Sphinx (Dungeons & Dragons)
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- 1 Publication history
- 1.1 Dungeons & Dragons (1974-1976)
- 1.2 Advanced Dungeons & Dragons 1st edition (1977-1988)
- 1.3 Dungeons & Dragons (1977-1999)
- 1.4 Advanced Dungeons & Dragons 2nd edition (1989-1999)
- 1.5 Dungeons & Dragons 3.0 edition (2000-2002)
- 1.6 Dungeons & Dragons 3.5 edition (2003-2007)
- 1.7 Dungeons & Dragons 4th edition (2008-)
- 2 Types
- 3 Other publishers
- 4 References
The sphinx was one of the earliest creatures introduced in the D&D game.
Dungeons & Dragons (1974-1976)
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons 1st edition (1977-1988)
The sphinx appears in the first edition Monster Manual (1977), which introduces the four main types: the androsphinx, the criosphinx, the gynosphinx, and the hieracosphinx. Published first edition Advanced Dungeons and Dragons adventures which included Gynosphinxes as adversaries that the players encounter included "The Ruins of Andril", published in Dragon #81.
Dungeons & Dragons (1977-1999)
This edition of the D&D game included its own version of the sphinx, in the Dungeons & Dragons Master Rules (1985), in the "Master DM's Book". It was also presented as a player character class in Top Ballista (1989) and later featured in the Dungeons & Dragons Rules Cyclopedia (1991).
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons 2nd edition (1989-1999)
The sphinx is further detailed in Dragon #244 (February 1998), in "The Ecology of the Sphinx." 
Dungeons & Dragons 3.0 edition (2000-2002)
The androsphinx, criosphinx, gynosphinx, and hieracosphinx appear in the Monster Manual for this edition (2000).
Dungeons & Dragons 3.5 edition (2003-2007)
The androsphinx, criosphinx, gynosphinx, and hieracosphinx appear in the revised Monster Manual for this edition (2003).
The canisphinx, the crocosphinx, the saurosphinx, and the threskisphinx appear in Sandstorm: Mastering the Perils of Fire and Sand (2005).
The loquasphinx appears in the Tome of Magic: Pact, Shadow, and Truename Magic (2006).
Dungeons & Dragons 4th edition (2008-)
The sphinx appears in the Monster Manual for this edition (2008).
- Androsphinx (// AN-droh-sfinɡks) - wise, good male creatures with the heads of male humans with leonine manes, who can cast spells
- Astrosphinx - Malevolent sphinxes whose heads resemble goat skulls
- Canisphinx - jackal-headed, predatory sphinxes
- Criosphinx - male ram-headed sphinxes with low intelligence and generally the sole aim of finding a gynosphinx mate
- Dracosphinx - evil, crocodilian sphinxes that lair on river banks (Third Edition version); sphinx with traits of a red dragon (previous editions' version)
- Gynosphinx - the traditional riddle-loving sphinx with the head of a female human, and the sole female subrace, who has some innate magical powers
- Hieracophinx - evil, savage and animal-intelligent hawk-headed sphinxes
- Loquasphinx - leonine, knowledge-seeking sphinxes that are particularly interested in Truespeech (the language of Truenames)
- Luposphinx - Wolf-headed, forest-dwelling sphinxes
- Saurosphinx - reptilian-faced, conversational sphinxes
- Threskisphinx - Ibis-headed, sagely sphinxes known for their skill as magical artisans
The gynosphinx appeared under the "sphinx" heading in Paizo Publishing's book Pathfinder Roleplaying Game Bestiary (2009). The sphinx (including the androsphinx, criosphinx, and heriacosphinx) appeared in Paizo Publishing's book Pathfinder Roleplaying Game Bestiary 3 (2011). The sphinx is fully detailed in Paizo Publishing's book Mythical Monsters Revisited (2012), on pages 52–57.
- Kuntz, Robert J. and James Ward. Gods, Demi-gods & Heroes (TSR, 1976)
- Gygax, Gary. Monster Manual (TSR, 1977)
- Melluish, Ian (January 1984). "The Ruins of Andril: An AD&D adventure for 4-8 characters, levels 8-11". Dragon. TSR. 8 (7): 41–56.
- Hankins, Lance. "The Dragon's Bestiary: A Walk Through the Woods" Dragon #119 (TSR, 1987)
- Gygax, Gary, Frank Mentzer. Dungeons & Dragons Set 4: Master Rules (TSR, 1985)
- Allston, Aaron, Steven E. Schend, Jon Pickens, and Dori Watry. Dungeons & Dragons Rules Cyclopedia (TSR, 1991)
- Cook, David, et al. Monstrous Compendium Volume Two (TSR, 1989)
- Stewart, Doug, ed. Monstrous Manual (TSR, 1993)
- Bennie, Scott. Old Empires (TSR, 1990)
- Varney, Allen, ed. Monstrous Compendium Spelljammer Appendix II (TSR, 1991)
- Richards, Jonathan M. "Ecology of the Sphinx, The" Dragon #244 (TSR, 1998)
- Cook, Monte, Jonathan Tweet, and Skip Williams. Monster Manual (Wizards of the Coast, 2000)
- Cordell, Bruce, Jennifer Clarke-Wilkes, and JD Wiker. Sandstorm (Wizards of the Coast, 2005)
- Sernett, Matthew, Dave Noonan, Ari Marmell, and Robert J. Schwalb. Tome of Magic: Pact, Shadow, and Truename Magic (Wizards of the Coast, 2006)
- Mearls, Mike, Stephen Schubert, and James Wyatt. Monster Manual (Wizards of the Coast, 2008)
- Mentzer, Frank. "Ay pronunseeAY shun gyd" Dragon #93 (TSR, 1985)
- Bulmahn, Jason (lead designer). Pathfinder Roleplaying Game Bestiary (Paizo Publishing, 2009)
- Bulmahn, Jason (lead designer). Pathfinder Roleplaying Game Bestiary 3 (Paizo Publishing, 2011)
- Benner, Jesse, Jonathan H. Keith, Michael Kenway, Jason Nelson, Anthony Pryor, and Greg A. Vaughan. Mythical Monsters Revisited (Paizo, 2012)