Splenius cervicis muscle
|Splenius cervicis muscle|
Muscles connecting the upper extremity to the vertebral column. (Splenius capitis et cervicis labeled at upper right, at neck.)
|Origin||Spinous processes of T3-T6|
|Insertion||Transverse processes of C1-C3|
|Artery||Transverse cervical artery and occipital artery|
|Nerve||Posterior rami of the lower Cervical spinal nerves|
|Actions||Bilaterally: Extend the head & neck, Unilaterally: Lateral flexion to the same side, Rotation to the same side.|
|Latin||Musculus splenius cervicis|
|Anatomical terms of muscle|
The splenius cervicis (/ /) (also known as the splenius colli, / /) is a muscle in the back of the neck. It arises by a narrow tendinous band from the spinous processes of the third to the sixth thoracic vertebrae; it is inserted, by tendinous fasciculi, into the posterior tubercles of the transverse processes of the upper two or three cervical vertebrae.
The function of the splenius cervicis muscle is extension of the cervical spine, rotation to the ipsilateral side and lateral flexion to the ipsilateral side.
- Dr. M. A. (Toby) Arnold; Deborah Bryce. "Arnold's Glossary of Anatomy". The University of Sydney.
- R.T. Floyd, Manual of Structural Kinesiology, 2012, 18th Ed.
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