Recording sessions for the album began in 2003. The album was broken down into three parts. The first part of the record (credited as "Cassidy") was more pop and radio friendly, with records such as "Get No Better" and the R. Kelly assisted lead single "Hotel". The second part of the record (credited as "The Problem") was targeted directly towards his fans, who began to support him following his appearances on various mixtapes with songs such as "Blood pressure" and "The Problem". The third and final part of the record (credited to "B. Reese") was more introspective and aimed towards his fans who have supported him since his early days of his rap career with "Husslin" and "Real talk". The album's lead single, "Hotel" (which is a reference to the song "Housewife", from Dr. Dre's album 2001) featuring American R&Bsinger-songwriterR. Kelly, was created during recording sessions at Kelly's Chicago studio "The Chocolate Factory". R. Kelly also appears on the official remix to "Hotel", with guest vocals from American rapper Trina. The song was a hit and reached the top ten on the US Billboard Hot 100, as of February 2004. The song was also nominated for a Vibe Award for the "Coolest Collabo" in 2004. The album's second single, "Get No Better", which features guest appearances from then label-mate R&B singerMashonda, as well as vocals from label owner and mentor Swizz Beatz. while the song did not do as well on the singles charts as "Hotel", it did reach number 82 on the US Billboard Hot 100. It was followed up by a music video, which features Vida Guerra as the lead female. songs "Take It" and "Make You Scream Pt.2" were also recorded during the Split Personality sessions but were eventually scrapped and later used only as official promotional singles from the album.
Allmusic described the album as "a minor disappointment while simultaneously showing promise". Its review considered the first third of the album as the disappointing section. It considered the best tracks as "Hotel", "Can I Talk to You" and "Real Talk".