Patrick Cairns "Spike" Hughes (19 October 1908 – 2 February 1987) was a British jazz musician, composer and music journalist. He was the son of Irish composer, writer and song collector Herbert Hughes and great grandson of the sculptor Samuel Peploe Wood. Hughes was a multi-dimensional musician, playing the double bass, composing operatic scores, arranging jazz recordings and writing books on topics ranging from gardening to Toscanini's music.
Hughes' small recording group was one of the earliest artists signed to Decca Records in England, spanning the period from 1930 to 1933, including over 30 sessions. Originally billed as Spike Hughes and his Decca-Dents, he reportedly did not like the name and after three sessions was changed either "his Dance Orchestra" or "his Three Blind Mice" for smaller sessions. His recording career culminated in his visit to New York City where he arranged three historic recording sessions involving members of Benny Carter's and Luis Russell's orchestras with Coleman Hawkins and Henry "Red" Allen from Fletcher Henderson's band. These fourteen sides were mostly Hughes' own compositions. Though most were not released in the U.S. at the time, they have become known as classic jazz masterworks, and are still available on CD.
After the New York recordings, he was a writer, regular BBC broadcaster and a critic for the rest of his life. His subjects included music (especially opera), food, and travel. In between his more serious works, he produced his series of "The Art of Coarse...." studies which opened with The Art of Coarse Cricket in 1954 and was followed over the years by ...Coarse Travel, ...Gardening, ...Bridge, ...Cookery and ..Entertaining. The series was named as a play on coarse fishing; other later Coarse books were written by Michael Green.
In 1955 Hughes and his third wife, Charmian (née Finch Noyes) moved from London to a 17th-century farmhouse at Ringmer, Sussex, near Glynde, where they lived until his death in 1987. He had been one of the first music critics to visit the early performances at Glyndebourne Festival Opera in 1934, and made many contributions to Glyndebourne, including writing programme notes, providing subtitles for television performances, and publishing the first history of the Opera.
- Opening Bars – Beginning an Autobiography (Pilot Press Ltd, London, 1946)
- Second Movement – Continuing the Autobiography (Museum Press, London, 1951)
- Glyndebourne, A History of the Festival Opera (Methuen, London, 1965)
- Famous Verdi Operas (Robert Hale, London, 1968) ISBN 0-7091-0205-4
- Famous Mozart Operas (Dover, New York, 2nd edn 1972) ISBN 0-486-22858-4
- Famous Puccini Operas (Dover, New York, 2nd edn 1972) ISBN 0-486-22857-6
- Out of Season – A Traveller's Tale of a Winter Journey (Robert Hale, 1955)
- The Toscanini Legacy (Putnam & Co, 1959)
- Great Opera Houses (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1956)
- The Art of Coarse Cricket: a study of its principles, traditions and practice (Museum Press, 1954; repr. Hutchinson, 1961)
- The Art of Coarse Travel (Museum Press, 1957)
- The Art of Coarse Gardening: or the care and feeding of slugs (Hutchinson, 1968)
- The Art of Coarse Bridge (Hutchinson, 1970)
- The Art of Coarse Entertaining (Hutchinson, 1972)
- The Art of Coarse Language (Hutchinson, 1974)
- Hughes, Spike (1946). Opening Bars - Beginning an Autobiography. London: Pilot Press Ltd.
- Hughes, Spike (1951). Second Movement - Continuing the Autobiography. London: Museum Press.
- Harry Francis on Spike Hughes at Jazzprofessional website