Spittelmarkt (Berlin U-Bahn)
It opened on 1 October 1908 (by A.Grenander), then the terminus of Berlin's second U-Bahn line, connecting it with Potsdamer Platz on the initial Stammstrecke route. It is named after Spittelmarkt square, former site of the Saint Gertrude hospital established about 1400. The station designed by Alfred Grenander was lavishly erected right beneath the banks of the Spree river, with daylight windows above the water surface.
Spittelmarkt became a through station with the extension of the line to Alexanderplatz on 1 July 1913. In 1940 the windows were walled up due to air raid precaution. There was a bullseye in the platform area on 3 February 1945. It was only by chance that the northern station wall was not destroyed. Since this wall is also the sea wall of the Spree, otherwise the inner-city tunnel system would have been flooded and would have disrupted the underground traffic in the long term.
In 1990 a heavy accident occurred when a train crashed into a stopped train. Fourteen people were injured. Spilled oil had covered the tracks, so that the train couldn't brake anymore. 
They were not opened until extensive reconstruction works started in 2003.
- J. Meyer-Kronthaler: Berlins U-Bahnhöfe. be.bra Verlag (1996)
Media related to U-Bahnhof Spittelmarkt (Berlin) at Wikimedia Commons
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