Spijkenisse

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Spijkenisse
Town and former municipality
Square in Spijkenisse
Square in Spijkenisse
Flag of Spijkenisse
Flag
Coat of arms of Spijkenisse
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Spijkenisse in a municipal map of South Holland
Location in South Holland
Coordinates: 51°51′N 4°20′E / 51.850°N 4.333°E / 51.850; 4.333Coordinates: 51°51′N 4°20′E / 51.850°N 4.333°E / 51.850; 4.333
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Municipality Nissewaard
Area[1]
 • Total 30.27 km2 (11.69 sq mi)
 • Land 26.12 km2 (10.08 sq mi)
 • Water 4.15 km2 (1.60 sq mi)
Elevation[2] −1 m (−3 ft)
Population (May 2014)[3]
 • Total 72,545
 • Density 2,777/km2 (7,190/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Spijkenissenaar
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 3200–3209
Area code 0181
Website www.spijkenisse.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Spijkenisse (place), as of Sept. 2014

Spijkenisse (Dutch pronunciation: [spɛi̯kəˈnɪsə]) is a town and former municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. After an administrative reform in 2015 it is part of the municipality of Nissewaard.

The former municipality had a population of 72,545 in 2014, and covered an area of 30.27 km2 (11.69 sq mi) of which 4.15 km2 (1.60 sq mi) was water. It is part of the Greater Rotterdam Area.

The former municipality also included the communities of Hekelingen, Den Hoek and Beerenplaat.

History[edit]

Archeological research has shown that the area around Spijkenisse has been inhabited for many thousands of years. The people then depended on fishing on the Meuse and hunting in the swamps.

The oldest reference to the name Spickenisse is from a source from 1231. This name comes from the words spieke (Spit (landform)) and nesse (nose) meaning "pointy nose" in reference to a spit of land protruding along the river.[4]

Spijkenisse formed as a farmers and fishing village at a creek along the Oude Maas. Initially it belonged to the Lord of Putten (whose coat of arms is now used by the city) but in 1459 the fiefdom Putten, including Spijkenisse, was transferred to Philip III, Duke of Burgundy. In 1581 the area came under the control of the Count of Holland.[5]

In the 16th century the village suffered several floods. In the 17th and 18th centuries it endured destructive fires which hampered its economic growth.

Public transportation[edit]

Spijkenisse has a connection to the city of Rotterdam by Rotterdam Metro lines C and D, through Spijkenisse Centrum, Heemraadlaan, and De Akkers stations. The metro is operated by RET.

There are also several bus services operated by Connexxion.

Districts[edit]

  • De Akkers
  • Centrum
  • De Elementen
  • De Hoek
  • Gildenwijk
  • Groenewoud
  • Hoogwerf
  • Maaswijk
  • Schenkel
  • Schiekamp
  • Sterrenkwartier
  • Vierambachten
  • Vogelenzang
  • Vriesland
  • Waterland

Health[edit]

  • Spijkenisse Medisch Centrum (former Ruward van Putten ziekenhuis)

Schools[edit]

Primary schools[edit]

Roman Catholic Protestant Public Calvinist
De Akkers Het Anker Annie MG Schmidt De Morgenster
De Klinker Het Baken De Vuurvogel
De Maasoever De Bron
Monseigneur Bekkersschool De Duif De Vogelenzang
De Wegwijzer De Hoeksteen De Krullevaar
Paus Johannes De Marimba De Meander
De Rank De Montessori
De Schakel Jan Campert
De Piramide
De Toermalijn
De Veenvlinder

Secondary school[edit]

Roman Catholic Christian Public
Wereld MAVO Charles de Foucauld Penta college CSG Scala Molenwatering OSG De Eilanden
Penta College CSG Scala Rietvelden OSG De Ring van Putten
PENTA college CSG De Oude Maas

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Spijkenisse is twinned with the following cities:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 3201EL". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Gemeente Spijkenisse". Spijkenisse.nl. Retrieved 2014-02-10. 
  5. ^ Spijkenisse Online - geschiedenis[dead link]

External links[edit]