Tze; Kuar, Wei-Khie; Weng, Tzu-Chieh; Tang, Hung-Jen; Tan, Che-Kim (August 2011). "Risk factors associated with Sphingomonas paucimobilis infection". Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection. 44 (4): 289–295. doi:10.1016/j.jmii.2010.08.007.
  3. ^ George M. Garrity, ed. (July 26, 2005) [1984(Williams & Wilkins)]. The Proteobacteria. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2C (2nd ed.). New York: Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-24145-6. British Library no. GBA561951.
  4. ^ Sphingomonas, Microbewiki
  5. ^ Ryan, MP; Adley, CC. "Sphingomonas paucimobilis: a persistent Gram-negative nosocomial infectious organism". J Hosp Infect. 75: 153–7. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2010.03.007. PMID 20434794.
  6. ^ Sphingomonas paucimobilis Bloodstream Infections Associated with Contaminated Intravenous Fentanyl, Lisa L. Maragakis, Romanee Chaiwarith, Arjun Srinivasan, Francesca J. Torriani, Edina Avdic, Andrew Lee, Tracy R. Ross, Karen C. Carroll, and Trish M. Perl, Emerging Infectious Diseases Vol. 15, No. 1, January 2009
  7. ^ Cloning of a Sphingomonas paucimobilis SYK-6 Gene Encoding a Novel Oxygenase That Cleaves Lignin-Related Biphenyl and Characterization of the Enzyme. Xue Peng, Takashi Egashira, Kaoru Hanashiro, Eiji Masai, Seiji Nishikawa, Yoshihiro Katayama, Kazuhide Kimbara and Masao Fukuda, Appl Environ Microbiol, July 1998, p. 2520-2527, Vol. 64, No. 7

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