Spider-Man (1967 TV series)

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Spider-Man
Spiderman1967.jpg
Genre Action,Adventure,Superhero fiction
Created by Stan Lee (comic book)
Steve Ditko (comic book)
Ralph Bakshi
Starring Paul Soles as Spider-Man
Theme music composer Paul Francis Webster
Bob Harris
Composer(s) Ray Ellis
(incidental music)
Country of origin Canada
United States
No. of episodes 52 (list of episodes)
Production
Running time 25 minutes
Production company(s) Grantray-Lawrence Animation (1967-1968)
Krantz Films (1968-1970)
Marvel Comics Group
Distributor ARP Films (1967-1970)
Buena Vista Television (1985-2007)
New World Entertainment (1997-2001)
Disney-ABC Domestic Television (2007-present)
Release
Original network ABC
Original release September 9, 1967 – June 14, 1970
Chronology
Followed by Spidey Super Stories

Spider-Man is a Canadian-American animated television series in the superhero genre. It was the first animated adaptation of the Spider-Man comic book series created by writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko, and was jointly produced in Canada (voice acting) and the United States (animation).[1] The first two seasons aired on the ABC television network, and the third was distributed in syndication. Grantray-Lawrence Animation produced the first season, and seasons two and three were produced by Krantz Films in New York City. The show stars Paul Soles as Peter Parker (Spider-Man). The series ran from September 9, 1967 through June 14, 1970.

Synopsis[edit]

The series revolved around teenager Peter Parker, a college student who develops extraordinary strength and spider-like powers after being bitten by a radioactive spider. Parker decides to become a crime-fighting, costumed superhero, but must deal with family tragedies, personal problems and the insecurity of youth. As Spider-Man, Parker risks his life to fight super-powered criminals such as Doctor Octopus, Mysterio and the Green Goblin. Peter is also a freelance photographer for the Daily Bugle, but editor J. Jonah Jameson considers Spider-Man a criminal and writes front-page headlines critical of his activities.

The first season dealt primarily with Peter's job at the Daily Bugle, focusing on his relationship with Jameson, his romance with receptionist Betty Brant and often being called into action as his alter ego. Peter's life, apart from the Bugle office and his Aunt May's Forest Hills home, was rarely dealt with in early episodes. Although he was never seen at college, he would sometimes visit professors he knew (such as the opening of "Sub-Zero for Spidey," when he went to see Professor Smartyr). Peter's character (blue suit, yellow vest, white shirt and red tie) was designed by Steve Ditko and art consultant John Romita, Sr..

Season-one stories mainly involved classic Spider-Man villains from the comic-book series, whose captures were often accompanied by a note signed by "your friendly neighborhood Spider-Man." Stan Lee was the story consultant for this season. Seasons two and three, produced by Ralph Bakshi, almost entirely eliminated villains from the comic book as a cost-cutting measure in favor of generic, green-skinned, magical monsters; this enabled the reuse of stock footage from Rocket Robin Hood, another animated series produced by Bakshi.

Production[edit]

Budget[edit]

Because of the series' limited budget, Spider-Man's costume only has webbed areas on his head, arms and boots; the rest is plain, except for spiders on his chest and back. The series relied on reused stock animation, including Spider-Man swinging across the New York City skyline and Peter stripping off his white dress shirt to reveal his spider suit. Character movement was also minimized.

The second and third seasons were produced on a reduced budget by Krantz Films under Ralph Bakshi. The cost-cutting is most apparent in the third season, with two episodes reusing almost all the footage from two Rocket Robin Hood episodes (notably the season-three Rocket Robin Hood episode, "Dementia 5") and remaking previous episodes with minimal changes.

An error in Spider-Man's costume appeared throughout season one, with the spider on his costume having only six legs. By season two new drawings of the costume showed an eight-legged spider but reused footage from season one continued that season's error.

The second- and third-season episodes had a darker tone, with dark-colored settings, psychedelic images and atmospheric music. Bakshi explored Peter's everyday life as a soft-spoken college student, such as his failure to make the football team in "Criminals in the Clouds" and becoming a star pitcher for the baseball team in "Diamond Dust". He dated a variety of women who were either concealing secrets ("Home") or waited angrily for him while Spider-Man saved the city from destruction ("Swing City"). Peter's most consistent love interest was Susan Shaw, who first appeared in "Criminals in the Clouds" and continued to appear in season-two and -three episodes (although her appearance changed from episode to episode). Bakshi provided the first origin story for Spider-Man presented on television, "The Origin of Spider-Man", which used chunks of Stan Lee's dialogue in Spectacular Spider-Man #1 ("In the Beginning", published in July 1968—a few months before the episode aired).

Rocket Robin Hood footage[edit]

"Phantom from the Depths of Time"[2] and "Revolt in the Fifth Dimension" were largely recycled animation from two episodes ("From Menace to Menace" and "Dementia Five") of the earlier series Rocket Robin Hood,[3] with Spider-Man substituted for Robin Hood on the animation cels.

Theme song[edit]

The show's theme song has become a popular standard.[citation needed] Its lyrics were written by Academy-Award winner Paul Francis Webster, with music by Bob Harris. The song is most recognized by its opening line, "Spider-Man, Spider-Man, does whatever a spider can."[citation needed] It was recorded at RCA Studios in Toronto—where the series was co-produced—by twelve CBC vocalists (members of the Billy Van and Laurie Bower Singers) who added to a musical backing track supplied by RCA Studios in New York.

The 2002 and 2004 film versions included Jayce Bartok and Elyse Dinh, respectively, busking the song. Both films have the song at the end of the credits; the 2002 adaptation featured the original 1967 recording, and 2004's Spider-Man 2 has a re-recording by Michael Bublé. 2007's Spider-Man 3 features a performance of the song by a marching band at a public rally for Spider-Man. In 2014's The Amazing Spider-Man 2, Peter uses a version of the theme as his ringtone.

The series' incidental music uses jangling surf guitar, brass lines and jazzy scoring. The first season's score was original, with other music (from the Capitol library) by U.S. composers Bill Loose, Emil Cadkin and Jack Cookerly. The Capitol music can also be heard on the earlier The Untouchables, The Fugitive and 8th Man. Other music was from the DeWolfe library.

Broadcast schedule[edit]

Spider-Man was initially broadcast in the U.S. on Saturday mornings on ABC. The first episode, "The Power of Doctor Octopus" and "Sub-Zero for Spidey", appeared on September 9, 1967. During the first and second seasons, the show was broadcast at 10 a.m. Eastern Time. ABC's last Saturday-morning broadcast of Spider-Man was on August 30, 1969, with 39 half-hour episodes (many with two stories) aired. The show went on hiatus until the following March, when a third season began a six-month run from March 22 to September 6, 1970 on Sunday mornings at 11:30 a.m. Eastern. It was rerun in syndication in the United States during the 1970s, usually as part of local stations' after-school cartoon block. In Canada, the series aired on CTV Network affiliates on Saturday morning and other time slots during the 1970s and 1980s.

In 1977 Spider-Man was broadcast abroad, airing in several international markets for the first time. The Spanish and Italian versions used a different theme song, written by Erick Bulling and Santiago and sung by Chilean singer Guillermo "Memo" Aguirre, dubbed over the original introduction. In the Italian version, the show's title (L'uomo Ragno) was superimposed in large yellow type over the first two shots of Spider-Man swinging through the city.

The series aired on ABC Family in 2002 as part of the network's Memorial Day weekend-long "Spidey-Mania" marathon to coincide with the film-version release. It was not seen again until a 2004 "Spidey-Mania" marathon coinciding with the release of Spider-Man 2, its last ABC Family appearance in the U.S. The show aired on Family in Canada until September 2007.

In September 2008, the series appeared in Canada on Teletoon Retro. A French-language dub aired on Radio-Canada's Saturday-morning lineup into the mid-2000s. Episodes of the series have been posted in the "Videos" section of the Marvel website.[citation needed]

Episodes[edit]

Cast[edit]

Credits[edit]

First season[edit]

Produced by Grant-Ray Lawrence Animation

  • Executive Producer: Robert L. Lawrence
  • Producer: Ray Patterson
  • Animation Directors: Grant Simmons, Clyde Geronimi, Sid Marcus
  • Story Direction: June Patterson
  • Story Material: Bill Danch, Al Bertino, Dick Robbins, Dick Cassarino, Phil Babet
  • Theme Song Written by Bob Harris and Paul Francis Webster
  • Music Composed and Conducted by Ray Ellis
  • Animators: Hal Ambro, Robert Bentley, Dan Bessie, George Cannata, Herman Cohen, John Dunn, I. Howard Ellis, Bill House, Tom McDonald, Chic Otterstrom, Don Schloat, Ralph Somerville, Reuben Timmins, Harvey Toombs, Kay Wright
  • Backgrounds: Curt Perkins, Dick Thomas, Bill Butler, Mike Kawaguchi
  • Layout: Ray Aragon, Joe Asturino, Herb Hazelton, Jim Mueller, C.L. Hartman, John Ewing, Joel Seibel
  • Production Supervised by Robert "Tiger" West
  • Production Manager: Gene Meyers
  • Film Editor: Bryce Corso
  • Sound Editor: Hank Goetzenberg
  • Animation Checking: Rollie Greenwood, Dave Hoffman
  • Creative Consultants:
    Stan Lee (called "Smilin'" Stan Lee),
    John Romita, Sr. (called "Jazzy" Johnny Romita),
    respective story and art consultants
  • Voices: Bernard Cowan, Paul Kligman, Paul Soles, Peg Dixon
  • Re-Recording: Producers Sound Service
  • A GrantRay-Lawrence Production in Association With Steve Krantz Productions (Krantz Films), Inc.

Second season[edit]

Produced by Krantz Animation inc

  • Executive Producer and Animation Director: Ralph Bakshi
  • Assistant Director: Cosmo Anzilotti
  • Layout: Gray Morrow
  • Animators: Clifford Augustson, Douglas Crane, Frank Enders, John Gentilella, Earl James, Martin Taras, Nick Tafuri, Terry Tarricone
  • Backgrounds: John Vita, Richard Thomas
  • Production Supervised by Sylvia White
  • Production Manager: Jerry Schultz
  • Film Editors: Howard Kaiser, George Copeland
  • Animation Checking: Barbara Donatelli
  • Camera: Jerry Smith, Larry Hogan
  • Story Supervision: Ralph Bakshi
  • Story Material: Ira Turek, Lin Carter, Fred Halliday
  • Dialogue Director: Bernard Cowan
  • Voices: Paul Kligman, Paul Soles, Peg Dixon
  • Music and Effects Editing: Hank Goetzenberg, Inc.
  • Theme Song Written by Bob Harris and Paul Francis Webster
  • Music Composed and Conducted by Ray Ellis
  • Produced by Krantz Animation, Inc.
  • Distributed by Steve Krantz Productions (Krantz Films), Inc.

Third season[edit]

Produced by Krantz Animation

  • Executive Producer and Animation Director: Ralph Bakshi
  • Assistant Director: Cosmo Anzilotti
  • Layout: Gray Morrow
  • Animators: Clifford Augustson, Douglas Crane, Frank Enders, John Gentilella, Richard Hall, Earl James, Martin Taras, Nick Tafuri, Terry Tarricone
  • West Coast Animation Director: Grant Simmons
  • West Coast Animators: Robert Bentley, Ralph Somerville, Robert Taylor, Reuben Timmins, Karran Wright
  • Backgrounds: John Vita, Bob Owen, Richard H. Thomas
  • Production Supervised by Sylvia White
  • Production Manager: Jerry Schultz
  • Film Editors: Howard Kaiser, George Copeland, Richard Calamari
  • Animation Checking: Rena Smith
  • Color Checking: Barbara Donatelli
  • Camera: Jerry Smith, Larry Hogan
  • Story Supervision: Ralph Bakshi
  • Story Material: Ira Turek, Lin Carter, Fred Halliday
  • Dialogue Director: Bernard Cowan
  • Voices: Paul Kligman, Paul Soles, Peg Dixon
  • Music and Effects Editing: Hank Goetzenberg, Inc.
  • Theme Song Written by Bob Harris and Paul Francis Webster
  • Music Composed and Conducted by Ray Ellis
  • Based on an original character creation by Stan Lee

Home-video releases[edit]

A number of episodes were released on VHS during the 1980s, 1990s and the early 2000s, usually compiled with other Marvel Comics characters' cartoons. The early-2000s releases were included as bonus episodes with the 1990s animated series. The episodes on Ultimate Villain Showdown & Return Of The Green Goblin were mastered from pre-2004 tapes, and the remaining DVDs used the 2004 remastered versions. During the late 2000s, Marvel re-released the series as a video stream on its website.

In 2008 and 2009 Morningstar Entertainment released a number of episodes on DVD in Canada. These were reissues (mastered from VHS and Betamax copies) of the 1985 Prism Video Marvel Video Library. Compared to the early 2000s DVDs by Disney, the video and audio quality on the Morningstar are poor.[citation needed]

On June 29, 2004, Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment (whose parent company would acquire Marvel's assets five years later[4]) released the complete series on DVD in Region 1 as Spider-Man – The '67 Collection. The six-disc box set, with all 52 episodes of the series and an introduction by creator Stan Lee, is out of print.

DVD Name Ep # Release Date
Spider-Man – The '67 Collection 52 June 29, 2004

On November 10, 2008, the UK company Liberation Entertainment released the first season of Spider-Man as The Original '67 Series on Region 2 DVD. Another UK company, ClearVision, later acquired the Region 2 rights.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Spider-Man on TV". IGN. Retrieved 2010-09-09. 
  2. ^ "spyder-25.com". spyder-25.com. Retrieved 2015-03-11. 
  3. ^ "spyder-25.com". spyder-25.com. Retrieved 2015-03-11. 
  4. ^ Ken Sweet (August 31, 2009). "Disney to Acquire Marvel Entertainment for $4B". Fox Business. Archived from the original on September 3, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-31. 
  5. ^ "Marvel". Clearvision.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-03-11. 

External links[edit]