Sport in Hamburg

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This article covers Sport in Hamburg, Germany — its history and role as part of the city's culture, both on a recreational and professional level. Over the last some 125 years, many international tournaments and championships were held here.

The main sports governing body in Hamburg, the Hamburg Sport Federation (Hamburger Sportbund, HSB) represents over 500,000 member in some 780 sport clubs. About 60 teams from Hamburg are playing in German first leagues (Bundesliga), the two best known clubs from Hamburg would be the Hamburger SV and the FC St. Pauli, both men's first teams playing in the German football leagues.

History[edit]

Sport in Hamburg has a long and distinguished history. Hamburg sport clubs were instrumental in introducing British sports to Germany, or in some cases the continent as a whole. Next to ball and equestrian sports, water sports play an important role in Hamburg. Some of the founders of the German Football Association (DFB) came from Hamburg. One of the world's oldest rowing clubs is based in Hamburg.

The Vierländer Schützengesellschaft (approximate translation: Vierlande Shooting Club) is one of the oldest still existing organisation in Hamburg. It was established in 1592.[1] In 1830 the Hamburg Chess Club (Hamburger Schachklub, HSK or HSK von 1830) was founded.[2] Der Hamburger Ruder Club[notes 1] was founded in 1836, as one of the oldest rowing clubs in the world. In 1934 it was merged with the Germania Ruder Club (GRC), to form Der Hamburger und Germania Ruder Club (HGRC). The Germania Ruder Club's coxed fours won rowing at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris.[3] On January 20, 1900 the FC Association 1893 Hamburg and FC Eintracht Altona were two of 86 founders of the German Football Association.[4] As old as the history of sports clubs in Hamburg, as old is the history of competing and hosting tournaments. The 3rd Chess Olympiad organized by the German Chess Federation took place between July 13 and July 27, 1930, in Hamburg.[5] 12 players from the Hamburg Chess Club won the German Team Championship in 1956 and 1958. In 1987 the Hamburg Chess Club were German Cup winner (Pokalsieger).[6]

For the 2006 World Cup the Volksparkstadion became a FIFA World Cup Stadium[7] for five matches, among others the quarter-finals Italy vs. Ukraine on June 30, 2006. Boxing for international titles like the heavyweight championship of the International Boxing Federation in 2003 and 2008 between Tony Thompson and Wladimir Klitschko were held in Hamburg.[8]

In July 2008 the Fourth World University Championship for beach volleyball was held in Hamburg.[9] The Team Hamburg Beijing for the 2008 Summer Olympics consisted of 48 athletes.[10] In 2010 the UEFA Cup final was held at the Volksparkstadion.[11] As of March 2015, Hamburg is in the process of submitting an application to host the 2024 Summer Olympics, a bid supported by the German Olympic Sports Confederation (DOSB).

Professional sport[edit]

Professional sport teams[edit]

HSV v Berlin, 1982
Hamburg Freezers v Frankfurt, 2006
Hamburg Sea Devils v Frankfurt, 2007

About 60 teams were fighting in German first leagues (Bundesliga ) in 2007.[1]

Ball sports

The association football men's team Hamburger SV (HSV), one of the most successful teams in Germany, is a football team in the Bundesliga. HSV is a six time German champion, a three time German cup winner and triumphed in the European cup in 1977 and 1983 and has played in the group stages of the Champions League twice; in 2000/2001 and in 2006/2007. Additionally FC St. Pauli is a second division football club. The HSV Handball represents Hamburg in the German handball league. Another first league team is NA. Hamburg Volleyball.

The American football team in Hamburg is Hamburg Blue Devils.[12] The FC St. Pauli dominates women's Rugby in Germany. Hamburg is home to the Hamburg Dockers, an Australian rules football club.[13]

Baseball and Softball

The HSV Stealers play first division Baseball as well as the Hamburg Knights do so in Softball.[14][15]

Basketball

The BCJ Hamburg played in the Basketball Bundesliga from 1999 to 2001. Since then, teams from Hamburg have attempted to return to Germany's elite league. The recently founded Hamburg Towers have already established themselves as one of the main teams in Germany's second division ProA and aim to take on the heritage of the BCJ Hamburg. The Towers play their home games at the Inselparkhalle in Wilhelmsburg.

Chess

One of the world top chess players comes from the Hamburg Chess Club and is playing in the Chess Bundesliga, the Grand Master Jan Gustafsson was in the Top 100 Players list on rank 85 in April 2005.[16][17]

Cricket and lacrosse

There are also several minority sports clubs, surprisingly Hamburg has four cricket clubs, THCC Rot-Gelb (Alster CC), Pak Alemi CC, Hamburg International CC and HSV Cricket.[18] HSV Cricket is playing in the league of the North German Cricket Federation and won several first places.[19] There is also the lacrosse team Hamburg Warriors at the Harvestehuder Tennis- und Hockey-Club (HTHC).[20]

Fieldhockey

Hamburg is the nation's hockey capital and dominates the men's as well as the women's league with teams like Der Club an der Alster, Großflottbeker THGC, Klipper THC or Uhlenhorster HC.

Icehockey

The Hamburg Freezers represents Hamburg in the highest ice hockey league in Germany.

Polo

The women team Polo Ladies from the Hamburg Polo Club plays also in one of the German first or second leagues.[21] In 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2007 the men's team won the high goal class of the German Polo Championship.[22]

Sport venues and facilities[edit]

Sport in Hamburg is located in Hamburg
Volkspark
Volkspark
Klein Flottbek
Klein Flottbek
Rothenbaum
Rothenbaum
Dulsberg
Dulsberg
Horn
Horn
Allermöhe
Allermöhe
Major sport venues and facilities in Hamburg
The Volksparkstadion (Imtech Arena) at Altona Volkspark in Bahrenfeld

The Centre Court of Tennis Stadium Am Rothenbaum has a capacity of 13,200 people and is the largest tennis venue in Germany.[23]

Most of the sports stadiums can be used as music concert venues and for other events too. The FC St. Pauli play at the Millerntor-Stadion in the St. Pauli quarter near the infamous Reeperbahn. The Volksparkstadion,[notes 2] (seats 50,000 [24]) home to the Hamburger SV, was a venue for Bruce Springsteen's Magic Tour. Hamburg Freezers and HSV Handball play at O2 World, formerly known as Color Line Arena. The Alsterschwimmhalle is Hamburg's largest aquatic center, completed in 1973[25] and used for swimming events.

Venue Location Max. audience
Football pictogram.svg Volksparkstadion Bahrenfeld 57,300
Equestrian pictogram.svg Horn Racecourse (Rennbahn) Horn 50,000
Football pictogram.svg Billtalstadion Bergedorf 30,000
Football pictogram.svg Millerntor-Stadion St. Pauli 29,600
Ice hockey pictogram.svgHandball pictogram.svg O2 World Bahrenfeld 13,800
Tennis pictogram.svg Am Rothenbaum Rotherbaum 13,200
Football pictogram.svg Stadion Hoheluft Eppendorf 11,000
Athletics pictogram.svg Jahn-Arena (Kampfbahn) Winterhude 8,000
Football pictogram.svg Adolf-Jäger-Arena (Kampfbahn) Ottensen 8,000
Handball pictogram.svg Sporthalle Winterhude 7,000
Football pictogram.svg eVendi Arena Altona-Nord 6,100
Equestrian pictogram.svg Klein Flottbek Derby Park Nienstedten 4,500
Basketball pictogram.svg Inselparkhalle Wilhelmsburg 3,400
Football pictogram.svg Wolfgang-Meyer-Sportground (Sportanlage) Stellingen 2,400
Equestrian pictogram.svg Bahrenfeld Racecourse (Trabrennbahn) Bahrenfeld  ?
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Stellingen Velodrome (Radrennbahn) Stellingen  ?
Ice hockey pictogram.svgHandball pictogram.svg Volksbank Arena Bahrenfeld 900

Dulsberg is the location of one of Germany's largest Olympic Training Centers (Olympiastützpunkt or OSP),[26] while there are also other training facilities in Allermöhe and the wider Hamburg Metropolitan Region.

Sport events[edit]

Regular sport events[edit]

Deutsches Derby, 2011
Vattenfall Cyclassics, 2011

Hamburg hosts equestrian events at Klein Flottbek Derby Park (Deutsches Derby in jumping and dressage) and Horn Racecourse (Deutsches Derby in flat racing).[27] The Berenberg Polo Derby is medium goal polo tournament, hosted by the German Polo Federation. Since 1979 the derby is held almost annually at the Hamburger Polo Club in Klein Flottbek.[28]

The Hamburg Marathon is Germany's largest marathon after Berlin. In 2008, 23,230 participants were registered.[29]

Worldcups in cycling, the UCI ProTour competition Vattenfall Cyclassics, and the ITU Triathlon Worldcup known as Hamburg City Man are also major events in Hamburg.[30] Both events have an all comers´ race.

Event Location Since
Equestrian pictogram.svg Deutsches Derby Horn 1869
Tennis pictogram.svg German Open Tennis Championships Rothenbaum 1892
Polo pictogram.svg Berenberg Polo Derby Klein Flottbek 1906
Equestrian pictogram.svg Deutsches Spring- und Dressurderby Klein Flottbek 1920
Athletics pictogram.svg Hamburg Marathon throughout Hamburg 1986
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Vattenfall Cyclassics throughout Hamburg 1996
Curling pictogram.svg German Masters (curling) Curling Club Hamburg 2012

In 2008 the German Tennis Federation (DTB) and the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) were divided about the status of the Hamburg Masters tournament as part of the ATP Masters Series.[31][32]

The field hockey Hamburg Masters were held as a four-nation tournament.[33]

Other national or international sport events[edit]

Event Year
Figure skating pictogram.svg European Figure Skating Championships 1891
Gymnastics (aerobic) pictogram.svg German Gymnastics Festival 1898
Athletics pictogram.svg German Athletics Championships 1898
Athletics pictogram.svg German Athletics Championships 1900
Athletics pictogram.svg German Athletics Championships 1901
Athletics pictogram.svg German Athletics Championships 1902
Athletics pictogram.svg German Athletics Championships 1903
Shooting pictogram.svg World Shooting Championships 1909
Athletics pictogram.svg German Athletics Championships 1921
Chess pictogram.svg Chess Olympiad 1930
Chess pictogram.svg Women's World Chess Championship 1930
Gymnastics (aerobic) pictogram.svg German Gymnastics Festival 1953
Athletics pictogram.svg German Athletics Championships 1954
Badminton pictogram.svg German Badminton Championships 1958
Athletics pictogram.svg German Athletics Championships 1962
Karate pictogram.svg European Karate Championships 1970
Event Year
Athletics pictogram.svg German Athletics Championships 1977
Swimming pictogram.svg German Swimming Championships 1977
Fencing pictogram.svg World Fencing Championships 1978
Athletics pictogram.svg German Athletics Championships 1989
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Men's European Volleyball Championship 1991
Swimming pictogram.svg German Swimming Championships 1991
Gymnastics (aerobic) pictogram.svg German Gymnastics Festival 1994
Swimming pictogram.svg German Swimming Championships 1998
Swimming pictogram.svg German Swimming Championships 2003
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon World Championships 2007
Polo pictogram.svg European Polo Championships 2008
Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg European Beach Volleyball Championships 2008
Basketball pictogram.svg U17 World Basketball Championships 2010
Rowing pictogram.svg World Rowing Cup (II) 2011
Triathlon pictogram.svg Sprint Distance Triathlon World Championships 2013
Triathlon pictogram.svg Sprint Distance Triathlon World Championships 2014

Non professional sport[edit]

Non professional or recreational sports in clubs is represented by several associations. The Hamburg Sport Federation (Hamburger Sportbund, HSB) is the umbrella organisation for all sports clubs in Hamburg. Existing since 1945, in 2007 the HSB represented 502,571 member in 780 clubs [1] with 53 sports associations.[34] The Association for Gymnastics (Verband für Turnen und Freizeit (VTF) ) has more than 100,000 members, followed by the Association for Football (soccer) (Hamburger Fussballbund (HFB) ). Members of the HFB are among others the Hamburger SV with more than 40,000 and the FC St. Pauli with more than 6,000 members.[1]

There is also a wide array of student and school sport.

Figures of the sports associations in the HSB[35]
Association for 1985 1990 2004 2005 2006 2007
Gymnastics 82,040 81,339 129,362 129,955 133,768 138,208
Football (soccer) 46,261 40,368 70,134 73,285 79,918 96,032
Tennis 37,674 38,986 32,220 30,724 28,308 27,982
Sailing 10,940 11,636 12,029 12,173 11,979 11,896
Swimming 14,097 12,687 11,061 10,717 10,733 10,068
Handball 14,744 11,885 9,383 9,725 9,510 9,171
Hockey[notes 3] 5,513 5,805 8,391 8,695 8,021 8,001
Horseback riding and vaulting 6,490 5,892 8,287 8,231 7,819 7,703
Golfing (extraordinary members) n n 7,720 8,099 8,350 8,752
Golfing (ordinary members) 5,251 6,699 7,965 8,111 8,334 7,614
Volleyball 9,391 9,984 6,592 6,405 6,426 6,375
Dancing 9,848 10,114 6,522 6,507 6,254 6,171
Basketball 3,403 4,717 5,575 5,588 5,789 6,017
Table tennis 8,626 8,825 6,115 5,999 5,955 5,783
Angling (Recreational) 8,836 8,041 7,324 7,124 6,834 5,204
Rowing 4,391 4,675 4,942 4,956 5,075 5,110
Judo 5,337 6,501 5,199 5,361 5,293 5,027
Shooting 6,625 6,615 5,232 5,107 4,983 4,841
Track and field athletics 6,312 5,172 4,520 4,551 4,672 4,770
Mountaineering and rock climbing n n 768 917 2,389 4,252
Canoeing 3,082 3,061 3,632 3,671 3,537 3,505
Sports for the disabled 1,435 2,138 2,634 2,406 2,639 3,003
Badminton 3,144 3,557 2,992 2,788 2,742 2,653
Karate 1,763 2,861 2,817 2,821 2,585 2,515
Chess 2,663 2,753 2,468 2,437 2,491 2,401
Chess 1,017 934 1,571 1,593 1,851 1,894
Skiing 3,510 3,566 2,298 2,009 1,997 1,849
Bowling 10,611 6,592 2,152 1,908 1,842 1,727
Jujutsu n n 1,885 1,841 1,791 1,655
Diving[notes 4] 641 948 1,307 1,297 1,276 1,261
Motorboat sports 657 718 1,289 1,288 1,218 1,215
Air sports 1,123 1,280 921 898 1,047 1,013
American football n n 1,213 1,067 923 962
Boxing 803 603 1,063 1,034 884 956
Taekwondo 516 659 1,078 963 967 849
Rolling sports n n 517 583 618 678
Ice hockey n n 625 659 640 677
Fencing 670 620 619 675 681 645
Baseball n 462 605 569 550 567
Rugby 325 386 474 440 450 520
Ice sports 1,264 1,324 454 456 496 489
Triathlon n 91 281 297 337 426
Hiking (HSB) 869 1,015 389 384 372 374
Squash 428 844 448 395 386 349
Motorsports (ordinary members) 798 907 205 175 294 347
Motorsports (extraordinary members) n n 725 760 669 682
Aikido n n 326 317 412 344
Angling (Comparative) n n 125 476 400 333
Pétanque n n 231 263 213 297
Weightlifting n n 267 265 242 246
Wrestling 679 773 271 244 234 232
Miniature golf 385 436 274 234 232 208
Darts n n 222 211 184 172
Cue sports 96 125 38 108 141 165
Cycling-Solidarity n n 136 139 144 144
Cricket n n 238 181 165 86
Hiking (VTF) n n 341 251 185 74
Water skiing n n 65 58 60 57
Polo 16 16 37 38 36 34
Acrobatics n n 10 13 14 17
Sailing on the Außenalster

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Ruder(n)" is the German term for 'rowing'
  2. ^ Former names include HSH Nordbank Arena or AOL Arena
  3. ^ Hockey means here both indoor and field hockey.
  4. ^ Diving is here under water diving.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d HSB: 502.571 Mitglieder in 780 Vereinen, State Chancellery (Senatskanzlei), archived from the original (– Scholar search) on August 6, 2008, retrieved 2008-08-14  (German)
  2. ^ Staff (2004-02-22), 74th FIDE Congress: Annex 29 - Committee on Chess Art, Exhibition and Philately Report, World Chess Federation 
  3. ^ Staff (2005-03-12), The Club History, Der Hamburger und Germania Ruder Club, retrieved 2008-08-15 
  4. ^ Grüne, Hardy (1996), Vom Kronprinzen bis zur Bundesliga (in German), Kassel: AGON Sportverlag, ISBN 3-928562-85-1 
  5. ^ 3rd Chess Olympiad: Hamburg 1930, OlimpBase, retrieved 2008-08-14 
  6. ^ Hamburg Schachklub homepage (in German), Hamburger Schachklub 
  7. ^ German Press and Information Office, Hamburg, Press and Information Office of the Federal Government (BPA), retrieved 2008-08-14 
  8. ^ Berman, Zach (2008-07-12), Thompson Hopes to Make It Count Against Klitschko, The Washington Post, retrieved 2008-08-14 
  9. ^ Evans, B.J. (2008-07-04), U.S. Beach Teams on Fire at World University Championship, volleyball.teamusa.org, retrieved 2008-08-17 
  10. ^ Hamburg Sport Federation (HSB), Jahresbericht 2007 (PDF) (in German), Hamburger Sportbund, p. 14, retrieved 2008-08-14 
  11. ^ Ahmed Bilal: 2010 Champions League Final in Madrid, 2010 UEFA Cup final in Hamburg March 29, 2008 www.soccerlens.com Accessed August 11, 2008
  12. ^ Staff (2008-08-11), Hamburg Blue Devils vor Einzug in die Play-offs (in German), abendblatt online, retrieved 2008-08-11 
  13. ^ Australian Football im Stadtpark (in German), abendblatt online, 2005-07-18, retrieved 2008-08-14 
  14. ^ Solingen Alligators Extend Winning Streak, retrieved 2008-09-11 
  15. ^ Baseball & Softball Portal - Statistiken 1. Bundesliga Nord 2008: Teamstats Hamburg Knighst (in German), retrieved 2008-09-11 
  16. ^ Staff, Top 100 Players April 2005 - Archive, World Chess Federation, retrieved 2008-08-17 
  17. ^ Staff (2004-02-22), Gustafsson, Jan FIDE Chess Player Personal Page, World Chess Federation, retrieved 2008-08-17 
  18. ^ Staff, Vereine (Clubs in the North German Cricket Federation), German Cricket Federation, retrieved 2008-08-17 
  19. ^ Staff, Trophies, HSV Cricket, retrieved 2008-08-17 
  20. ^ Ross Forman: Out lacrosse coach lands in Germany June 10, 2008 www.outsports.com Accessed August 11, 2008
  21. ^ Hamburger Polo Club: Chronik (in German), retrieved 2008-08-14 
  22. ^ DPV-Ergebnisse deutsche Meisterschaften, archived from the original on October 21, 2007, retrieved 2008-08-16  (German)
  23. ^ Center Court / Rothenbaum Stadion (in German), Deutscher Tennis Bund, retrieved 2008-08-16 
  24. ^ HSH Nordbank Arena, retrieved 2008-08-14 
  25. ^ Alsterschwimmhalle, retrieved 2008-08-14 
  26. ^ "Olympiastützpunkt Hamburg". osphh-sh.de (in German). Olympiastützpunkt Hamburg/Schleswig-Holstein. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  27. ^ Jack Shinar: Kamsin Easily Wins Deutsches Derby July 9, 2008 news.bloodhorse.com Accessed August 11, 2008
  28. ^ Polo (in German), Hamburger Polo Club, retrieved 2008-08-16 
  29. ^ IAAF: Mandago, Timofeyeva impress at Hamburg Marathon April 27, 2008 http://www.iaaf.org/ www.iaaf.org] Accessed August 11, 2008
  30. ^ Hamburger Abendblatt: Hamburg City Man 2006 als WM-Generalprobe February 2, 2008 www.abendblatt.de Accessed August 11, 2008 (German)
  31. ^ Sophia Pearson: ATP Tour Wants to Monopolize Tennis, Lawyer Says July 21, 2008 www.bloomberg.com Accessed August 11, 2008
  32. ^ http://www.dw-world.de: German Tennis Federation Suing to Prevent "Dead Tournament" July 23, 2008 Accessed August 11, 2008
  33. ^ Official website Accessed August 15, 2008 (German)
  34. ^ Hamburg Sport Federation (HSB), Jahresbericht 2007 (PDF) (in German), Hamburger Sportbund, retrieved 2008-08-14 
  35. ^ Hamburg Sport Federation (HSB), Jahresbericht 2007 (PDF) (in German), Hamburger Sportbund, p. 6, retrieved 2008-08-14 

External links[edit]