Spokane International Airport
|Spokane International Airport
Geiger Army Airfield
Spokane International Airport in 2010, viewed from the south
|IATA: GEG – ICAO: KGEG – FAA LID: GEG|
|Owner||Spokane County & City of Spokane|
|Operator||Spokane Airport Board|
|Location||Spokane, Washington, USA|
|Elevation AMSL||2,385 ft / 727 m|
Spokane International Airport (IATA: GEG, ICAO: KGEG, FAA LID: GEG) is a commercial airport located approximately 5 miles (8 km) west of downtown Spokane. It is the primary airport serving the Inland Northwest, which includes areas such as Spokane, Eastern Washington, Coeur d'Alene, and North Idaho. It is the second largest airport in Washington, serving roughly 3 million passengers annually.
During World War II, Geiger Field was a major training base by Second Air Force as a group training airfield for B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombardment units, with new aircraft being obtained from Boeing near Seattle. It was also used by Air Technical Service Command as an aircraft maintenance and supply depot; Deer Park Airport and Felts Field were auxiliaries.
Geiger was closed in late 1945 and turned over to War Assets Administration (WAA), then transferred to Spokane County and developed into a commercial airport. The airport hosted USAF Air Defense Command interceptor units during the Cold War for air defense of Hanford Nuclear Reservation and Grand Coulee Dam. Built in 1942 as the Spokane Air Depot, Fairchild Air Force Base is four miles (7 km) to the west.
It became Spokane's municipal airport in 1946, replacing Felts Field, and received its present name in 1960, after the City of Spokane was allotted Spokane Geiger Field by the Surplus Property Act. The airport code is still GEG, for Geiger Field.
The current Terminal A/B complex opened in 1965 and was designed by Warren C. Heylman and William Trogdon.
Occasional non-stop flights to southern California since the 1970s have been among the first to be suspended during economic downturns.
Growth and expansion
A second level was added to Concourse A and Concourse B in 1974.
The airport has a Master Plan, which includes a third runway and gates added to Concourse C.
A new control tower has been built south of the airport, replacing the one near Concourse C. The new control tower is the tallest one in the State. The Terminal, Rotunda, and Concourse C Enhancement Project (TRACE) was recently completed, designed by Bernardo/Wills Architects, P.C. The project, which concluded in November 2006, added retail space and expanded security checkpoints in the airport's three concourses, and gave the Rotunda an aesthetic renovation. In 2010, 2000 feet was added to Runway 3–21, and parallel taxiways 'A' and 'G' enabling heavier aircraft departures in summer months.
The airport plans to add another concourse in the next 5–10 years and looks to add more direct flights to the east coast; the Spokane market has been hosting big events and attracting business to the area.
The passenger terminal facility at Spokane International Airport consists of three main structures; Terminal A/B in the center, Terminal C to the southwest, and the Ground Transportation Facility to the north. The three structures are immediately adjacent and connected to one another, however the two terminals are not currently linked with an airside connector on the sterile side; as such, connecting passengers need to transit between the terminals through the landside, non-sterile circulation.
Terminal A/B consists of two concourses; Concourse A which has 5 gates (11-15), and Concourse B with 8 gates (1–8). The two concourses are connected by a central rotunda area with dining and shopping vendors.
The terminal originally opened in 1965 and was designed by Warren C. Heylman and William Trogdon. Designed to the Neo-Expressionism style, the building's architecture prominently features exposed concrete as well as distinct sculpted and monolithic architectural shapes and forms. However, as the airport has continued to incrementally expand through its modern history, some of the original architectural intent of the Terminal A/B complex has been lost. While several expansions to the terminal matched and extended the original architectural style of the building, others additions have altered the original architecture. In 1974, a second floor was added to both Concourses A and B to allow for the implementation of passenger boarding bridge access to aircraft. The new floors, while sharing some material commonality with the original Heylman and Trogdon terminal, lacked the curvy and sculpted neo-expressionistic forms found in the former. The later additions of the ground transportation facility and Concourse C to the ends of the terminal building further altered the original architecture by replacing its distinct bookend elevations and entrances with corridors to the adjacent buildings. Interior renovations in the mid-2000s also removed a large amount of the original sculpted forms and monolithic materials of the Terminal A/B complex, replaced in favor of more rectilinear forms and contemporary finish materials. Despite this, a number of original architectural elements remain and are largely integral to the space today (such as the exposed concrete roof trusses and concrete columns), creating a juxtaposition between the newer elements and the original architecture.
Terminal C houses Concourse C which has 9 gates (21-26 and 30-32). The current iteration of Terminal C opened in 2000 after a $20 million redevelopment and expansion project. The project, which broke ground in 1998 added 80,000 square feet to the concourse including a new baggage claim and two-story passenger facility. The existing 11,000 square foot concourse was remodeled into service and operations functions. The new Terminal C was designed with a more contemporary architectural style, contrasting the appearance of the Terminal A/B complex, by employing a large use of metal cladding and large curtain window walls on its exterior building envelope. However, it does draw some inspiration from its neo-expressionist neighbor by architecturally expressing a modular, repetitive, and exposed structural grid through its façade and interior lobby areas.
Alaska Airlines is the primary occupant of Concourse C, but there is available gate and ticket counter space for additional airlines to occupy, as was the case when Frontier Airlines and ExpressJet Airlines operated out of the terminal in the mid-2000s and 2010s.
Airlines and destinations
Seasonal: Anchorage (begins June 11, 2016)
operated by Horizon Air
|Boise, Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma||C|
|Delta Air Lines||Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City
|Delta Connection||Los Angeles, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul
|Southwest Airlines||Boise, Denver, Las Vegas, Oakland, Phoenix
|1||Seattle/Tacoma, Washington||513,000||Alaska, Delta|
|2||Denver, Colorado||192,000||Southwest, United|
|4||Salt Lake City, Utah||128,000||Delta|
|5||Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota||121,000||Delta|
|6||Phoenix, Arizona||109,000||Southwest, US Airways|
|7||Las Vegas, Nevada||83,000||Southwest|
|9||Boise, Idaho||49,000||Alaska, Southwest|
|10||Los Angeles, California||26,000||Delta|
- Airline market share
|3||Delta Air Lines||409,000||13.68%|
Spokane Transit operates two stops at Spokane International Airport, with bus route 60 connecting the airport to Downtown Spokane. Transfer opportunities are available in downtown to the rest of the STA system. The airport is also served by the WSDOT's Gold Line, which provides twice-daily bus service to cities north of Spokane, including Deer Park, Chewelah, Colville, and Kettle Falls.
A consolidated rental car facility is located adjacent to the ground transportation center on the north end of the main terminal. The consolidated facility opened in November 2008, replacing several satellite operations, and is intended to meet passenger growth at the airport for 20 years after its opening.
Accidents and incidents
- On January 21, 1981 a Beechcraft Model 99A, Cascade Airways flight 201, crashed into a hill 4.5 miles from the runway. The accident was caused by an incorrect distance measuring equipment frequency, and premature descent to minimum descent altitude. Of the nine people on board, seven were killed (including both pilots), and the other two passengers were seriously injured. The airline ceased operations about five years later.
- On March 18, 1994, Douglas DC-3C N3433Y of Salair crashed shortly after take-off on a cargo flight to Portland International Airport. The starboard engine failed shortly after take-off. The engine that failed had previously been in long-term storage and had been overhauled the previous year and fitted to the aircraft on February 21, replacing an engine that developed a misfire and loss of power. It had accumulated 15 hrs flight time at the time of the accident. The aircraft was destroyed in the subsequent fire and both crew were killed.
- Washington World War II Army Airfields
- Western Air Defense Force (Air Defense Command)
- 9th Air Division
- "Spokane Intl Airport > Home" (PDF).
- "Spokane Intl Airport > Home".
- "Historic Preservation: Mid-Century Modern Architecture".
- "Terminal Roof Bid Accepted". The Spokesman-Review (Spokane). August 25, 1977. p. 7. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- "Spokane Intl Airport > Home".
- "Spokane Intl Airport > Home".
- "Airport projects set to take off". Spokane Journal of Business. Retrieved January 15, 2016.
- "RITA - BTS - Transtats".
- "Portland, OR: Portland International (PDX)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved Aug 2015.
- "Spokane Intl Airport - Business > Doing Business > Passenger Data".
- Historic Passenger & Cargo Data. Retrieved on Mar 28, 2015.
- Prager, Mike (2008-11-12). "Car rental a short walk away". The Spokesman-Review. Retrieved 2016-01-14.
- "N3433Y Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
- "SEA94FA085". National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved June 28, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spokane International Airport.|
- Spokane International Airport, official site
- Spokane International Airport at WSDOT Aviation
- (PDF), effective February 4, 2016
- FAA Terminal Procedures for GEG, effective February 4, 2016
- Resources for this airport: