Spider-Man (1994 TV series)
|Created by||Stan Lee
|Developed by||Marvel Films Animation
|Theme music composer||Joe Perry|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||5|
|No. of episodes||65 (list of episodes)|
|Running time||21 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Marvel Entertainment Group
Marvel Films Animation
|Distributor||New World Communications
Disney-ABC Domestic Television
|Original release||November 19, 1994– January 31, 1998|
|Preceded by||Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends|
|Followed by||Spider-Man Unlimited|
Spider-Man, also known as Spider-Man: The Animated Series, is an American animated television series which based on the Marvel Comics superhero, Spider-Man. The show ran on Fox Kids from November 19, 1994, to January 31, 1998, and ran reruns on the Jetix block on Toon Disney and on Disney XD. The producer/story editor was John Semper, Jr. and the production company was Marvel Films Animation. The theme song for the series (including the lyrics) was performed by Joe Perry of Aerosmith.
The series focuses on Spider-Man and his alter ego Peter Parker during his college years at Empire State University. As the story begins, Peter has already gained his superpowers and is a part-time freelance photographer for the Daily Bugle. The show features most of Spider-Man's classic villains, including the Kingpin, the Green Goblin, the Lizard, the Shocker, Doctor Octopus, Mysterio, the Scorpion, Rhino, the Vulture, the Chameleon, and Venom. Over the course of the series the single Peter contends with the romantic love interests of Mary Jane Watson, Felicia Hardy and her alter ego, the Black Cat. The show also features appearances from various other Marvel superheroes including the X-Men, the Fantastic Four, Iron Man, Daredevil, Blade, Doctor Strange, the Punisher, and Captain America.
While Marvel's X-Men animated series was being produced by Saban, Spider-Man was produced by the newly formed Marvel Films Animation; it was the only series that in-house studio produced, but was animated by Tokyo Movie Shinsha with Korean studios. For many years, the series was the second longest-running Marvel show created, after X-Men, as well as the longest-running series based on Spider-Man (until Ultimate Spider-Man surpassed its record in 2015). The series was also known for its high level of censorship, with Spider-Man almost never throwing a punch and laser guns instead of real ones (however, in some episodes, realistic guns were depicted, but only in flashbacks, such as the showing of guns being fired during a flashback about The Destroyer's origins where his wife was killed in the crossfire during a crime). In November 2014 podcasts, Semper clarified that the show was not censored as much as any other show at the time and that every time this has been brought up to him, he feels it has been blown out of proportion; Semper said that Marvel had no creative control on the TV series because Marvel at the time was in a tough time and close to bankruptcy. In addition, Semper stated that Stan Lee had influence on the show in the first thirteen episodes. The series is currently owned and distributed by The Walt Disney Company, which acquired all Fox Kids-related properties from News Corporation and Saban International in 2001.
To reproduce New York City's style, background illustrators undertook a large amount of visual research by using photo archives from above New York, particularly rooftops. Maps were consulted for references and buildings were faithfully reproduced.
It has been reported that the animation cels depicting Manhattan's Pan Am Building were scrapped after being complete because the California-based art staff learned the Midtown landmark had been given a new sign more than a year earlier.
The animation staff were directed to populate the city with cars and crowds on the street level. Semper believed that was one of the limitations of earlier Spider-Man animated projects.
Originally, Marvel Films planned to make the backgrounds completely CGI while Spider-Man 'webslinged' around New York, yet due to budget constraints were forced to use traditional cel based animation while occasionally using CGI backgrounds. As well, reuse of animation became more common as the series progressed, which also included reuse of animation involving a character speaking (these scenes were sometimes slowed down in order to better match the actor's voice to the animation).
- Christopher Daniel Barnes – Peter Parker / Spider-Man
- Sara Ballantine – Mary Jane Watson
- Gary Imhoff – Harry Osborn / Green Goblin II
- Joseph Campanella – Dr. Curt Connors / Lizard
- Jennifer Hale – Felicia Hardy / Black Cat
- Julie Bennett – Aunt May Parker
- Susan Beaubian – Dr. Mariah Crawford
- Liz Georges – Debra Whitman
- Patrick Labyorteaux – Flash Thompson
Recurring voice cast
- Edward Asner – J. Jonah Jameson
- Rodney Saulsberry – Joseph "Robbie" Robertson
- Nell Carter – Gloria "Glory" Grant
- Lauren Tom – Dr. Burdine Chong-Yu
- Eddie Albert – Adrian Toomes / Vulture
- Hank Azaria – Eddie Brock / Venom, Hobgoblin (screaming)
- Leigh-Allyn Baker – Alisha Silvermane
- Majel Barrett – Anna Watson
- Gregg Berger – Quentin Beck / Mysterio and Sergei Kravenhoff / Kraven the Hunter
- Nicky Blair – Hammerhead
- Roscoe Lee Browne – Wilson Fisk/Kingpin
- Maxwell Caulfield – Alistair Smythe
- Scott Cleverdon – Cletus Kasady / Carnage
- Jeff Corey – Silvermane
- Jim Cummings – Shocker and Chameleon
- Ed Gilbert – Dormammu
- Mark Hamill – Jason Macendale / Hobgoblin
- Dorian Harewood – Lonnie Lincoln / Tombstone
- Nick Jameson – Michael Morbius / Morbius the Living Vampire, Dr. Groitzig and Richard Fisk
- Tony Jay – Baron Mordo
- Alan Johnson – Young Vulture
- Martin Landau – Mac Gargan / Scorpion (Season 1-2), Sergei Kravenhoff / Kraven the Hunter (screaming)
- Joan Lee – Madame Web
- Giselle Loren – Margaret Connors
- Richard Moll – The Scorpion (Season 4-5)
- Dawnn Lewis - Terri Lee
- Rob Paulsen – Morrie Bench / Hydro-Man
- Neil Ross – Norman Osborn / Green Goblin
- Marla Rubinoff – Liz Allan
- Don Stark – Rhino
- David Warner – Dr. Herbert Landon
- Efrem Zimbalist, Jr. – Dr. Otto Octavius / Doctor Octopus
Guest voice cast
- Philip Abbott – Nick Fury (Episode 13) and Wardell Strom
- Edward Albert – Daredevil
- Jack Angel – Nick Fury (Episode 43, 44, 53, & 58)
- Dimitra Arliss – Anastacia Hardy (Episodes 29, 31, 43, 44, & 45)
- Billy Atmore – Rocket Racer
- James Avery – War Machine
- Robert Axelrod – Microchip
- Michael Des Barres – Jackson Weele
- John Beck – Punisher
- Bob Bergen – Ned Leeds
- Mary Kay Bergman – Gwen Stacy
- Earl Boen – Red Skull and Beyonder
- George Buza – Beast
- Cam Clarke – Mister Fantastic
- Townsend Coleman – Young Silvermane
- Alyson Court – Jubilee
- Rachel Davies – Agent X
- Catherine Disher – Jean Grey
- Cathal J. Dodd – Wolverine
- Roy Dotrice – Destroyer
- Walker Edmiston – Whizzer
- Quinton Flynn – Human Torch
- Mira Furlan – Silver Sable
- Toby Scott Ganger – Billy Connors
- Beverly Garland – Miranda Wilson
- Kathy Garver – Miss America and Gila
- Caroline Goodall – Vanessa Fisk
- Barbara Goodson – Dr. Ashley Kafka
- J. D. Hall – Blade
- Jonathan Harris – Miles Warren
- Robert Hays – Iron Man
- David Hayter – Captain America
- Amy Hill – Agent Susan Choi
- Michael Horton – John Jameson
- Wanda De Jesus – Dr. Silvia Lopez
- Tom Kane – Doctor Doom
- Brian Keith – Uncle Ben
- John Phillip Law – John Hardesky
- Matthew Laborteaux – Flash Thompson
- Stan Lee – Himself
- Lawrence Mandley – Iceberg
- Gail Matthius – Invisible Woman
- Rue McClanahan – Anastacia Hardy (Episode 4)
- Malcolm McDowell – Abraham Whistler (Episode 22-23)
- Iona Morris – Martha Robertson and Storm (Episodes 61-63)
- Oliver Muirhead – Spot, Whistler (Episodes 47-48)
- Edward Mulhare – Spencer Smythe
- Lois Nettleton – Nora
- Nichelle Nichols – Miriam, the Vampire Queen
- Laurie O'Brien – Genevieve
- Patrick Pinney – Thing
- Chris Potter – Gambit
- Philip Proctor – Electro
- Don Reed – Clay Marks
- Alfonso Ribeiro – Randy Robertson
- Peter Mark Richman – Old Peter Parker
- Hansford Rowe – Thunderer
- Tim Russ – Prowler
- Michael Rye – Farley Stillwell
- Alison Sealy-Smith – Storm (Episodes 17-18)
- Cedric Smith – Professor X
- Norm Spencer – Cyclops
- George Takei – Wong
- John Vernon – Doctor Strange
- Paul Winfield – Black Marvel
- Lenore Zann – Rogue
- John Beard – News Anchor
Spider-Man was one of the most popular TV series on Fox Kids, ranking with the programming block's other hit shows such as X-Men, Power Rangers and Batman: The Animated Series. Its ultimate cancellation after 65 episodes was not due to ratings trouble, but due to disagreements between executive producer Avi Arad and network head Margaret Loesch.
Even after the series ended, it still had an impact on the entertainment industry, boosting sales of myriad Spider-Man merchandise and popularity. The show was named the 84th best animated series by IGN.
Three comics based on the series were produced:
- Spider-Man Adventures (December 1994 to February 1996) Spider-Man Adventures #1-4 was later reprinted in Kellogg's Froot Loops Mini-Comics #1-4.
- Adventures of Spider-Man: (April 1996 to March 1997) This featured new stories based on the series. Adventures of Spider-Man was later reprinted in Spectacular Spider-Man (UK Magazine) #11-21 from August 1996 to May 1997.
- Marvel Adventures
A number of video games based on the series were also produced:
- Spider-Man Cartoon Maker for the PC
- Spider-Man Animated Series for the Super Nintendo and Sega Mega Drive/Genesis
Electronic versions of classic Spider-Man comics were released by Marvel that included narration by Christopher Daniel Barnes and featured animation and theme music from this series. Spider-Man novels inspired by selected episodes were also released. A wide variety of themed merchandise (lunch boxes, cereals, clothing, etc.) was produced. McDonald's produced a themed line of Happy Meal toys for the show. However, this paled in comparison to the extensive official toy line that ran over eight series, and included a staggering amount of play sets and vehicles and actually lasted longer than the television series itself.
Despite the fact that the show ended in 1998, the success of the live-action Spider-Man films have sparked more interest in new fans, allowing the series to air in reruns due to its new owners: The Walt Disney Company.
VHS and DVD releases
|VHS Name||Episode Titles||Release Date||Stock Number||Notes|
|The Hobgoblin||"The Hobgoblin" Parts 1 & 2||July 2, 1997||4176|
In the late 1990s, another selection of VHS compilations were released by Marvel Films/New World Entertainment (these tapes were distributed in Canada by Telegenic Entertainment). These releases featured episodes edited into 70-80, 90-100 minute movies based on the particular story arc.
|VHS Name||Episode Titles||Release Date||Stock Number||Notes|
|The Venom Saga||"The Alien Costume" Parts 1 & 2 & 3||November 12, 1996||00103||Based On The All-New 1996 Spider-Man Animated Television Series|
|Revenge of the Goblins||"The Hobgoblin" Parts 1 & 2
"Enter the Green Goblin"
|January 28, 1997||00123|
|Spider Slayer||"The Spider Slayer"
"Return of the Spider Slayer"
"Kraven the Hunter"
"The Return of Kraven"
|March 18, 1997||00143||Special Bonus: Kraven the Hunter Meets Spidey|
|Insidious Six||"The Insidious Six"
"Battle of the Insidious Six"
|June 17, 1997||00163||Special Bonus: Includes two episodes of Iron Man: "The Beast Within"
"Cell of Iron"
|Mutant Agenda||"The Mutant Agenda"
|September 9, 1997||00183||Special Bonus: Includes two episodes of Iron Man: "Iron Man to the Second Power" Parts 1 & 2|
|Tablet of Time||"Enter the Punisher"
"Duel of the Hunters"
"Tablet of Time"
"Ravages of Time"
|November 4, 1997||00203||Special Bonus: Includes the Final Episode of Spider-Man: Mutant Agenda|
|Neogenic Nightmare||"Blade, the Vampire Hunter"
"The Immortal Vampire"
"Shrieks of the Vulture"
"The Final Nightmare"
|May 19, 1998||00213|
|Forgotten Warriors||"Six Forgotten Warriors, Chapter I"
"Six Forgotten Warriors, Chapter II: Unclaimed Legacy"
"Six Forgotten Warriors, Chapter III: Secrets of the Six"
"Six Forgotten Warriors, Chapter IV: The Six Fight Again"
"Six Forgotten Warriors, Chapter V: The Price of Heroism"
|October 27, 1998||00223||Based On The All-New 1996 Spider-Man Animated Television Series|
|The Sins of the Fathers||"Framed"
"The Man Without Fear"
"The Ultimate Slayer"
|May 18, 1999||00233|
|Secret Wars||"Secret Wars, Chapter I: Arrival"
"Secret Wars, Chapter II: The Gauntlet of the Red Skull"
"Secret Wars, Chapter III: Doom"
"Spider Wars, Chapter IV: I Really, Really Hate Clones"
"Spider Wars, Chapter V: Farewell, Spider-Man"
|October 26, 1999||00243|
To date, the only VHS and DVD releases of the series in the U.S. have been several volume sets from Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment that feature 4-5 episodes each.
|Title||Release Date||Stock Number|
|Spider-Man: The Ultimate Villain Showdown||30 April 2002||25911
|Spider-Man: The Return of the Green Goblin||29 October 2002||28126
|Daredevil vs. Spider-Man||11 February 2003||28520
|The Ultimate Spider-Man Collection||2 November 2003|
|Spider-Man vs. Doc Ock||29 June 2004||34571
|Spider-Man: The Venom Saga||7 June 2005||34892
In the UK, Sweden, and Germany, Clear Vision Ltd. has released all five seasons on DVD as of October 19, 2009.
|DVD Name||Ep #||Release Date|
|Complete Season 1||13||June 22, 2009|
|Complete Season 2||14||August 3, 2009|
|Complete Season 3||14||August 17, 2009|
|Complete Season 4||11||September 15, 2009|
|Complete Season 5||13||October 19, 2009|
|The Complete Collection||65||November 7, 2011|
- A Canadian DVD containing three episodes from the "Mutant Agenda" episodes. This is a reissue of the 1997 Marvel-New World/Telegenic VHS release (and it was mastered from one of those VHS releases); as a "Bonus" two episodes from the 1990s Iron Man TV series are included, just like on the VHS release. (Please note there are no audio/subtitle selections.)
- Canadians also received another DVD release of the first season two-parter "The Hobgoblin". This was a re-release of a 2002 VHS release by Disney; the video quality of the episodes on the DVD is that of a VHS transfer. There are no bonus features or audio/subtitle selections on this DVD either.
- A VCD release by Magnavision Home Video.
- A boxed set of all the DVDs released in Poland, simply entitled "Spider-Man: 5 DVD Set". The front of the box features the same graphics as "The Ultimate Villain Showdown".
- Several two-episode DVDs released by Marvel in 2002 prior to the acquisition by Disney.
- The entire first season is available on Xbox Live and iTunes through Disney XD. All five seasons are also currently available for digital purchase on Vudu.
- The entire series is currently available on Hulu Plus and Amazon Video.
Bootleg DVDs of the show have become popular among fans due to a lack of official DVD releases. The bootlegs feature all of the episodes but some of them have low video quality and watermarks. This is likely to change as the entire series becomes available in the UK. The series is currently the 16th most wanted unreleased DVD at TVShowsOnDVD.com.
Writer / Producer John Semper Jr. won an Annie Award in 1995 for Best Individual Achievement for Writing in the Field of Animation for the episode "Day of the Chameleon". Spider-Man was also nominated for one 1996 Image Award for Outstanding Animated/Live-Action/Dramatic Youth or Children's Series/Special.
On November 1, 2014 at the Comikaze Expo, where the show's 20th anniversary was celebrated, John Semper Jr. revealed that much of the cast and crew of Spider-Man The Animated Series, himself included, had agreed to reunite for a new crowdfunded series entitled "War of the Rocket Men". In addition, in late 2014, Semper Jr started a website (cartoonspiderman.com) that features behind-the-scenes content, podcasts about the show, a link to the Facebook page that Semper regularly posts on and more.
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- "Top 10 Comic to TV Adaptations". IGN. Retrieved 2010-08-15.
- "John Semper on "Spider-Man": 10th Anniversary Interview". Marvel Animation Age. toonzone.net. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- Cawley, John. "Marvel Films Animation 1993-1997". Home of John Cawley. John Cawley. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
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- "Spider-Man: The Venom Saga [VHS]: Christopher Daniel Barnes, Sara Ballantine, Roscoe Lee Browne, Rodney Saulsberry, Jennifer Hale: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
- "Spider-Man: Revenge of the Goblins [VHS]: Christopher Daniel Barnes, Sara Ballantine, Roscoe Lee Browne, Rodney Saulsberry, Jennifer Hale: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
- "Spider-Man: Spider Slayer [VHS]: Christopher Daniel Barnes, Sara Ballantine, Roscoe Lee Browne, Rodney Saulsberry, Jennifer Hale: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
- "Spider-Man: Insidious Six VHS]: Christopher Daniel Barnes, Sara Ballantine, Roscoe Lee Browne, Rodney Saulsberry, Jennifer Hale: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
- "Spider-Man: Mutant Agenda VHS]: Christopher Daniel Barnes, Sara Ballantine, Roscoe Lee Browne, Rodney Saulsberry, Jennifer Hale: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
- "Spider-Man: Tablet of Time VHS]: Christopher Daniel Barnes, Sara Ballantine, Roscoe Lee Browne, Rodney Saulsberry, Jennifer Hale: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
- "Spider-Man: Neogenic Nightmare VHS]: Christopher Daniel Barnes, Sara Ballantine, Roscoe Lee Browne, Rodney Saulsberry, Jennifer Hale: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
- "Spider-Man: Forgotten Warriors VHS]: Christopher Daniel Barnes, Sara Ballantine, Roscoe Lee Browne, Rodney Saulsberry, Jennifer Hale: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
- "Spider-Man: The Sins of the Fathers VHS]: Christopher Daniel Barnes, Sara Ballantine, Roscoe Lee Browne, Rodney Saulsberry, Jennifer Hale: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
- "Spider-Man: Secret Wars VHS]: Christopher Daniel Barnes, Sara Ballantine, Roscoe Lee Browne, Rodney Saulsberry, Jennifer Hale: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
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|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Spider-Man: The Animated Series|
- DRG4's Spider-Man: The Animated Series Page
- Animator John Cawley official site
- Marvel Animation Age Presents: Spider-Man: The Animated Series
- Spider-Man at Fox Kids (Archive)
- Spider-Man at the Internet Movie Database
- Spider-Man at TV.com
- Spider-Man (1994) at TVShowsOnDVD.com
- Spider-Man at Marvel.com
- Semper Jr's 2014 - Making of Spider-Man Website
- Spider-Man: The Animated Series on Facebook