Spirochaeta

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Spirochaeta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Spirochaetes
Class: Spirochaetes
Order: Spirochaetales
Family: Spirochaetaceae
Genus: Spirochaeta Ehrenberg 1835 emend. Pikuta et al. 2009 non Turczaninow 1851
Synonyms
  • "Ehrenbergia" Gieszczykiewiez 1939 non Martius 1827 non Sprengel 1820

Spirochaeta is a genus of bacteria classified within the phylum Spirochaetes.[1] [2]

Phylogeny[edit]

The phylogeny is based on 16S rRNA-based LTP release 123 by 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project.[3]


Spirochaetales

Exilispira thermophila






S. cellobiosiphila




S. litoralis




S. perfilievii




S. psychrophila



S. isovalerica







S. aurantia

?S. a. aurantia



?S. a. stricta



Borreliaceae

Cristispira pectinis




Borreliella



Borrelia






Spirochaetaceae
Spirochaeta



S. bajacaliforniensis



S. smaragdinae





S. thermophila


Sphaerochaeta

Sphaerochaeta multiformis




Sphaerochaeta coccoides




Sphaerochaeta globosa (type sp.)



Sphaerochaeta pleomorpha










S. halophila




S. americana




S. alkalica



S. sphaeroplastigenens







Salinispira pacifica




S. africana




S. asiatica



S. dissipatitropha








Treponema






Taxonomy[edit]

The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN)[4] and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).[5]

Notes:
♦ Type strain lost or not available
♠ Strains found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LSPN)

References[edit]

  1. ^ See the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. Data extracted from J.P. Euzéby. "Spirochaetes". Retrieved 2011-11-17. 
  2. ^ See the NCBI webpage on Spirochaetes Data extracted from Sayers; et al. "NCBI Taxonomy Browser". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  3. ^ 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project."16S rRNA-based LTP release 123 (full tree)" (PDF). Silva Comprehensive Ribosomal RNA Database. Retrieved 2013-03-20. 
  4. ^ J.P. Euzéby. "Spirochaetes". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN). Retrieved 2016-03-20. 
  5. ^ Sayers; et al. "Spirochaetes". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) taxonomy database. Retrieved 2016-03-20.