Sport touring motorcycle
||This possibly contains original research. (September 2009)|
The first sport-tourer is said to be the fully faired 1977 BMW R100RS.  Journalist Peter Egan defines the sport-tourer as a "café racer that doesn't hurt your wrists and a touring bike that doesn't feel like a tank," and identified the R100RS as the first example he owned.
When designing a sport-tourer, some manufacturers make economies by using an existing engine, technology and tooling from their recent sport bikes, rather than creating a dedicated engine design from scratch. Sport-tourer engines could be detuned versions of its sport bike sibling, the emphasis becoming mid-range torque rather than peak horsepower. For example, the Triumph Sprint motorcycle shared its engine with the Daytona, Speed Triple, and Tiger models; and Ducati's ST4 sport-tourer used the 916's motor. The sport-tourer Aprilia SL1000 Falco used a detuned version from the Aprilia RSV Mille sport bike. As consumer expectations changed, some sportbikes were redefined (for marketing purposes) as sport touring bikes: the 2000 Kawasaki ZX-6R sportbike became the 2004 ZZR600 with just a change to a fairing bracket.
Differences between sport-tourers and sport bikes
Typical differences from the sportbike class may include:
- On a sport-tourer, the fairing serves primarily for weather protection, but a sport bike fairing is to give high-speed wind protection.
- A sports-tourer has more a comfortable upright riding position.
- A sports-tourer's priority is straight-line stability, but a sport bike needs manoeuvrability; so a shorter wheelbase and a steeper steering angle are more suited to a sport bike.
- ABS and traction control are more common on sports tourers, as these features can be unwelcome on a sport bike.
- A sports-tourer may have a larger fuel tank to extend its range, and even a "fuel economy mode".
- A sport bike may have more ground clearance for better cornering.
- A sports-tourer will usually have superior luggage capability.
- Gantriis, Peter (2013), The Art of BMW: 90 Years of Motorcycle Excellence, Motorbooks, p. 121, ISBN 0760344124
- Egan, Peter (January 23, 2014), "Built for comfort. Built for speed. A concise history of rambling around on sport-touring bikes.", Cycle World