Spiraea alba

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For other plants called meadowsweet, see meadowsweet (disambiguation).
Spiraea alba
Spiraea.alba.-.lindsey.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Spiraea
Species: S. alba
Binomial name
Spiraea alba
Du Roi
Synonyms[1]
  • Eleiosina obovata Raf. ex Ser.
  • Spiraea ciliata Raf.
  • Spiraea cuneifolia Borkh.
  • Spiraea flexuosa Raf.
  • Spiraea lanceolata Borkh.
  • Spiraea lancifolia Hoffmanns. ex K.Koch
  • Spiraea latifolia (Sol.) Borkh.
  • Spiraea paniculata (Willd.) G.Don
  • Spiraea undulata Borkh.

Spiraea alba, commonly known as meadowsweet,[2] white meadowsweet,[3] narrowleaf meadowsweet,[citation needed] pale bridewort,[4] or pipestem,[citation needed] is native to the wet soils of the Allegheny Mountains and other portions of eastern North America.,[5] but is currently endangered in the state of Missouri. It is naturalized in other parts of the world.[2]

Narrowleaf meadowsweet shrubs often reach 8 feet in height with a spread of 3–4 feet. This species is often the most conspicuous part of the vegetation in its habitat, taking up large areas of ground. Its leaves are glossy yellow-green, oblong or lance-shaped, and toothed on the edges, and its twigs are tough and yellowish brown. Fall foliage is golden yellow. The white and sometimes pink fragrant flowers grow in spikelike clusters at the ends of the branches, blooming from early summer through September. The brown fruit, which persists after flowering, is a distinctive feature of all Spiraea.[6]

Butterflies and other beneficial insects visit the plant for nectar and pollen. In autumn brown seed capsules appear and are fed on by songbirds. Glossy green foliage turns yellow in the fall. Deer tend to leave this plant alone. Meadowsweet is a host plant for the larvae of the spring azure butterfly. The blooms make a good cut flower.

The hollow, upright stems were used historically as pipe stems.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved June 10, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "Spiraea alba". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 27 November 2015. 
  4. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  5. ^ Venable, N.J.; Service, W.V.U.C.E. (1996). Common Summer Wildflowers of West Virginia. West Virginia University Extension Service. 
  6. ^ http://newfs.s3.amazonaws.com/taxon-images-1000s1000/Rosaceae/spiraea-alba-latifolia-fr-ahaines.jpg