Split Mountain (California)

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Split Mountain
Split Mountain.jpg
Sunrise on Split Mountain's east face, September 2004.
Highest point
Elevation14,064 ft (4,287 m)  NAVD 88[1]
Prominence1,525 ft (465 m) [2]
Parent peakNorth Palisade[3]
Coordinates37°01′15″N 118°25′21″W / 37.020941494°N 118.422410153°W / 37.020941494; -118.422410153Coordinates: 37°01′15″N 118°25′21″W / 37.020941494°N 118.422410153°W / 37.020941494; -118.422410153[1]
Split Mountain is located in California
Split Mountain
Split Mountain
LocationFresno / Inyo counties, California, United States
Parent rangeSierra Nevada
Topo mapUSGS Split Mountain
Mountain typegranite
First ascent1887, Frank Saulque and party[7]
Easiest routeNorth slope, scramble (class 2)[7]

Split Mountain is a fourteener in the Sierra Nevada of the U.S. state of California, near the southeast end of the Palisades group of peaks. It is the only fourteener in the watershed of the South Fork Kings River, and rises to 14,064 ft (4,287 m),[1] making it the eighth-highest peak in the state.[4]

Geography and Geology[edit]

Split Mountain's twin summits lie on a north-south running section of the Sierra crest. This same line of ridges divides Fresno County and Kings Canyon National Park to the west, from Inyo County and the Inyo National Forest to the east. The water divide of its ridges drain to the Kings River to the west, and the Owens River to the east.[2]

The two toned appearance of the mountain's eastern face is created by a roof pendant of darker colored granodiorite atop a lighter colored body of leucogranite.[8]


The name Split Mountain, inspired by the shape of its double summit, was first coined by mountaineer Bolton Brown in 1895. Alternately, it has been called Southeast Palisade or South Palisade.[9][10]


Split Mountain is one of the easier California fourteeners to climb. The least technical route is the class 2 north slope, which can be approached from the west or east. Joseph LeConte, Helen LeConte and Curtis Lindley took the simple western approach from Upper Basin when they climbed Split Mountain on July 23, 1902. A more common route to the north face is from the east, by way of Red Lake. Starting at the Red Lake trailhead, this trail covers 6 miles (10 km) with 4,000 feet (1,220 m) of elevation gain one way to the lake. From here, another 3,500 ft (1,070 m) of cross-country climbing, including a short class 3 ridge traverse, leads to the summit.[7]

There are many more technical routes up both the north and south peaks of Split Mountain.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Split Mtn". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 2016-03-23. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b "Split Mountain, California". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2009-02-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Southfork Pass". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2009-02-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b "California 14,000-foot Peaks". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2012-11-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "Sierra Peaks Section List" (PDF). Angeles Chapter, Sierra Club. Retrieved 2008-09-08.
  6. ^ "Western States Climbers List". Climber.org. Retrieved 2016-03-24.
  7. ^ a b c d Secor, R.J. (2009). The High Sierra Peaks, Passes, and Trails (3rd ed.). Seattle: The Mountaineers. p. 222. ISBN 9780898869712.
  8. ^ "GSA Field Forum - Rethinking the Assembly and Evolution of Plutons". Geological Society of America website. Retrieved 2008-09-08. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ "Split Mountain". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-06-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ Farquhar, Francis P. (1926). Place Names of the High Sierra. San Francisco: Sierra Club. Retrieved 2007-08-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links[edit]