Sporting Clube de Portugal
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|Full name||Sporting Clube de Portugal|
Verde-e-Brancos (Green and White)
|Founded||1 July 1906|
|Ground||Estádio José Alvalade|
|President||Bruno de Carvalho|
|2014–15||Primeira Liga, 3rd|
|Website||Club home page|
Sporting Clube de Portugal, OM, ComC, MHIH (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈspɔɾtĩŋ ˈkluβ(ɨ) ðɨ puɾtuˈɣaɫ]) (Euronext: SCP) or Sporting CP (often colloquially known as Sporting in Lusophone countries and as Sporting Lisbon in Anglophone countries) is a Portuguese sports club based in Lisbon. With 44 different sports, Sporting Clube de Portugal has won more than 16,000 medals and trophies, making it the club in Portugal with the most medals and trophies won. However, they are best known for their association football team.
Founded in Lisbon on 1 July 1906, they are one of the "Três Grandes" (The Big Three) football clubs in Portugal. With over 125,000 club members, and 3.5 million fans spreaded across the globe, their teams, athletes and supporters are often nicknamed Leões (English: Lions) by their fans.
Sporting is also famous for its football youth academy system, which features a range of well-equipped facilities, and is one of the most renowned in the world. Sporting has continuously developed many world class footballers, such as Ballon d'Or recipients Cristiano Ronaldo and Luís Figo. On the 28th of April 2008, Cristiano Ronaldo was made club member 100.000, saying "I am proud to be member 100.000 of Sporting, the club where I graduated and for which I have great affection. Being part of this family makes me very happy. We all stand together for Sporting so they can win many titles."
Sporting were a founding member of the Primeira Liga and, together with Benfica and FC Porto, have never been relegated from the First Division of Portuguese football since the league's establishment in 1934. Sporting are the third most successful Portuguese football club, with forty-five titles in Portuguese competitions and one international title, the 1963–64 European Cup Winners' Cup. Domestically, they have won eighteen Primeira Liga titles, sixteen Portuguese Cups (six doubles), four Championship of Portugal titles (a record tied with Porto) and eight Portuguese SuperCup titles.
- 1 History 
- 2 Name
- 3 Team colors
- 4 Support
- 5 Rivalries
- 6 Facilities
- 7 Club records
- 8 Honours
- 9 Players
- 10 Former coaches
- 11 Clubs officials
- 12 Other sports
- 13 Presidents
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Sporting Clube de Portugal was founded on 1 July 1906 (109 years old).
The football team had their height during the 40s and 50s, with a team that became immortalized by the nickname "The Five Violins" (in portuguese, "Os Cinco Violinos").
European success and domestic drought
The UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1963-1964 was won by Sporting Clube de Portugal, who defeated MTK Budapest of Hungary in the final. It was the only time a Portuguese team side won a UEFA Cup Winners' Cup trophy.
Sporting CP entered the competition defeating Atalanta in the qualifying round, then past APOEL F.C. (in what was the biggest win in a single UEFA competitions game to date: 16–1. This record still stands today), Manchester United, Olympique Lyonnais and in the end MTK Budapest, in a two round final to win their first European title. The winning goal was famously scored by João Morais from a direct corner kick.
However, between 1982 and 2000, Sporting suffered from a domestic drought of titles, with the sole trophy won during this time being the Portuguese Cup, in 1995. A highlight of this time was, however, a 7-1 win over arch-rivals Benfica, on the old José Alvalade Stadium, on 14 December 1986. Sporting also reached the UEFA Cup semi-final in 1991. Finally, in 2000, Sporting won the league title on the last matchday, with a 4-0 victory over Salgueiros. Celebrations erupted all over Portugal as sportinguistas, after a long 18-year drought of a league title, celebrated a long awaited league title. The Lions were champions of Portugal again.
Domestically, Sporting hasn't won the league title since 2002, but managed back-to-back wins in the Portuguese Cup in 2007 and 2008, and once again in 2015. The 2015 win was particularly dramatic. In a hot May afternoon, Sporting played the final against Sporting Braga. After a disastrous start, Sporting Clube de Portugal saw themselves losing 2-0 at half-time, and also playing with 10 men after the sent-off of Cédric Soares. With the final seemingly lost, Islam Slimani gave some hope to the fans as he scored the 1-2 on the 83 minute. In stoppage time, Fredy Montero managed to equalise the match, forcing the match into extra-time. Eventually, Sporting Clube de Portugal won the match 3-1 on the penalty shootout. In ecstasy after an epic win, celebrations ended in a pacific pitch invasion of Estádio José Alvalade by the fans, as Sporting touched silverware for the first time in 7 years.
In June 2015, Jorge Jesus, after arch-rivals Benfica did not renovate his contract, joined Sporting, on a 3-year contract, as coach of the club. This event caused more friction between both clubs, taking their rivalry to new heights. Media called the event "O Verão Quente de 2015" (The Hot Summer of 2015). Under Jesus tenure, Sporting currently holds the top spot of Primeira Liga and have won the Portuguese SuperCup.
|This section does not cite any references (sources). (December 2014)|
Within Portugal, Sporting Clube de Portugal is often referred to simply as "Sporting" or "Sporting Portugal". Outside Portugal, the club is often known as "Sporting Lisbon". The club has attempted to shed this name, particularly through ex-president Sousa Cintra and his staff, in an effort to become known abroad by its correct name. Despite this, some non-Portuguese media still uses Sporting Lisbon due to precedent and to avoid confusion with other clubs such as Sporting Clube de Braga, Sporting Clube da Covilhã, Sporting Clube Farense, Sporting Clube Olhanense and Sporting de Gijón. UEFA has historically used the designation Sporting CP in English-language scorelines and match reports on its own site, but as of January 2010 uses the club's full Portuguese name.
Sporting ever since its formation in 1906 has always had the green and white colours. The first kit from 1907 was all white, until 1908 when they introduced the now referred by fans as "Classic" kit, with the vertical stripes.
Main article: Sporting CP Kits
Since its formation, on 1 July 1906, Sporting has had six crests, all of which have included the colour green and the lion. There were the 50 years and the 100 years anniversary crests, but they got removed the following year.
These were the anniversary crests, the ones used in 1956 and 2006. These weren't actually worn in kits which were played in matches but were used as emblems by fans. Notably, the 50 years anniversary crest came with the 1956 Estádio José Alvalade which was destroyed later in order for the new Estádio José Alvalade which was built for the UEFA Euro 2004 championship in Portugal.
Sporting Clube de Portugal is supported by four Organised Fan Groups, all of which follow Sporting all over Portugal and Europe and have their own unique songs and banners. All of these groups have signed a protocol with the Club which recognises their status. The document also sets out the rights and obligations of the groups and the Club and was followed up by their legalisation by the National Sports Council.
Under Bruno de Carvalho's presidency of the Club, a number of failed attempts to bring together all four groups in the South Goal End of Estádio José Alvalade were finally overcome, once again making the infamous South End a reality. A true volcano of Sporting support on matchday, the groups also gather together in arenas and stadiums around the country in support of the Club's teams.
The South End hosts four Organised Fan Groups:
Sporting's oldest fan group, indeed the oldest fan group of the country, is Juventude Leonina (or Juve Leo). Juve Leo was founded in 1976 by João and Gonçalo Rocha (sons of the then President, João Rocha). The group of school friends became a constant presence wherever a Sporting team was on show. Juventude Leonina became instantly recognisable for its enormous flags, smoke displays and choreographed routines at the big games in Alvalade.
In 1984, Torcida Verde was born: a pro-Sporting group with a very strong culture and identity. The inspiration for the founding of Torcida Verde came from Sporting's original values and the fact that the Club should be one that is a power in every sport, not just football. In extending its activities beyond the stadium, the group offers support to youths and things to do with their free time, including sports activities.
The Directivo Ultras XXI fans group came into being on the 17th of May 2002. 'Consistency, Honour, Fidelity, this is our mentality' is the motto of this Organised Fan Group.
Brigada Ultras Sporting came into existence in November 2004 and is made up of former members of Torcida Verde, defining itself as a "group of friends with a passion for the ultra world and an eternal love for Sporting Clube de Portugal".
Each organised group has their own "headquarters" around José Alvalade Stadium.
Sporting Clube de Portugal main rivals are Sport Lisboa e Benfica, with both teams contesting the Lisbon Derby (also know as The Eternal Derby). The rivalry started in 1907, when some players of Benfica left the club to join Sporting.
The most widely commented and famous victory of Sporting over Benfica happened on 14 December 1986. Sporting trashed their arch-rivals with a 7-1 victory. Manuel Fernandes was particurlarly inspired, scoring 4 goals. Also, Mário Jorge scored two goals, and Ralph Meade one. At the time, Benfica were at the head of the league, and Benfica fans were so disgusted by their team's performance that they began setting fire to their scarfes and flags. 
Sportinguistas also remember the derby contested on the evening of 14 May 1994, an evening which will always live in infamy among the fans of the club. In a rainy day, with the old José Alvalade Stadium crowded to the top, winning the derby was a decisive step for Sporting, as they were trying to regain the title, which by this time the team hasn't won for 12 years. Sporting were heavy favorites, and at the time had one of the greatest teams that ever graced portuguese football pitchs, counting with, among others, Luís Figo, Balakov, Yordanov, Peixe, Valckx and Paulo Sousa. As such, Benfica were seen as the underdogs. Benfica, however, won the match 3-6, and eventually won the title some weeks later, leaving Sporting empty-handed.  
The rivalry has become even more intense after a dramatic incident on the final of the Portuguese Cup of 1996, which Benfica won 3-1. After Benfica scored the first goal, a member of Benfica organized group No Name Boys lite up a flare, which striked a Sporting fan in the chest, killing him instantly. Images of the incident shocked the country, and furthermore intensified the rivalry between both clubs. In 2015, on a futsal derby, members of No Name Boys celebrated the incident by showing a banner with the inscription "Very Light 96", an alusion to the incident. After no apologies were presented by Benfica, Sporting effectively ended institutional ties with their rivals.
Main article: Estádio José Alvalade
Sporting's stadium, Estádio José Alvalade, was built for the UEFA Euro 2004 championship. Designed by Tomás Taveira, it was the first stadium in Portugal classified by UEFA as a five-star stadium, enabling it to host finals of major UEFA events. This stadium has a capacity of 50,095 spectators.
Main article: Sporting C.P. Youth and Academy
- Primeira Liga: 18
- Portuguese Cup: 16
- 1922–23, 1933–34, 1935–36, 1937–38
- Runners-up 2004–05
- As of 1 September 2015
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
(Whilst playing for Sporting CP)
- Emmanuel Amuneke – 1994
- Islam Slimani - 2013
- Luís Figo – 1994
- Rui Jordão1 - 1980
- António Oliveira1 - 1981, 1982
- Jorge Cadete2 -1990
- Luís Figo1; 2 - 1995
- Alberto Acosta2 - 2000
- Mário Jardel1; 2 - 2002
Portuguese Top Goalscorer
The Portuguese League top scorer was awarded the Silver Shoe from 1934-35 until 1951-52. Since the 1952–53 season the sports newspaper A Bola awards the Silver Ball prize.
- 1Shared award; 2Portuguese Record; 3European Golden Shoe
Player of the Year
The Player of the Year award is named after former player Francisco Stromp, and was instituted from 1992. The list below is a list of winners of the award.
For details on former coaches, see List of Sporting Clube de Portugal managers.
As of 24 October 2012.
- President: Bruno de Carvalho
- Vice-Presidents: Artur Torres Pereira, Carlos Vieira, Vicente Moura, Vítor Silva Ferreira, António Rebelo
- Vowel: Bruno Mascarenhas Garcia, Luís Roque, Rui Caeiro, Alexandre Henriques, José Quintela
- Substitutes: Rita Matos, Luís Gestas, Jorge Sanches, Luís Loureiro
- President: Jaime Marta Soares
- Vice-President: Rui Solheiro
- Secretaries: Miguel de Castro, Luís Pereira, Tiago Abade
- Substitutes: Diogo Orvalho, Manuel Mendes, Rui Fernandes
Fiscal and Disciplinary Council
- President: Jorge Bacelar Gouveia
- Vice-President: Nuno Marques
- Vowels: Óscar Figueiredo, Vicente Caldeira Pires, Vítor do Vale, Miguel Fernandes, Jorge Gaspar
- Substitutes: João Peixoto da Silva, Nuno dos Santos, Ricardo Cabral
Sporting – Sociedade Desportiva de Futebol, S.A.D.
- President: Bruno de Carvalho
- Chartered Accountants Society: KPMG & Associados, SROC, S.A.
- Society Secretaries: Patrícia Silva Lopes, Hugo Serra de Moura (Substitute)
- Shareholders' Committee: José Filipe de Mello, Castro Guedes
Leões de Portugal
- President: António Menezes Rodrigues
- Vice-Presidents: Maria Helena Dias Ferreira, Maria da Graça Nunes de Carvalho, Maria Isabel Monteiro Nobre
- Vowels: António Aguiar de Matos, Eduardo Amaro Júlio
- Treasurer: José Monteiro de Castro
- Substitute: Jorge Galrão Jorge, Mário Simões, Ana Rita Ferreira
Sporting Clube de Portugal has various sports departments.
|Sporting Clube de Portugal Active Sections|
|korfball||krav maga||painball||roller hockey|
|sport fishing||swimming||table tennis||taekwondo|
- Awards and Decorations-Sporting.pt Sporting Portugal 1906
- Sporting awarded the degree of Honorary Member of the Order of Prince Henry| url=http://www.centenariosporting.com/index.php?content=1301%7C publisher=Centenário Sporting
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- Claro, Paulo (5 June 2014). "Portugal - List of Topscorers". RSSSF. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- "Prémios Stromp" [Awards Stromp]. Forum SCP (in Portuguese). Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- "Governing Bodies". Sporting.pt. Retrieved 2013-04-01.
- "Leões de Portugal". Sporting.pt. Retrieved 2013-04-01.
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