|Town and former municipality|
Square in Spijkenisse
Location in South Holland
|• Total||30.27 km2 (11.69 sq mi)|
|• Land||26.12 km2 (10.08 sq mi)|
|• Water||4.15 km2 (1.60 sq mi)|
|Elevation||−1 m (−3 ft)|
|Population (May 2014)|
|• Density||2,777/km2 (7,190/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Spijkenisse (Dutch pronunciation: [spɛi̯kəˈnɪsə] ( listen)) is a town and former municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. After an administrative reform in 2015 it is part of the municipality of Nissewaard.
The former municipality had a population of 72,545 in 2014, and covered an area of 30.27 km2 (11.69 sq mi) of which 4.15 km2 (1.60 sq mi) was water. It is part of the Greater Rotterdam Area.
Archeological research has shown that the area around Spijkenisse has been inhabited for many thousands of years. The people then depended on fishing on the Meuse and hunting in the swamps.
The oldest reference to the name Spickenisse is from a source from 1231. This name comes from the words spieke (Spit (landform)) and nesse (nose) meaning "pointy nose" in reference to a spit of land protruding along the river.
Spijkenisse formed as a farmers and fishing village at a creek along the Oude Maas. Initially it belonged to the Lord of Putten (whose coat of arms is now used by the city) but in 1459 the fiefdom Putten, including Spijkenisse, was transferred to Philip III, Duke of Burgundy. In 1581 the area came under the control of the Count of Holland.
In the 16th century the village suffered several floods. In the 17th and 18th centuries it endured destructive fires which hampered its economic growth.
There are also several bus services operated by Connexxion.
- De Akkers
- De Elementen
- De Hoek
- Spijkenisse Medisch Centrum (former Ruward van Putten ziekenhuis)
|De Akkers||Het Anker||Annie MG Schmidt||De Morgenster|
|De Klinker||Het Baken||De Vuurvogel|
|De Maasoever||De Bron|
|Monseigneur Bekkersschool||De Duif||De Vogelenzang|
|De Wegwijzer||De Hoeksteen||De Krullevaar|
|Paus Johannes||De Marimba||De Meander|
|De Rank||De Montessori|
|De Schakel||Jan Campert|
|Wereld MAVO Charles de Foucauld||Penta college CSG Scala Molenwatering||OSG De Eilanden|
|Penta College CSG Scala Rietvelden||OSG De Ring van Putten|
|PENTA college CSG De Oude Maas|
- Afrojack (Nick van de Wall) (born 1987), DJ and producer
- Jan Campert (1902-1943), poet and writer
- Vato Gonzalez (Björn Franken) (born 1983), DJ and producer
- Medy van der Laan (born 1968), politician
- Emiel Mellaard (born 1966), athlete
- Sied van Riel (born 1978), DJ and producer
- Spinvis (Erik de Jong) (born 1961), artist
Spijkenisse is twinned with the following cities:
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 3201EL". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- "Gemeente Spijkenisse". Spijkenisse.nl. Retrieved 2014-02-10.
- Spijkenisse Online - geschiedenis Archived June 7, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spijkenisse.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Spijkenisse.|
|Oude Maas / Albrandswaard|
|Bernisse||Spui / Oud-Beijerland|