Spokane Street Bridge
Spokane Street Bridge
|Locale||Seattle, Washington, U.S.|
|Design||Concrete swing bridge|
|Longest span||480 feet (150 m)|
The Spokane Street Bridge, also known as the West Seattle Low-Level Bridge, is a concrete double-leaf swing bridge in Seattle, Washington. It carries Southwest Spokane Street over the Duwamish River, connecting Harbor Island to West Seattle. It has two separate end-to-end swing-span sections, each 480 feet (150 m) long. Its construction was finished in 1991, replacing an earlier bridge destroyed by a collision. It is named after Spokane Street, which itself is named after Spokane, Washington, which is named after the Spokane people.
Each 7,500-short-ton (6,800 t) leaf of the bridge floats on a 100-inch (2.5 m) steel barrel in hydraulic oil, situated in center piers at each side of the river. As the bridge intersects the river at an oblique angle, both leaves rotate only 45 degrees (one-eighth turn) to clear the shipping channel instead of the 90-degree turn of most swing spans. It is claimed to be the only bridge of its type in the world and it has received several awards for its innovation, including the Outstanding Engineering Achievement Award of the American Society of Civil Engineers in 1992.
The prior bridge at this location was the West Spokane Street Bridge, which opened in 1924 (augmented by a second bridge in 1930). In 1968 and 1970, a series of bond propositions ("Forward Thrust") were offered to replace the prior bridges, but did not receive the required approval. A 1978 freighter collision with the 1924 bridge (and subsequent closure) exacerbated the need to replace the older bridges, and federal funding was secured. The West Seattle Bridge was opened in 1984 to carry most of the traffic previously handled by the old West Spokane Street Bridge, with the lower Spokane Street Bridge opening in 1991 to serve local traffic to Harbor Island.
The high-rise bridge was closed in March 2020 due to rapid growth of cracks on its underside, leaving the Spokane Street Bridge as the main route to West Seattle. The lower bridge was restricted to transit, freight, emergency vehicles, and longshore workers, with limited patrols by police. Beginning in late June, general traffic was allowed to use the Spokane Street Bridge from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m.
- "West Seattle Connection: World's Only Hydraulically Operated Double-Leaf Concrete Swing Bridge" (PDF). City of Seattle Engineering Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-08-08. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- "Bridges and Roadway Structures" Seattle Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
- ASCE Honors and Awards: Outstanding Civil Engineering Achievement, 1992 [listed as West Seattle Low Level Bridge], American Society of Civil Engineers, retrieved June 9, 2013
- Lindblom, Mike (June 25, 2020). "West Seattle's low bridge opens to general traffic late at night". The Seattle Times. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
Media related to Spokane Street Bridge at Wikimedia Commons