Splash-back poison frog

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Splash-back poison frog
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Dendrobatidae
Genus: Ranitomeya
Species: R. variabilis
Binomial name
Ranitomeya variabilis
(Zimmermann and Zimmermann, 1988)[2][3]
  • Dendrobates variabilis Zimmermann and Zimmermann, 1988

The splash-back poison frog (Ranitomeya variabilis), also referred to as the variable poison frog or Zimmermann's poison frog, is a small species of poison dart frog known from the upper Huallaga River drainage of San Martín Region, Peru.[1][4] It is semi-arboreal, living in the forest understory and canopy.[4] Like other poison frogs, it contains alkaloid poisons. The mimic poison frog is a Müllerian mimic of this species.[4]

The species was formerly considered to be synonym of Ranitomeya ventrimaculata.[2]

Arboreal habitat of Ranitomeya variabilis with epiphytic bromeliad Aechmea zebrina.


  1. ^ a b Javier Icochea; Karl-Heinz Jungfer (2004). "Ranitomeya variabilis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Ranitomeya variabilis (Zimmermann and Zimmermann, 1988)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Gifkikkerportaal
  4. ^ a b c Monique Sanchez; Rebecca Knapp & Andrea Bondelie (2012). "Ranitomeya variabilis (Zimmermann and Zimmermann, 1988)". AmphibiaWeb. Retrieved 24 September 2016.