Spialia spio

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Spialia spio
Ann. Soc. ent. Fr.1890 Plate3.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Hesperiidae
Genus: Spialia
Species: S. spio
Binomial name
Spialia spio
(Linnaeus, 1764)[1]
  • Papilio spio Linnaeus, 1764
  • Syrichtus spio
  • Papilio vindex Stoll, 1781

Spialia spio, the mountain sandman or Spio grizzled skipper, is a butterfly of the Hesperiidae family. It is found in tropical Africa and south-western Arabia. In South Africa it is found all over the eastern side of the country.

The wingspan is 22–29 mm for males and 28–31 mm for females. Adults are on wing year-round in warmer areas. In South Africa it is more common in warmer months. In cooler areas adults are on wing from August to April.[2]

The larvae feed on Lavatera arborea, Hibiscus (including Hibiscus aethiopicus, Hibiscus gossypinus and Hibiscus pusillus), Sida, Pavonia (including Pavonia burchellii, Pavonia macrophylla and Pavonia columella), Triumfetta and Hermannia species (including Hermannia diffusa, Hermannia incana, Hermannia comosa, Hermannia coccocarpa, Hermannia candicans, Hermannia pilosula, Hermannia pallius, Hermannia pollens and Hermannia cuneifolia).


  1. ^ Spialia at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  2. ^ Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7.