Zračna luka Split
|Owner||Split Airport Ltd.|
|Hub for||Croatia Airlines|
|Elevation AMSL||78 ft / 24 m|
Split Airport (IATA: SPU, ICAO: LDSP; Croatian: Zračna luka Split), also known as Resnik Airport (Zračna luka Resnik), is the international airport serving the city of Split, Croatia. It is located 24 km (15 mi) from Split, on the west side of Kaštela Bay, in the town of Kaštela, and extending into the adjacent town of Trogir.
The Airport follows Zagreb Airport in 2014 as the second busiest airport in Croatia handling 1,752,657 passengers that year. It is an important hub for Croatia Airlines offering flights to European cities, such as Athens, Frankfurt, London, Paris and many others.
Split first commercial route was opened in 1931 by the Yugoslav airline Aeroput which linked Zagreb with Belgrade trough Rijeka, Split and Sarajevo, and maintained this route until the start of the Second World War.
The current airport was opened on 25 November 1966. The apron had dimensions of only 200 x 112m and 6 parking positions with a planned capacity of 150,000 passengers. In 1968 passenger numbers stood already at 150,737, and in 1969 at 235,000. In 1967 the apron was extended for the first time to accommodate 10 aircraft. A new larger terminal building was built and opened in 1979 to accommodate traffic for a major sporting event (the 8th Mediterranean Games) held in Split in September, when also another extension to the apron was built. The largest pre-war passenger numbers were achieved in 1987, totalling 1,151,580 passengers and 7,873 landings.
In 1991 the passenger figures dropped almost to zero, as the war in the former Yugoslavia broke out. In the years that followed, most of the traffic were NATO and UN cargo planes, such as the C-5 Galaxy, MD-11, Boeing 747 and C-130 Hercules. After 1995 the civilian traffic figures began rising again, and finally in 2007 surpassed the 1987 record.
In 2005 the terminal got a major facelift, adding one more gate, the glass facade, as well as the steel/fabric palms illuminated by multi-colour LEDs. The busiest time in the airport is during the summer season, as the city of Split is a major tourist destination and a very important transportation hub. Saturdays are the busiest days of the week, with more than 200 airplane operations and 25,000 passengers.
In the last few years the summer peaks activity called for an expansion of the airport s capacity. In the year of 2014, major overhaul works will be conducted at Split. When all of the expansion is done, Resnik will have a bigger terminal with 4 jetways.
The apron was already constructed in 2011 with the capacity slightly over the old one but with better security conditions. The cost of this investment was €13 million, and it included 34,000m² of new parking space for the aircraft, as well as the space for future administrative works bellow the apron. The lower level houses warehouses, workshops, offices and other objects that will support the new 35,000 m2, €40 million terminal building that will be built next to it. Construction of the terminal is planned to start in the fall of 2014., bringing the total airport capacity to 2 million passengers.
Expansion of Split Airport is happening in 3 phases.
- Phase One, 2009–2011
- Expansion of the apron by 34,000 m²
- Purchase of the nearby land needed for construction of the new terminal and parking space
- Phase Two, 2014–2016
- Phase Three (when needed)
- Further expansion of the terminal and addition of four jetways
- Further expansion of the apron, to accommodate new terminal
Airlines and destinations
- ^1 European Coastal Airlines flights are operated from Resnik seaplane terminal, located on the nearby beach. They provide the transfer from the main terminal building for free.
Split Airport can be reached by bus, taxi or car rentals.
Airplane spotting is a popular activity at Split Airport. Glide-path to the runway 05 leads just above the old city of Trogir, making its seaside promenade a great place airplane spotting. Visual approach to runway 23 is attractive in another way. Because of a nearby Kozjak mountain, final alignment with the runway is done just as the airplane exits a turn. A tricky maneuver when dealing with crosswinds and an interesting thing to observe. Also, airport boundaries are very close to the runway and many locals, as well as tourists, gather to photograph incoming and outgoing aircraft. Saturdays of the summer season are particularly attractive because the number of airplane actions exceeds 200. Also, there is an annual spotting event called "Aerodernek" on the first Saturday in August. It gathers many airplane enthusiasts who camp at the side of the runway, enjoy local cuisine and fast food and tour the airport facilities.
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Media related to Split airport at Wikimedia Commons