Prva Škofija (local name)
|• Total||3.85 km2 (1.49 sq mi)|
|Elevation||76.2 m (250.0 ft)|
Spodnje Škofije (pronounced [ˈspoːdnjɛ ʃkɔˈfiːjɛ]; locally also Prva Škofija, Italian: Scoffie or Albaro Vescovà) is a settlement in the City Municipality of Koper in the Littoral region of Slovenia. A major border crossing on the Highway 5 into Italy is located here, with the Italian side known as Rabuiese.
The name Spodnje Škofije literally means 'lower Škofije' (in contrast to neighboring Zgornje Škofije; literally, 'upper Škofije'). Spodnje Škofije is also known locally as Prva Škofija 'first Škofija' ('second', 'third', and 'fourth' Škofija are hamlets of Zgornje Škofije). The name Škofija (literally, 'diocese') is derived from the common noun škof 'bishop', and the numbering refers to tenant farms originally owned by the Diocese of Koper.
Historically linked to Muggia (now in Italy), it was under the rule of the Patriarchs of Aquileia during most of the Middle Ages, until passing under Venetian rule in the 15th century. It remained part of the Republic of Venice until its dissolution in 1797. After that, it passed under the Habsburg Monarchy, the French Empire, before being absorbed into the Austrian Empire in 1813. During the Austro-Hungarian period, it was part of the province of Istria within the Austrian Littoral. According to the last Austrian census of 1910, 63.3% of the population was ethnically Slovene, while 34.6% were Istrian Italians. After World War One, it became part of Italy and it was incorporated in the Province of Trieste. After the war, it was part of the Free Territory of Trieste and it was under Anglo-American military administration until 1954, when it was ceded to Socialist Yugoslavia. During the Ten Day War, fighting between the Yugoslav federal army and Slovenian defense troops took place near Škofije.
- Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
- Savnik, Roman, ed. 1968. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 1. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, pp. 144, 147.
- Koper municipal site
- Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 413.
- Trasa št. 138: Tinjan Spodnje Škofije (Slovene)
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Koper List of Churches May 2008
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