|Observation data (J2000 epoch)|
|Right ascension||03h 19m 41.1s|
|Declination||−19° 24′ 41″|
|Redshift||0.005260 (1577 ± 4 km/s)|
|Distance||61.3 Mly (18.8 Mpc)|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||11.4|
|Size||110,000 light years in diameter|
|Apparent size (V)||6′.2 × 4′.1|
|Notable features||Huge bar-shaped core and two spiral arms|
|MCG-03-09-018, ESO 547 -G 31,
NGC 1300 is a barred spiral galaxy about 61 million light-years away in the constellation Eridanus. The galaxy is about 110,000 light-years across (about 2/3 the size of the Milky Way). It is a member of the Eridanus Cluster, a cluster of 200 galaxies. It was discovered by John Herschel in 1835.
In the core of the larger spiral structure of NGC 1300, the nucleus shows a "grand-design" spiral structure that is about 3,300 light-years long. Only galaxies with large-scale bars appear to have these grand-design inner disks — a spiral within a spiral. Models suggest that the gas in a bar can be funneled inwards, and then spiral into the center through the grand-design disk, where it can potentially fuel a central black hole. NGC 1300 is not known to have an active nucleus, indicating that its central black hole is not accreting matter.
- "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 1300. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
- Atkinson, J.W.; et al. "Supermassive black hole mass measurements for NGC 1300 and NGC 2748 based on HST emission-line gas kinematics". arXiv: . doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.08904.x.
- "NGC 1300, a barred spiral galaxy in Eridanus". annesastronomynews.com. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
- "The Fornax and Eridanus Clusters". An Atlas of The Universe. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
- Seligman, Courtney. "Celestial Atlas: NGC Objects: NGC 1300 - 1349". cseligman.com. Archived from the original on 25 July 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to NGC 1300.|