Outline of Turkmenistan

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The location of Turkmenistan
An enlargeable map of Turkmenistan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Turkmenistan:

Turkmenistan is a sovereign Turkic country located in Central Asia.[1] The name Turkmenistan is derived from Persian, meaning "land of the Turkmen". The name of its capital, Ashgabat, derived from Persian as well, loosely translating as "the city of love". Until 1991, it was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the southwest, Uzbekistan to the northeast, Kazakhstan to the northwest, and the Caspian Sea to the west.

According to CIA World Factbook 2006 figures, Turkmenistan ranks 5th in the world for GDP growth rate. Although it is wealthy in natural resources in certain areas, most of the country is covered by the Karakum (Black Sands) Desert. It has a one-party system, and was ruled by President for Life Saparmurat Niyazov until his death on 21 December 2006. Presidential elections were held on 11 February 2007. Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedow was declared the winner with 89% of the vote. He was sworn in on 14 February 2007.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable relief map of Turkmenistan

Geography of Turkmenistan[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Turkmenistan

Geography of Turkmenistan

 Uzbekistan 1,621 km
 Iran 992 km
 Afghanistan 744 km
 Kazakhstan 379 km
  • Coastline: none[2]

Environment of Turkmenistan[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Turkmenistan

Environment of Turkmenistan

Natural geographic features of Turkmenistan[edit]

Regions of Turkmenistan[edit]

Regions of Turkmenistan

Ecoregions of Turkmenistan[edit]

Administrative divisions of Turkmenistan[edit]

Administrative divisions of Turkmenistan

Provinces of Turkmenistan[edit]

Provinces of Turkmenistan

Districts of Turkmenistan[edit]

Districts of Turkmenistan The provinces of Turkmenistan are divided into districts, which may be either counties or cities.

Demography of Turkmenistan[edit]

Demographics of Turkmenistan

Government and politics of Turkmenistan[edit]

Politics of Turkmenistan

Branches of government of Turkmenistan[edit]

Government of Turkmenistan

Executive branch of Turkmenistan[edit]

Legislative branch of Turkmenistan[edit]

Judicial branch of Turkmenistan[edit]

Court system of Turkmenistan

Foreign relations of Turkmenistan[edit]

Foreign relations of Turkmenistan

International organization membership[edit]

International organization membership of Turkmenistan Turkmenistan is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Turkmenistan[edit]

Law of Turkmenistan

Military of Turkmenistan[edit]

Military of Turkmenistan

Local government in Turkmenistan[edit]

Local government in Turkmenistan

History of Turkmenistan[edit]

History of Turkmenistan

Culture of Turkmenistan[edit]

Culture of Turkmenistan

Art in Turkmenistan[edit]

Sports in Turkmenistan[edit]

Economy and infrastructure of Turkmenistan[edit]

Economy of Turkmenistan

Education in Turkmenistan[edit]

Education in Turkmenistan

Health in Turkmenistan[edit]

Health in Turkmenistan

See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b "Turkmenistan". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
  2. ^ Turkmenistan borders the Caspian Sea, a remnant of the ancient Paratethys Sea.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Turkmenistan