Sporting Clube de Portugal

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Sporting Clube de Portugal
Sporting Clube de Portugal.png
Full name Sporting Clube de Portugal
Nickname(s) Leões (Lions)
Verde-e-Brancos (Green and White)
Short name SCP
Founded 1 July 1906; 109 years ago (1906-07-01)
Ground Estádio José Alvalade
Ground Capacity 50,095
President Bruno de Carvalho
Manager Jorge Jesus
League Primeira Liga
2014–15 Primeira Liga, 3rd
Website Club home page
Current season

Sporting Clube de Portugal, OM, ComC, MHIH[1][2] (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈspɔɾtĩŋ ˈkluβ(ɨ) ðɨ puɾtuˈɣaɫ]) (EuronextSCP) or Sporting CP (colloquially known as Sporting in Lusophone countries, and often referred to as Sporting Lisbon in Anglophone countries) is a Portuguese sports club based in Lisbon.[3] Sporting is best known for its association football team.

Founded in Lisbon on 1 July 1906, they are one of the "Três Grandes" (The Big Three) football clubs in Portugal. With over 120,000 club members,[4][5] They are nicknamed Leões (English: Lions) and Verde-e-Brancos (English: Green and White). The club's anthem, "A Marcha do Sporting" (English: Sporting's March), was written in 1955, and was originally sung by the Portuguese singer Maria José Valério.[citation needed]

Sporting were a founding member of the Primeira Liga and, along with S.L. Benfica and FC Porto, have never been relegated from the top flight of Portuguese football since its establishment in 1934. Sporting are the third most successful Portuguese football club, with 46 titles in Portuguese competitions and one international title, the 1963–64 European Cup Winners' Cup. Domestically, they have won 18 Primeira Liga titles, 16 Portuguese Cups (Taça de Portugal), four Championships of Portugal (a record tied with Porto) and eight Portuguese SuperCup titles.[6]

Sporting is known for its football youth academy system, which has developed footballers such as Nani, Ricardo Quaresma, Paulo Futre and Ballon d'Or recipients Cristiano Ronaldo and Luís Figo.[7] Later, as an honour, Ronaldo was made club member 100,000.[8]

Sporting are currently ranked 36th in UEFA club rankings.[9]

History[edit]

Foundation (1902–1906)[edit]

Sporting Clube de Portugal has its origins in June 1902, when young men Francisco da Ponte, Horta Gavazzo and his brother José Maria decided to create Sport Club de Belas. This club, the first ancestor of Sporting, played just one match and at the end of the year's summer, disbanded. Two years later, the idea of creating a football club was revived, and this time, with the Gavazzo brothers joined by José Alvalade and José Stromp, a new club, the Campo Grande Football Club, was founded. They played their matches on the estate of Viscount of Alvalade, the grandfather of José Alvalade, with the club's headquarters located at the house of Francisco Gavazzo.

José Alvalade borrowed money from his grandfather in order to fund Sporting.

For two years, the club developed an intense activity on several sports, namely football, tennis and fencing. The club also organized parties and picnics. Eventually, during one picnic, on 12 April 1906, discussions erupted, as some members defended that the club should only focused on organizing picnics and social events, with another group defending that the club should focused on the practicing of sports instead. Some time later, José Gavazzo, José Alvalade and 17 other members left the club, with the latter saying

"I am going to have with me my grandfather and he will give me the money to make another club." [10]

As such, a new club, Campo Grande Sporting Clube, was founded. The Viscount of Alvalade, whose money helped to fund the club, was the first president of Sporting.[11] José Alvalade, as one of the main founders, uttered on behalf of himself and his fellow co-founders,

"We want this club to be a great club, as great as the greatest in Europe."[12]

Three months later, on 1 July 1906, António Félix da Costa Júnior suggested the name Sporting Clube de Portugal, and this date is considered the official day Sporting was founded.

Early years (1907–1940s)[edit]

The year 1907 marked some "firsts" for the club, as Sporting's played the first football match of their history on 3 February, ending in a 5–1 defeat against 3rd-tier club Cruz Negra; inaugurated their first ground, known as "Sítio das Mouras" (the most advanced in Portugal at the time, equipped with showers, two tennis courts, an athletics track and a football field) on 4 July; and played the first derby of all time against local rivals S.L. Benfica (then known as Grupo Sport Lisboa) on 1 December.[13]

The club also released their first report card on 31 March 1922, titled "Boletim do Sporting" (Sporting's Report), lending the foundation for the later called "Jornal do Sporting", the official newspaper of the club, that still exists today.[14]

Sporting played their first Primeira Liga game (the 1st Division of Portuguese football) ever on 20 January 1935, winning 0-6 against Académica de Coimbra. A year later, in 1936, the club had their heaviest defeat ever against Porto, losing 10–1. Sporting, however, got their revenge a year later, when they humbled the same team with a 9-1 result. In 1941, under the guidance of Hungarian manager József Szabó, the club celebrated the first league title of their history.[15]

The Golden Years (Late 1940s–1970s)[edit]

The UEFA Cup Winners' Cup won by Sporting at Museum Mundo Sporting

The football team had their height during the 1940s and 1950s. It was spearheaded by Fernando Peyroteo, José Travassos, Albano Pereira, Jesus Correia and Manuel Vasques, in a quintet nicknamed "The Five Violins".[16] With the violins' help, Sporting won seven league titles in eight seasons between 1947 and 1954, including an unprecedented four in a row from 1950/51 onwards. Fernando Peyroteo, the most known of "the violins", is considered one of the greatest Portuguese players of all time.[17][18]

Sporting and the Yugoslavian team Partizan both made history on 4 September 1955, as they played the first-ever UEFA Champion Clubs' Cup match. Sporting player João Martins scored the first-ever goal of the competition, on the 14th minute. The match ended in a 3-3 draw.[19]

Sporting also inaugurated their new venue, José Alvalade Stadium, on 10 June 1956. This stadium was the home ground of the club until 2003.

In the 1960s, Sporting achieved overseas success, winning the 1963–64 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, defeating MTK Budapest of Hungary in the final. It was the only time a Portuguese team side won a UEFA Cup Winners' Cup title.[20]The team entered the competition defeating Atalanta in the qualifying round, then past Cypriot club APOEL in what was the biggest win in a single UEFA competitions game to date: 16–1, a record that still stands today. On the next round, they lost 4-1 to Manchester United at Old Trafford in the first hand, but made a remarkable comeback at home, winning 5–0. In the semi-finals, Sporting eliminated Lyon, and in the end MTK Budapest, in a two-round final to win their first European title. The winning goal was scored by João Morais from a direct corner kick.[21]

The club reached the semi-finals of the Cup Winners' Cup in 1974, but lost to eventual winners Magdeburg, from East Germany.

Domestic drought (1982–2000)[edit]

English manager Malcolm Allison arrived at Sporting in 1981, and under his guidance the club won the domestic double (league title and Portuguese cup), in 1982.[22] However, in the years after, between 1982 and 2000, the Alvalade club suffered from a domestic drought of titles, with the sole trophy won during this time being the Portuguese Cup, in 1995. Sporting also reached the same final in the next year, but lost 3–1 against Benfica.

Despite this, there were some highlights during this time, particularly a 7–1 victory over Benfica at the old José Alvalade Stadium on 14 December 1986. Sporting also reached the UEFA Cup semi-final in 1991, losing against Internazionale. [23]

In 2000, Sporting, led by manager Augusto Inácio (a former Sporting player, who at the beginning of the season replaced the Italian Giuseppe Materazzi), won the league title on the last match day, with a 4–0 victory over Salgueiros, ending an 18-year drought.[15]

The New Millennium (2001–present)[edit]

Domestically, Sporting has not won a league title since 2002, but managed back-to-back wins in the Portuguese Cup in 2007 and 2008. Additionally, after 41-years, Sporting reached their second European final, the 2005 UEFA Cup Final. Played at their home ground, the team, however, lost 3–1 against Russian club CSKA Moscow. The club almost reached another European final in 2012, but were dropped out of the competition by Athletic Bilbao, in the semi-finals of the 2011–12 Europa League.[24] Sporting also reached, for the first time, the knockout phase of UEFA Champions League, in the 2008–09 season, but were roundly defeated by FC Bayern Munich, with an aggregate loss of 12–1. This is widely regarded as one of the lowest points in the history of the club.[25]

Also, years of financial mismanagement almost led to the demise of the club. In 2011, the club had amassed debts of over €276 million.[26] The results on the pitch were also abysmal, with Sporting finishing seventh - their lowest position ever in the league table - in the 2012–13 Primeira Liga.[27][28] After immense pressure both from within and outside the club, Luís Godinho Lopes, then-president of Sporting, resigned.[29][30] Bruno de Carvalho was his successor.[31][32] With an ambitious speech, Carvalho's intentions were negotiating with the banks, and also putting Sporting back on the trail of glory, while "declaring war" on those that led Sporting to the abyss, suing them on courts.[33][34][35]

With a more stable structure within the club, the 2013–14 season saw improvements in the results, as Sporting finished second in the table, thus gaining direct access to the 2014–15 UEFA Champions League, the first time in five years the club reached the top-tier of European competitions.[36][37]

Sporting playing against German club Schalke 04, in a UEFA Champions League match

In the 2014–15 season, Sporting won their 16th Portuguese Cup in dramatic fashion. The Lisbon side, led by Marco Silva, played the final against Braga, and after a disastrous start, found themselves losing 0–2 at half-time and playing with ten men after the sending-off of Cédric Soares. With the final seemingly lost, Islam Slimani gave some hope to the fans as he scored the 1–2 on the 83 minute. In stoppage time, Fredy Montero managed to equalize, forcing extra-time. Sporting ultimately won the match 3–1 on penalties.[38] Celebrations ended in a pitch invasion of Estádio José Alvalade by the fans, as the club touched silverware for the first time in seven years.[39][40]

In June 2015, Jorge Jesus joined Sporting, after Benfica opted not to renew his contract as coach of the club, signing a three-year contract. Presented as the new manager of the club on 1 July, the managerial change took the rivalry of both Lisbon clubs to new heights.[41][42] Some Portuguese media called the event ''O Verão Quente de 2015" ("The Hot Summer of 2015").[43][44] Under Jesus' tenure, Sporting have won the Portuguese Supercup against 2014–15 Primeira Liga champions Benfica (1–0).[45]

Team colours[edit]

Sporting, ever since its formation in 1906, have always had the green and white colours. The first kit in 1907 was all white until 1908, when they introduced the now referred by fans as "Classic" kit with vertical stripes. The modern horizontal stripes were introduced on a derby against Benfica in 1928.

Kits[edit]

Main article: Sporting CP Kits

Crests[edit]

Since its formation, on 1 July 1906, Sporting has had six crests, all of which have included the color green and the lion.

Previous Sporting Clube de Portugal Crests

The current crest of Sporting was adopted in 2001. There were also the special anniversary crests to celebrate the 50th (1956) and 100th (2006) anniversaries of the club. These weren't actually worn in kits during matches, but were used as emblems by fans.

Sporting Current Crest (2001-present)

Rivalries[edit]

Sporting's main rivals are Benfica, with both teams contesting the Lisbon Derby (also known as The Eternal Derby). The rivalry started in 1907, when some players of Benfica left the club to join Sporting, looking for better conditions. The first derby of all time was contested on the same year, ending with a 2–1 victory for Sporting.

The most known victory of Sporting over Benfica occurred on 14 December 1986, where Sporting beat arch-rivals 7–1. Manuel Fernandes was particularly inspired, scoring four goals, with Mário Jorge (two goals), and Ralph Meade (one goal) also scoring for Sporting. At the time, Benfica were at the head of the league.[46][47] However, after the loss, Benfica managed to become Portuguese champions.

Sporting fans at the Estádio da Luz during the Lisbon Derby (2013)

Another notable derby was the one contested on the evening of 14 May 1994. In a rainy day, with the old José Alvalade Stadium crowded to the top, winning the derby was a decisive step for Sporting, as they were trying to regain the title, which by this time the team had not won for 12 years. Sporting were favorites with a squad composed by, among others, Luís Figo, Krasimir Balakov, Ivaylo Yordanov, Emílio Peixe, Stan Valckx and Paulo Sousa (who at the beginning of the season transferred from Benfica). As such, Benfica were seen as the underdogs, but defied the odds with a 3–6 victory, eventually securing the title some weeks later, leaving Sporting empty-handed, in one of the most dramatic seasons in the club's history.[48][49]

The rivalry has become even more intense after a dramatic incident in the final of the 1996 Portuguese Cup, which Benfica won 3–1. After Benfica scored the first goal, a member of Benfica organised group No Name Boys lit a flare, which struck a Sporting fan in the chest, killing him instantly.[50] On 8 February 2015, during a derby at Alvalade, a supporter's group of Sporting showed a banner, among others, with the inscription "Sigam o King" ("Follow the King"), in reference to Eusébio's death.[51] On the next day, in a futsal derby, members of No Name Boys showed a banner saying "Very Light 96".[52] In 2011, after a loss to Benfica at the Estádio da Luz (1–0), a group of irate Sporting supporters took their frustration out on the stadium by setting it on fire.[53]

Sporting also has a rivalry with FC Porto.

Facilities[edit]

Stadium[edit]

Throughout its history, Sporting has had several grounds. The first one was inaugurated on 4 July 1907, and was called "Sítio das Mouras".

In 1956, the first Estádio de Alvalade was inaugurated. Sporting played their matches there until 2003, when the stadium was demolished.

The new José Alvalade Stadium, inaugurated in 2003

The new stadium, Alvalade XXI, ("Estádio José Alvalade"), was built for the UEFA Euro 2004 championship. Designed by Tomás Taveira, it was inaugurated on 6 August 2003. The opening match was a 3–1 victory over Manchester United. This stadium was also the first one in Portugal classified by UEFA as a five-star stadium, enabling it to host finals of major UEFA events. This stadium has a capacity of 50,095 spectators.[54]

Youth Academy[edit]

Club records[edit]

Honours[edit]

Domestic competitions[edit]

  • 1922–23, 1933–34, 1935–36, 1937–38

European competitions[edit]

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

As of 1 February 2016[55]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Portugal GK Rui Patrício (3rd captain)
2 Italy MF Ezequiel Schelotto
4 Brazil DF Jefferson
5 Brazil DF Ewerton
6 Italy MF Alberto Aquilani
9 Algeria FW Islam Slimani
11 Brazil FW Bruno César
13 Uruguay DF Sebastián Coates
14 Portugal MF William Carvalho (vice-captain)
15 Portugal DF Paulo Oliveira
17 Portugal MF João Mário
18 Peru FW André Carrillo [56]
19 Colombia FW Teófilo Gutiérrez
20 Costa Rica MF Bryan Ruiz
No. Position Player
21 Portugal DF João Pereira
23 Portugal MF Adrien Silva (captain)
26 Slovenia GK Ažbe Jug
27 Scotland MF Ryan Gauld
28 Portugal MF André Martins
29 Argentina FW Hernán Barcos
31 Netherlands DF Marvin Zeegelaar
35 Portugal DF Rúben Semedo
44 Brazil DF Naldo
47 Portugal DF Ricardo Esgaio
55 Portugal DF Tobias Figueiredo
60 Portugal FW Gelson Martins
73 Brazil FW Matheus Pereira

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
3 Argentina DF Jonathan Silva (at Boca Juniors until 30 June 2016)
7 Morocco MF Zakaria Labyad (at Fulham until 30 June 2016)
8 Japan FW Junya Tanaka (at Kashiwa Reysol until 30 June 2017)
24 Spain MF Oriol Rosell (at Vitória S.C. until 30 June 2016)
25 France FW Hadi Sacko (at FC Sochaux until 30 June 2016)
32 Bulgaria MF Simeon Slavchev (at Apollon Limassol until 30 June 2016)
No. Position Player
40 Guinea-Bissau DF Sambinha (at New England Revolution until 31 December 2016)
42 Brazil MF Wallyson Mallmann (at Nice until 30 June 2016)
45 Portugal MF Iuri Medeiros (at Moreirense until 30 June 2016)
66 Portugal MF João Palhinha (at Moreirense until 30 June 2016)
92 Guinea FW Salim Cissé (at Vitória F.C. until 30 June 2016)

Award winners[edit]

(Whilst playing for Sporting CP)

European Golden Boot[57]
African Footballer of the Year[58]
Bulgarian Footballer of the Year[59]
Algerian Ballon d'Or[60]
UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship Golden Player[61][62]
FIFA U-20 World Cup[63]

Golden Ball

Silver Ball

Bronze Ball

UEFA European Under-17 Championship Golden Player Award[64]
Portuguese Golden Ball[65]
Portuguese Footballer of the Year[66] 1.Diário Popular Newspaper award; 2.Record Newspaper award
LPFP Primeira Liga Breakthrough Player of the Year
LPFP Primeira Liga Goalkeeper of the Year
Segunda Liga Breakthrough Player of the Year
FIFA World Cup All-Star Team

FIFA 100[67]

The 100 Greatest Players of the 20th Century[68]

Portuguese Top Goalscorer[edit]

The Portuguese League top scorer was awarded the Silver Shoe from 1934–35 until 1951–52. Since the 1952–53 season, the sports newspaper A Bola awards the Silver Ball prize.[69]

Year Winner G
1934–35 Portugal Manuel Soeiro 14
1936–37 Portugal Manuel Soeiro 24
1937–38 Portugal Fernando Peyroteo 34
1939–40 Portugal Fernando Peyroteo1 29
1940–41 Portugal Fernando Peyroteo 29
1945–46 Portugal Fernando Peyroteo 37
1946–47 Portugal Fernando Peyroteo 43
1948–49 Portugal Fernando Peyroteo 40
 
Year Winner G
1950–51 Portugal Manuel Vasques 29
1953–54 Portugal João Martins 31
1965–66 Portugal Ernesto Figueiredo1 25
1973–74 Argentina Héctor Yazalde2,3 46
1974–75 Argentina Héctor Yazalde 30
1979–80 Portugal Rui Jordão 31
1985–86 Portugal Manuel Fernandes 30
1987–88 Brazil Paulinho Cascavel 23
 
Year Winner G
1992–93 Portugal Jorge Cadete 18
2001–02 Brazil Mário Jardel3 42
2004–05 Brazil/Portugal Liédson 25
2006–07 Brazil/Portugal Liédson 15
1Shared award; 2Portuguese Record; 3European Golden Shoe

Player of the Year[edit]

The Player of the Year award is named after former player Francisco Stromp, and was instituted from 1992. The list below is a list of winners of the award.[70]

Year Winner
1992 Bulgaria Krasimir Balakov
1993 Netherlands Stan Valckx
1994 Portugal Luís Figo
1995 Portugal Oceano
1996 Portugal Ricardo Sá Pinto
1997 Brazil Marco Aurélio
1998 Bulgaria Ivaylo Yordanov
1999 Portugal Delfim Teixeira
 
Year Winner
2000 Argentina Alberto Acosta
2001 Portugal Beto
2002 Portugal João Pinto
2003 Portugal Pedro Barbosa
2004 Portugal Rui Jorge
2005 Portugal João Moutinho
2006 Portugal Ricardo
2007 Brazil/Portugal Liédson
 
Year Winner
2008 Portugal Tonel
2009 Brazil/Portugal Liédson
2010 Portugal Daniel Carriço
2011 Portugal Rui Patrício
2012 Portugal Rui Patrício
2013 Portugal Adrien Silva
2014 Portugal Nani
2015 Portugal William Carvalho

Former coaches[edit]

For details on former coaches, see List of Sporting Clube de Portugal managers.

Club officials[edit]

As of 24 October 2012.[71]

Directive Board[edit]

  • President: Bruno de Carvalho
  • Vice-Presidents: Artur Torres Pereira, Carlos Vieira, Vicente Moura, Vítor Silva Ferreira, António Rebelo
  • Vowel: Bruno Mascarenhas Garcia, Luís Roque, Rui Caeiro, Alexandre Henriques, José Quintela
  • Substitutes: Rita Matos, Luís Gestas, Jorge Sanches, Luís Loureiro

General Assembly[edit]

  • President: Jaime Marta Soares
  • Vice-President: Rui Solheiro
  • Secretaries: Miguel de Castro, Luís Pereira, Tiago Abade
  • Substitutes: Diogo Orvalho, Manuel Mendes, Rui Fernandes

Fiscal and Disciplinary Council[edit]

  • President: Jorge Bacelar Gouveia
  • Vice-President: Nuno Marques
  • Vowels: Óscar Figueiredo, Vicente Caldeira Pires, Vítor do Vale, Miguel Fernandes, Jorge Gaspar
  • Substitutes: João Peixoto da Silva, Nuno dos Santos, Ricardo Cabral

Sporting – Sociedade Desportiva de Futebol, S.A.D.[edit]

Directive Board

  • President: Bruno de Carvalho

Others

  • Chartered Accountants Society: KPMG & Associados, SROC, S.A.
  • Society Secretaries: Patrícia Silva Lopes, Hugo Serra de Moura (Substitute)
  • Shareholders' Committee: José Filipe de Mello, Castro Guedes

Others[edit]

Leões de Portugal[72]

  • President: António Menezes Rodrigues
  • Vice-Presidents: Maria Helena Dias Ferreira, Maria da Graça Nunes de Carvalho, Maria Isabel Monteiro Nobre
  • Vowels: António Aguiar de Matos, Eduardo Amaro Júlio
  • Treasurer: José Monteiro de Castro
  • Substitute: Jorge Galrão Jorge, Mário Simões, Ana Rita Ferreira

Other sports[edit]

Sporting Clube de Portugal has various sports departments.

Sporting Clube de Portugal active sections
Aikido pictogram aikido Athletics pictogram athletics Archery pictogram archery F1 pictogram auto racing
Basketball pictogram basketball Beach soccer pictogram beach soccer Billiard pictogram billiards Olympic pictogram Boxing boxing
Olympic pictogram Canoeing (slalom) canoeing Capoeira pictogram capoeira Chess pictogram chess Cycling (road) pictogram cycling
Olympic pictogram Equestrian equestrianism Football pictogram football Futsal pictogram futsal Golf pictogram golf
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram gymnastics Olympic pictogram Handball handball Judo pictogram judo Karate pictogram karate
Kickboxing pictogram kickboxing Korfball pictogram korfball Mixed Martial Arts pictogramme krav maga Shooting pictogram paintball
Roller hockey pictogram roller hockey Rowing pictogram rowing Rugby union pictogram rugby union Shooting pictogram shooting
Artistic roller skating pictogram skating Angling pictogram sport fishing Swimming pictogram swimming Table tennis pictogram.svg table tennis
Taekwondo pictogram taekwondo Triathlon pictogram triathlon Water polo pictogram water polo

Extinct sections

Presidents[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Sporting awarded the degree of Honorary Member of the Order of Prince Henry| url=http://www.centenariosporting.com/index.php?content=1301%7C publisher=Centenário Sporting
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  14. ^ http://atascadocherba.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/aniversariojornal.jpg
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  16. ^ "O dia em que os cinco violinos marcaram 12 golos (The day the five violins scored 12 goals)". www.maisfutebol.iol.pt. Sara Marques. 16 February 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2015. 
  17. ^ "Cristiano Ronaldo is not Portugal’s greatest ever player. This man is (Fernando Peyroteo)". Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  18. ^ "Better than Messi, Pele, Muller: How Cristiano Ronaldo's scoring stacks up". www.fourfourtwo.com. Chris Flanagan. 19 October 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2015. 
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